The Irish Terrier is one of the fairly old breeds bred in Ireland. This is a small golden-red dog with a wayward character and a violent temperament. Irish terrier is called a "sunny" dog of bribing charm or "brave devil" because of the ebullient energy and courage. The owners of the Irish Terriers were Jack London and the Prime Minister of Canada, the Honorable William Lyon Mackenzie King.
- История породы 1. History of the breed
- Описание породы ирландский терьер 2. Description of the breed Irish Terrier
- Характер питомца 3. Nature of the pet
- Основы дрессировки 4. Basics of training
- Уход и здоровье 5. Care and health
- Кормление и содержание 6. Feeding and maintenance
- Фото ирландского терьера 7. Photo of the Irish Terrier
- Видео об ирландском терьере 8. Video about the Irish Terrier
- Где приобрести щенка и питомники 9. Where to buy a puppy and nurseries
History of the breed
Irish Terrier - a mysterious breed, the origin of which has not preserved documentary evidence. The Irish themselves argue that its origins should be sought in the depths of history, as the terriers appeared even before the return to Ireland of its patron Saint Patrick. And, according to historical documents, it happened in 432 year. Officially, the breed started talking in the middle of the XIX century.
The ancestors of the Irishman are also a mystery for the cynologists. The version of the origin of the Irish terrier from the wolfhound is questionable, since there are no common features. Most likely, that the ancestors of the "red devil" were the British coarse-haired terriers imported from Britain. They were bred in England for hunting small forest animals.
Each county in Ireland could until 1870 boast its own variety of Irish terriers. The growth and color of the dogs were different. In the north-east of the state in the county of Antrim, the color of the terriers was brown, white and black. In the county of Whiteley, the color of the wool terriers was reddish, and on the Iverera peninsula and in its vicinity - black or black with brown.
The breed standards began to be consolidated only after 1879. Began breeding, there were clubs of fans of terriers. The first was opened in Ireland in the late seventies of the XIX century. It was this Dublin club that established breed standards, promoted and popularized it. The popularity of the breed grew, but from the 20s of the twentieth century there was a decline in interest, which could not but disturb the true connoisseurs of the breed.
With the efforts of G. Selfridge, the Irish Terrier found new admirers as a result of an ingenious marketing move. Mr. G. Selfridge was the owner of a large trading complex "Oxford Street" in which he held a large-scale presentation of the breed. The Irish terrier has never been a "star", so it preserved the original exterior without much change.
Description of breed Irish Terrier
Irish Terrier is a medium-sized dog. The height at the withers is about 45 cm or 18 inches. Cells weigh 12.3 kg, and bitches - 11.4 kg. Externally, the representative of the breed - energetic, smart, hardy, strong, fast. According to the standards, the Irish red terrier has the following parameters:
- The head is long with a narrow frontal part narrowing to the nose and a transition in the "forehead" zone that is noticeable only in the profile.
- Muzzle of the dog with a necessarily black mirror of the nose.
- The nose is wide, on both sides of the nose, the elongated hair forms a pronounced "mustache", and on the lower jaw is a "beard".
- Tightly fitting, pigmented black lips. The dog is characterized by strong, providing a firm grip, jaws, white, full teeth and tick-like bite, a smooth line of cheekbones, dark, small eyes (light - undesirable). The brow are clearly expressed and have well discernible "eyebrows", composed of elongated hard hairs.
- Ears , high set with a triangular drooping tip. The auricle is pointed forward, the outer edge continues the line of cheekbones covering its fur short and darker in color than on the trunk.
- The neck is long, strong, smoothly expanding to the shoulders. On both sides the wool forms an elongated "mane".
- The chest is not wide, but muscular.
- The back is straight, sturdy.
- The body is compact, lean, with well developed muscles, but elegant.
- The tail is set high and straight, does not fall on the back and does not fold into a ring. Quite long, hard. It can be canceled by removing ¼ of the length.
