A large, beautiful, Irish wolfhound attracts views with its size and article. At the first meeting, the dog can scare with impressive dimensions and a harsh appearance, but on acquaintance, he will necessarily arrange to himself a good-natured, calm disposition. Irish wolfhounds are one of the most devoted creatures, the separation of the pet from the owner can lead to tragic consequences - the disease and even the death of the animal. What is this amazing dog that came to us from Ireland?
- Как появилась порода 1. How did the breed appear?
- Описание породы ирландский волкодав 2. Description of the breed Irish Wolfhound
- Характер ирландских волкодавов 3. The nature of the Irish wolfhounds
- Воспитание и обучение ирландского волкодава 4. Education and training of the Irish wolfhound
- Правила ухода и содержания 5. Care and maintenance rules
- Как и чем кормить 6. How and what to feed
- Видео об ирландском волкодаве 7. Video about the Irish Wolfhound
- За сколько можно купить щенка ирландского волкодава 8. How much can I buy an Irish wolfhound puppy?
How the breed appeared
In Ireland Irish wolfhounds are deservedly considered the main property of the country, and in England these dogs serve the royal family. But in fact, the history of the breed began long before the emergence of Ireland, and there is evidence that the dogs existed back in the 400's BC.
Then the giant hunting dogs were accompanied by Celtic tribes who roamed the territory of modern central Europe. The dogs were called Celtic greyhounds.
Researchers believe that it was these dogs, having penetrated the British islands, became the founders of the Irish Wolfhound breed. The very first written confirmation of the existence of greyhounds with beards belongs to the pen of the ancient Roman emperor. In his letter he gives a description of the huge dogs with bristly wool, who were taken to Rome in iron cages.
Then the giants were used for bloody entertainment - the persecution of dogs. Despite all the rigidity, the positive side of dog fighting is the active selection of hardy and strong breeds of dogs. Many ancestors of modern breeds once fought in the rings.
It is also mentioned that at that time the puppies of the Irish wolfhound were presented to the imperial family as a gift. Of course, at the beginning of the era it is impossible to talk about the professional breeding of the breed, however, already at that time there was a selection of representatives based on their working qualities. The strong, large, fast individuals were appreciated.
When the persecution of animals was outlawed, the Irish wolfhounds were on the verge of extinction. Then they began to be used for corral large game and military patrol service, thereby reviving the extinct breed.
The second crisis the breed experienced at the turn of the 18-19 centuries. Then the hunting lost its relevance, the number of Irish wolfhounds significantly decreased, and then they practically disappeared. Another revival of the breed was due to the admirer of these dogs - Mr. Richardson. He, finding a dog of an old-type appearance, began to restore the lost gene pool independently.
The work of Richardson was fruitful by the end of the 19th century, in 1885 the first standard of Irish wolfhounds appeared, at the same time the first breed club was created to maintain the qualities of dogs and their breeding. These events contributed to another fan of Irish Wolfhounds - Agustus Graham. In addition, he has so accurately described the breed that his descriptions are used to this day. Nowadays the best representative of the breed is celebrated with the Graham prize.
Description of breed Irish Wolfhound
Today there is a standard adopted in 2001. According to him, Irish wolfhounds belong to a group of gray-haired greyhounds. These are large, muscular dogs, but without excessive severity. The growth of males at the withers is approximately 79 cm, and the weight is about 54.5 cm, the bough is not more than 71 cm, the body weight is 40.5 kg. With this growth, thoroughbred representatives are among the highest breeds.
They are exquisite and externally attractive. From dogs, he breathes a certain nobility. Irish wolfhounds are moving energetically, gracefully, at ease. During the movement, the head of the dogs is slightly elevated, the tail is high.
The standard describes the breed as follows:
- The head is of decent length, the frontal bones are weakly convex, there is a barely noticeable hollow between the eyes. The cranium is not wide, the muzzle has a moderate sharpening. Teeth are small in size, with a straight or scissor bite. The lips have a black edging, they are dry and tightly fitting. The muzzle ends with a large broad nose, pigmented in black.
- Eyes are average, oval in shape, the iris can be black and dark brown in color. Eyelids with a black edging fit tightly. The sight of wolfhounds is kind, calm. At the excited dogs it becomes shrill, attentive. Ears are small, set high.
- The neck is long, with a pronounced muscular relief, closer to the shoulders becomes wider. The back is wide, the waist is wide. The croup is slightly slanting, with muscles. Chest in dogs is powerful, deep, with an oval section. The abdomen is neatly selected.
- The tail is long, thick, with a raised tip, has a low landing and is abundantly covered with hair - on top with a harder hair, from below - soft.
- The fore and hind legs are long, straight, with developed muscles and inclined pasterns. Paws of rounded shape, collected by a lump, with compressed, arched toes. Nails large, black.
