Irish Setters - the pride of their country and the breed that has won world fame. Beautiful, efficient, smart - these qualities and formed the basis for the popularity of these dogs. These beautiful dogs are adorned with billboards, they are removed in commercials and films. But what are these star pets in life, and what awaits the future owners?
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы ирландский сеттер 2. Description of breed Irish Setter
- Окрас ирландского сеттера 3. Coloring Irish Setter
- Характер и обучение ирландского сеттера 4. Character and training of the Irish Setter
- Правила содержания и ухода 5. Rules of maintenance and care
- Фото ирландского сеттера 6. Photo Irish Setter
- Видео об ирландском сеттере 7. Video about the Irish Setter
- Сколько стоит щенок ирландского сеттера 8. How much does an Irish Setter puppy cost?
The roots of the Irish stretch from ancient times. Scientists were able to establish that almost all the breeds are descendants of "ash dogs". The younger progenitors of this breed are Pointers, from whom in the 16th century. A black and white English setter was introduced. And later, using the best representatives of hunting breeds, breeders managed to get an early Irish red setter.
Experts are sure that in the breeding they used English setters, Irish water spaniels, Gordon setters and Bloodhounds . The initial goal pursued by the breeders is to get the perfect dog for bird hunting.
It should be noted that for those times breeding dogs and hunting were an integral part of the lives of real aristocrats. Then the breeders competed for the best breed, and a few lines of setters from Ireland appeared. From historical sources, it was found out that there existed red-white dogs and red ones with a black mask.
Nevertheless, a certain commonality of goals existed, and the same demands were made to the representatives of the future breed:
- lack of fear of water, shots and noise;
- harmonious proportions and average size;
- excellent sense of smell and hearing;
- thick coat.
And the selection activity has borne fruit. Irish setters appeared, which immediately gained popularity.
In the late 50s of the 19th century 6 dozen dogs of this breed participated in the exhibition with competitions. But the lack of a single standard did not allow a qualitative assessment of dogs, which led to conflicts between judges and breeders. However, the Irish continued to participate in such events, proving their qualities. The breed gained more and more fans and the breeding work continued.
In 1873, the first breed club appeared in England, and after 5 years in Ireland. Since 1877, the breeding of Irish setters began in the United States. But there the dogs were divided into 2 types - representatives of the show class and working dogs. And later, the first type became extremely decorative, while the second significantly lagged behind in the exterior.
In Russia, breeders sought to maintain the working qualities of dogs and eliminate the drawback - difficulty in training. As a result, it was still possible to bring out hunting dogs with a balanced character, which fully comply with international standards.
Breed description Irish Setter
Excellent external data of representatives of the breed contributed to the fact that one of the famous companies chose the Irish Setter face of the brand. And this, naturally, added to the colorful Irish popularity throughout the world. The dogs are distinguished by long hair of rich red color, strong, proportional physique, good-natured look and behavior of a true aristocrat. In the modern characteristics of the Irish setter - a passionate hunter, tireless, inquisitive, loyal and affectionate to family members.
The weight of representatives of the breed varies in the range of 25-35 kg. Growing males at the withers is 58-67 cm, females - 55-62 kg. The harmony of height and weight is very important.
The main features in appearance that distinguish Irish Setters from other dogs are the following:
- The Irish head is long, narrowed, with an oval volumetric forehead without bulges. On the back of the head there is a pronounced bump. The orbits are arranged in such a way that they give the dog a surprisingly joyful look.
- The end of the muzzle is U-shaped, with well tightened lips, pigmented to the color of the nose. The teeth are small, create a tight row without gaps and a scissor bite. The nose is mobile, the nostrils are large, round, the color of the lobe depends on the color of the coat — it can be black, brown, red-brown.
- The eyes are small, almond-shaped, with dry eyelids. The color of the iris varies from nutty shades to deep brown.
- Ears have a low wide fit. At the base of the hard cartilaginous tissue, and closer to the ends of the ears are thin and soft. During operation, the auricles turn forward. From 2 to 3 years in dogs on the ears grows adorning hair.
- The body of the Irish setters is elongated, toned, with a graceful set. The whole species speaks of the strength and dexterity of the animal. The neck is of medium length, has a beautiful bend with developed muscles. The withers are not very pronounced, the sternum is of medium width, the ribs are curved.
- The limbs are well developed, with pronounced veins and muscles. Paws are collected, have a rounded shape and small size.
