Pharaoh's dog is a graceful hunter, possessing good-natured character, sharp mind, playfulness, activity, love for children and others. In addition to these remarkable qualities, there is an amazing feature for "Pharaohs" - the ability to blush. None of the existing breeds is capable of this. What do you need to know about a breed that has decided to acquire such a pet?
- История происхождения 1. History of origin
- Описание породы фараонова собака 2. Description of the breed of the pharaoh's dog
- Особенности характера фараонов 3. Characteristics of the character of the pharaohs
- Воспитание и основы дрессуры 4. Education and the basics of training
- Как ухаживать за фараоновой собакой 5. How to care for a pharaoh dog
- Породные заболевания 6. Breed diseases
- Правила кормления 7. Feeding rules
- Уход и содержание 8. Care and maintenance
- Фото фараоновой собаки 9. Photo of the pharaoh dog
- Видео о фараоновой собаке 10. Video about the pharaoh dog
- Где купить щенка-фараона 11. Where to buy a pharaoh puppy
History of origin
The roots of the rock go back to the depths of Ancient Egypt. The first evidence, indicating the existence of this breed, is dated 4000 BC. Scientists have discovered an ancient artifact depicting two Pharaoh dogs who participated in hunting gazelles.
Also, the ancient Egyptian scrolls make it possible to assume that these dogs were favorites of the Pharaohs themselves and people belonging to the Egyptian nobility. Ancient letters paint a stately pharaonic dog, with a luminous face, a long tail and a reddish skin tone.
Later, the "pharaohs" got to Malta, where they became entrenched as rabbit hunters, due to which they were called a "rabbit dog". The breed acquired the widest popularity among the Maltese and officially became a state dog.
In the West, pharaohs became known after importing them to Britain, after the 1930s. last century. The States discovered the breed for themselves later in the 60's, but in a short period of time (1984) the American dog club recognized it officially.
To date, the breed, although known throughout the world, but is considered rare.
Description of breed Pharaoh's dog
Purebred representatives are real athletes, strong, muscular, but at the same time they are characterized by flexibility and power. They are of medium size, the males are slightly larger than females, but insignificantly. Their growth is on the average 55-63 cm, and the weight varies within the limits of - 18-27 kg.
The official standard specifies the following features of appearance, characteristic of this breed:
- The head is elongated, has a wedge shape, is located on the long neck.
- Ears are quite large, stand high.
- The lobe is rather large, pigmented in a red or fleshy color.
- Eyes small, have a beautiful amber tint.
- The back is straight, straight.
- The limbs are long.
- The tail is thickened at the very base, but strongly narrows to the tip. In a state of excitation, it rises high above the body, taking a crescent shape.
Possible colors and coat
Pharaohs are characterized by closely fitting shiny, iridescent hair, short enough in length. As for the colors, then there are all the shades of reddish-brown, starting with the color of the sunburn and ending with a dark chestnut.
Also in the color there are certain preferences, for example, the tail tip, fingers and chest should be painted white. The standard and presence of marks of a white shade in the forehead and nose area is also acceptable.
Features of the character of the pharaohs
Pharaoh's dog, compared with other dogs, is extremely good tempered, loves to have fun and entertain everyone around. But its main feature is the ability to smile and blush. When the pet blushes, his nose, ears and eyes are painted reddish.
Pharaohs require increased attention to their person, they should bathe in love and affection. When all the noble family are assembled, the dog will find something to surprise and entertain each of its members. In their character, along with a high intelligence, a sharp mind, this trait, like obsequiousness, gets along. They will always try to please and anticipate the desires of the people they adore.
The pet treats children with special tenderness, therefore the pharaoh, as it is impossible by the way, will approach the family with children. The only thing that very active games do not always end quietly for the situation, there may be pogroms, broken dishes, inverted chairs and so on.
Despite its cheerful and playful nature, Pharaoh's dog is an extremely tender and vulnerable animal, so you need to be very careful not to offend your pet inadvertently.
