Childbirth in a dog requires a responsible approach to their training, especially if the owner of the animal has decided to take part himself and help appear in the newborn. The efforts of the owner of the domestic pet should be aimed at preserving the health of the female and obtaining a viable offspring. Some dog owners believe that there is no need to intervene in the natural process of childbirth. But it is worth remembering that childbirth is stress for a bitch and she needs moral support. In addition, different breeds of animals have anatomical and physiological characteristics, fixed by selection, which can complicate labor.
How to prepare for delivery
Before giving birth, you should consult a professional - whether there is a pathology, and whether the delivery will be successful. It is necessary to take the contacts of the veterinarian, in case something goes wrong.
For 1,5 weeks before childbirth it is necessary to arrange a "rodzal" for the dog. It is necessary to closely monitor the behavior of the animal, so as not to miss the time of preparation for the approaching labor. It is best to choose a "generic nest" by the size of a dog, so that it is convenient to rest against the walls during fights.
On the perimeter of the box from the inside, it is necessary to strengthen the bar at a height corresponding to the lying bitch, in order to avoid injury to puppies crawling along the bottom of the box. The bottom should be lined with a soft natural fabric of light color, so that the spots could be seen, and there was the opportunity to change the soiled diaper on time. It is better to place a dense mattress under the diaper.
The outer wall of the box should be lower, but it is necessary to have a door that prevents the pups from leaving it. In addition, prepare a separate box for sowing newborn puppies. At the bottom it is necessary to put a warm water bottle covered with a diaper.
In addition, the dog should be taught in advance to the box, so that at a critical moment she does not go to give birth in a secluded place, which can be inconvenient for monitoring the birth of the owner. Immediately before birth, place the necessary tools and medicines in the reach zone. The tools should be:
- a thermometer for controlling the temperature in a dog;
- tray with sterile tools - sharp scissors, medical clip, syringes;
- Sterile dressing material - cotton wool, gauze napkins, bandage, surgical threads.
- medical alcohol;
- hydrogen peroxide;
- several ampoules with 5% glucose solution;
- ampoules of the preparation "Traumeel" for anesthetizing, stopping bleeding and relieving inflammation;
- ointment 10% "Synthomycin".
Other drugs may be needed, the list of which should be made by a veterinarian. The dog also needs to be prepared for delivery:
- Wash off warm water and swab the genitals and the belly of the dog with a towel;
- if the hair on the stomach is long, then it should be cut in the area of the loop and "panties";
- if the hair on the muzzle is long, it is also cut so that it does not interfere with the dog snacking the umbilical cord.
It is necessary to be guided in those signs which specify approaching sorts to not miss the moment of occurrence of the first puppy.
Signs of approaching delivery
A couple of days before the birth, the dog is nervous, rushes, shows signs of anxiety, as increasing intra-abdominal pressure and weak yet contractions cause the dog pain. Out of the generic pathways, an adhesive mucous fluid, cork, is released. The dog is worried, licking the genital area. Noticeably becomes rapid, shallow breathing and increased palpitations.
A sign that the master can find out that there are several hours left before giving birth is a decrease in the body temperature of the animal. If you put your hand on the dog's stomach, it becomes apparent that the puppies have stopped moving, it means that the fights will begin soon. If there are no more than 24 hours after these signs of a fight, you should seek help from a vet clinic.
During childbirth, some dogs stand to stand, but most occupy a characteristic posture - they lie on their side, their elbows stretched out and their back rest against the walls of the box. A few hours before the birth, amniotic fluid flows that "disinfect" the way the newborns exit.
Amniotic fluid that fills an external or "water" bubble, serves to waterproof the puppy. The external bubble bursts itself, in some cases the dog gnaws it. Do not try to pierce the bubble, so as not to damage the inner shell. After the amniotic bladder is opened, prolactin is released into the blood, stimulating the contraction of the walls of the uterus and abdominal muscles.
Read more about the signs of childbirth in a dog .
Stages of the process of childbirth
During the bout, the inner bubble "pushes" outward. Sometimes the placenta, which is attached to the inner wall of the uterus and connected by the umbilical cord with the puppy, is separated even inside the birth canal and leaves with the bladder in which it is located. The most difficult moment is the exit of the shoulders and withers - the widest part of the body, beyond the pelvic ring. After the appearance of each of the following puppy in the battles, there comes a pause and only after the next fight comes out the last.
