Cupping of ears in dogs is most often a cosmetic procedure. Less often it is carried out for medical reasons. In Europe, this procedure was abandoned three decades ago, and gradually the number of surgeries is also decreasing in our country. Why put an animal into an unpleasant operation, if there is absolutely no need for it?
- С чего повелось купирование 1. How did the cupping come about?
- Показания к купированию ушей у собаки 2. Indications for cupping the ears of a dog
- Что необходимо знать 3. What you need to know
- Процедура купирования у собак 4. Procedure of cupping in dogs
- Уход за собакой в послеоперационный период 5. Dog care in the postoperative period
How to stop
The owner, who buys a puppy belonging to such breeds as pit bull , doberman , schnauzer, pincher, alabai , dwarf pinscher, boxer , cane-corso , rizenschnauzer faces a choice - to stop ears puppy or not. Many justify carrying out of operation by observance of exterior standards of breed, others - the traditions developed in an antiquity when fighting and hunting breeds of dogs were cut off by ears to protect them from damages in fights.
Is it so? Historical researches in this area are interesting. Despite the fact that the ancient tradition is confirmed by frescoes in Ancient Egypt and the image engraved on the ancient Greek coin (V century BC), and at that time there was a debate about the need for such violence against animals.
A traveler from the ancient Greek city of Pylos described his impressions of visiting Rome. In the notes dated to V in. BC. E., he mentions the cruel habit of the Romans to cut ears and tails to dogs. It was believed that in this way prevent the disease of animals by rabies.
In medieval Europe, a tax was imposed on dogs, depending on their "specialization". In order to distinguish which animal is "how much", they cut off ears, tails or tails and ears.
In 1987, the "Convention on the Rights of Domestic Animals" was published. It was forbidden to perform cosmetic surgery, not justified by medical necessity.
Indications for cupping the ears of a dog
Indications for the operation of cupping the ears, in addition to aesthetic reasons (compliance with the norms of the exterior and giving a formidable form), are the therapeutic grounds:
- necrosis of the auricle;
Basically, ear cupping is a tribute to fashion or stereotypes of the appearance of a particular breed, from which a civilized society has long abandoned. But if the owner proposes to exhibit a dog in countries that have not signed the Convention, or on the concepts of aesthetics decides to shape the ears of an animal, it is necessary to first learn all the features of the operation and post-operative care for the puppy.
It is useful to know: diseases of the ears in dogs .
What you need to know
- Now the cosmetic procedure of cupping is carried out not only in the veterinary clinic, but also at home. There is such service - departure of the expert on the house.
- Veterinarians advise carrying out cupping of the ears during the period when the cartilage is not yet fully formed, but the animal can already carry the procedure.
- The operation is carried out to puppies at 2-3 months of age and up to 1 year.
- Decorative breeds of ears form a little earlier, and a giant - a little later.
- In puppies up to 3-4 weeks, it is more difficult to estimate the future sizes and make the form proportional. In addition, the removal of a part of the auricle is best done after the first vaccination of the puppy .
The procedure for cupping in dogs
The operation is performed under general anesthesia, so it is necessary to prepare the animal so that the procedure goes without consequences. Before the operation, the dog should not be fed for at least 10 hours. The puppy should be completely healthy.
The animals are operated under local potentiated anesthesia. To do this, use novocaine and neuroleptic. In some cases, the dogs are operated under general anesthesia. On the operating table, the dog is put on the muzzle, fixing the paws, holding the body so that the animal does not move.
The veterinarian cuts and shaves the wool, treats the ears with an antiseptic solution and applies a cut line or fixes a special pattern. The clamping forceps the vessels, which reduces the bleeding. Before applying a pattern, the skin on the auricle maximally shifts to the base of the ear. The ear clip has marking risks to accurately measure the amputated part of the ear.
The operation is performed with a scalpel. If the ears of the animal are fleshy, large, then the blood vessels are cauterized.
After the ear is docked, the edge of the wound is sutured by the skin seam and treated with antibacterial drugs. The whole procedure takes from 30 minutes. up to 1.5 hours. Also, special glue is used to close the wound surface.
In pit bulls and Staffordshire terriers, ears are stopped by 2/3. Danes and Dobermans leave rather long ears, giving them a pointed form. At the edge of the ear, there is also a fashion. It can be straight or S-shaped.
The doctor calculates the length of the ear, depending on the length of the muzzle. The representatives of the same breed may have different lengths of ears. Ideal is the size of the stump, corresponding to the distance from the outer corner of the eye to the front surface of the ear.
In addition to certain standards for each breed, there are also acceptable options, of which the owner of the animal chooses.
Dog care in the postoperative period
In order for the animal not to damage the seam, and also to those breeds that are made after operation with standing ears, it is necessary to put on the pet a special collar made of plastic. To give the auricles a "standing" shape, they are glued or put on a special frame. If the dog is anxious, immediately after the operation it can be given pain medication.
Seams are processed in several ways:
- hydrogen peroxide and green matter;
- alcohol infusion of calendula;
It is necessary to strictly follow the recommendations of the veterinarian in the postoperative period and clean the edge of the ear from the scab, soak it with peroxide and carefully remove it with a swab. To remove the itching and easier to remove crusts, you can use Levosin ointment. As a rule, seams are removed after a couple of weeks. If improper healing occurs, you need to consult a specialist to avoid deforming the stump.
The procedure of cupping should be carried out in a veterinary clinic, rather than trusting random "specialists". The dog should be in quiet, comfortable conditions. The apartment must be kept clean, so that the dog's ears are not infected.
After the sutures have fully healed, they are engaged in setting the ears. Since the methods for different breeds differ, it is better to consult a specialist beforehand - how to do it correctly.
After 3-4 days after the seams have been removed, it is possible to massage the sink. To do this, the ear is grasped with a thumb and index finger and massaging the rubbing movements, moving from the bottom up. If you follow all the instructions of the veterinarian, then the healing will pass quickly and without complications.