Conjunctivitis in dogs is an inflammatory disease of the visual apparatus that affects the mucous membrane lining the inner surface of the eyelid and the eyeball. In most cases, this ailment results from a weakened immune system or chronic diseases of the pet. There are two forms of conjunctivitis in pets - acute and chronic. Such a disease requires competent and timely treatment, because it is fraught with serious complications, up to a complete violation of the animal's visual function.
- Причины конъюнктивита у собак 1. Causes of conjunctivitis in dogs
- Симптомы конъюнктивита у собак 2. Symptoms of conjunctivitis in dogs
- Виды собачьего конъюнктивита 3. Types of canine conjunctivitis
- Лечение конъюнктивита у собак 4. Treatment of conjunctivitis in dogs
- Как понять, что нужно идти к офтальмологу 5. How to understand that you need to go to an ophthalmologist
- Как предупредить возникновение глазной патологии 6. How to prevent the onset of ocular pathology
Causes of conjunctivitis in dogs
Conjunctivitis in dogs develops because of the impact of pathogens that get from the air to the conjunctiva lining the surface of the eyeball and penetrating into the so-called conjunctival sac. With the weakening of the immunity of the animal, an inflammatory process begins that develops into conjunctivitis.
In addition, experts in the veterinary sphere note other reasons contributing to the emergence and development of conjunctivitis in dogs:
- Traumatic eye injury.
- Contact of the eye mucosa with chemicals.
- Inflammatory processes localized in the eyelid and eye cornea.
- Attack on the conjunctiva of dust, wool, down and other small foreign particles and bodies.
- Infectious diseases of endogenous nature.
- Burns eye lesions.
- Deficiency of vitamins of group A in the body of the pet.
- Increased tendency to allergic reactions .
- The presence of fungal or viral infections.
- Eye diseases affecting the lacrimal glands.
- Disorders of metabolic processes.
- Eyelash growth.
In addition, it is believed that the dogs are prone to conjunctivitis dogma Doberman and Great Dane, so their owners need to be especially attentive to the health of their pets' eyes. The high risk group also includes pugs , Pekinese Yorkshire terriers and bulldogs.
Symptoms of conjunctivitis in dogs
Dog's conjunctivitis, regardless of the type and form of the disease, manifests itself following characteristic symptoms:
- Redness of the ocular mucosa .
- Increased lacrimation .
- Baldness of the eyelids.
- Puffiness of the eyelid and mucous eyes.
- The appearance of specific secretions, which are purulent or purulent-mucous.
You can also suspect the disease, paying attention to the behavior of a pet. Since conjunctivitis is accompanied by a feeling of discomfort and strong pain sensations localized in the field of vision, the dog becomes nervous, irritable, passive, often squeezed and rubs his eyes with paws. Often with conjunctivitis, the animal exhibits sleep disorders and a permanent lack of appetite .
Types of canine conjunctivitis
According to the international classification, conjunctivitis in dogs is divided into 4 species, each of which is characterized by specific signs, pathogenesis and manifestations:
- Catarrhal conjunctivitis , in most cases, occurs with traumatic lesions of the ocular membrane, as well as against infections of an infectious nature. This form of the disease manifests itself reddening and increased swelling of the conjunctiva (up to the full protrusion of it from under the eyelid), hyperemia, abundant ocular discharge, which are serous or purulent-mucous.
- The purulent form of conjunctivitis develops when bacteria and pathogenic pyogenic microorganisms get on the mucous membrane of the eye. Usually, the purulent form of conjunctivitis in dogs simultaneously affects both eyes and proceeds exclusively in an acute form, characterized by rapid development. A purulent type of pathology manifests itself by such signs as puffiness of the eyelids, an increase in body temperature, the presence of photophobia, and also blepharospasm. For purulent conjunctivitis is characterized by dense ophthalmic discharge, a grayish-yellow hue with a very unpleasant odor, which, drying up, form in the eyelids, eyelashes and corners of the eyes, specific crusts. In especially severe cases, the opacity of the eye cornea may be observed. This form of conjunctivitis requires prompt, timely treatment, as it is fraught with a complete loss of animal vision.
