Large, strong, Hungarian shepherds - Komondor inspire both respect and trust. Possessing an extraordinary appearance of a giant lapdog with a flagellar hair, the dogs are excellent watchmen and guards, and this is the calling that they have in their blood. What is necessary to know about these original dogs to future owners?
- История происхождения породы 1. History of the origin of the breed
- Описание породы комондор 2. Description of the Komondor breed
- Характер комондоров 3. The nature of the Komondor
- Обучение венгерских овчарок 4. Training of Hungarian Shepherds
- Как ухаживать за комондором 5. How to care for komondor
- Фото комондора 6. Photo of the Komondor
- Видео комондора и бобтейла 7. Video of Komondor and Bobtail
- Стоимость щенка венгерской овчарки 8. The cost of a Hungarian Shepherd puppy
History of the origin of the breed
The Hungarian Shepherd is one of the oldest breeds. It was they who were met by nomadic Magyar tribes in the ancient Russian steppes and took several individuals with them. And it happened more than 1000 years ago.
The modern Hungarian Shepherd is the closest relative of the Shepherd, but South Russian. For the ancient Magyars, dogs were exclusively a working tool, and animals were valued only for their ability to guard domestic animals from predatory animals. They did not receive any special care, they did not have a pedigree, but the Magyars had a ban on crossing commanders with representatives of other breeds.
By the way, powerful, hardy and fearless dogs did their job well. They did not drive animals, but only performed security functions and played the role of escort. The shepherd had the opportunity to leave the cattle without fear. Large sheep-dogs made sure that no one encroached on livestock grazing livestock, smaller dogs collected cattle in the herd, drove them and watched that no one was behind.
The original coat, rolled into bundles, was a reliable protection of the animal, both from low and high temperatures, and also helped with battles with predators, without allowing those to damage vulnerable areas. In addition, white wool was a beautiful disguise, and the guard merged into a herd of sheep with his wards. The dog stayed with the cattle and never chased the predators.
Life in harsh conditions affected the character of the Komondor, he viciously treats strangers, is an ideal guard, has a developed intellect and can make his own decisions. Representatives of this breed do not require special conditions and are distinguished by excellent health.
The manuscript of the "History of King Astyages", dating back to the 14th century, contains references to these dogs. And the first description with details was made in 1653 by Amos Comenius. Despite the respectable history, the creation of an official breed standard falls at the beginning of the 20th century, only then did the Hungarian shepherds with pedigrees appear.
During the Second World War, dogs performed the work of guards and sappers, which led to a significant reduction in the breed gene pool. But already in the 1950s the breed of the Hungarian Shepherd was completely restored. Komondor can not be attributed to a common breed, since no more than 12,000 individuals are registered in the whole world.
Description of the breed Komondor
Perhaps it is difficult to find representatives in the canine world with a more amazing and memorable appearance. The pedigree representatives are of a giant size and pure white hair, in addition, it forms dense cords that look like dreads.
Breeders from Hungary argue that if the dog is not large, then it has nothing to do with the komondors.
- The growth of males at the withers reaches 80 cm, the bough varies within 65-70 cm. And the size of dogs is not limited by the standard. The higher the Hungarian Shepherd, the more expensive its value. And, having high growth, the Komondors have relatively low weight.
- Weight of males is in the range of 50-60 kg, females - from 40 to 50 kg. For comparison - the weight of English mastiff with the same growth will be on average 100 kg.
- The head of the animal is covered with a long coat, wrapped in bundles, and under it is a shortened muzzle with a strong jaw.
- The eyes are hidden by hair, they are small, with a dark brown or almond iris. The look is alert, attentive.
- Ears are medium in size, triangular, hang down.
Wool and color of the Komondor
As already noted, the main feature of Komondors is their wool, it is predominantly white, but since dogs can get very dirty, it becomes darker. At the puppy age there are individuals with spots of cream shade, but in adult dogs they pale. Dogs with ideal standard qualities have a skin of bluish-gray color, although often dogs have a pink tone, which is undesirable.
The coat is long, somewhat shortened in the back, neck and muzzle. In Hungarian shepherd puppies, the wool is soft, curly, but with age it becomes longer. The bundles begin to form from infancy. Dogs do not have undercoat, "child" fluff in dogs falls to 24 months. And the entire coat, which grows and falls, remains on the animal and is woven into bundles, making them gradually thicker and thicker.