- The limbs are not very long, muscular, straight, loose in the joints. On hind legs, hocks are located close to the ground. The pastern is weakly expressed, the paw is rounded, small, but sturdy. It is located directly. The fingers are tightly pressed and form a well-marked "arch". Claws are strong. Dark pigmentation is desirable.
The appearance of the animal creates a sense of elegance and fervent ease, swiftness and strength. These are not the biggest terriers, excellent hunters of foxes, hares, small roe deer. Also the Irishman is a girlfriend's dog, which indicates his intelligence, patience, strong nervous system and ability to learn.
The modern Irishman has a red wool of various shades, ranging from red (red, copper) to wheaten. Admit and intermediate - yellow-red color. In addition to those listed, all others are disqualifying. The color should be uniformly monophonic. The ears can be slightly darker and white markers on the chest are permissible. White patches on the paws are undesirable.
The coat is stiff, looks and feels like a copper thin wire. The hair is somewhat broken, but does not curl. Wool of unequal length is somewhat longer on the jaws, from the sides of the neck and the forelimbs. On the other parts of the body it is short, straight, very densely growing. Wool does not hide the general outline of the body, and uneven length creates expressiveness and swiftness of the silhouette.
The nature of the pet
The Irishman has a strong nervous system, which makes it possible to use it as a girlfriend's dog. He quickly learns, is smart, remembers a large number of teams and clearly follows the task. Terrier is one of the few dogs that are not subject to motion sickness. For hundreds of years, breeders have rejected "nervous" and overly aggressive dogs. As a result, the best traits of character were fixed:
- instant reaction;
In terrier from Ireland, the straightforwardness and fidelity of the mongrel are successfully combined with the intelligence and sensitivity of the true dog-gentleman.
Terrier gets along well with children. He is indefatigable in games, cheerful, has a sense of humor. But at home - this is a patient dog that will not impose its presence, if not see the encouragement of the owner. His "expressiveness" is amazing. He perfectly "translates" love, sadness, patient expectation and other feelings.
His character - the character of a real Irishman - an unbending spirit, pride, sometimes stubbornness, courage, flavored with awkward romanticism and devotion. The Irish Terrier is an excellent companion, a hunter, a watchman, a service dog, a bloodhound.
The young dog is cheerful, agile, energetic and tireless. But the child who is next to the terrier should be older. Despite the friendliness and lack of aggressiveness, the Irishman is a strong and impetuous dog, which the young child can not cope with. The dog is very sensitive to punishment, offensive, proud. Therefore, the owner should behave carefully, so as not to lose a loyal friend.
Basics of training
Many cynologists argue that training, as such, the Irish is not needed. The dog is very smart and focused on the owner. He correctly explained, and the Irishman clearly performs the task. It seems that he "remembers" forgotten skills. The dog very accurately perceives the mood of the host.
What has been invested through explanation, and not coercion in early childhood, the matured dog performs with enthusiasm and pleasure. The dog remembers well the name and characteristics of the objects surrounding it. Therefore, the requirement: "Bring a blue ball" - for example, performs quickly and accurately, even if you have to choose from a variety of colored balls.
Experienced breeders speak not about training, but about establishing partnership, friendly relations, the formation of their individual "vocabulary" teams. And the Irishman does not need to intone the order, he gives out clear commands for himself in free speech. Such communication is very important in the conditions of the city.
But you can not completely abandon the correct training. The explosive nature and innate obstinacy require patience, tact, hardness. The dog does not tolerate rudeness, "obligatory" and drill. He will not, as a service dog, train for hours and hone some team or skill.
A bored occupation Irishman will begin to perform carelessly or obstinate, offended. Therefore, the Irish Terrier needs an individual program in which the tasks are interleaved. The dog is more willing to train, if he understands why this is necessary. So that he does not get bored, it is necessary to diversify the complexes and complicate them. Terrier love to solve complex problems.
