Kangal is a breed of dogs that is also called the Anatolian Karabash in the homeland, which translates into a "black head". In other countries, the name Anatolian Shepherd is used, but Turkish breeders do not accept it. Kangalov is appreciated and revered in Turkey, so they are not allowed to leave the country. In addition, being externally similar to Alabayev, any breeder will say that Kangal is a special and exceptional dog, which can not be compared with others. So who is Anatolian Karabash in fact?
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы кангал 2. Description of the Kangal breed
- Характер 3. Character
- Воспитание и обучение кангала 4. Education and training kangala
- Уход и особенности здоровья 5. Care and health features
- Породные заболевания 6. Breed diseases
- Кормление 7. Feeding
- Содержание собаки 8. The contents of the dog
- Фото кангала 9. Photos of the Kangal
- Видео о кангале 10. Video about the Kangal
- Где можно приобрести щенка 11. Where can I get a puppy?
Origin of the breed
These dogs have existed for more than one century, but the breed itself was recognized relatively recently. Kangal - the oldest breed, still existed from Babylonian times in the territory of Asia Minor. Today it is a Turkish guard dog. Breeders for several centuries improved the quality of the karabash, crossing them with various large dogs.
In ancient times, lions were hunted with kangalas. Although these dogs were used to work with herds, they did not graze livestock, but protected it from encroachments by predators. Such a defender - strong, powerful, but light and fast, could easily catch up with the wolf.
Modern Karabash is a national treasure, it is illegal to export purebred breeds abroad. In addition, they take care of the cleanliness of the breed, strictly rejecting individuals even with minor deviations from the standard adopted here in Turkey.
Since dogs with a pedigree can not be abroad without an owner, the RKF does not include the breed in the pedigree book, and it is very, very difficult to obtain the Turkish "0" pedigree of a dog that does not have documents. But in any case, the register pedigree does not allow its owners to participate in breeding, and all the offspring appear to be illegitimate. Naturally, this state of affairs negatively affects the development of the breed as a whole.
Description of breed cangal
Kangal is a tall, stately animal, whose growth ranges from 70 to 90 cm. Dogs weigh from 50 to 70 kg, they have a strong constitution with powerful paws, strong neck and developed musculature. The Anatolian shepherds move smoothly and vigorously. Because of that her head is on one line with neck and back, it seems that the animal is sneaking.
Representatives of the breed can be disqualified because of abnormalities in color, underdevelopment of paws, increased aggression. In the standard the following description of dogs is indicated:
- The head is large, neat, harmonious, rectangular, with a slightly convex forehead with a pronounced transverse furrow.
- Jaws strong, with large, white teeth, bite correct, scissor-shaped, without gaps.
- Eyes average or small, can be triangular or almond-shaped. Planted widely, eyelids can have dark spots. Look serious, attentive.
- Nose is large, with open oval nostrils, its color depends on the shade of the coat: it can be black or brown.
- Ears - small size, arranged neatly on the sides of the head, triangular, the ends are rounded. When the dog is calm, they hang, but when excited they rise.
- Dogs have a strong, well-muscled body. The back is straight, wide, with well-marked, inclined forward scapula. The neck is strong, massive, creating a smooth bend.
Coat and colors
The wool of the Anatolian Karabash can be as short as 2.5 cm in length and elongated at 10-15 cm. The coat of forehead has a flat texture, around the neck it creates a thicker layer. The coat is tightly adherent to the skin, on the ears, limbs and in the tail area, it can be a little "feathery".
The Turkish Shepherd has an abundant, dense undercoat that protects the animal during the severe Anatolian winters and summer heat. In addition, the wool has an outer layer, which does not allow moisture and snow to penetrate the skin. Such a wool cover provides an excellent regulation of body temperature, and its density protects the dog from the tusks of predators.
Turkish cynological organizations do not classify hair color to distinctive pedigree traits. The presence of black and white spots, longer wool is not a sign of interbreeding. The KIF standard does not indicate the color of the dog's coat, but there are a number of indications of white spots - they can only be located in the chest area at the tip of the tail. In other organizations, they are allowed to have on their paws.
Other clubs are more scrupulous about this issue, in addition, it is the color of the wool that is an important difference between the kangala and another variety of Turkish dogs - the Akbashs.
Wool should be short, dense, not long and without fluffiness. Colors are the following:
- brownish yellow.
Mandatory condition - the muzzle of the kangala should be covered with a black mask and ears with black marks. White marks may or may not be allowed, it all depends on the applicable standard.
Before describing the nature of Anatolian sheep dogs, it is worth considering their purpose. First of all, the representatives of this breed are laborers, human assistants, able to work even in the most difficult conditions, without the need for special care.
There are many stories when the Kangals, while finding a sheep, guarded it for several days, dispensing with food and water. In addition, Karabash, who came into contact with the wolf, often came out victorious. In this case, he was waited with a generous reward from the shepherd - the biggest ram.
Such activities required the dogs to be independent, they had to make decisions without the help of a person. Not surprisingly, Kangal is a fairly independent dog. He needs a bold, strong-willed host, self-confident. It is forbidden during the educational process to cause the pet to excess malice. If during the training to use hard methods, rudeness, then the dog can become an unbridled animal.
Kangal looks stern, and his dimensions are impressive, but such a pet will necessarily find a common language with children. The dog can patiently endure careless childish pranks, he will guard the child, looking after him. During games he behaves very carefully. But the owner should inspire the child that the dog is not a toy and you can not offend it.
