Despite the fact that today they produce a lot of different food for dogs, many animal owners prefer to feed their home food, arguing that it does not contain preservatives, dyes and stabilizers. But, if the owner decided to prepare food by himself, he should know how to properly make a dog's diet.
- Какие каши готовят собакам 1. What porridges are prepared for dogs
- Гречневая крупа 2. Buckwheat groats
- Рисовая крупа 3. Rice groats
- Пшеничная крупа 4. Wheat groats
- Овсяная крупа 5. Oat groats
- Что не стоит давать псу? 6. What is not worth giving to the dog?
- Как подобрать кашу по потребностям? 7. How to pick the porridge according to the needs?
What porridge is prepared for dogs
Porridge, cooked with meat or by-products and vegetables, is the basis of the dog's diet. But not all cereals have the same nutritional value and are useful to animals. The usefulness of cereals depends on the method of preparation, so you need to know how to cook porridge correctly.
The most useful for dogs is natural buckwheat. In non-fried croup contains iron, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium and vitamins B, E, PP, D, which do not break even after heat treatment. Buckwheat contains flavonoids, which, forming compounds with vitamin C, are natural antioxidants and have a beneficial effect on the state of the cardiovascular system.
Buckwheat porridge is necessary in the diet of dogs suffering from diabetes mellitus, as it reduces the level of sugar in the blood. A large amount of magnesium helps strengthen bones, build muscle, and work well in the heart. Loose buckwheat porridge is quickly digested, stimulates intestinal peristalsis and has a significant nutritional value (in 100 g of porridge is 334 kcal).
How to cook buckwheat porridge?
Buckwheat groats should be poured cold water for 20 minutes and merge it together with debris and husk. The prepared croup will be stirred in a saucepan and poured with water or meat, vegetable broth so that the liquid is 2 times more than the cereal. Bring the porridge to readiness, evaporating the liquid, and closing the lid, let it brew. In a warm dish, you can add butter, if the porridge is cooked on water or vegetable broth. If meat broth was used, it is not necessary to introduce additional fats.
Rice is a good absorbent, stimulates digestion and contains many useful micro- and macro-elements and vitamins. Rice is of great energy value and must be included in the dog's diet. The most useful is considered to be unpolished rice, since the shell contains the maximum amount of fiber and nutrients.
Rice contains "slow" carbohydrates, which provide the dog with energy. Preference should be given steamed or brown rice, as it contains less, in comparison with the refined cereal, the amount of starch poorly digested by the dog.
Rice porridge cook until friable, and then insist. In case the porridge is used as a natural absorbent, then it is cooked to stickiness and fresh used for the treatment of diarrhea, elimination of toxins, and vomiting.
How to cook rice porridge?
Rice should be rinsed thoroughly with cold water, especially if grinded rice is cooked. Then the prepared rice is poured into boiling water and cooked for 30-35 minutes. Then the porridge is covered and insisted. Broth, vegetables, meat is introduced into the prepared dish. Rice porridge can be slightly salted and add a spoon of vegetable oil to avoid sticking.
Wheat groats are a full and nutritious product, but it is worse digested than other cereals. Therefore, wheat porridge is used as a natural "broom" for the intestine of a dog. Giving wheat porridge is better for adult dogs, puppies should be fed with other cereals.
How to cook wheat porridge?
Wheat groats are covered in boiling water or broth and boiled for a long time so that the grains boil well. In the finished porridge add vegetable oil and prepared meat, boiled vegetables and greens. Feed dogs with wheat porridge often should not be. This is only an extra dish.
Oatmeal or flakes Hercules contains a large amount of magnesium, potassium, sodium, calcium and vitamins A, group B, E. Porridge of cereals is not intended for constant feeding. It is contraindicated in animals with urolithiasis.
How to cook oatmeal porridge?
To preserve all the minerals, flakes are best not to cook, but to steam. Flakes pour hot water or broth, wrap and insist. Giving freshly prepared porridge, keep oatmeal is not worth it. In the diet of the dog, oatmeal is administered not once a week.
What is not worth giving to the dog?
Millet, semolina, corn and pearl barley porridge are the cheapest. For this reason, they are used for dog food. But doctors do not recommend using them, because:
- Millet can cause a turn of the intestines and has no nutritional value;
- The manga is pure carbohydrates and is not used to feed adult dogs. Manku can be used on the advice of a veterinarian for feeding weakened animals with gastrointestinal and newborn puppy pathologies. But prolonged use of manga can lead to obesity and the formation of a loose constitution;
- corn - used in cheap feed, but poorly digested by animals. In exceptional cases, you can give in the form of boiled cobs, if the dog likes such a "delicacy". But doctors advise occasionally to give corn porridge to dogs, which have inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. It reduces fermentation and putrefaction of food in the intestines;
- pearl barley - is not digested and "hammers" the dog's intestines, in addition, it often causes an allergic reaction. It can be used as a "brush" only in the diet of large and active dogs with a healthy digestive system.
Kasha needs to be savored with meat of low-fat varieties or well-cooked by-products. Be sure to complement the diet with vegetables. They are boiled separately. On a broth prepare a porridge, and vegetables add to a ready dish. In the cereal, you can add flax seed, but not more than 1/3 teaspoon per day for large dogs.
Watch the video how to cook porridge, food for a dog Husky:
How to choose the porridge according to the needs?
Porridge should make up at least 40% of the total number of foods used for feeding dogs. Cereals should be alternated, arranged. Do not feed the animal for a long time, even the most useful porridge. To feed the puppies it is better to limit rice and buckwheat porridge until they reach 8-10 months, and then supplement the diet with wheat and oat porridge.
Rice and buckwheat are suitable for feeding representatives of dwarf species, the weight of which does not exceed 5 kg. Porridge is necessary as a source of micro- and macronutrients, vitamins, but before you feed it a pet, you need to properly prepare a nutritious and healthy dish.