Irish setters are the pride of their country and a breed that has won world fame. Beautiful, workable, intelligent - quality data and formed the basis for the popularity of these dogs. These fine dogs are adorned with billboards, they are shot in commercials and films. But what are these star-studded pets in life, and what awaits future owners?
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы ирландский сеттер 2. Description of the breed Irish Setter
- Окрас ирландского сеттера 3. Color of the Irish Setter
- Характер и обучение ирландского сеттера 4. The nature and training of the Irish setter
- Правила содержания и ухода 5. Rules of maintenance and care
- Фото ирландского сеттера 6. Photo of the Irish Setter
- Видео об ирландском сеттере 7. Video about the Irish Setter
- Сколько стоит щенок ирландского сеттера 8. How much does a puppy of an Irish setter
Origin of the breed
The roots of the Irish have been stretching since ancient times. Scientists have managed to establish that almost all the pedigree breeds are descendants of "ash dogs". The younger progenitors of this breed are Pointers, from which, in the 16th century, was a black-and-white English setter. And later, using the best representatives of hunting breeds, breeders managed to get the early Irish red setter.
Specialists are sure that English setters, Irish water spaniels, setters-gordons and bloodhounds were used in breeding. The original goal pursued by the breeders was to obtain the ideal dog for bird hunting.
It should be noted that for those times breeding breed dogs and hunting were an integral part of the life of real aristocrats. Then the breeders competed, who will get the best breed, and there were several ruler sets from Ireland. From historical sources it was possible to find out that there were red-white dogs and reds with a black mask.
Nevertheless, some common goals existed, and the representatives of the future breed were presented with the same requirements:
- working capacity;
- absence of fear of water, shots and noise;
- harmony of proportions and average size;
- excellent sense of smell and hearing;
- dense coat.
And the breeding activity has borne fruit. There were Irish setters, which immediately gained popularity.
In the late 50's of the 19 century. In an exhibition with competitions participated 6 tens dogs of this breed. But the lack of a single standard did not allow for a qualitative assessment of dogs, which led to conflicts between judges and breeders. However, the Irish continued to participate in such events, proving their qualities. The breed was gaining more and more fans and the breeding work continued.
In 1873 appeared the first club of breed in England, and in 5 years and on the territory of Ireland. Since 1877 the breeding of Irish Setters began in the USA. But there the dogs were divided into 2 types - representatives of the show class and working dogs. And later the first type became exclusively decorative, the second one considerably lagged behind in the exterior.
In Russia, the breeders sought to maintain the working qualities of dogs and eliminate the disadvantage - the complexity of training. As a result, still managed to bring hunting dogs with a balanced nature, which fully comply with international standards.
Description of breed Irish Setter
Excellent external data of the breed representatives contributed to the fact that one of the well-known companies chose the Irish setter as a face of the trademark. And this, of course, added to the colorful Irish populists all over the world. Dogs are distinguished by long wool saturated red, strong, proportional physique, good-natured look and behavior of a true aristocrat. In modern characteristics, the Irish setter is a passionate hunter, tireless, inquisitive, loyal and affectionate to family members.
The weight of representatives of the breed varies in the range 25-35 kg. The growth of males at the withers is 58-67 cm, the female - 55-62 kg. The harmony of height and weight is very important.
The main features in appearance that distinguish Irish Setters from other dogs are the following:
- The head of the Irish is long, narrowed, with an oval bulky forehead without bulges. On the nape there is a pronounced hillock. The eyes are arranged in such a way that they give the dog an amused and joyful look.
- The end of the muzzle is U-shaped, with well-taut lips, pigmented to the color of the nose. Teeth small, create a tight row without gaps and scissor bite. The nose is mobile, the nostrils are large, round, the color of the lobe depends on the color of the coat - it can be black, brown, red-brown.
- Eyes small, almond-shaped, with dry eyelids. The color of the iris varies from nutty shades to rich brown.
- The ears have a low wide landing. At the base of a rigid cartilaginous tissue, and closer to the ends of the ears are thin and soft. During operation, the auricles turn forward. From 2 to 3 years in dogs on the ears the adorning hair grows.
- The body of the Irish setters is elongated, taut, with a graceful post. The whole view speaks of the strength and dexterity of the animal. The neck is of medium length, has a beautiful bend with developed muscles. The withers are not strongly pronounced, the sternum is of medium width, the ribs are arched.
- The extremities are well developed, with pronounced veins and muscles. The paws are collected, round in shape and small in size.
