Fungus in dogs, or disease dermatophytosis - a disease of infectious etiology, requiring treatment for veterinary care. No domestic animal is insured against this disease, regardless of the conditions of detention. For owners, it is important to identify the disease in time, based on its symptoms and primary signs.
- Почему собаки заболевают 1. Why do dogs become ill?
- Основные признаки заражения грибком 2. The main signs of infection with fungus
- Лечение грибка у собак 3. Treatment of fungus in dogs
- Хроническая форма грибковой инфекции 4. Chronic form of fungal infection
- Диагностирование грибка у собак и лечение 5. Diagnosis of fungus in dogs and treatment
- Профилактика грибковых инфекций 6. Prevention of fungal infections
Why do dogs become ill?
There are many kinds of fungi, but only a few of them are the causative agents of dangerous infections in dogs. Infection can occur during contact with another animal, walking on the grass on which the pathogens are located. Infection can even a dog that walks on the tray, as often fungi penetrate into the house with shoes owners.
In addition to pathogenic species, there are also conditionally pathogenic fungal pathogens. They can always be in the body of an animal, but the dog becomes ill only under certain circumstances - weak immunity, hypersensitivity, etc. These kinds of fungi are not infectious, they live on the skin, but do not cause harm.
In the risk group for the disease of the dermatophyse are young individuals, dogs who have had a disease or surgery, have problems with the immune system, animals with a tendency to allergic and skin diseases.
Factors contributing to the development of the disease are an unbalanced diet and high humidity. The growth of the fungus intensifies on the skin, not getting enough air, covered with coarse wool and a layer of dirt. Fungi also multiply rapidly in dogs, which are often washed, since this procedure eliminates sebum and reduces the protection of skin from external pathogens. In addition, the animal's body can not resist the disease after taking the drugs that suppress the immune system.
You can identify many other factors that contribute to fungal diseases, but even in their absence, there is a risk that the animal will become infected with pathogenic fungi.
The main signs of infection with fungus
Getting on the skin, the fungi begin to multiply intensively, adversely affecting the immune mechanisms of the pet. Penetrating deep into the skin, the fungus provokes serious inflammatory processes and diseases in the follicles. Traumatized skin is a fertile breeding ground for various kinds of parasites - pathogenic bacteria, protozoa, insects, etc.
While the origin of the causative agent of this condition has not been clarified, there is a risk of infection of people and other animals.
Among the main symptoms of fungus can be noted the following:
- the disease begins to develop from one to three spots of small size;
- wool begins to fall out of the lesion, in some cases it is as if sheared, leaving a short length;
- formed spots can be for a long time of the same size or grow, depending on the type of pathogen and the strength of the protective mechanisms of immunity;
- The skin in the lesion becomes gray or reddish;
- if you look closely, you can find a white or grayish coating on the hair bulb;
- The place of the lesion is covered with flakes or layered scales that can fall off the skin or hold tight.
Without timely therapy, the size of baldness increases. The fungus begins to grow into deep layers, which provokes all sorts of complications. At a severe stage of defeat, the dog completely loses the coat, which is not restored for a long time.
Often the fungus affects the pet's legs, in this case, inflammation and cracks are observed in the interdigital space and on the pads. The claws can also be amazed, then they become yellow and twisted. It hurts the dog to step on the paw, it begins to limp.
Treatment of fungus in dogs
The majority of fungal infections are accompanied by itching, its degree depends on the type of pathogen. In some cases, the dog can comb the skin to the blood. In this case, experts recommend that before visiting a veterinarian, give an antipruritic drug such as Stop-itch and use a protective accessory - a collar or a blanket, since skin lesions in the fungus provoke secondary infection.
The wounded should be treated with an external agent, which has an antiseptic effect. From the medicine chest of a person Miramistin is suitable, or it is necessary to buy it at the veterinary pharmacy Migstim.
During the visit, the specialist should specify where the skin was treated with the drug, since the tissues from these areas are not suitable for analysis.
If the fungus affects the pads of the paws, you must protect the pet's legs from moisture. During the walk, you can use a special protective footwear, after washing the paws, dry with a hairdryer. It's worth not letting the dog gnaw the areas affected by the fungus.
Chronic form of fungal infection
Prolonged infection proceeds more calmly. Periodically there is a shedding of wool, the wool cover dims, often gets tangled and even bathing does not correct the situation.
Owners do not know the true causes of the condition, writing off for seasonal moult , beriberi , reaction to detergents. Standard measures - the course of vitamins , increased nutrition, shampoo change, etc. do not help.
In some cases, pets form small areas without wool - above the auricles, near the lobe of the nose, on the elbows. The skin can look quite healthy or have a slight gray shade. Such shortcomings in long wool are difficult to see.
Such processes can occur with insufficient resistance of the organism to this type of fungus, or the fungus is opportunistic, not threatening serious consequences. But at any time, with the attendant factors, it can begin to progress. To find out if the level of the skin fungus is within the limits of the norm, special skin scrapings are given for analysis.
Diagnosis of fungus in dogs and treatment
First of all, the veterinarian shines through the wool cover with a special lamp, under the rays of which the fungus begins to glow greenish. But you should know that almost half of the species of fungi do not shine. This method does not provide information about the pathogen, but only confirms its presence.
In order to prescribe effective treatment, a full-fledged diagnosis is required, which allows to determine the type of fungus, the number of spores, and to determine the sensitivity to these or other medicines.
Experts recommend that blood be given to bacteriology, as often the fungus appears against the background of cocci. In this case, the treatment consists in eliminating the original source.
Quite often fungal infection accompanies allergic manifestations, and the treatment gives only a temporary result. The analysis determining the allergic status of the pet will help here. Detection and allergen and its elimination will solve the problem with the fungus.
Biochemical analysis of blood will allow to assess the general condition of the animal's body and find out which organs are failing.
Taking into account all the data obtained, the doctor will be able to prescribe adequate treatment from the first. This will help to avoid long-term useless therapy with a constant change of drugs.
For minor skin lesions, ointments are prescribed-Mikozolone, Yam, Clotrimazole, etc. If the fungus infects large areas of the skin, external anti-fungal drugs should not be used externally, as this group of drugs is toxic. In this case, detergents such as Nizoral and Imaverol are used.
In addition to external drugs, veterinarians prescribe drugs in tablets or injections. Special efficacy in the therapy of fungi differs Fluconazole. Help is provided to the immune system of the animal in the form of immunostimulants and modulators. It is also recommended to take hepatoprotective agents.
If the detected fungus proves to be contagious, additional measures will be required: treatment should be done with gloves, and if possible, isolate the animal, excluding its contact with children and other pets. But you should visit the dog so that she does not feel lonely and not stressed.
Doctors warn that self-treatment can lead to disastrous results. Since some drugs can significantly increase the resistance of the fungus, in this case it will be necessary to treat the fungus in the dog for a longer time.
Prevention of fungal infections
As noted, the fungus pathogen is difficult to develop in a healthy, strong body. Therefore, it is important to take care of the dog , providing adequate nutrition and appropriate conditions. During the walking it is necessary to avoid habitats of stray animals.
Vaccines against fungal diseases are of low effectiveness and in some cases can cause complications, therefore they are used only in exceptional cases, when the rest of the therapy is powerless.
But there is no single way to exclude the infection of the pet by pathogenic fungi. In this case, it is important to identify the disease as early as possible and seek qualified help.