Not many dogs have the same strength as Caucasian sheep dogs. These dogs are distinguished by reckless courage and members of their family are able to protect against a predator of any size. In his desire to protect property and people close to him, the Caucasian shows all the rage and anger, so it's not for nothing that representatives of this breed are compared to the gun. Where did these extraordinary dogs come from and how can you manage with the giants?
- Как появилась порода кавказцев 1. How did the breed of Caucasians
- Описание породы кавказская овчарка 2. Description of the breed Caucasian shepherd
- Характер кавказцев 3. The nature of the Caucasians
- Как воспитывать и обучать кавказскую овчарку 4. How to train and train a Caucasian sheepdog
- Содержание и уход за кавказцами 5. Maintenance and care of Caucasians
- Фото кавказской овчарки 6. Photos of the Caucasian Sheepdog
- Видео о кавказской овчарке 7. Video about the Caucasian Shepherd
- За сколько можно купить щенка кавказской овчарки 8. How much can I buy a Caucasian Shepherd puppy?
How did the breed of Caucasians
Caucasians are among the oldest breeds that have undergone a hard natural selection for the right to be near a person. Based on archaeological data, the age of the rock exceeds 2500 years.
It is known for certain that the ancestors of the Caucasians are old-type Tibetan danes. BC They were the embodiment of the classic Molossians - heavy, boundlessly loyal to their own, and ferocious towards their enemies.
It is believed that the dog's territory fell into the Chinese territory, when the puppy of this breed was presented to the emperor. Representatives of this breed immediately appreciated in Asia, and they spread quickly enough - first in Mongolia, Mesopotamia, and then, through the territory of the Caucasus, penetrated Rome and Greece.
According to the "mythic-historical" version, early Caucasians could resurrect the ruler of Armenia Ara the Beautiful, licking his wounds. Somewhere at this time, there was a division of Caucasian and Central Asian sheep-dogs . The first were rigidly selected, proceeding from working qualities, the latter remained in their native territory and practically did not change. There is some evidence that, unlike the Central Asians who guard the territory with a whole group, the Caucasians did this alone or in pairs.
The Caucasian lands are characterized by an unusual beauty, rich in nature and difficult, rather harsh climatic conditions. In addition, the impassable mountainous terrain has become a "transit" road for traders and conquerors. The ancestors of the Caucasian Shepherds were able to "temper" the character in such uneasy living conditions, and their steadfastness was transferred to modern dogs of this breed. Life at the crossroads of the movement affected many features and breed qualities. The characteristics laid down in the Caucasus lands determine the main differences between the Central Asians and the Caucasians.
In their native territories, there was also a division of the activities of dogs. Molossian dogs from mountain areas were used for grazing and protection. In the pastoral areas the breed was called the Caucasian wolfhounds, and the Molossians that were bred in the cities were empiric dogs. In the latter case, the animals performed guard functions and participated in military campaigns. The character of modern Caucasians traces a characteristic trait, derived from ancestors - hatred of wolves and strangers.
Among the evidence that the dogs were respected, their images on the arms of princely families were found. In those days, there were several varieties of Caucasians, in fact, each nation had its own type of dog. Unofficially, such a division exists in our times. However, these dogs are interested in Russian breeders and not only. Then the work began to turn the native breed into a factory breed.
For many years, activities were carried out to improve the quality of Caucasians. The dogs were made livable in the city. But poor-quality breeding and poor urban environment significantly shortened the life of pets (about 10-12 years), although earlier the animals lived much longer.
The formation of the breed was lengthy, and the standards varied several times. The latter option was approved by the International Cynological Federation in 2010.
Description of breed Caucasian shepherd
The last standard specifies that the representatives of this breed have a rough type of build, with well developed, voluminous musculature. The growth of males varies between 72-75 cm, the average weight is 50 kg, the females are somewhat lower, their height is approximately 66-69 cm, and the weight is 45 kg.
The main characteristics of the Caucasian Shepherd include the following description:
- Dogs have a large, massive head with mane. Forehead broad, convex, lips thick. The muzzle ends with a large nose of the nose, pigmented in black. Ears are small in size and have an oval shape. Eyes small, deeply set, look attentive, alert. Teeth large, scissor bite.
- The dogs have a wide, long chest , strong, straight back with developed muscles. Loin is wide, convex, short and muscular. The tail is set high, the limbs are parallel. Paws large, round.
- The coat is straight, stiff.
Among the possible shortcomings of the breed, experts note the following:
- insufficiently developed backbone;
- too stretched body;
- short and soft coat;
- there is a risk of sagging skin of the eyelids.
Any deviation from the approved standard is automatically considered a drawback.