- Irish wolfhounds are covered with coarse, tough wool . In the region of the superciliary arches, it is longer and eyebrows form, and in the region of the chin, the same elongated hairs form a beard. On the trunk, the coat is short, wavy, and medium-dense.
It will be interesting:
Colors of the Irish Wolfhound
There are many colors of Irish wolfhounds:
- gray (different shades);
- gray-blue dark;
Strict restrictions do not exist, the standard allows for various other shades.
The nature of the Irish wolfhounds
These giants from Ireland are very affectionate, intelligent animals, able to make their own decisions. You can summon the fury of a wolfhound in two cases - attacking a dog, or threatening the life and health of its owners.
Representatives of this breed differ phlegmatic character, the pet quietly remains at home alone or even with children. And this is despite the fact that wolfhounds are very sociable and not too happy to be alone, but they will not harm them. The dog is patient enough that it never hurts a child who hurts him. But to avoid this, it is better not to leave the pet with the kids.
When the family is assembled, the dog is vital to be with everyone, but to turn around under his feet, he will not melt. In his character - delicately sit on the sidelines and wait for his help. These formidable giants are very sensitive, they can be greatly offended by rough treatment, cruelty, indifference.
Positive quality is the silence of dogs, they rarely bark, without causing discomfort to family members and neighbors. In addition, they are very quiet, delicate.
An Irishman can be kept with other animals, but only if the dog is a puppy in the company of pets. Otherwise, it is necessary to take into account the hunting past and strong instincts of wolfhounds. The living mind and wit of the pet make it easy to train him, even difficult teams.
Education and training of the Irish wolfhound
Raising dogs of this breed is a real pleasure. They all understand and grasp on the fly. However, nevertheless, it is necessary to take into account some features, so that the process is the most productive:
- You can not raise your voice when giving a command. Many researchers are sure that the high notes of a voice by dogs are perceived as a squeal, and such sounds are produced only by weak individuals. To maintain leadership, you need to talk with your pet calmly, smoothly, with confidence.
- It is worth to forbid the puppy to do what is not permissible for an adult dog. And this should be observed by all members of the family.
- Puppies of wolfhounds are very curious and affectionate, but you can not allow strangers to iron it.
- From an early age, the use of physical force from the processes of upbringing and education should be excluded.
- For a full-fledged socialization, you should often bring your pet to places with a lot of irritants. This is a sure way to make the dog confident and calm in the midst of urban fuss.
Care and Content Rules
The original wool of the Irish wolfhound requires special care. To make the dog look neat, it is necessary to comb it with a brush for a hard coat once or twice a day. After a walk it is recommended to inspect the skin for the presence of parasitic insects.
Considering the size of an adult, it is necessary to accustom a dog to hygienic procedures - washing , combing, cutting claws , etc., from the puppy's age. Otherwise, later on, it will be very difficult to do anything with the giant, against his will.
Claws are cut without fail, otherwise they can interfere with movement. A couple of times a year it is recommended to do a dog trimming - the removal of dead hairs. For exhibition dogs, this procedure is mandatory.
Do not think that if the dog is so huge, he needs to run a lot. In fact, the Irish need the same physical load as dogs of medium size. But it is extremely important to allow the pet to run in the open area.
How and what to feed
It does not matter what the owner chooses - natural food or dry food, the main thing is that the diet is balanced and provides a large animal with everything necessary. If it comes to feed, then it is better to give the pet a premium or premium product. This is an excellent option for people who do not have free time to cook food for the pet.
When natural feeding should avoid foods that can cause an allergic reaction. In the diet of the pet should be present meat - beef, chicken. Fresh and boiled vegetables, greens, curd products, rice, buckwheat, oatmeal are also needed.
Immediately it is necessary to stop begging at the table, not according to the status of such majestic dogs to be beggars, and the harm human food can inflict considerable.
Important about feeding:
- how many times must the puppy be fed ;
- how many grams of dry food to give to the dog ;
- how correctly to translate a dog on a dry forage .
Video about Irish Wolfhound
For how much you can buy an Irish wolfhound puppy
Given that it is about the most famous and ancient breed, we can assume that the price of the Irish wolfhound can not be low. A puppy with a pedigree costs from 35,000 rubles. The cost of a representative of the show-class breed varies from 60,000 to 100,000 rubles.
Irish wolfhounds are dogs "for life", they can not be cruelly jested and given away in other hands. They really can be compared with equal members of the family. They are devoted, affectionate and intelligent, so they require an appropriate attitude. Only with an attentive and gentle attitude from the owners of the dogs always reciprocate.
Kennels of the Irish Wolfhound
- Moscow and Moscow region http://www.irishwolfdog.ru
- Saint-Petersburg http://www.irishwolfhound.ru/new.html