For the pharaoh is characterized by sincere empathy and understanding of the owner's feelings. For example, he will apprehend a joyful event with all his usual fun, jumping, wagging his tail and smiling. And the tragedy that has occurred will lead to a severe stressful condition of the pet, manifested in passivity, refusal to eat, drooping ears and extinct eyes.
Pharaoh's dog, because of its sensitivity, does not tolerate any changes in life - change of place of residence, change of daily routine, trip and so on. In addition, she categorically does not tolerate loneliness, preferring constant communication. Staying home alone, the dog from boredom will start barking and barking for a long time, disturbing everyone around. This must be taken into account, stopping your choice on such a breed.
Excessive friendliness does not allow them to become real watchmen, despite some suspicion of strangers. Of course, the dog will bark, briskly and loudly, warning of the arrival of a stranger, but he will not show aggression towards him.
With other pets living in the house, Pharaoh will get along, especially if it's a dog, it's true, of the opposite sex. With males, they do not always have a good relationship, as each of them will strive to take a leading position. If small animals live in the apartment, for example, hamsters, rats, rabbits, guinea pigs and even miniature dog breeds, their greyhound will be perceived as prey.
Upbringing and the basics of training
From the earliest age the pet needs to be socialized. Pharaoh puppies are timid, therefore from the moment of appearance in the house the owner should often take him out for walks, getting acquainted with a lot of people, other animals, new surroundings, street, places of walking.
Since the pharaoh's dog has an extraordinary intellect, it is not difficult to train and train it. The dog quickly learns basic skills. But before performing this or that command, the pet will consider how to proceed correctly.
However, due to a certain obstinacy, he can refuse to carry out the assigned task, making an independent decision. Therefore, in the process of training it is important to let the pet know who is the leader and who is the subordinate. Only by winning the position of "leader", the owner will be able to succeed in the upbringing and training of the pharaoh.
With disobedience, you can not use force violently - to beat, to shout. It is quite sufficient to chastise the pet with a harsh voice, and he will understand his mistake and will execute the right command correctly.
Carrying out the training, it is necessary to diversify the classes, using each time new techniques and not repetitive methods, this will help not to get bored of Pharaoh and support interest in learning. Each lesson must be completed with obligatory praise.
With regular training, a calm, balanced dog will grow up, normally perceiving strangers and other animals.
How to care for a pharaoh dog
Pharaohs are very clean animals, so caring for them is simple and does not require any effort. Short and tight coat of the body requires periodic cleaning. To do this, a rubber brush or a special glove is used to help clean the wool coat from dead hairs and dirt.
You can swim a pet once every 2-3 months, using baby shampoos or hygienic products for puppies. Feature of the breed is their specific sensitivity to various "chemicals", so with care you need to choose shampoos and other care products.
Pharaoh's dogs die twice a year, but the moulting period passes almost unnoticeably and painlessly for the owner. At this time, it should be slightly more often to comb the pet with a rubber glove.
The standard treatment procedures provide for the obligatory treatment of the eyes and ears. They should be inspected weekly or as needed, removing the accumulated dirt with a cotton swab. This will help to avoid the occurrence of various infections affecting the visual and hearing aids.
It is mandatory to prunate claws, provided that they do not stitch in a natural way. Also, a pet from puppyhood should be taught to brush teeth. The earlier a pet gets used to this procedure, the easier it will be to carry it to adulthood.
In addition to standard procedures, it is recommended to carry out a timely vaccination, deworming. If you follow all the rules of caring for Pharaoh, he will live a long and healthy life.
Pharaohs differ mainly in excellent health, but they are not immune from breed diseases:
- dislocation of the knee;
- bloating, with irrational feeding;
- allergies, especially on anesthetics;
- ear infections;
- Willebrand disease.
But this does not mean that every Pharaoh is sick with such diseases. In most cases, everything depends on the conditions and content of the pet. With good care, the life span of thoroughbred representatives is 15-17 years. Being even in the "old" age, the dog has an excellent physical form, is active and very mobile.
Each dog owner chooses one of the types of feeding - natural or ready-made diets. Stopping the choice on the first, it is important to balance the diet in such a way that the pet gets in sufficient quantities all the substances necessary for its normal development and growth.
