Upbringing and training a dog is a rather laborious task, but with a positive result it provides a comfortable interaction with your four-footed friend. In the course of compulsory teams are the skills - to walk near, sit down, give a paw, distract from the subject of interest and so on. But there is another team that is often not paid due attention - "give!" It allows you to teach the dog to give the owner almost any object, accidentally or accidentally turned up in his mouth. So, let's see how to teach the dog to the team give.
Owners of dogs are mistaken if they consider the ability of an animal to give up things useless. In fact, it is very useful in the case of anportation, because not always the dog is happy to return the object interested in it without a murmur. And selfportation will make the paddock more active and full of physical activity and pleasure for the dog.
In addition, the team can be used during a training course aimed at developing protective functions of the dog. Not so rare, there are pets who behave very aggressively when someone, including the owner, approaches a cup of food or toys. They can not only grind their teeth and growl, but even try to bite.
This is a confirmation of the fact that the dog has a strong sense of ownership and from it will be an excellent guard, bodyguard and defender, but only with the proper training. However, this behavior in relation to the owner is unacceptable - the dog must give the owner at his first word without indignation anything, be it a favorite toy or a delicious treat.
Do not punish the dog for showing discontent, but it is better to wean her from such behavior by teaching the team "give!". Hearing it, the pet should give what holds in the mouth. It can also be used when it guards something, whether it's a bauble or a strategically important thing, and does not let anyone in.
The "give" command - the basics of learning
Serious training for the team occurs in conjunction with another close team - "Aport", when the puppy turns 6-8 months old. But even if the apportionment is not included in the training plans, it is still recommended to teach the pet to give things away. You can start the process from 2-3 months, when a newly made friend has already settled in a new house and is used to playing with the owner and the household.
Almost all babies love the game, in which the rope pulls. So, when the pet does not play, you can go up to him and, waving a rope or toy, wait until he grabs his teeth in the object, and after strict voice say "give!". When the dog will open the jaw and the object will be at the owner (without strong pressure from the person), it is recommended to praise him actively and give him the object.
It is important that you immediately return the item. If the pet does not wish to unclench the teeth and share the toy, it is possible to use various methods: to stroke the baby, to brake, without releasing the rope from the hands and repeating the command in a strict voice. As soon as the grip weakens, the object must be quickly pulled out, not forgetting the deserved praise and returning the thing to the puppy.
Experts advise not to use brute force and do not pull the object, as the dog will even more severely guard it, and the jaws of the animal will shrink more tightly. At the initial stage of training, you can apply a treat. In one hand, the owner should be an object, and in another - a tasty morsel. A person, waving a piece, attracts the attention of the pet, and when he releases an object from the mouth, he takes it.
But this is done only for the baby to understand the essence of the task, when it happened, the practice with the delicacy should be canceled. Henceforth, as a reward, only the praise and return of the desired object should be used. The frequency of training is three times during the day, but the intervals between repetitions should be large. After that it is necessary to include the learning element, when the dog will play a toy by himself.
Another nuance - giving the team a pet, it is necessary to take an object in hand, so that the dog is not used to hearing it, throw it on the ground. Gradually, the time interval between how the dog returned the object, and the owner gave it back, increases.
How to teach a dog to give food?
Learning to give a subject is half the battle. As soon as the dog can cope with the task, it can be complicated - to pass to the working off of this team, but not with a rope, but with a delicacy. Naturally, the bone from the veins, the pig's ear or another delicious little pet will not even want to share, even with the beloved master. But the foundations are laid, and the process must pass without a hitch.
After the next stage comes - the selection of a bowl with food during the meal of the dog. Initially, so that the dog does not experience great stress, it is recommended to do this when the food is almost over. You should give the "give!" And at the same time lift the pet's head from the bowl, placing your hand under the throat. For the first two or three times allowed to give the dog instead of a bowl of tasty morsels. And then the bowl returns to its place.
After practicing the skill, when the puppy, after hearing the command, stops eating and gives the owner to take the bowl, while not showing discontent, it is enough to praise him, not giving goodies. Some owners make a mistake - 20-30 times a day forcing the dog to perform the task. But it will be superfluous, it is enough to start with 3-4 approaches a day, just that much and feed the puppy during the day. If everything is done correctly, immediately put the bowl in place, then the pet will quickly learn the lesson.
Sometimes even during training there are situations when it is necessary to take away from the dog a thing and not return it. In this situation, everything is done according to the usual algorithm, only when the dog needs to get it back, it should be distracted - to offer the game, caress, or give something else in return. Training requires consistency, patience and attention. In addition, it is important to choose the right time when the puppy is able to absorb the material.