Food allergy is found not only in humans. From her until recently, one-fifth of all dogs suffered. Often the cause of the itching and redness of the skin (hives and eczema) pet is a food allergy. It must be differentiated from food intolerance, which manifests itself in the form of digestive disorders - diarrhea and vomiting. Today, the number of dogs suffering from allergic reactions to food has become less, as manufacturers have developed hypoallergenic dog food.
- Требования к гипоаллергенному корму 1. Requirements for hypoallergenic food
- 8 лучших видов гипоаллергенных кормов 2. 8 best types of hypoallergenic food
- 2.1. 8 place: Pro Plan ADULT MEDIUM Sensitive Skin OPTIDERMA
- 2.2. 7 place: Eukanuba Dermatosis FP Response
- 2.3. 6th place: Proseries Holistic hypoallergenic
- 2.4. 5 place: Grandorf Duck & Potato Adult All Breeds (Belgium)
- 2.5. 4 place: Bosch Sensitive Lamb & Rice
- 2.6. 3 place: Hills Prescription Diet Canine Allergen-Free
- 2.7. 2nd place: 1st Choice Sensitive Skin & Coat Adult Lumb & Fish
- 2.8. 1 place: Lamb & Okanagan Apple (Canada)
- Выводы 3. Conclusions
Requirements for hypoallergenic food
According to the results of the research, the most common products that cause an allergic reaction in dogs are:
- meat and poultry eggs;
- lamb, beef;
- freshwater fish;
- cereals and their derivatives;
- tomatoes, aubergines.
The most frequent allergen are protein products. The protein is necessary for predatory animals, including dogs as a source of amino acids - the building material of cells of all types of tissues.
With protein deficiency, the growth of the animal slows down, its muscle mass decreases, the regeneration processes slow down. In a balanced diet of a healthy dog protein food, especially meat products, should occupy 66.5%.
But the animal protein is heat-stable and does not lose its allergenic properties even after heat treatment. Therefore, in hypoallergenic food, the types of meat causing allergies are replaced with horse meat, rabbit meat, ducklings, turkey, or fish.
To preserve the protein required for the dog and eliminate the dangerous protein, hydrolysing the animal protein is used. Meat or fish are processed with digestive enzymes, which "break" the protein molecules into small parts that are not capable of causing an allergic reaction. Hydrolyzed protein is a nutritious food for dogs with allergies to meat or fish.
Active dogs need a source of energy - carbohydrates. Energy exchange provides porridge, bread, potatoes. With celiac disease (gluten intolerance), you need to choose food that does not contain wheat. When allergic to cereals and potatoes, hypoallergenic food contains rice.
In high-quality hypoallergenic food should be:
- fiber for the normalization of intestinal motility and elimination of toxins;
- vitamins and minerals that enhance immunity;
- medicinal herbs that reduce the severity of an allergic reaction.
Hypoallergenic fodders are selected taking into account the trigger ("trigger" allergy factor), the age of the dog and the breed. It is sufficient to select a feed in which there is no trigger, as the symptoms of food allergy disappear after a few weeks.
8 best types of hypoallergenic food
A huge number of different in composition and price of hypoallergenic dog food require a balanced approach to choosing the best brand. This is how the top 8 best dry feeds from famous brands were compiled.
If they are arranged in order of increasing effectiveness and safety in relation to the risks of progression of atopic allergy, we get the following list of feeds of the class "Super-premium":
8 place: Pro Plan ADULT MEDIUM Sensitive Skin OPTIDERMA
Proplane forage with digestible salmon and rice proteins is for medium-sized dogs. The protein of dehydrated fish is the building material of muscle tissue and epidermis. Sea fish is the source of triglycerides, essential for the health of the epidermis and psovin.
Lack of feed is that some of its components are potential allergens (corn, soybean). Therefore, despite the declared safety, the food can be called hypoallergenic with great stretch.
7 place: Eukanuba Dermatosis FP Response
Therapeutic food is recommended for dietary nutrition and prevention of skin diseases of dogs caused by an allergic reaction to certain types of food.
With allergies to poultry meat, beef and cereals, this food is a good choice. Instead of meat, it includes fish-fishmeal and fish extract derived from catfish. The energy is given to the animals by potatoes.
Contraindicated in allergies to fish and potatoes. Do not enter into the diet of pregnant and lactating bitches, puppies. The disadvantage of feed is its high cost, not 100% hypoallergenicity and a sharp fishy smell.
Can be used for a long time and regularly, as it is a full and balanced diet. Does not contain synthetic additives.
6th place: Proseries Holistic hypoallergenic
Dry food is for dogs of all breeds and ages. It is recommended by domestic and foreign veterinarians for a regular diet of allergy dogs with individual sensitivity to animal proteins, corn, soy, chicken eggs.
Instead of animal proteins, the feed contains white fish (herring, anchovies). Carbohydrates, minerals are found in cereals - oats, barley, rice. Hypoallergenic food is additionally enriched with necessary dogs with vitamins, microelements. Food is preventive, as it contains chondroprotectors - substances that protect and repair joints.