- The tail is flat, wide in the base area, gradually tapering. The dog carries him at the level of the spine. Have grown-up pets on it appears decorating hair.
- The Irish undercoat is thick, but the hair itself is not thick. The core coat varies in thickness and length. On the head it is short, the same in the area of the muzzle and in front on the paws. On the body the coat has an average length, good thickness and softness. On the paws, on the auricles, on the tail and on the lower line, tows are made of long, smooth, silky hair.
It will be interesting:
- visit the feed heading to understand what to feed the setter;
- under the heading Veterinary, warn the Irish against disease;
- in the care will understand how to care for your pet.
Irish Setter Color
The color of dogs varies from saturated red to no less saturated chestnut. The standard allowed the presence of a small amount of white wool in the area of the fingers, on the sternum, face.
Given that almost all setters are similar, the color of the Irish setters is their calling card. If we talk about these dogs, but with white wool and red spots, they belong to a separate breed of Irish red and white setter. And black-haired and red-burned dogs are black Irish setters; this is, in fact, a breed of Scottish setters. Similar dogs in black and white are setters too, but English ones.
Character and training of the Irish Setter
Modern Irish setters are universal breeds that can be kept in an apartment or in a private house. But here they are not suitable for an open-air cage or street, since they do not have a particularly developed undercoat.
Choosing a representative of this breed in pets, it should be noted that for his education and training will take a lot of time. The Irish have a tendency to escape, so they need to be adapted and trained from an early age until the dog learns "good manners."
The most difficult is the command “come to me!”, As the dogs are very reckless and, carried away by the chase, they may not respond to the owner's appeal. In this case, you may need the help of professionals, and the rest of the teams to setters are much easier.
You should always take into account the highly developed hunting instincts of dogs. They are able to react to the slightest noise, and whenever they can stalk their prey, they will do it. Therefore, before the end of training, the pet should not be let off the leash or released, but only in open areas. Free walking in the forest, park area is possible only with an excellent assimilation of the team "to me."
During the “hunt” the dog may show aggression, such attacks should not be encouraged, but punishment is not an option. Setters respond well to emotions, so if they are ashamed or offended, they are able to repent of their deeds. In extreme cases, a pet can be slapped with a rolled up newspaper. But physical punishment will cause distrust of the pet and greatly complicate the learning process.
Irish setters are great athletes, they are great for course, agility, frisbee, and they are also excellent swimmers. Dogs on the level of instincts love to bring balls or sticks, so the "aport" is one of the most favorite games.
If you give your pet the necessary load and properly feed, then the dog becomes extremely loving and faithful. Setters get along well with all members of even a large family and are tolerant of children. For them, separation from the owner is a real challenge. Setters can get along with dogs and cats, but only under the condition of their good education. But the rest of the small beast will always be the object of hunting and no education here will not help.
Maintenance and Care Rules
If the breed has attracted its beautiful appearance, then you should know that the dog will look like on the pages of glossy publications, only with careful care. Without physical exertion, proper nutrition and daily grooming procedures, the dog will not look so brilliant.
The rich coat is wool in the apartment, which can be eliminated by frequent combing out a four-legged friend . If we are talking about the representatives of the show class, with long hair, then they will have to scratch every day. And during the molt, this rule applies to all setters.
It is often not recommended to bathe the Irish, as detergents and water remove the necessary lubricant from the skin. During the muddy, dirty weather, it is recommended to put the dog in special overalls to keep the wool and own housing clean.
Dogs that do not participate in exhibitions, it is permissible to cut the hair on the stomach, ears. For pets with show career, wool is cut only in the interdigital spaces.
The Irish are prone to otitis , so you should regularly inspect the auricles and clean them from excess sulfur and dirt every 5-7 days. But do not clean them if there is no visible dirt. The eyes are also inspected regularly, and cleaned when necessary.
You can feed the dog with ready-made rations or regular food, but in the first case the feed should be of high quality, and in the second - a mandatory supplement in the form of vitamin supplements.
Photos of the Irish Setter
Irish Setter Video
How much is an Irish Setter puppy?
The initial cost of a puppy of this breed is 10,000 rubles. But if there is a desire to purchase a pet for a further show career, then the price of the Irish Setter will increase to 40000-50000 rubles. You can buy a pet from hands, but prices for responsible private breeders are not much different from the cost in a nursery.
Irish Setters are demanding in everything - nutrition, care, training and attitude. Therefore, before acquiring such a handsome man, it is worth weighing your own strength and having free time.