Dogs are taught to bark on command quite often, and even if this skill does not find practical use. But, if for pets this exercise remains one of the teams that the dog performs at the whim of the owner and guests, for working dogs it is an obligatory useful skill. So let's see how to teach a dog a voice command.
Features of training
All rescue dogs, hunting, some guard and service dogs must be able to give a voice. Also, it would not be superfluous if, while moving through the forest, it does not matter whether a person went to the mushrooms, berries, or just like that, the dog will bark at the right moment. In general, the team is quite useful.
It does not matter for what purposes the owner is going to teach his dog this skill, first of all, it is necessary to take into account the temperament and characteristics of the breed. For example, bassedzhi do not know how to bark at all, bulmastifs more often sniff and sniff, and Akita Inu give a voice only in case of a serious danger, while at other times they prefer to keep silent.
But still most of the representatives of popular breeds are not averse to bark, especially if it is useful for the host. There are no problems with learning with Labradors, German Shepherds, Chihuahuas and many other four-legged pets.
The owner begins to educate and train the puppy for the base teams from the very first days of the appearance of the new house, and rightly so. He masters basic knowledge quickly - “place”, “fu”, sit, etc. Almost all dogs know them already by the 4th month, of course, with the obligatory regular repetition.
But the command "voice" can be attributed to more complex tasks, requiring the pet to build a logical sequence. But her dog will begin to perform, if you apply one of the effective methods.
The first stage of study
Any training requires a consistent and methodical approach, including the voice command. If there is no experience in teaching dogs, then you can stick to the following plan:
- It is necessary to take a tidbit of food that will surely attract the pet's attention, and bring it to the dog's nose so that it can smell it.
- After that, a hand with a delicacy rises up, but so that the dog cannot get it, and the command “voice!” Is said. In this case, it is impossible to allow the dog to jump on the owner, and since some representatives have a special jumping ability, you need to make sure - to fasten the leash, put its end on the ground and hold it with your foot. This will not allow the animal to rise on its hind legs and jump. Most often, this unenviable position causes righteous indignation in dogs, and they begin to bark.
- The dog began to bark? Timely praise is needed, and that evil piece should immediately become a delicacy.
Dogs are the smartest creatures and usually they pick up the essence of the task after a couple of repetitions. If the technique does not give a result (not all dogs are the same, and the fact that one does not cause difficulties, the other can be very puzzling), you can use the method of "imitation".
To use it you need another dog who can already bark on demand. The dogs sit down next to each other, the owner gives the command “voice”, the already trained dog performs it and receives bonuses - delicacy, affection and verbal encouragement. It is important that the second pet sees it all.
The exercise is repeated several times so that the trained puppy can figure out what's what. As soon as the pet itself has executed the command, you can proceed to its consolidation. The most important thing at this stage is complete obedience - the dog must do the task the first time.
Of course, at first the team repeats itself, and more than once, but as soon as the dog begins to react to it and bark, it is enough to say the “voice” once. Even if the dog is not in a hurry to perform - it is better to wait, otherwise the dog will quickly understand that it is not necessary to do everything at once.
Among training mistakes, the owners most often admit one thing - they begin to encourage the pet barking, which occurs without a command. If the dog is not averse to gobbling up - let him bark at his health, however, there is nothing here to praise him for. But it is not recommended to prohibit doing this without permission, the dog may stop responding to the command.
Second stage of study
As with the assimilation of other teams, the task is gradually becoming more complex. In the case of the “voice” command, this is about the skill to bark not one, but several times - more than 3. When the dog has learned the team, the owner must decide what he wants from the pet: so that he once, three times or for a long time bark?
If mastering a skill is not associated with serious work, but is more entertainment, then you can stop at a one-time version. Working dogs, hunters, search engines employed in the service, require three or multiple barking.
Learning the barking three times is a simple process. The owner should, after 3 "wow", give the dog a treat. If the pet is limited to one modest "wow" and becomes silent, then he should not give the treat to him until he does it three times, albeit at intervals. You can provoke him - teasing food and repeating the command 2-3 times.
If it is necessary for a dog to bark more than once, then dogs can do it too, but is it worth it to make an effort? Most dogs are able to count up to three, but with a further account they are more difficult to handle. An excited and agitated dog will get confused and think that the owner wants to hear not 4-5-6 “woof”, but a great many of them. Therefore, often the owners and dog handlers stop at the barking three times a day.
Dogs are able to learn a variety of skills, both useful and useless. But, in any case, most dogs love to learn, meet new material and just interact with their owner. Therefore, training is not only learning, but also establishing contact with a pet and spending time together. Training should not tire the dog, but be pleasant and fruitful.