A significant disadvantage of the feed is that it is not intended for feeding dogs with individual intolerance to fish and cereals. According to consumers, food is good, but it's hard to buy. And, in addition, a lack that does not affect the quality is the pronounced smell of fish.
5 place: Grandorf Duck & Potato Adult All Breeds (Belgium)
The Grand Food contains a significant amount (60%) of poultry meat (ducks, turkeys) with minimal risk of allergic reaction. Instead of cereals, the source of energy is the sweet potato tuber. To provide nutrients in the complex included marine crustaceans (krill).
Normalizes the digestion of flour from the fruit of ceramics of the pomegranate. Contains natural antioxidants (complex of grapefruit extracts, turmeric, rosemary) and chondroprotectors. Medicinal herbs enhance the therapeutic properties of food, and dried apples contain pectin that reduces the risk of allergies.
Instead of synthetic stabilizers used natural vitamin C, and the restoration of damaged epidermis accelerates vitamin E, contained in green shoots of rosemary.
The main disadvantages of feed are:
- risk of atopic allergy development on seafood and exotic fruits and vegetables;
- rarely goes on sale;
- has age limits - only for adult dogs.
4 place: Bosch Sensitive Lamb & Rice
Dog food for dogs of all breeds contains lamb as the main source of protein, and rice and potatoes are the source of carbohydrates. In addition, the protein is provided by the dog's yeast organism.
Powder from mussels prevents the occurrence of joint pathologies and strengthens bones, is a valuable source of micro- and macroelements. The intake of Omega-3 and Omega-6 provides fish oil.
3 place: Hills Prescription Diet Canine Allergen-Free
This is a high-quality dry premium food, recommended as a therapeutic food for dogs with food allergies. For dogs, Hill's produces two types of food:
- Canine z / d ULTRA Allergen-Free - diet food for dogs. It is recommended to apply for the initial stage of diagnosing pathology. This feed costs more than the second, but completely eliminates the risk of an allergic reaction to protein, as it contains its hydrolyzate. In addition, the feed contains no synthetic additives.
- Canine z / d Low Allergen - a cheaper option, as the composition includes potatoes that can cause allergies. Homogenized protein in the product is combined with non-homogenized plant proteins, which reduces the cost of feed, but poses a certain risk of allergies to animals with intolerance to plant proteins.
As a source of protein, the feed includes chicken liver and chicken liver hydrolyzate. The source of carbohydrates is refined cornmeal and potatoes. The product is produced in the form of dry and canned food for adult dogs of any breed.
This feed provides the animal with all the necessary substances, can be used for a long time, since the period of treatment and recovery can take years.
Hill's (USA) does not use chemical methods of clarification, so the food has a dark color. The composition of therapeutic food includes not only hypoallergenic products, but also antioxidants that help the dog's body to recover faster from allergies.
2nd place: 1st Choice Sensitive Skin & Coat Adult Lumb & Fish
Dry 1st Choice feed for adult dogs contains young lamb, sea fish and unpolished brown rice. These components provide the dog's body with useful ingredients and do not cause an allergic reaction.
Extract of ginger root stimulates digestion and prevents increased gas production. It does not contain gluten, therefore it is suitable for animals with ciliac. Extracts of parsley and green tea have antibacterial properties, prevent fermentation and decay of food in the digestive tract, significantly freshen breath. Suitable as a diet for dogs of all breeds.
Disadvantage - rarely found in pet stores.
1 place: Lamb & Okanagan Apple (Canada)
The food of the firm Akana contains only natural, hypoallergenic sources of proteins (meat, by-products of young sheep). The uniqueness of the composition of the feed lies in the fact that it contains seaweed, fresh pumpkin and apples.
It does not contain gluten, it helps to control the weight of the dog, since it does not contain rice, potatoes or sweet potatoes. The source of Omega-3,6 fatty acids is not a potential allergy provoker - fish, but completely hypoallergenic algae.
Pumpkin and apples normalize peristalsis of the intestine, provide carotene and pectin - essential substances for sensitive digestive dogs, allergies.
Phytocomponents - the root of chicory, ginger, mint leaves and melisses suppress the processes of fermentation and putrefaction of food gruel, normalize the level of glucose in the blood, suppress the development of pathogenic microflora. An important component in the normalization of the intestinal microflora is the microorganisms Enterococcus faecium, which enriched the feed.
The food is prepared from fresh, environmentally friendly products without the addition of synthetic "Yeshos."
Fully hypoallergenic fodders that take into account all types of triggers do not exist, therefore, to choose food is necessary, taking into account the individual characteristics of animals. The best feeds are expensive, but they guarantee not only a preventive, but also a curative effect.
As a rule, diet food for allergies should be observed for life to prevent a relapse of the pathology. Therefore, owners of allergy dogs choose food that can be used for a long time and at a bargain price.
Experts recommend to periodically change the feed, so as not to provoke an allergic reaction to new triggers. The above list of the best dry food allows you to vary the menu and choose the best option for price and quality.