Ulcers in the dog can occur in the form of pyoderma, abscesses, dermatitis, abscesses of various etiologies and severity. Not always pustules can lead to serious consequences, but in some cases, damage can affect the deep layers of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, leading to purulent fusion of tissues. To prevent serious complications, it is necessary to know the signs and methods of treatment.
Causes of ulcers
The main reason for the appearance of ulcers on the dog's body is the introduction into the wound surface of pathogenic microorganisms - staphylococci, Escherichia coli, streptococci and other pyogenic microbes. The reasons why this penetration becomes possible are the following:
- violation of the integrity of the skin as a result of mechanical injuries (cuts, bites, scratches);
- inhalation allergy (atopic dermatitis);
- dermatitis caused by bites of exoparasites;
- skin infection, combined with demodicosis and dermatophytosis;
- cutaneous manifestations of plaque;
- places of vaccinations and injections;
- because of the violation of trophic processes in the tissues (diabetes mellitus, infarction).
With pyoderma or purulent skin lesions, the skin of the dog may be affected by the epidermis and hair follicles, sebaceous glands (superficial pyoderma) or deep dermis, up to the subcutaneous tissue (deep pyoderma). Factors contributing to the development of purulent inflammation of the skin are:
- violation of diet;
- changing the conditions of detention;
- non-compliance with hygiene;
- deep wrinkles on the skin.
Pathogenic microorganisms are a natural component of the microbiocinosis of the skin and the whole organism, they are found in the soil, in the air. With strong immunity, they are under control and do not cause inflammation and the formation of pus. In animals whose immunity is reduced for any reason, pathogenic microorganisms penetrate the skin and begin to multiply, causing characteristic symptoms of inflammation and intoxication. Purulent formations differ in appearance:
- pustules - inflamed red formations that rise above the surface of the skin and are filled with pus;
- nodes - deep in the skin of the cavity with purulent contents;
- Cysts - purulent conglomerates formed during the fusion of nodes.
Each type of ulcers is accompanied by the corresponding symptoms and manifestations.
Symptoms and manifestations of diseases
At the heart of pyoderma lies the inflammatory process, which causes pathogenic microorganisms. Pyoderma is manifested by the following symptoms:
- edema and redness in the field of introduction of an infectious agent;
- sensation of severe itching;
- the formation of reddish and yellowish vesicles with purulent contents.
If the dog is not treated in time, the pus seeps into the underlying tissues, causing them to purulent melt. Abscesses and furuncles are formed, which can be localized in various parts of the body. Pathology is accompanied by a local rise in temperature. The abscesses can merge, causing extensive purulent lesions on the skin. In these places, the hair falls out, exposed skin is covered with purulent crusts.
If a purulent infection penetrates further, deep cavities and fistulas are formed. The dog rises body temperature, chills, weakness, refusal to eat. Against the background of a purulent skin lesion, sepsis can develop, leading to the death of the animal. Timely recourse to medical care can preserve the health of the animal.
Treatment of abscesses in dogs
If the entrance gate is damage to the skin of the dog, they are treated with antiseptic solutions - chlorhexidine, hydrogen peroxide, Fukorcin, Brilliant green. With superficial damage, this is enough to stop purulent inflammation.
At home, it is possible to treat and treat abscesses if the animal feels normal, there are no significant symptoms of pathology and the behavior of the dog does not change, and the purulent contents lack a sharp odor.
If the abscess is located under the skin, then the bandages with liniment balsam according to Vishnevsky or Ihtiol ointment are applied to its surface until the skin becomes thinner and no pus appears under it. The abscess is opened independently, and the host needs to process the place with a disinfectant solution, change the dressings and make sure that the edges of the wound do not close before the cavity is completely cleansed of the pus.
After the pure syche begins to flow from the wound, without an admixture of pus and blood, bandages with wound healing ointment, for example Levomikol, Stellanin-PEG, which not only relieve inflammation, itching, but also regenerate tissues without the risk of scar formation. If the dog has fever, it becomes apathetic, refuses to eat, and from the wound oozes green pus with a sharp putrefactive smell, then immediately it is worth contacting the vet clinic to avoid sepsis.
The doctor opens the abscess, cleans it from the pus and rinses the cavity with an antiseptic, sets the drainage for the outflow of pus. After applying a sterile bandage, which the owner must change daily, the animal is sent home. The dog is under the control of the doctor until full recovery. The animal is put on a protective collar, so that there is no licking of the wound and traumatizing it.
Homeopathic remedies, for example saline Calendula and Hypericum, are used to wash the open abscess. They wash the wound with a syringe 2-3 times a day until it is completely cleansed and healed. If the cavity is very deep, then, in order that the edges of the wound do not coalesce until the pus leaves, it is washed only with a solution of salt and St. John's wort (Hypericum). Calendula solution is used only after cleaning the cavity.
The dog also requires medical treatment. To reduce the temperature, the antipyretic preparations are pricked or the antipyretic tablets dissolved in water are given. If necessary, the doctor prescribes antibiotics. As a rule, treatment of abscesses in dogs is carried out with the help of homeopathic remedies and vitamin therapy. To raise the immunity prescribed vitamins A, C, E. In the treatment of purulent wounds are used Arnica montana. If the arnica drug is applied to a clean and disinfected wound immediately, it prevents the formation of an abscess and accelerates regeneration.
With the spontaneous dissection of the abscess and the removal of purulent contents, Calcarea sulphurica is prescribed - calcium sulphate. It is used also in the event that the abscess is cleared, and its healing is slow. At the expiration of fetid pus and deep melting of tissues, Hepar sulphuris calcareum (sulfuric liver) or Mercurius (vivus, solubilis) is used. When suppuration around a foreign body use Myristica sebifera (muskatnik salonosny).
Homeopathic treatment should be carried out under the supervision of a doctor. With proper and timely treatment, abscesses in the dog are not dangerous and in 98% of cases successfully treated.