Pharaoh's dog is a graceful hunter with a good-natured character, sharp mind, playfulness, activity, love for children and others. In addition to these remarkable qualities, for the "Pharaohs" there is an amazing trait - the ability to blush. None of the existing breeds are capable of it. What does a person need to know about a breed who has decided to acquire such a pet?
- История происхождения 1. History of origin
- Описание породы фараонова собака 2. Description of the breed Pharaoh Hound
- Особенности характера фараонов 3. Features of the nature of the pharaohs
- Воспитание и основы дрессуры 4. Education and training basics
- Как ухаживать за фараоновой собакой 5. How to care for a pharaoh dog
- Породные заболевания 6. Breed diseases
- Правила кормления 7. Feeding rules
- Уход и содержание 8. Care and maintenance
- Фото фараоновой собаки 9. Photo of the Pharaoh dog
- Видео о фараоновой собаке 10. Video about pharaoh dog
- Где купить щенка-фараона 11. Where to buy a pharaoh puppy
History of origin
The roots of the breed go into the depths of ancient Egypt. The first evidence of the existence of this breed, dated 4000 g BC. Scientists discovered an ancient artifact depicting two pharaoh dogs that participated in the hunt for gazelles.
Also, the ancient Egyptian scrolls make it possible to assume that these dogs were the favorites of the pharaohs themselves and people belonging to the Egyptian nobility. The letters of antiquity paint Pharaoh's dog stately, with a luminous face, a long tail and a reddish skin tone.
Later, the "Pharaohs" came to Malta, where they entrenched as rabbit hunters, so they were called the "rabbit dog." Breed gained the widest popularity among the Maltese and officially became a dog of the state.
In the West, the pharaohs became known after their importation to Britain, after the 30s. last century. The states discovered the breed for themselves somewhat later, in the 60s, but for a short period of time (1984), the American Kennel Club officially recognized it.
Today, the breed, although known worldwide, is considered rare.
Description of the breed Pharaoh Hound
Purebred representatives are true athletes, strong, muscular, but at the same time they are characterized by flexibility and power. They are medium in size, males slightly larger than females, but only slightly. Their growth averages 55-63 cm, and weight varies between 18-27 kg.
The official standard identifies the following characteristics of appearance for this breed:
- The head is elongated, wedge-shaped, located on a long neck.
- The ears are quite large, high.
- The lobe is rather big, pigmented in red or flesh color.
- The eyes are small and have a beautiful amber tint.
- The back is straight.
- The limbs are long.
- The tail is thickened at the very base, but narrows strongly towards the tip. In a state of excitement rises high above the body, taking a crescent shape.
Possible colors and coat
Pharaohs are characterized by a close-fitting, shiny, shimmering in the light wool, rather short in length. As for colors, then there are all the shades of red-brown, starting with the tan color and ending with a dark chestnut.
There are also certain preferences in coloring, for example, the tip of the tail, fingers and chest should be painted white. Allowed by the standard and the presence of marks of white hue in the forehead and nose.
Features of the nature of the pharaohs
The Pharaoh Hound, in comparison with other representatives of the canine, has an overly kind temper, loves to have fun herself and entertain everyone around. But its main feature is the ability to smile and blush. When the pet turns red, his nose, ears and eyes turn reddish.
Pharaohs require increased attention to their persona, they must bathe in love and affection. When all the noble family in the collection, the dog will find something to surprise and entertain each of its members. In their character, along with high intelligence, a sharp mind, such a trait as covenant gets on. They will always try to please and predict the desires of the people they adore.
A pet with a special affection for children, so the Pharaoh, just what we needed, would suit a family with children. The only thing that very active games do not always end quietly for the situation, there may be pogroms, broken dishes, overturned chairs and so on.
Despite its cheerful and playful character, the Pharaoh's dog is an extremely tender and vulnerable animal, so you need to be very careful not to hurt the pet by any chance.
For Pharaoh is characterized by sincere empathy and understanding of the feelings of the owner. For example, he will take the joyful event with all its inherent fun, jumping, wagging its tail and smiling. And the tragedy that has occurred will lead to a severe stressful state of the pet, manifested in passivity, refusal to eat, hung ears and an extinct gaze.