- Allergic conjunctivitis - is observed in dogs that have an increased tendency to allergic reactions. Inflammatory process begins when a conjunctiva or mucous membrane of an allergen hits the skin. In this case, there are specific symptoms in the form of abundant lacrimation, redness of the eyelids and the eye itself.
- Follicular conjunctivitis - occurs when exposed to the eye shell of dust, smoke or particles of foreign bodies that affect the lymphatic follicles of the eyelids or as a complication of the catarrhal form of the conjunctival disease. Typical symptoms of follicular conjunctivitis are severe reddening of the ocular membranes, intense purulent discharge, and abundant accumulation of lymphatic follicles in the area of the inner surface of the eyelids.
Treatment of conjunctivitis in dogs
A comprehensive treatment of conjunctivitis in dogs should be administered individually, by a qualified veterinarian, depending on the type and form of the disease, and the presence of concomitant complications.
To relieve the condition of the pet at home, you can wash your eyes several times a day with a cotton swab dipped in a decoction of tea, calendula or chamomile. A good effect is given by compresses and eye rinses with the help of decoction herb broth, which has antibacterial and antiparasitic effects.
Also, for washing the eyes, solutions of furacilin, manganese or boric acid can be used. You can also reduce pain and inflammation by dripping a couple drops of almond oil or drops such as conjunctivitis, Maxidin, Iris into the eyes of a pet.
For the duration of the therapeutic course, it is recommended to minimize the time spent walking with the animal to avoid contact with dust, pollen, smoke, pathogenic microbes and prevent possible hypothermia, which is highly undesirable in conjunctivitis.
Vets for the treatment of conjunctivitis in dogs use such medications as ointments that remove inflammation, antibiotics , eye drops of bactericidal action and preparations of internal use, which have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. The animal can also be shown special vitamin complexes aimed at strengthening the immune system and increasing its own body defenses.
In the allergic form of the disease, antiallergic drugs and drops, antihistamines are prescribed.
In most cases, after washing the eyes, drops are instilled, and then after 10-15 minutes penicillin or tetracycline ointment is applied to the eyelid surface and the inner corners of the eyes.
Such therapeutic procedures are carried out 3-4 times a day, for 1-2 weeks, this depends, first of all, on the condition of the pet.
However, the appointment of specific drugs, determine their dosage and duration of treatment should be exclusively a veterinarian! Doing this yourself is by no means recommended, because, thus, you can cause irreparable harm to the animal's health!
In order to avoid possible relapses and undesirable complications, it is very important to adhere strictly to all recommendations of the veterinarian and not to stop treatment ahead of schedule, even if the animal has disappeared all the painful symptoms! This is how you need to treat conjunctivitis in dogs.
How to understand that you need to go to an ophthalmologist
How to prevent the onset of ocular pathology
Prevention of conjunctivitis in dogs is, first of all, in compliance with sanitary and hygienic standards and proper care for the pet. Sleeper dog must be dry and clean, changing litter is recommended every week.
Regularly, and best of all every 2 days, it is recommended to wash the eyes of the animal with cotton swabs soaked in chamomile broth or tea brew.
In addition, you need to pay attention to the diet of your pet, taking care to ensure that the food was as balanced as possible, and it necessarily included products rich in vitamins A and E.
Without fail, it will be necessary to exclude or at least limit the contact of the pet with people or other animals suffering from conjunctivitis. During walks, it is not necessary to allow a pet to play in dust, dirt or sand, to prevent particles from getting on the mucous membrane of the eye.
Conjunctivitis in dogs is quite a serious and dangerous disease that affects the organs of vision of a pet. However, proper care , timely treatment and follow-up recommendations of a veterinarian will help to quickly defeat this ailment, avoiding possible complications and unpleasant consequences!