A pet of this breed is an excellent guard with excellent innate qualities. He has a strong sense of territoriality, to protect the dog entrusted to him, the dog will be to the last breath. The Anatolian Shepherd is barking loudly, rolling, but she will not voice her voice just like that.
A pet can be very capricious, but if you provide it with regular, intensive work, then the dog will once display an unreasonable aggression or foul. Representatives of this breed have a stable psyche, they are friendly to all members of the family. Until now, Kangal used in dog fights, and often these dogs are winners, it happens even in battles with Alabai.
Education and training kangala
Kangal is intelligent and obedient, the main purpose of his life is to serve his person. Therefore, training can give amazing results. Start training should be as early as possible, focusing on early socialization. The puppy should live and communicate with people, go outside the house, see and get to know his fellows.
In training Anatolian sheepdogs use the method of motivation. The owner needs the following: to be firm, confident, he must respect his student. A large, seemingly stern, dog literally "melts", receiving a portion of well-deserved caress or praise, later he will strive to receive it even more.
But cruelty, humiliation, rudeness can nullify all the results and embitter the dog. In addition, if such a serious dog feels a threat from the owner, he may try to protect himself. Naturally, for a person this can turn into a lamentable state.
Most of the representatives are sensitive to even changing the voice intonation of the host, so you can easily do without a severe correction. Kangals perfectly master the basic program, but it is important to constantly warm up the interest of the pet, introducing new, interesting tasks. In training, the authority of the owner is important, the dog should take him for the leader, without questioning the decisions he made.
Care and health features
Anatolian Shepherds are unpretentious animals that do not require special procedures. They are prone to strong molts, during these periods it is advisable to comb out the pet, helping him to get rid of the wool that has worn out faster. In other periods, this should be done only once a week and a half.
The dog should be equipped with a place for rest, there must be at least two bowls for food and water. It is important from the puppy's age to accustom him to the fact that he can sleep at home, and not on the master's sofa. Otherwise, later to drive the dog-calf from the favorite furniture will be almost impossible.
Wash these croupiers infrequently, in the summer it is enough to give the dog a swim in a local pond. In winter, instead of washing, you can grind the pet with snow. The dog needs regular grooming, the duration of one walk should be at least 40 minutes.
Representatives of the breed have excellent health, they do not have special, specific ailments. But, like other large dogs, they often suffer from inflammation of the joints and connective tissue dysplasia. The development of such pathologies is affected by body weight, excessive workload and excessive motor activity, in addition, dysplasia can be inherited.
Another problem that is not alien to the Anatolian sheep dogs is a decrease in immunity. This is due to the later development of the immune system, the processes of its formation in karabashi are completed later than in other dogs. Owners and veterinarians should also take into account the high sensitivity of these dogs to anesthesia. Before using such drugs, a sample is required.
Statistics indicate a number of diseases that are more often diagnosed in Kangalas:
- eyelid twisting;
- spine injury;
- skin diseases.
If the owner decides to feed the pet with natural food, then the menu should be based on meat, offal, fish. They contain animal proteins and useful components for dogs. The menu should be complemented with vegetables, herbs, porridges, seasoned with vegetable oil.
Many owners make the mistake of overfeeding the dog. In fact, Karabagh need less food than their same large brethren. It is also important to consider when feeding the dog by drying - you can not increase the portion, it is enough to follow the table indicated on the product package.
Proper nutrition should be given special attention from puppyhood. Only by receiving everything necessary, the dog will grow up a strong and healthy pet, without problems with bones and joints. When natural feeding is recommended to give the puppy calcined cottage cheese, crushed egg shell, bone meal. It is advisable to consult with a veterinarian about suitable vitamin complexes.
An adult dog is fed twice a day, it is advisable to adhere to the regime. Turkish Shepherds drink a lot of water, so you should provide the pet with a large, deep bowl and make sure that it always has fresh water. It should be changed during feeding. Kangals are clean and tidy, they do not spread excess dirt in their place.
Anatolian Karabash is not an apartment option, and there are a number of good reasons for this:
- dogs need a long time to be in the open air;
- large and active kangals in four walls feel like in a cage, they have nowhere to move and show activity;
- a pet can not idly wander or lie, it is important for him to work most of the time;
- they molt dogs long and abundantly.
Sheepdog must guard the house, the surrounding territory and people. It is desirable to be constantly in the yard and observe the events taking place around it. It is not desirable to keep a pet on a leash, ideally, if he can freely move around the local area.
Photo of Kangala
Video about kangal
Where can I get a puppy?
Anatolian Shepherd is a rare and expensive treat. But interest in the breed's representatives is constantly growing and fueled by the Turkish ban on the removal of representatives of clean blood.
Even in the poultry market, puppies without documents, but similar to kangals, will cost at least 30,000 rubles. Private breeders set the price at 40000-50000 rubles. Naturally, the guarantee of health and quality of offspring here can not be provided.
In Russia there are also breeding nurseries - monobreed or engaged in breeding other, but close species, for example, Alabai. The cost of the puppy will average 65,000-7500 rubles, while for an elite kid it is necessary to pay much more than 120000-300000 rubles.
The best nurseries include:
Kangal - a dog that has a lot of advantages, but this pet is not suitable for everyone. He is able to be wayward, obstinate, and only a strong hand can make him a better caretaker and a devoted friend.