Colors of the Caucasian Sheepdog
There are several dog colors:
- the black;
The nature of the Caucasians
Modern Caucasian sheepdogs, although they retained large sizes and a harsh appearance, have a pretty nice and friendly disposition. This increased the popularity of representatives of this breed. And their amazing adaptability to any climate allows them to live in a variety of climates, as well as in home and street conditions.
Caucasians are self-confident and not fussy, it allows them to respond adequately, finding themselves in the midst of extreme events. Even danger can not knock the pets out of the rut, their actions are unmistakable.
Caucasian sheep-dogs are persistent, fearless, resolute. They have well developed protective qualities, and at the level of instincts there is a distrust of strangers. In addition, the Caucasians, like all shepherd dogs, have developed intelligence, balanced temperament and are well trained.
Trust in dogs is caused only by family members, but the attention of owners is very important for the pet. The Shepherd is ready to guard and protect the family around the clock, and it is especially reverent to the younger members of the family. The pet perceives them as his flock, carefully watching that no child gets out of the rest. It is not in the rules of a dog to offend small children, and it always plays with pleasure.
Of course, the foundations of nature are laid down on the level of instincts, but no less important is the upbringing and training of the pet.
How to Train and Train a Caucasian Sheepdog
To train a Caucasian , you need to have confidence and a strong character. It does not matter how physically developed the owner is, but he must be consistent in his actions and demanding.
It is not recommended to do it yourself, it is better to contact a cynologist or take training courses. The specialist will not train the dog himself, he will help the owner to better understand the pet and react properly in those or other situations. After the passed initial stage, the owner will be able to cope with further education, because the dog will learn the necessary commands and rules.
Caucasians are very fond of apportionment, so you can offer a pet to run after the stick from an early age. The intellect of the Caucasian allows the dog not only to acquire knowledge, but also, with improper upbringing, to use the weaknesses of the owners. Therefore, the owners should from the first days focus on what the kid can do, and what is forbidden for him. And it is important to immediately show the puppy who is the leader in the family.
With the right approach, the pet quickly learns where it is necessary to cope with the need, learn to refuse refreshments from strangers and eat garbage from the ground. It is important to immediately limit the biting of hands and feet, even during the game, as well as jumping on the owner, as the grown giant will behave in the same way.
It will be interesting:
- we accustom the puppy to the toilet ;
- whether dogs can be sweet ;
- Whether it is possible to dogs milk .
Maintenance and care of Caucasians
The thick coat of the Caucasian sheepdog does not cause much trouble, but requires regular combing. Make combing is recommended on the street, using a special large brush, suitable for long coat. It is enough to wash the Caucasian only once every six months, of course, and you can also bathe as the dog gets soiled.
The most important duty of the dog owner is regular paddocking . In this regard, the Caucasians are not very demanding, since in their nature they accumulate energy, and not spend it on aimless vacillation. In a day, enough to give it an hour and a half, suggesting the pet to run just like that or to import some object. 1-2 days a week must be allocated for intensive workloads with mandatory training or the repetition of the acquired skills. No, the dog has an excellent memory, but it needs to maintain an excellent physical shape.
The Caucasian sheep-dog needs a high-grade food , that, actually, concerns representatives of any breed. And there are no special wisdoms here. More often, one-time feeding is carried out with the obligatory observance of the regime. But this applies to adult pets, young animals up to 2.5-3 years old are fed 2 times.
Choosing natural products, you should not forget that the main product of the diet is meat and offal. Their daily amount is 800-1000 grams. If meat can be given in any form, the offal must be pre-cooked. Street pets in the winter can be given periodically cooked lard or meat. Also in the diet include cereals, cooked on water, meat or vegetable broth, vegetables - fresh and boiled, greens. Eggs are given boiled, but not more often 1-2 times a week. Potato and beans are among the forbidden products.
If the choice falls on ready-made production rations, then it is worth choosing quality feeds - premium and super-premium categories. They are more suited to the needs of the dog, and their consumption is much less.
Photo of the Caucasian Sheepdog
Video about the Caucasian Shepherd
For how much you can buy a Caucasian shepherd puppy
The price depends on many factors - the color of the coat, sex, size, the availability of the pedigree and titled parents, the location of the nursery and the address delivery. Usually the most expensive baby from the litter costs more. The average cost of a Caucasian shepherd puppy in nurseries in Moscow and the Moscow region is 15,000 rubles. On the Internet, the price varies from 5000 to 60,000 rubles.
Puppies of the Caucasian sheepdog look like cute cubs, but taking a pet into the house, one should immediately take into account that it is not a toy, but a serious animal that requires a certain approach.