Yorkshire terriers are by far the most popular lapdogs. And the love of millions, they did not deserve any working qualities, but only an incredible appearance and positive character. Yorks are so cute and cunning that their owners do not even understand how in a short time this toy creation gets the rights of a younger family member with all the ensuing consequences. Where did this breed come from, and how did she manage to get worldwide recognition?
- История породы 1. Breed history
- Описание породы йоркширский терьер 2. Description of breed Yorkshire terrier
- Характер представителей породы 3. The nature of the breed
- Уход за йоркширским терьером 4. Yorkshire terrier care
- Фото йоркширского терьера 5. Photo Yorkshire Terrier
- Видео о йоркширском терьере 6. Video about the Yorkshire terrier
- Сколько стоит щенок йоркширского терьера 7. How much is a Yorkshire terrier puppy?
Looking at these cuties, only one version comes to mind - this breed was diligently bred so that the dogs would delight the high-ranking owners with their presence. But no, in fact, representatives of this breed are not natives of social salons. Yes, and the ancient history of Yorkshire terriers, too, can not be praised.
In fact, according to reliable data, these dogs were bred by workers in the coal mines of the small town of West-Raydenga, which was located in the Yorkshire-Nottingham Coal Basin. And the task before the Yorkies was not easy - to destroy the crowd of rodents living in the mines, and the search for the accumulation of ore gases. They turned out to be excellent rat catchers, and besides, bypassing the law banning the appearance of animals in mines, they successfully penetrated into the sleeves of the workers.
But this turn in the history of the breed turned out to be short-lived, since the milakhs were noticed by ladies from high society and very quickly, having left the coal mines, they became lodgers of salons and boudoirs.
In the 19th century, under Queen Victoria, it was in a bad form to attend social events without a tiny pet in her arms. And the tinier the pet was, the more he was appreciated and caused envious glances.
But the documented history of the breed began only in the 70s of the 19th century, when the English Kennel Club was organized, and the breeding book of Great Britain appeared. Officially, the club recognized the breed only in 86g of the last century, then the dogs were called “Yorkshire terriers”. The adoption of the standard occurred later, after 12 years.
The founder of the breed is considered P. Eden - a connoisseur and a true connoisseur of various dog breeds. He acted as an expert at various dog shows, where the first representatives of the breed were represented. He was the owner of York with the nickname Albert, who was first inscribed in the UK Tribal Book. The dog turned out to be an excellent founder of the genus and conveyed to his descendants excellent qualities of character and beautiful wool. 74 times Albert was the winner of various exhibitions.
The second owner of this famous dog was Mrs. Foster, who also made a significant contribution to the maintenance of the breed. She organized the first nursery of Yorkshire terriers, and half a century she selflessly engaged in his favorite work.
In those days, the size of most Yorkers was not as compact as modern crumbs, and many dogs simply did not fit into the established standards. But the official standard tightened the requirements - the weight of the representatives of the breed had to vary from 1350 to 3150 grams. At the same time attention was paid to the length of the coat, its softness and color.
The dogs of those times were somewhat different, the painstaking selection made modern dogs more graceful and elegant. Breeders managed to get animals with a high landing tail, straight back and small ears.
The popularity of the Yorkshire terriers increased significantly after World War II ended. Since then, these miniature creatures have spread throughout the world, winning the hearts of many millions of people.
Description of breed Yorkshire terrier
Many lovers and admirers of the breed claim - Yorks - extraterrestrial beings who came to earth from distant worlds. But such an unusual exterior is not so much external qualities, as the work of the owners and specialists in caring for dogs. Only high-quality care gives dogs an unearthly appearance:
- Dogs have a small head , slightly flattened on top, with a pretty, medium-sized muzzle. In York, dark brown eyes, pearls, which are visible through the abundant coat of wool.
- The ears of the doggies are erect, V-shaped. The limbs are not visible because of the coat, but they are located straight and parallel to each other. Paws are round, with tightly assembled fingers and claws in black.
- Yorks are very fast and agile, which is a sign of true terriers. Tail set high, it is cut short by half in the age of up to 5 days. In a good mood, as a rule, he is in the dog "pipe".
- One of the external advantages of the representatives of the breed is a long, shiny, silky coat of wool , which hangs evenly on both sides of the body.
Colors of yorkshire terriers
- Yorkshire terriers of blue-silver color on the body and tail are more common, and in the head and sternum area the coat color resembles golden tan, sometimes it is creamy-golden.