The Pharaoh Hound, due to its sensitivity, does not tolerate any changes in life - a change of residence, a change in daily routine, a trip, and so on. In addition, she categorically does not tolerate loneliness, preferring constant communication. Staying at home alone, the dog from boredom will begin to bark long and hard, disturbing everyone in the neighborhood. This must be taken into account when choosing a similar breed.
Excessive friendliness does not allow them to become real watchmen, despite some suspicion of strangers. Of course, the dog will bark, loudly and loudly, warning about the arrival of a stranger, but he will not show aggression against him.
With other pets living in the house, Pharaoh will get along, especially if it is a dog, however, of the opposite sex. They do not always have a good relationship with the males, since each of them will strive to take a leading position. If small animals live in the apartment, for example, hamsters, rats, rabbits, guinea pigs and even miniature breeds of doggies, then the greyhound will take them as prey.
Education and training basics
From a very early age, the pet must be socialized. Pharaoh puppies are inherently timid, so from the moment they appear in the house, the owner must take him for a walk more often, introducing a large number of people, other animals, new furnishings, the street, places of walking.
Since Pharaoh's dog has an outstanding intellect, it is not difficult to train and train her. The dog quickly learns basic skills. But before fulfilling this or that command, the pet will consider how to act correctly.
However, due to a certain stubbornness, he may refuse to perform the task, making an independent decision. Therefore, in the process of training it is important to make it clear to the pet who is the leader and who is the subordinate. Only by winning the position of "leader", the owner will be able to succeed in raising and training Pharaoh.
When disobedience, it is strictly impossible to use violence - beat, scream. It will be enough to repay the pet in a harsh voice, and he will understand his mistake and execute the correct command correctly.
Conducting training, it is necessary to diversify the classes, using each time new techniques and non-repetitive methods, this will help Pharaoh not to get bored and maintain interest in learning. Each lesson needs to be completed with obligatory praise.
With regular training will grow calm, balanced dog, normally perceives strangers and other animals.
How to care for a pharaoh dog
Pharaohs are very clean animals, so taking care of them is simple and does not require any effort. Short and close-fitting wool needs periodic cleaning. To do this, use a rubber brush or a special glove to help clean the coat from dead hair and dirt.
You can bathe your pet once every 2-3 months using baby shampoos or hygiene products for puppies. The peculiarity of the breed is their specific sensitivity to various "chemicals", so you need to carefully select shampoos and other care products.
Pharaoh dogs shed twice a year, but the molting period for the owner is almost imperceptible and painless. At this time it is necessary to comb out a pet with a rubber glove a little more often.
Standard care procedures require eye and ear treatment. They should be inspected weekly or as needed, removing the accumulated dirt with a cotton swab. This will help prevent the occurrence of various infections affecting the visual and hearing aids.
It is imperative to trim the claws, provided that they do not grind off naturally. Also, a pet from puppyhood should be taught to brush teeth. The sooner a pet gets used to this procedure, the easier it will be to carry it into adulthood.
In addition to standard procedures, it is recommended to carry out timely vaccination, deworming. If you follow all the rules of Pharaoh care, he will live a long and healthy life.
Pharaohs differ mainly in excellent health, but they are not insured against breed diseases:
- dislocation of the knee;
- abdominal distention, with irrational feeding;
- allergies, especially to anesthetics;
- ear infections;
- von Willebrand disease.
But this does not mean that every pharaoh has such illnesses. In most cases, it all depends on the conditions and content of the pet. With good care, the life span of pedigree representatives is 15-17 years. Being even in the "old age", the dog has an excellent physical form, is active and very mobile.
Each dog owner chooses one of the types of feeding - natural or ready-made rations. Stopping the choice at first, it is important to balance the diet so that the pet received in sufficient quantities all the substances necessary for its normal development and growth.
