The procedure for the relief of some breeds is carried out most often with a cosmetic purpose - to preserve the exterior that is fixed for this breed. And if tailoring in hunting or office dogs is justified by necessity, then with respect to representatives of small breeds such as dwarf poodle, griffon, toy terrier, yorkshire terrier and some others, this justification is at least absurd.
- Краткая история операции 1. Brief history of the operation
- В каком возрасте купировать хвост у собаки 2. At what age is the dog tail tailored?
- Как происходит процедура купирования 3. How the docking procedure takes place
- Как влияет купирование хвоста на животное 4. How does tail management affect an animal?
- Фото различных пород до и после купирования 5. Photos of different breeds before and after cupping
Brief history of the operation
There are many historical documents confirming the antiquity of the practice of stopping the tailings. In his notes on agriculture "De re rustica", the ancient Roman writer Lucius Junius M. Columella describes the practice of removing part of the tail from shepherd dogs. Peasants believed that such a measure would save the animal from a disease of rabies .
In hunting dogs, the tails were cut off so that they did not injure them when they met the predator about the undergrowth, during the pursuit of prey. To the normal dogs, the tail is removed so as not to interfere with movement in a narrow hole, etc. The resonances are clear. But are these considerations limited to the practice of cupping?
It turns out that in addition to the safety of hunting dogs, the motivation for cutting was a financial issue. In Old England in the XVIII introduced a tax on all dogs, except for service. The short tail was a sign that the owner of the animal was exempt from the tax. To save money, the tails cut also to the dogs of other "professions". Poachers cut their tails to their dogs so that if caught, avoid responsibility, because in those days it was believed that the long tail was a sign of a hunting dog.
The sheepdogs cut off the lush tails of the shepherds, so that they would not be hurt during the fight with the wolves, but one more reason was the reluctance to clear the tail of the fierce defenders of flocks from the debris and thorns. A dog without a tail was considered a sheepdog, and its owner was also exempt from tax. This is evidenced by DD Wood in his "Illustrated Natural History." And when in the XVIII century. this law was abolished, then the practice remained, as there was a stereotype of the exterior of some breeds.
Currently, cosmetic tail arrest in dogs is prohibited in some European countries. Permission applies only to dogs that serve in:
- law enforcement agencies;
- armed forces;
- emergency and rescue services;
- services of deratization (destruction of rodents, in particular rats).
The Law on the Protection of Animals (2006) stipulates that the tail should be dealt with by specialists, and the operation should be carried out within 5 days of the puppy's birth.
Read also: cupping the ears of a dog .
At what age is the dog tail tailored?
- 3-10 days . Veterinarians recommend to stop the tail in puppies in the first 3-10 days from birth. During this period, the ossification of the vertebrae of the tail has not yet occurred and the pain sensitivity is lower than in older dogs. To such puppies the operation is performed without anesthesia and without stitching. The breeder or the owner is obliged to watch, that the mother of puppies does not lick the wound, so it will heal longer. In this case, the operated animals are isolated and brought only for the time of feeding.
- from 10 days . In dogs from 10 days and older, the operation is performed under local or general anesthesia. The animal is placed on the operating table in the "on the stomach" position. Tie the hind paws and front legs, opening access to the operating field. Cross the trunk tightening the tape. The jaws are pulled together with a bandage or put on a muzzle.
- 3-4 weeks . If the animal is more than 3-4 weeks, then a tourniquet is placed on the base of the tail.
How the docking procedure takes place
If the operation is performed under general anesthesia, then inhalation injected alcohol chloroform - ethereal anesthesia and neuroleptic + vagolitic. Vagolytic, as a rule, is used for short-horned dogs to reduce salivation and normalize the cardiac reaction when inhaled anesthesia. Also, animals with a short muzzle are intubated to avoid slipping of the tongue and to ensure free circulation of oxygen and anesthesia.
The length of the tip to be removed, as a rule, depends on the belonging to the breed and the exterior. The tail is removed from the tail, the skin is pulled as much as possible to the base of the tail and with the help of bone scissors or a scalpel amputate, conducting a cut between the vertebrae. The skin is stretched on the stump and is closed with a skin seam. The wound is treated with an antibiotic, and the skin around it is treated with an antiseptic. A sterile dressing is applied.
The second way to stop is to tug the tail for a period of 2 to 7 days. At the same time, the tip of the tail blocks the access of blood and, after a certain time, it falls off. This technique is considered more humane than operational removal, but in the absence of objective data on the sensations of the dog, it is difficult to agree with this statement.
Although it is believed that the undeveloped nervous system of the puppy protects him from pain, studies show that the animal is in pain. After amputation, the puppy whines for 15-20 minutes and only then calms down. The older the dog, the harder it is to endure the procedure. The owner should think about whether to expose the animal to such a trauma.
The healing process takes a long period. During this time, the stump must be treated with antiseptics. When docking in a veterinary clinic, postoperative complications are rare. Opponents of cupping argue against the procedure.
How does tail management affect an animal?
The effect of the operation of cupping on pain sensitivity in puppies in the future has no scientific confirmation, but:
- sensitivity . Experiments performed on rats showed that trauma to the nerve when crossing it at an early age adversely affects the sensitivity of the stump.
- motor skills . Some scientists argue that removing the caudal vertebrae can weaken the animal's motor skills.
- urination . Anatomically the tail is a counterweight and, having lost it, the dog not only acquires a disruption of the functions of the musculoskeletal system, but also the pathology of the function of the urination.
- lumbar and pelvic department . Abnormal, from the physiological point of view, the distribution of the load on the lumbar and pelvic region leads to muscle atrophy and deformity of the hind limb fingers, the formation of intervertebral hernias.
- communication with relatives . Certain problems are caused by the absence of a tail when communicating the animal with other dogs. It is noted that on the short-tailed dogs, the tribesmen do not react like animals with a normal tail. Experiments were conducted using a robotic dog. It is established that dogs with a short tail were less likely to approach the robot, they were more aggressive. It is believed that the absence of the tail, as a means of communication, makes communication between animals difficult.
- aggression . In addition, statistics state that individuals with a dock tail are more aggressive, not inclined to communicate, and suffer from behavioral disorders.
Although scientific studies of this problem are lacking, it can be established that the amputation of the tail does not pass without a trace for the animal.
Photo of various breeds before and after cupping
- dobermann to
- dobermann after
- Rottweiler before
- Rottweiler after
- spaniel before and after
- Zwergschnauzer to
- Zwergschoutzer after
- Cane Corso to
- Cane Corso after
- German boxer before
- German boxer after
- Russian black terrier before
- Russian black terrier after
- Russian toy terrier before
- Russian toy terrier after