- There are thoroughbred representatives and other colors: they are dominated by black wool, or a combination of black and fiery shades.
Puppies of this breed are born with black hair, and only on the attractive face and paws there are bright red small spots. Multicolored Yorkies are valued much more expensive, as their wool looks luxurious, as if a little dog visited the salon and came out with fashionable coloring.
Interesting breed: Russian black terrier .
The nature of the breed
Of course, each dog has special character traits, but still some similar characteristics are common to most Yorkies. Most dogs are energetic, but in recent times there are often quieter and phlegmatic individuals among them. These gentlemen are characterized by high intelligence, and they skillfully use this quality for their own purposes in order to get what they want. But for owners, the pet’s keen mind makes training much easier, provided that it is possible to interest him and entice him with the process.
Do not forget that Yorkies, first of all, terriers, and this gives their character one characteristic feature - the desire for independence. If you do not specify a pet, who is in charge in the family, the dog will determine himself for this position. It is worth noting that they also do not hold stubbornness and perseverance. The dog’s historical roots have not been lost, so any creature of the same size or finer becomes their prey. It is worth paying attention to this while walking.
Despite the extremely modest size, the pet will protect its space from other animals who have dared to invade its territory. However, in new, unusual conditions, the dog may be confused. Yorks are very attached to their owners and truly love their family, showing amazing tenderness. Despite the long life in high society, dogs come from the people. Therefore, they always act simply and clearly.
This is one of the most cheerful creatures, and only the cruel treatment of the owners can eradicate this quality. But, basically, the Yorkshire terriers are curious, good-natured and almost always in a good mood, infecting others with positive.
It will be interesting: the breed of dogs Kurzhaar .
Yorkshire Terrier Care
By purchasing this tiny, affectionate creature, you should count your strength and enjoy free time, as the exterior of terriers requires careful care.
Wool is the first and important point in the care procedures. She yorkov gentle, long, capricious. Beautiful and attractive, it will be only with constant combing. If it is not possible to do this every day, then you can cut the pet, since salons offer a lot of model haircuts for this breed.
Also coat requires frequent bathing , it should be done every 7-10 days. It is most convenient to carry out the procedure in the bathroom, avoiding contact with the elastic jets of water on the dog, because this may scare York. It is better to use special detergents, as a last resort, you can use a mild shampoo for children, but having previously diluted it with water. To improve the quality of wool and ease combing, it is recommended to apply a balsam or rinse for dogs to the wool, and then rinse it thoroughly. All actions should be carried out in the direction of wool growth.
After taking a bath, the pet should be dried with a hairdryer, wrapped in a towel or diaper. After drying, you should immediately do the hairstyle, comb the pet, and spray the wool with a spray. If you wish, you can wind strands on the curler-papilotki.
Eyes also require daily care, they should be wiped with a swab dipped in water in the morning and the hair should be brushed down so that individual hairs do not traumatize the eyes.
Ears of Yorkies are not so demanding, it is enough to inspect them every 7 days and clean the plaque with a cotton swab and a special lotion or liquid. Caution should be exercised, since too deep penetration can cause auricle injury. Hyperemia of the ear or the appearance of an unpleasant odor is the reason for referring to a veterinarian.
The nose in yorkies, like in other dogs, is an indicator of health. A healthy pet has a wet wet and cool. But the formation of a white rim or the appearance of heavy discharge should alarm the host.
Photo of the Yorkshire Terrier
Yorkshire Terrier Video
Good to know:
How much is a Yorkshire terrier puppy
The cost of puppies depends on their size. The smaller the puppy, the more expensive, respectively. For example, in the capital of a one-and-a-half kilogram baby can cost 25,000 rubles, but for private breeders it can cost even less - 15,000-18,000. Larger kids in famous kennels cost about 12000-15000 rubles.
As for the provincial cities, here the cost of the dogs of this breed is quite affordable. Depending on the size, color, and titularity of the parents, the price of the Yorkshire terrier ranges from 7,500 to 20,000 rubles. By the way, statistics show that in Russia the lowest cost puppies of Yorkshire terriers. This is due to the very high demand and prevalence of the breed.
The Yorkshire Terrier is not a guard, bodyguard or hunter. This is a companion dog, a friend and even an equal member of the family. It is acquired for the soul and for the pleasant company. But we should not forget about his roots of the terrier and the appearance of an aristocrat, which requires a certain amount of time and money.