Cyst in a dog

A number of diseases in dogs at first sight do not cause disturbance to the owners, since they seem quite harmless, but the consequences can be irreparable. Such diseases include pathological formations. The cyst in dogs in most cases is not dangerous, but some of its species can deprive the pet of health and even lead him to death.


Types of cysts and the causes of their occurrence

Cyst in a dog

Photo of a cyst in a dog

The cyst is a cavity within which a liquid forms a secret. As a secret, natural degradation products, as well as microorganisms and even eggs of parasites, act. In the event that the cyst with such filling burst, then seriously injured nearby organs and tissues, there will be an infection of the body.

In some cases, the cyst can degenerate into a malignant neoplasm, so a veterinarian needs to be diagnosed and regularly monitored.

The type of cyst is determined by a variety of signs - the place of formation, the features of the structure of the cavity, the tendency to growth and development, and others.

An epidermal or cutaneous cyst occurs quite often. Its distinctive features include the following:

  • Location - the upper layers of the epidermis.
  • Cavity in the form of a circle or sphere.
  • Softness of education, you can check it during probing.
  • The cyst does not bring pain to the dog.
  • The size of the formation rarely exceeds 50 mm.

The causes of the formation of cysts formed on the skin surface, the most diverse. Often they appear on the background of a clogged pore, which does not allow skin secret to go outside. As a result, a cavity is formed, which gradually fills up.

Pores can become clogged due to unfavorable external conditions - chemical emissions into the atmosphere, excessive gas contamination of air, ozone holes. All this disturbs the skin metabolism, as a result of which an external cyst may appear.

Not the least role is played by the hereditary factor. Scientists have determined that the chance of an epidermal cyst in a dog is higher if its immediate relatives have suffered from this disease. The formation of such etiology can be congenital. External cysts in dogs are most often found on the gums, between the toes on the paws, in the auricles.

Hereditary factor plays an important role in the formation of cysts

In addition, dogs have cystic cavities formed on internal organs. Most often they occur on the ovaries and mammary glands. Internal formations can disrupt the work of the organs and systems of the dog, some types lead to infertility, and in the case of ruptures, the likelihood of a lethal outcome is high.

The causes of internal cysts include inflammatory processes in the organs and hormonal disorders. Less often, education arises from the effects of parasites.

The causes of cysts are still poorly understood by modern medicine.

Symptomatology of the disease

1. A cyst located on the surface of the skin

The cyst located on the surface of the skin is determined visually. Education on the gums can be identified at the initial stages. The tissues, in the place where the cysts appear, swell, differ brightly in a red tint. Over time, the spread of the tumor throughout the gum.

During this period, often the dog feels unwell, quickly becomes tired, can refuse food , in some cases the body temperature rises. When examining the jaws, a new formation of white or yellow color filled with pus will be revealed. If you do not help the pet, then he will suffer from pain, asymmetry of the mouth, flux.

2. Sweat gland cyst

The cyst is sweat gland - blue, blue or grayish in color, its size rarely exceeds 1cm. Often the sweat gland cyst occurs in the ear canal, in most cases it does not pose a danger, the pet does not experience discomfort.

3. The follicular cyst

The follicular cyst arises at the root of the hair, its filling is dead cells. The characteristic color is gray, the size varies from 1mm to several cm.

4. The dermoid cyst

The dermoid cyst is a congenital malformation. It is a closed soft cavity of round shape, towering above the hairline. In some cases, there is a risk of infection of the nervous system, so veterinarians recommend timely treatment.

5. Cyst in the sublingual zone

The cyst may appear in the hyoid zone. It looks like a round purulent bag of white and pink. When a cyst is formed in this place, the dog often refuses to eat, as it feels uncomfortable in the process of consuming food. If the size of the formation reaches a critical size, the dog may stop using even drinking, will begin to wither from exhaustion.

6. The interdigital cyst

The interdigital cyst in most cases does not cause painful sensations in the pet, it looks like a round swelling. Education is mild, the temperature in the cyst area is not elevated, there are, as well as single as well as multiple swelling. This disease is particularly susceptible to short-haired dogs . At the heart of the disease is the ingrowth of hair into the skin.

Skin cysts have the same symptoms:

  • Slowly increase in size.
  • Do not cause pain, the dog during the palpation of the cavity behaves calmly, does not whine , does not try to ward off the owner.
  • During the palpation of the cyst, its smooth structure is revealed, its heterogeneity, granularity is a dangerous "bell".
  • The pet quickly gets tired, sleeps more than usual, does not want to walk for a long time.
  • In some cases, body temperature rises.
  • Loss of appetite.

If a seal is found on the surface of the skin or mucous, you need to see a doctor urgently to exclude oncological formations. The veterinarian will carry out the diagnosis and, if necessary, prescribe the treatment.

Most internal cysts are asymptomatic and diagnose them completely by accident. However, sometimes there are the following symptoms:

  • Increased body temperature in the pet.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Weakness, unwillingness to walk, apathy.

The asymptomatic course of the disease is dangerous because the cyst can burst. In this case, the following symptoms are recorded:

  • Attacks of vomiting .
  • Bloody discharge, as a sign of internal bleeding.
  • Attacks of pain, during which the dog whines, behaves unnaturally, can lose consciousness.
  • Increased body temperature.

These symptoms indicate that the dog needs urgent medical help, you can not postpone your visit to the doctor even for several hours.

Diagnosis and treatment of cysts in dogs

General analysis of the blood in a dog cyst

With this problem, you can turn to a general veterinarian or to an oncologist. The doctor will perform the following diagnostic tests:

  • Inspection of the dog, during which the veterinarian feels the outer formations. If any, will conduct an overall assessment of the animal's health status.
  • General analysis of urine and blood, check its coagulability and hemoglobin level.
  • Ultrasound research to study the nature of education.
  • X-ray.
  • CT scan.

After the diagnosis is made, the question of treatment is decided. In some cases, when there is no clear danger to the health and life of the animal, active action is not taken. The vet offers the owner to observe the development of the cyst, if it does not grow or cause inconvenience to the dog, then treatment will not be required. In the event that education is progressing or there is a threat to the health of the dog, the doctor will take active steps.

The drug treatment of cysts rarely gives an obvious positive effect, but in some cases, the dog is given a subcutaneous injection of drugs aimed at resorption of the formation. This method is used only in the case of small formations, the large cysts do not work.

The most effective way out of the situation is surgical intervention . The operation is performed as under local anesthesia, for example, when it is necessary to remove the cyst under the tongue, and under general anesthesia, in the case of formations on internal organs. After surgery, the doctor gives recommendations that will help the dog recover in a short period.

The master should independently process seams, for this purpose use a solution of manganese or iodine, furatsilin. It is important to feed your pet properly. In the case of an operation on the oral cavity, the dog is not allowed to eat dry food for several hours.

Prevention of disease

Since the reasons for the formation of most types of cysts are unknown, veterinarians give general recommendations for the prevention of this disease. First of all, the owner must provide the dog with a correct and balanced diet . Doctors recommend specially formulated feeds, they contain the necessary amount of vitamins and minerals for each day.

It is important to observe the hygiene of the dog, regularly comb the pet, cleaning the coat from possible accumulations of dirt, and also cut the hair. Wash the dog followed with special means that will wash the coat and skin. Long-haired breeds are washed 2 times a month, dogs, whose wool has medium pile, it is enough to bathe once in 2 months. Too often washing dries the pet's skin, violates its water balance.

It is necessary to regularly inspect the skin of the dog, in case of appearance of tumors, a visit to the veterinarian can not be postponed.

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