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Keratitis in dogs

Keratitis in dogs is an inflammatory disease of the visual system that affects the eye cornea. This pathology is widespread enough among pets. Keratitis causes discomfort to the animal and threatens very serious complications, which can be prevented by competent, timely begun treatment and observance of elementary preventive measures.

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Causes of keratitis in dogs

Keratitis in dogs

Keratitis in a dog on a photo

The causes of the emergence and development of keratitis in dogs are quite diverse. However, veterinarians identify a number of factors capable of provoking the development of such a disease. These include:

  • Traumatic eye injuries.
  • Avitaminosis .
  • Burns to the eye surface.
  • Hepatitis is infectious.
  • Enteritis .
  • Genetic predisposition.
  • Disorders in the endocrine system.
  • Weakened immunity.
  • Diabetes mellitus .
  • Increased tendency to allergic reactions .
  • The plague .
  • Contact with the eye area of ​​foreign bodies.
  • Inflammatory processes, localized in the field of vision.

It should be emphasized that keratitis can be infectious or invasive. Depending on the type of disease, its occurrence can be provoked by specific viruses, adenoviruses, bacteria, pathogenic fungi - actinomycetes or special filamentous parasites-tantazias.

Symptoms of canine keratitis

Pigmented keratitis in a dog

Pigmented keratitis in a dog with symptoms of lacrimation

Regardless of the type and form of the course of this pathology, keratitis in dogs is manifested by specific characteristic symptoms:

  • Copious lacrimation .
  • Development of photophobia.
  • Opacification of the eye cornea.
  • Puffiness.
  • Hyperemia of sclera and conjunctiva .
  • Appearance of eye discharge purulent .
  • Appearance of yellow, white and gray spots in the cornea of ​​the eye.
  • Reddening of mucous membranes and eye protein.
  • Frequent blinking.
  • Roughness of the eye shell.
  • The appearance of dark streaks, localized in the inner corners of the eye.

Keratitis in dogs is characterized by a rapid course, so it is quite easy to diagnose this ailment. The opacity of the eye cornea can be detected almost a couple of hours after the onset of the disease. Significantly changes the behavior of the pet - the animal becomes nervous, restless, depressed and listless, hides from the light and constantly rubs his eyes with paws.

Opacification of the lens in keratitis in dogs

Opacification of the lens in the dog - a clear sign of keratitis

If you do not treat timely and start the disease, then it begins to progress, resulting in inflamed blood vessels grow into the eye cornea, making it bumpy and thickened.

It should be noted that keratitis is fraught with the development of complications such as the development of glaucoma, cataracts , perforation of the eye cornea, partial or complete loss of visual function. Therefore, if you find the first signs of keratitis in your pet, you should immediately go to the veterinary clinic for examination by a veterinarian and the appointment of a proper treatment.

Varieties of keratitis in dogs

Veterinary specialists distinguish several varieties of canine keratitis, which are somewhat different pathogenesis, signs and peculiarities of occurrence:

  • Purulent surface type of keratitis - mainly occurs due to mechanical lesions of mucous membranes. This form of keratitis is characterized by the appearance in the animal of pronounced photophobia, abundant lacrimation and the appearance of purulent discharge.
  • Parenchymal keratitis - is of a microbial nature. The disease can develop against the background of canine distemper, toxoplasmosis, or in the presence of wound damage localized in the eye area. The eyes of the diseased animal begin to water very much, the cornea becomes edematous, and not its surface there are characteristic spots and dots. Quite often parenchymal keratitis is accompanied by the development of iris or conjunctivitis.
  • Point keratitis is one of the rarest forms of the disease, the exact causes of which have not been fully studied to date. Characteristic symptoms include the appearance of pearly cloudy spots on the surface of the diseased eye. In this case, the animal feels normal and its visual function does not deteriorate at all.
  • Phlyctenular keratitis - develops on the background of toxicity poisoning or allergic reactions. According to the doctors of veterinarians, this kind of keratitis is most affected by dogs of the collie breed, as well as the sheep dogs. The disease is characterized by the appearance on the eye cornea of ​​large bubbles of grayish-white color. In the absence of timely treatment, they can merge and burst, resulting in the cornea acquiring a reddish-gray color. Also, phlyctenular keratitis is characterized by thickening and tuberosity of the third century.
  • Ulcerative keratitis occurs against the background of a ulcerative lesion of the ocular cornea. At the same time, the surface of the eyeball becomes cloudy and clouded. With a fairly long course of the disease, it is possible to form open ulcerous surfaces in the cornea.

