Spring is the time of love, warmth, flowering and, sadly, mites. It is during warming that these small parasites appear that are carriers of extremely dangerous diseases. And the blood-sucking arthropod under the name "Ixodes tick" is no less dangerous for animals, including dogs, than others. What should owners of four-legged friends know about this danger? How should you react when you find out that a pet has such a "guest"?
- Общая информация 1. General information
- Особенности иксодовых клещей 2. Features of ixodid ticks
- Как обнаружить, а главное, извлечь паразита? 3. How to detect, and most importantly, to extract the parasite?
Owners should be concerned, starting in April. It is this period that is hot for tick-bites. Arthropods themselves can not seriously harm an animal, the danger is that which is contained in their body, transmitted through saliva during a bite. Iksoda tick carries pyroplasmosis, canine erlichiosis, anaplasmosis and other infections.
Ticks attack animals that invaded their habitat, and since dogs need regular exercise, they are often victims. It is very important to detect the parasite on the pet's body as soon as possible and provide timely help, as delay can cost the life of the dog. There is also a prophylaxis, which is usually resorted to by responsible pet owners.
Features of ixodid ticks
Grass and low shrubs - that's what habitual habitat for this type of parasites. That is, the victim, as a rule, penetrate from below. Before sucking, the mite for a while "travels" along the dog's torso in search of a convenient place for suction. Most often these are areas with the least amount of fur, but under the wool the parasite is able to climb. In most cases, mites are found on the following parts of the body:
- in the armpits;
- skin folds;
- in the lower part of the neck.
Unlike other parasitic creatures, for ticks mites torso of an animal is not a dwelling, but only a source of food. He immerses the proboscis into the skin, begins to screw in and be saturated with blood. After sucking, the mite swells, increasing in size, and turns into a pea of reddish or brownish color. After saturation, he falls off on his own.
But if the parasite was seen earlier, and there is no way to contact the veterinary clinic, then the owners should know how to cope with this problem.
Watch the video and see how an ixodid tick taken from a dog looks like:
How to detect, and most importantly, to extract the parasite?
As already noted, the speed of action is important here. After the walk, you should inspect the pet, and if suddenly a tick is found on the skin, it is necessary to contact the veterinary service or remove it yourself. Often, the owners understand that something happened to the dog, when the first signs of infection have already appeared. Symptoms depend on how the parasite infected the animal with an ailment. The tick extraction algorithm is as follows:
- You should use one of the devices - a thread from which the loop is made, tweezers or a special device purchased in the pharmacy department.
- It is necessary to capture the "neck" of the parasite, while doing this is recommended neatly. Feeling the discomfort, the arthropod can inject the saliva into the blood, and with careless handling there is a risk of tearing the parasite off the head, which is also undesirable.
- It is necessary to slowly draw the parasite, but do not pull up, but make horizontal movements clockwise, as if twisting it. The procedure can take from 5-7 to 20 minutes.
- After pulling out the tick, it will be necessary to press on the edges of the wound so that blood appears. It should be removed with a napkin.
- The resulting wound is treated with an antiseptic, iodine or zelenok is suitable.
The tick should not be destroyed on its own, it's better to take it to the laboratory for research. Having studied the parasite, the specialist will be able to tell if the dog has caught any infection or not.
Iksodovy mite is a carrier of various, including fatal, infections, so it is important to detect it as quickly as possible and remove it from the body of the dog. In addition, it is recommended to use preventive protective equipment - sprays, collars, etc.