German pointers or kurtzhaars are common dogs in Germany and quite rare in the Russian Federation. Active, positive and absolutely unpretentious, it's amazing how the representatives of the breed have not yet become the most popular pets in the world? What is known about these four-legged?
- История происхождения породы 1. History of the origin of the breed
- Описание породы курцхаар 2. Description of breed kurtshaar
- Характер курцхааров 3. The character of the Kurzhaars
- Как ухаживать и содержать курцхаара 4. How to care for and keep kurtshaara
- Фото курцхаара 5. Kurtzhaar's photo
- Видео о курцхааре 6. Video about kurtzhaar
- Цена щенка курцхаара 7. Price of a puppy of Kurzhaar
History of the origin of the breed
Kurzhaars originate from ancient hunting breeds, which were used by nobles from Germany and Austria. It is a pity, but there is practically no information about those dogs, therefore the origin of German points has more theoretical basis and indirect facts. But it is reliably known that the breed standard on the territory of Germany appeared between the 60th and 70th years of the 19th century.
Before the firearm appeared, there were three kinds of hunting dogs in Europe:
- Dogs for baiting (greyhounds), were used to harass and hold animals of large dimensions.
- A pack of greyhounds, which were released for the pursuit of wolves, deer, and others.
- Before the hounds was the task - to catch up with a small animal, but fast, for example, a hare.
They were very hardy and had a subtle flair. With the hounds, they hunted birds, which, in fact, is still being done. The dogs found prey and lay down next to each other, and the man threw a net on the bird. Because of this movement - lie down before the prey, and the name of the breeds - the cops.
Among the species that produce game birds from the thickets, the Spanish pointer stood out for its working qualities. But little is known about these dogs - there is a suggestion that Spain is the birthplace of such dogs, and that their origin is due to the crossing of Spanish breeds - sponges and spaniels.
There were also Italian breeds, some were called marco-Italian, others were Italian Spinona. In those times they were common in various European countries and participated in the breeding of many hunting breeds. Researchers believe that the breed kurtshaar has gone from Spanish pointer and marco-Italian. Pointers appeared on the German lands in the 15th and 17th centuries. At the same time, they crossed with local dogs. But even this is only a hypothesis, there is no evidence.
However, the formation of a new breed - a German avian dog occurred. Of course, initially to name a group of animals that have some common characteristics and used for hunting, it was impossible to name the breed. It should be noted that the English hunters had a desire to breed with highly specialized data, and the Germans gravitated toward universal breeds. But there was one similarity - on the territory of both states, hunting was considered exclusively entertainment of the upper strata of society.
However, changes in the social structure made hunting accessible to the middle strata of the population. And firearms changed the hunting principles themselves. The content of whole packs of dogs has already ceased to be relevant. People living in cities could hold one or two dogs. Hunted at that time not so often - a couple of times a month, so the dogs were entrusted with other duties.
Since the beginning of the 17th century, the standardization of local breeds and the breeding of pedigree books began in England. Among the first dogs that underwent this procedure, there were English Pointers who had experienced some transformation, having transformed from the cops into the girlfriends' dogs with an elegant appearance.
German points began to be crossed with English, and from the beginning of the 18th century and with other representatives of wire-haired breeds. This selection work has made dogs more fast and elegant. Since that moment, smooth-hued points have acquired a separate name - kurtshaars.
In the 60-70s of the 19th century, tribal work was documented and the breed was finally formed. In 1872 kurtshaars were brought to the registers of the Kennel Society of Germany, and in 1948 the breed was registered in the English Kennel Club. Kurzhaars became permanent participants of exhibitions, but as a service breed.
Dogs very quickly won world popularity and by the 70th years of the 20th century became the most common hunting breed in the USA. Today their distribution has somewhat decreased, since Kurzhaars require sufficient loads, which are not always possible in urban conditions.
Description of breed kurtshaar
Representatives of this breed belong to large dogs. The weight of males varies between 25-32 kg, height 62-66 cm, bitches slightly smaller - 21-27 kg with growth of 58-63 cm. The standard describes kurtshaars as follows:
- The head of the dog is elongated, proportional to the trunk, with a wide skull and slightly convex forehead. The muzzle is strong, with powerful jaws that can grab game and bring it to the owner. The dentition is full, the teeth fit tightly to each other.
- The nose is slightly lowered or upturned, there is a small hump. The lobe is large, pigmented in brown, the nostrils are wide, well open and mobile.
- Eyes are medium, very expressive, with dense eyelids. Iris may be brown or light yellow. There are individuals with bright eyes, which lowers the dog's exhibition rating.