Between the two newborns, the muscles of the uterine wall contract, the damaged blood vessels "fall", which prevents bleeding. At the same time, the uterus' yew remains open, and the next fight through it releases the placenta. If its output is delayed, then the subsequent puppy, being born, pushes the latter outward.
Puppy, as a rule, is born in a bladder, which the dog tears itself. Then the snack bites the umbilical cord. This is a natural instinct, you should let the dog do it all. The exception is made by breeds of dogs with short muzzle. They have poorly developed jaws, and it is difficult for them to independently release the puppy from the surrounding bladder. Dogs with a disproportionately torso may experience difficulties in reaching the umbilical cord until all the puppies are born, so they need help in childbirth.
Dogs that puppies for the first time can misbehave the umbilical cord, pulling it after they have already had a snack. Do not let the female do this - it can lead to a hernia.
The host sometimes feels that the dog is rough handling the newborn puppy - turns it over, pushes it, licks it. This is a normal behavior that stimulates all the functions of the newborn - breathing, circulation, feces. A healthy puppy is looking immediately for the nipple, some, still connected by the umbilical cord, fall into the back nipples. This stimulates uterine contraction and accelerates labor.
Reflex action of the dog, which is inherent in all carnivorous animals - eating the placenta. The question is discussed whether it is worth letting the dog do this. In the placenta, there are many nutrients and hormones that promote lactation, accelerate labor activity. Experienced dog breeders believe that a bitch can be allowed to eat no more than three consecutive. A larger amount will result in colic, diarrhea. Perhaps this is why veterinarians are against eating the placenta. They believe that, unlike wild animals, a home dog has adequate nutrition without a trace.
Assistance in childbirth
The owner should know how to take delivery in a dog, in order, for example, to track the process of releasing newborn babies from the amniotic fluid. You should help the dog do this, and if she refuses, then release the puppy himself, wipe with a warm natural cloth and then just start cutting the umbilical cord. An experienced dog breeder will never allow a puppy to crawl with the umbilical cord, otherwise when pulling, an umbilical cord injury may occur.
Even if the child's place came after the baby, the umbilical cord may be too short. Then cutting the umbilical cord is a must, since the dog can injure the newborn by snacking the umbilical cord.
The umbilical cord is better to tear - on it there is a place where it is easily torn, while the vessels fall off and prevent bleeding, so as not to weaken the puppy. To do this, the host presses the umbilical cord 2-3 cm below the loop with the help of a surgical clamp. This will prevent the placenta from returning back into the body during the next fight. During the subsequent contraction, gently pull the tip of the cord and pull the child out.
To intercept the umbilical cord is necessary in two places - 2-3 cm from the tummy of the puppy, "overtaking" the blood from the umbilical cord to the newborn's calf, and 5-6 cm further. Pulling in the sides, tearing the umbilical cord, and if there is no bleeding, then there is no need to bandage the umbilical cord and process it with peroxide. In case the umbilical cord is too strong and it had to be cut with sterile scissors, bleeding is observed, and the umbilical cord is bandaged with an alcohol-treated silk thread.
If the puppy does not breathe because blood or mucus has got into the respiratory tract, then it is necessary to release them urgently and give the dog a lick of the pup, having stimulated the breath. Prolonged birth can weaken the dog so much that she refuses to lick the puppies, then with the help of a heated towel one must make it to the owner.
In addition, the owner must closely monitor the number of consecutive. They should be the same as puppies were born. Sometimes, when the latter is born from the litter of a puppy, the placenta may remain inside the uterus, which will cause its inflammation and severe condition in the dog. If the latter can not be extracted, it is necessary to urgently contact the veterinarian to introduce a remedy that stimulates the expulsion of the afterbirth.
Before delivery it is recommended to undergo radiography to find out the exact number of puppies and subsequently monitor their output. Sometimes the last, weakest puppy can not go out, and the dog is too weak during labor. Then there is the possibility that the puppy will die and blood infection will begin.
It is also important to know what to feed the dog after giving birth .
Puppies can be planted for the time of birth, but it is better to leave them with the dog, as this will be useful for the bitch and the puppies. Attentive to the dog and knowledge of the process of childbirth - will ensure the health of the dog and the offspring.