Despite all the qualities of a dog capable of training, an Irishman can show self-will, because he was created precisely as a dog, capable of making independent decisions - a partner, not a servant. Out of demonstrative disobedience, the dog is not brought out by shouting and slapping, but by perseverance and attention shifting. It's important to get the team executed.
Another of the "stumbling blocks" in the training of the Irish is training their skills of aggressive protection of the owner. The dog himself rushes to an object that surpasses it in size if the owner is in danger. He will fight to the death, but the task is to teach the correct behavior and, thus, protect the dog. Each dog is individual and requires its own approach.
Care and health
Irishman - one of the most problem-free and unpretentious thoroughbred dogs. He has good health "mongrels", there are no genetic pathologies, and a strong musculoskeletal system is practically not susceptible to diseases and deformations of the joints, bones and muscles. Occasionally they may have dysplasia of the hip joint.
Bad ecology undermined immunity, even in such a healthy dog as an Irishman. Representatives of the breed may encounter cases of such diseases as:
It is time to inoculate the dog, and his health will ensure a long life. Care for them is even easier. The dog's coat, thanks to the intensive work of the sebaceous glands, is covered with a layer of sebum, which gives it water and dirt repellent properties. Therefore, it is often not recommended to wash the animal so that detergents do not destroy this protection.
Wool does not shed, does not stray, so it does not require combing, cutting or other procedures. It is enough 1-2 times a year to conduct a trimming, independently or entrust this procedure to a specialist.
Obligatory care for the teeth and ears of the dog. Also, he needs to cut his claws once or twice a week, and, as necessary, remove the long coat between the paw pads. Irishman is an active and energetic dog that requires adequate physical activity. He needs to walk, play, so a lazy or very busy person should not start a red terrier.
Feeding and maintenance
The diet of the active dog should contain all minerals in an amount due to age. Dogs are given meat and by-products, excluding semi-finished products and sausages. Useful marine fish, which is welded or scalded. Kashi can be flavored with fat - not more than 1 tbsp. tablespoons vegetable oil. This rate can be divided by adding a portion to the vegetables.
As a treat and encouragement, you should not use sweets and buns - the dog quickly gets used to this source of extra calories. When choosing a dry feed, you must take into account the age of the dog and the presence of predisposition to allergic reactions. The adult dog is fed twice a day - in the morning and in the evening. Remains of food should be removed in order to accustom it to the feeding regime.
Keep an Irishman in an apartment simply - he does not shed, does not get dirty and with proper upbringing - neat. Under the condition of adequate physical activity, he lives perfectly in a city apartment.
The red terrier gets along well with cats, especially if grown with them. With dogs, the relationship is worse, so it is necessary to teach the dog to react quietly to relatives.
Irish do not get along with small domestic animals - guinea pigs, rats, hamsters and decorative rabbits. Their dog perceives not as neighbors, but as prey.
Ideal conditions for the dog of this breed is a private house with a large enclosed courtyard - a place for walking, playing games and satisfying natural curiosity.
Photo of the Irish Terrier
Video about the Irish Terrier
Where to buy puppies and kennels
A puppy needs to be purchased not by "hands" or by an announcement, but by specialist breeders, having previously got acquainted with the reputation and reviews about the nursery. Then the puppy is guaranteed to meet the requirements of the standard, healthy mentally and physically, socialized.
After acquaintance with parents, you can exclude hereditary pathologies, as well as get recommendations on nutrition, content and communication with a small pet.
In Moscow you can buy a puppy in nurseries:
- "Red Wind" - https://www.ryzhiyveter.com/;
- "Rus Dandy Lot" - http://rusdendylot.narod.ru/.
Irish Terrier, "red sun", "gold in wool", "red devil" - as soon as they do not call this beautiful dog with a truly Irish character! Let him not shine with originality and never was in the lists of stellar breeds, but he who values loyalty, devotion, uncompromising and partnership, will get the best of the dogs. The owners of these "solar rabbits" claim that by becoming the guardian of this dog, you begin to learn patience, understanding, poise and intelligence.