- The ears are highly staged and always hang. The neck is proportional, long, with pronounced muscles.
- Dogs have a powerful, square-shaped body , in which all proportions are met. The abdomen is tightened, the thorax is deep. The back is straight, the loin is wide and slightly convex.
- The limbs are strong, strong, and well muscled. At the front paws obliquely supplied blades, flat adjoining the body. The bones of the shoulders are somewhat elongated. The hind legs are parallel to each other. The hips are wide, with dry, developed muscles. The fingers of the Kurtzhaar are tightly compressed, the paws are round, less often oval, with strong, dense claws.
- The tail is medium, thick in the base region, and tapers to the end. In a state of rest it is located horizontally or can hang. During hunting or search, the tail moves rhythmically. There is a tradition of cupping the third part of the tail or half.
- The skin of the dogs tightly adheres to the body, therefore in Kurzhaars it does not gather into folds and does not form wrinkles.
- The coat of the representatives of this breed is dense, hard and coarse, to the touch it resembles a brush. In the area of the head, the wool is somewhat softer, it is shorter and thinner.
There are several variants of kurtshaar's coloring:
- monophonic - black or brown;
- sometimes the color is combined with a white tint.
Experienced cynologists have an opinion that if kurtshaar has tan marks of yellow color, then it will be excellent to take a bloody trace.
Character of the Kurzhaars
Of course, thanks to centuries of hunting history kurtshaary, first of all, are excellent hunters. But this does not prevent them from being loving, gentle pets. Dogs are devoted, intelligent and always try to please the owner. They are curious and friendly, they treat children well.
An innate protective instinct allows you to use kurtshaaras as watchmen. Purebred representatives are very attached to the family, they require attention and like to be close to the owners. Loneliness, they suffer badly. Without sufficient socialization, lack of physical exertion, dogs can exhibit aggression, be fearful or have other deviations in behavior.
Like most hunting dogs, kurtshaar tends to dominate and requires a master with a strong, strong-willed character. A person should know how to become a leader for a pet and keep this position. Without this, the dog will very quickly become uncontrollable. Speaking in general, the representatives of this breed can be attributed to dogs of "one master".
The Kurzhaars have a very developed intellect and irrepressible energy. These two qualities require that the pet is constantly busy with something, and training is the best way to develop the qualities and distraction of the dog. In addition, it brings pleasure to the animal.
If the dog grows simultaneously with other pets - dogs, cats, then it is easy to get along with them. However, it should be borne in mind that small animals for these dogs with well-developed hunting instincts will always be an object for hunting. Among such breeds kurtshaaras are the noisiest representatives. To teach a pet when it is possible to bark, and when not, follows from an early age.
How to care for and keep kurtshaara
As already noted, thoroughbred dogs are unpretentious. In the house they need a place - a litter in the room , or a pantry. Pacing is often required - 3 times a day, a minimum of 40-45 minutes (read about the rules of dog walking ). But the dog should not wander aimlessly, it should be given the opportunity to run. The pet should be washed every 2-3 weeks.
In feeding kurtshaara there are some nuances. Traditional two-time meals are welcomed, but all fatty foods should be excluded from the diet. The basis of the dog's menu should be meat, it can be given both separately and with porridges. If the dog eats ready-made dry food , then it can be fed once a day.
The main indicator that the dog receives adequate nutrition and sufficient physical exertion is that the last 3 ribs should show through the kurtsharov. They molt these dogs three times a year. During this period, it is recommended to comb the pet with a special brush during the exercise. Then, upon returning home, you can walk along the wool cover with a damp glove made of rubber.
Photo of kurtshaara
Video about kurtshaar
Price of a puppy of Kurzhaar
It should be noted right away that the breed is not cheap. Puppies pet-class, who do not participate in exhibitions and breeding, stand around 15000-25000 rubles. It will be an excellent pet without genetic deviations and having documents.
30000-40000 rubles worth kurtzhaar of the breed class. Such a pet can produce offspring, but minor flaws will not allow him to receive titles in exhibitions. Although it is quite possible to exhibit it. The price of a high class puppy starts around 65,000-7,000 rubles and can be much higher.
It is worth noting that in Russia the prices for thoroughbred puppies-kurtzhaars do not tend to decrease. One of the reasons for this fact is the rarity of the breed.
Kurtzhaars are dogs with elegant appearance, excellent physical data and boundless devotion. But it should be noted once again that they need regular active walks. These are dogs for active people who have time to raise a four-footed friend.