Methods of treating keratitis in dogs

Before taking the treatment, be sure to go to an ophthalmologist to clarify the diagnosis

Before taking the treatment, be sure to go to an ophthalmologist to clarify the diagnosis

Keratitis is quite amenable to therapy in the early stages of the onset of pathology. Otherwise, the disease can go into a chronic form, in which the periods of remission alternate with acute relapses. Therefore, it is extremely important that the treatment of keratitis in a pet is started in a timely manner.

The features of therapy depend on the type of disease, as well as on the factors that provoked its development. First of all, the veterinarian eliminates the cause that led to the emergence of keratitis, only in this case, further therapy will bring positive, stable results.

Compulsory medical procedures include daily washing of lacrimal sacs with a solution of furacilin, rivanol or boric acid, which have antiperspirant action.

It is necessary to wash the eyes of the dog daily with keratite

It is necessary to wash the tear sacks of the dog daily with such solutions as Furacilin, Rivanol or boric acid

The therapeutic course is developed individually, depending on the type of keratitis. So, with superficial keratitis, the animal is prescribed levomitsitinovye drops or sodium sulfacid, injections of Novocain and Hydrocortisone.

Purulent forms of the disease are treated by intramuscular injection of antibiotic drugs, as well as oletetrine or erythromycin ointment.

With allergic keratitis, in the first place, the provoking factor - allergen is eliminated. After this, the dog is prescribed antihistamine medication and a special hypoallergenic diet .

In other varieties of keratitis, animals are also given antibiotics with a wide spectrum of action, antiviral drugs, corticosteroids, injections of vitamins to strengthen the immune system, eye drops and antiseptic solutions for eye washing.

In other varieties of keratitis, animals are also given antibiotics with a wide spectrum of action

For all types of keratitis, except for a purulent, allergic and superficial dog, a course of antibiotics is prescribed

With the advanced form of the disease, after relief of inflammation, the animal can be recommended tissue therapy. In addition, lysine and yellow mercury ointment is used to resorb scars in the eye cornea. In some, especially severe cases, surgical treatment by the method of superficial keratectomy may be required.

It must be emphasized that only a veterinarian should select specific medication, determine the appropriate dosage and duration of the treatment course! In this case, the specialist takes into account such factors as the overall clinical picture, the form and stage of the disease, the breed and body weight of the animal.

On average, the treatment of keratitis in dogs takes 1-2 months. With timely-started therapy and following the recommendations of the veterinarian, the overall prognosis for this disease is quite favorable. Ignore the signs of keratosis can not, because in the absence of operational measures, this disease is fraught with permanent opacity of the cornea, impaired visual function and even complete blindness!

Preventive measures

Prevention of keratosis in dogs requires simple recommendations:

  • Regular vaccination of the animal against adenovirus and herpes.
  • It is necessary to try to prevent possible traumatic damage to the eyes of the pet.
  • In time, consult a specialist in case of conjunctivitis or other eye diseases in the dog.
  • It is necessary to monitor the balanced, rational nutrition of the animal in order to prevent the development of vitamin deficiency and weakening of the immune system.
  • Provide the pet with proper care , regularly comb out his coat and trim the wool covering around the eyes.
  • Regularly rinse the eyes of the dog with cotton-wool discs soaked in chamomile broth, tea leaves or boric acid solution.

Keratosis in dogs is quite easy to treat. Following the recommendations of an expert in the care of animals, you can prevent the development of undesirable consequences, achieving complete cure for your pet - without complications and relapses!

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