Despite the fact that today produce a lot of different dog food, many pet owners prefer to feed them homemade food, arguing that it does not contain preservatives, dyes and stabilizers. But, if the owner decided to prepare their own food, then he should know how to properly formulate the dog's diet.
- Какие каши готовят собакам 1. What cereals are made for dogs
- Гречневая крупа 2. Buckwheat
- Рисовая крупа 3. Rice groats
- Пшеничная крупа 4. Wheat groats
- Овсяная крупа 5. Oatmeal
- Что не стоит давать псу? 6. What should not give the dog?
- Как подобрать кашу по потребностям? 7. How to choose porridge according to needs?
What porridge cook dogs
Porridge cooked with meat or by-products and vegetables, are the basis of the dog's diet. But not all cereals have the same nutritional value and are beneficial to animals. The usefulness of cereals depends on the method of cooking, so you need to know how to cook porridge.
Natural buckwheat is considered the most useful for dogs. Non-roasted cereals contain iron, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium and vitamins of groups B, E, PP, D, which are not destroyed even after heat treatment. Buckwheat contains flavonoids, which, forming compounds with vitamin C, are natural antioxidants and have a beneficial effect on the state of the cardiovascular system.
Buckwheat porridge is necessary in the diet of dogs suffering from diabetes, as it reduces blood sugar levels. A large amount of magnesium helps to strengthen the bones, build muscle, good heart work. Crumbly buckwheat porridge is quickly digested, stimulates intestinal peristalsis and has significant nutritional value (in 100g of porridge 334 kcal).
How to cook buckwheat porridge?
Buckwheat must be poured with cold water for 20 minutes and drained together with garbage and husk. Prepared cereal will be placed in a pan and poured with water or meat, vegetable broth so that the liquid is 2 times more cereal. Bring the porridge to readiness, evaporate the liquid, and close the lid, let it brew. In a warm dish, you can add butter, if the porridge is cooked in water or vegetable broth. If meat broth was used, it is unnecessary to add additional fat.
Rice is a good absorbent, stimulates digestion and contains many beneficial micro and macronutrients and vitamins. Rice has great energy value and must necessarily be included in the dog's diet. The most useful is not polished rice, as the shell contains the maximum amount of fiber and nutrients.
Rice contains “slow” carbohydrates that provide the dog with energy. Preference should be given to steamed or brown rice, as it contains less, in comparison with refined cereals, the amount of starch, which is poorly digestible by the dog.
Rice porridge cooked until crisp, and then insist. If the porridge is used as a natural absorbent, then it is boiled to stickiness and fresh is used to treat diarrhea, elimination of toxins, with vomiting.
How to cook rice porridge?
Rice should be thoroughly rinsed with cold water, especially if ground rice is cooked. Then boiled rice is poured into boiling water and cooked for 30-35 minutes. Then the porridge is covered and insisted. Broth, vegetables, meat is introduced into the finished dish. Rice porridge can be slightly salted and add a spoonful of vegetable oil to avoid sticking.
Wheat cereal is a complete and nutritious product, but it is worse digested than other cereals. Therefore, wheat porridge is used as a natural "broom" for the dog's intestines. It is better to give wheat porridge to adult dogs, puppies should be fed with other cereals.
How to cook wheat porridge?
Wheat cereal is poured into boiling water or broth and cooked for a long time so that the grains are well boiled soft. Add vegetable oil and the prepared meat, boiled vegetables and greens to ready porridge. Feed the dog wheat porridge often should not be. This is an extra dish only.
Oatmeal or flakes Hercules contains a large amount of magnesium, potassium, sodium, calcium and vitamins A, group B, E. Porridge cereal is not intended for continuous feeding. It is contraindicated in animals with urolithiasis.
How to cook porridge from oatmeal?
In order to preserve all mineral substances, it is better not to boil the flakes, but to steam it. Flakes pour hot water or broth, wrap and insist. They give freshly cooked porridge, it is not worth keeping oatmeal. In the diet of the dog enter oatmeal no more than 1 time a week.
What should not give a dog?
Millet, semolina, corn and barley porridge - the cheapest. For this reason, they are used to feed dogs. But doctors do not recommend using them, because:
- millet can cause intestinal twisting and has no nutritional value;
- semolina - pure carbohydrates and is not used for feeding adult dogs. Manku can be used on the recommendation of a veterinarian for feeding weakened animals with gastrointestinal tract pathology and newborn puppies. But long-term use of semolina can lead to obesity and the formation of a loose constitution;
- corn - used in cheap feed, but poorly digested by animals. In exceptional cases, it can be given in the form of boiled cobs, if the dog loves such a "treat". But doctors advise occasionally give corn porridge to dogs that have inflammation of the digestive tract. It reduces the fermentation and rotting of food in the intestines;
- Barley - is not digested and "clogs" the intestines of the dog, in addition, it often causes an allergic reaction. It can be used as a “brush” only in the diet of large and active dogs with a healthy digestive system.
Porridge needs to be flavored with low-fat varieties of meat or well-cooked offal. Be sure to supplement the diet with vegetables. They are boiled separately. On the broth prepare porridge, and vegetables are added to the finished dish. In porridge, you can add flax seed, but not more than 1/3 teaspoon per day for large dogs.
Watch the video how to cook porridge, food for dogs Husky:
How to pick porridge according to needs?
The porridge must be at least 40% of the total amount of food used for feeding dogs. Cereals should be alternated, arranged. It is not necessary to feed the animal for a long time, even the most useful porridge. For nutrition, puppies will be better limited to rice and buckwheat porridge until they reach the age of 8-10 months, and then supplement the ration with wheat and oatmeal.
Rice and buckwheat are suitable for feeding representatives of dwarf breeds whose weight does not exceed 5 kg. Porridge is necessary as a source of micro and macro elements, vitamins, but before you feed your pet, you need to properly prepare a hearty and healthy dish.