The length of the "dreads" reaches an average of 25 cm, but growth slows down. By the age of two they are fully formed into basic cords, and the longest become only to five years. To ensure that the bundles are properly formed and cover the entire body, the owners should braid them. Otherwise, the pet will become one giant, collapsed woolen ball.
The tail of the Hungarian Shepherd always keeps to the bottom, never bulging up. If you glance at the dog, it may seem that it is not at all, since it is hidden under woolen bands.
Read also: Tibetan Mastiff .
The nature of the Komondor
Hungarian Shepherds are true watchmen and quite independent dogs, but this does not detract from their affection for their family members. But they do not have trust in strangers, they always treat suspiciously newcomers. To the dog began to trust, it will take a very long time, but then the pet will for a long time remember the person and always gladly welcome him.
- Aggression . With poor socialization, komondors may be aggressive towards outsiders.
- Instinct of protection . Dogs genetically laid the instinct of protecting their own territory, and they will do this regardless, whether they want it or not. If you need a four-legged friend who will be a guard and protector of the family and property, then the representatives of this breed are what you need.
- Leash . When choosing a Hungarian Shepherd puppy, it is worth considering that it is impossible to lead them out without a lead, as the dog can suspect evil people passing by passing malice. Breeders and owners are unanimous - komondory - fine pets for some, but not for everyone. The period of growing up in animals is long. They can behave like puppies for a long time. The purpose of the Komondor is to protect and protect livestock, and they are responsible for their activities. Dogs will protect any person or animal that they consider to be a member of their pack, and will not show aggression to them without any valid reasons.
- Jealousy . But they are jealous of the intrusion from outside, and the appearance of other animals, including dogs, on their territory, definitely will not make them happy. They can attack and drive outsiders, and given their size and centuries-old experience of fights with predators, can not only cause serious injury, but also kill. Those familiar with the habits of the Komondor say that it is easy to get to the territory of these dogs, but it's extremely difficult to leave.
It will be interesting:
Training of Hungarian Shepherds
If you really teach Komondor, then you must start this as soon as possible. However, it should be noted that the pet has a habit of working away from its owner. This indicates their independence and self-will. And these qualities can manifest even in well-trained shepherds.
Like most shepherd dogs, Hungarian shepherds have a tendency to dominate. The owner will have to constantly remind the pet - "who is the master of the house," otherwise the dog will quickly seize the reins of government in "his paws."
Thanks to the developed intellect, the komondors quickly learn commands, but nevertheless for their training it will take a lot of time and patience. And to educate and train a dog of this breed for a full socialization is necessary all life. Any indulgence, even in small things, the dog will take for granted and will constantly violate the prohibitions.
Like other "shepherds", Hungarian shepherds require very heavy loads. After all, their ancestors could spend the whole day around the herd. And they are so hardy that any stagnation and boredom immediately negatively affects their behavior. Again, if we take into account their dimensions, the losses can be enormous.
Another thing that future owners should know is Komondor is not a quiet breed of dogs. They loudly and with pleasure bark, warning that others are going, and more even scaring off "uninvited guests". The hosts will receive an excellent watchman, but neighbors such a noisy animal may not like.
How to care for komondor
Wool - that's what requires constant and intensive care, and many believe that this is the reason why the Hungarian Shepherd has not gained worldwide popularity. Some owners have found a way out, and several times a year they cut their pet, leaving their hair short.
But quality care implies regular separation of cords. And since not every city has a specialist who knows how to work with this breed, it is better for the owner to master the skills of caring for the pet's fur. The procedure itself is simple, but it takes time and patience, especially if it is an adult komondor with long strings. It is not so easy to wash the dog, as the coat is soaked for a very long time, and it dries even longer - 2-2.5 days.
Fleas , ticks and other parasites are a more dangerous threat for Hungarian sheepdogs than for other quadrupeds. They are extremely difficult to detect, and most representatives of this breed are highly sensitive to insecticides. You should regularly inspect the ears of pets, and to avoid infectious diseases, you must regularly clean them from dirt.
Read about the proper care of the dog .
Photo of the Komondor
Komondor and Bobtail videos
The cost of a puppy of a Hungarian Shepherd
If the forthcoming care of the wool and the uneasy temper of the Komondor does not frighten, those wishing to buy an unusual puppy may face another problem - a breed on Russian territory is rare. But if you can find a proven breeder, then the puppy will cost from 50,000 to 70,000 rubles.
Komondor is a serious pet for strong-willed and responsible. He demands a firm hand and will faithfully protect his family, even at the cost of his life.