- The tail is even, broad at the base, gradually narrowing. The dog carries it at the level of the spine. In grown up pets, it appears adorning hair.
- The undercoat of the Irish is thick, but the hair itself is not thick. The coat is different in thickness and length. On her head she is short, the same in the area of the muzzle and in front on the paws. On the trunk, the wool has an average length, good density and softness. Behind on the paws, on the auricles, tail and along the bottom line, there are strips of long, smooth, silky wool.
It will be interesting:
- visit the feeding section in order to understand what to feed the setter;
- in the Veterinary Section, warn the Irish against diseases;
- in the care of understand how to care for a pet.
Color of the Irish Setter
Color in dogs varies from saturated red to no less than saturated chestnut. The standard allows for a small amount of white wool in the area of the fingers, on the sternum, muzzle.
Considering that almost all setters are similar, the color of Irish setters is their calling card. If we talk about such dogs, but with white hair and red spots, they belong to a separate breed of Irish red and white setter. And dogs with black hair and red markings - black Irish setters, this, in fact, the breed of the Scottish Setter. Similar dogs of black and white color are also setters, but English.
Character and training of the Irish setter
Modern Irish setters belong to universal breeds, which can be kept in an apartment and in a private house. But for an aviary or a street they do not fit, because they do not have a particularly developed undercoat.
When choosing a representative of this breed for pets, it should be taken into account that it will take quite a long time to bring up and educate him. Irish have a tendency to escape, so they need to adapt and educate from an early age until the dog learns "good manners."
The hardest command is "to me!", As the dogs are very adventurous and, after being carried away by the pursuit, they may not react to the master's address. In this case, you may need the help of professionals, and the rest of the team setters are given much easier.
Always worth taking into account the highly developed hunting instincts of dogs. They are able to react to the slightest noise, and whenever possible to pursue the prey they will do it. Therefore, until the end of training, the pet should not be lowered from the leash or released, but only in the open area. Free walking in the forest, park area is possible only with the excellent assimilation of the command "to me."
During the "hunt" the dog can show aggression, such attacks should not be encouraged, but punishment is not an option. Setters respond well to emotions, so if they are shamed or offended, they are able to repent of their deeds. In extreme cases, the pet can be slapped with a folded newspaper over the rump. But physical punishment will cause mistrust of the pet and considerably complicate the learning process.
Irish setters are great athletes, they are great for coursing, agility, frisbee, and they are also excellent swimmers. Dogs on the level of instincts love to bring balls or sticks, so "aport" is one of the most favorite games.
If you give the pet a necessary load and feed properly, then the dog becomes extremely loving and faithful. Setters perfectly get along with all members of even a large family and tolerate children. For them separation from the master is a real test. Setters can get along with dogs and cats, but only if they are well educated. But the rest of the small animals will always be an object of hunting and no upbringing will help here.
Care and maintenance rules
If the breed has attracted its beautiful appearance, then you should know that the dog will look like on the pages of glossy publications, only with careful care. Without physical exertion, proper nutrition and daily wake-up procedures, the dog will not look so brilliant.
A rich coat is a wool in the apartment, you can get rid of it through frequent combing out of a four-legged friend . If we are talking about representatives of the show-class, with an extended hair, then they have to be scratched every day. And during the moult this rule applies to all setters.
Bathing Irish is often not recommended, since detergents and water remove the necessary lubrication from the skin. During slushy, dirty weather, it is recommended to dress the dog in special overalls to keep the wool and its own housing clean.
Dogs that do not participate in exhibitions, it is permissible to cut hair on the abdomen, ears. Pupils with the exhibition career are cut off the wool only in the interdigital spaces.
Irish are prone to otitis , so you should regularly inspect the ears and every 5-7 days to clean them of excess sulfur and dirt. But do not clean them if there are no visible contaminants. Eyes are also inspected regularly, and cleaned when necessary.
You can feed the dog with ready-made diets or regular food, but in the first case, the feed should be high-quality, and in the second - a compulsory supplement in the form of vitamin supplementation.
Photo of the Irish Setter
Video about Irish Setter
How much does a puppy of an Irish setter
The initial cost of a puppy of this breed is 10,000 rubles. But if there is a desire to acquire a pet for a further exhibition career, the price of an Irish setter will increase to 40,000-5,000 rubles. You can buy a pet from your hands, but at responsible private breeders prices are not much different from the cost in the nursery.
Irish setters are demanding in everything - nutrition, care, training and attitudes. Therefore, before buying such a handsome man, you should weigh your own strengths and the availability of free time.