The first place in the diet is meat, which should be about 60% of the food consumed. Best of all, if it is beef. Poultry meat should be entered into the menu with caution, as the pharaohs are allergic and have problems with the digestive tract. Starting to give chicken, turkey, you need to carefully monitor how the dog carries this product, does not occur whether stool disorders, does not appear itching and skin rashes. If everything is in order, you can continue to give Pharaoh poultry meat.
In addition to meat, offal, large bones should be present in the diet. Meat can be added to porridges boiled in broth or water and seasoned with vegetable oil. Mandatory are vegetables, dairy products that improve the processes of digestion.
How to adjust the diet and choose the best set of products for an allergic dog, tell a veterinarian. In addition to the products, vitamin-mineral complexes are introduced as a food, allowing to compensate for the lack of vitamins and minerals in the canine body and bring them to the daily requirement.
It is strictly forbidden to feed the dog from your table, especially products that are prohibited for animals suffering from allergic manifestations. Under the ban fall:
- sweets, pastries, muffins;
- smoked meat;
- pickles and pickles;
- chicken tubular bones, etc.
If the owner prefers “drying”, then it is necessary to select the highest-quality rations from the premium and super-premium categories that have special lines for dogs with gastrointestinal traits (food allergies). Any new feed should also be introduced gradually, observing the state of the pharaoh.
The pellets in the feed should be large or medium in size, this will keep the teeth in good condition, avoiding the formation of stones. When dry feeding should provide the pet with regular access to water, especially since the greyhounds are constantly on the move and very active.
Puppies are fed 3-4 times a day, and later transferred, like all dogs, to two meals a day. The amount of a single serving is determined by the size of the dog, its weight, age and activity. If the dog is characterized by excessive mobility, spends more energy, then the portion should be larger. Seasonal size is also influenced by seasonality, for example, in summer the dog will eat less and drink more because of the heat, and vice versa in winter, respectively.
The most important thing is not to overfeed, otherwise it will lead to obesity. If there are leftover food in the bowl, it means that it is enough for the pet that he has eaten, and the portion can be reduced.
Care and maintenance
Pharaohs can live both in apartments and in their own homes. If this is an apartment, it is important for the pet to provide its own place, 2 bowls, for food and drink, toys. If the dog remains alone for a long time and is not busy, he will begin to bark loudly, which will cause certain inconveniences for his neighbors, so you should take care of everything you need before leaving, so that the dog will never get bored.
Walk the Pharaoh should be 2 times a day, taking long walks, allowing him to squander the accumulated energy. He will gladly make a company to the owner for family runs or cycling. Since this is a hunting breed, the dog should be walked on a leash. Walking without a leash and seeing the "prey", he will jerk with all his might, sweeping away everything in his path. The dog is ready to pursue the goal long and hard.
For many pharaohs, the phenomenon of coprophagy, the eating of excrement, is characteristic; therefore, the dog should be closely monitored during walking, so that it does not eat stool. This will help avoid many health problems in the future.
The ideal option for living for the Pharaoh is still a country house with a huge local area. If the owner decides to settle the pet in the captive conditions, it is necessary to take care of the high barrier, since, having found the “victim”, the dog will easily fly over the low fence. Putting greyhound on a chain is not recommended.
In the cold period of the year, you should not leave the dog outside, as the pharaohs hardly endure frosts and dampness, due to the lack of subcutaneous fat and thin fur. They should be provided with warm clothing, putting on a jumpsuit or jacket.
Photo of the pharaoh dog
Video about pharaoh dog
Where to buy a pharaoh puppy
This breed is a big rarity in Russia, therefore it is very difficult to buy it, for this it is necessary to agree in advance on the acquisition of a puppy. The rarity of the breed causes a high price for it.
Buy Pharaoh's dog from random people and dubious breeders, without documents and pedigree, it is possible for $ 800-1000. But guarantees in this case about the pure breed and health of the puppy will not be able to get.
A purebred puppy, having small flaws and not suitable for breeding, will cost the future owner $ 1500-1600. Puppy titled parents with a pedigree and all documents, suitable for breeding and show career, will cost at least $ 3000- $ 3200.
Pharaoh Hound - ideal for experienced people leading an active lifestyle. Such a pet will become the best friend and an excellent companion in all joint affairs.