The first place in the diet is meat, which should be about 60% of consumed food. Best if it's beef. Poultry should be introduced into the menu with caution, since pharaohs are allergic and have problems with the digestive tract. Starting to give chicken, turkey, you need to carefully monitor how the dog tolerates this product, whether there is a disorder of the stool, itching and skin rashes. If everything is in order, you can continue to give the pharaoh poultry meat.
In addition to meat, the diet should contain offal, large bones. Meat can be added to cereals, boiled on broth or water and seasoned with vegetable oil. Obligatory are vegetables, dairy products, improving digestion.
How to adjust the diet and choose the optimal set of products for psa-allergic, the vet will tell. In addition to products, vitamin-mineral complexes are introduced as a supplement for supplementation, allowing to fill the lack of vitamins and minerals in the canine organism and bring them to a daily rate.
It is strictly forbidden to feed the dog from its table, especially products prohibited for animals suffering from allergic reactions. Under the ban fall:
- sweets, confectionery, buns;
- smoked products;
- marinades and pickles;
- chicken tubular bones, etc.
If the owner prefers to "dry", then it is necessary to select the highest quality rations from the premium and super-premium classes that have special ranges for dogs with gastrointestinal tract (food allergy). Any new feed should also be introduced gradually, observing the state of the pharaoh.
Granules in the stern should be large or medium-sized, this will keep the teeth in good condition, avoiding the formation of stones. In the dry form of feeding, the pet should be provided with regular access to water, especially since the greyhounds are constantly on the move and are very active.
Puppies fed 3-4 times a day, and later transferred, like all dogs, for two-time feeding. The amount of a single serving is determined by the size of the dog, its weight, age and activity. If the dog has excessive mobility, spends more energy, then the portion should be larger. The size of the portion is also affected by seasonality, for example, in the summer, the dog will eat less and more to drink because of the heat, and in winter, respectively, on the contrary.
The most important thing is not to overfeed, otherwise it will lead to obesity. If the leftovers remain in the bowl, it means that the pet is enough for what he ate, and you can reduce the portion.
Care and maintenance
Pharaohs can live in apartments and their own homes. If it is an apartment, it is important for the pet to provide its own place, 2 bowls, for eating and drinking, toys. If the dog remains for a long time alone and will not be busy, he will start barking loudly, which will cause some inconvenience to the neighbors, so it's worth taking care of everything necessary before leaving so that the dog can never be bored.
Walking Pharaoh should be 2 times a day, making long walks, allowing him to squander the accumulated energy. He will be happy to make a company to the owner with family jogging or cycling. Since this is a hunting breed, the dog should be walked on a leash. Walking without a leash and seeing the "booty", he jerks with all his strength, sweeping away everything in his path. The dog is ready to pursue the goal long and hard.
For many pharaohs, there is a phenomenon such as coprophagy - eating excrement, so you should carefully monitor the dog during the daytime so that she does not eat stool. This will help to avoid many health problems in the future.
The ideal option for a pharaoh is still a country house with a huge house area. If the owner decides to settle the pet in an aviary environment, it is necessary to take care of the high barrier, since having discovered the "victim", the dog can easily jump over the low fence. It is not recommended to plant a greyhound on a chain.
In the cold season, you should not leave the dog on the street, as the pharaohs hardly tolerate frost and dampness, due to the lack of subcutaneous fat and fine fur. They should be provided with warm clothes, putting on the overalls or jacket.
Photo of the pharaoh dog
Video about Pharaoh's dog
Where to buy a pharaoh puppy
This breed is a rarity in the territory of Russia, so it is very difficult to buy it, for this it will be necessary to agree in advance on the purchase of the puppy. The rarity of the breed causes a high price for it.
Buy a pharaonic dog from random people and dubious breeders, without documents and pedigree, you can for 800-1000 $. But the guarantees in this case of purebredness and the health of the puppy can not be obtained.
A pedigree puppy, having small flaws and not suitable for breeding, will cost the future owner $ 1500-1600. A puppy of titled parents with a pedigree and all the documents, suitable for breeding and exhibition career, will cost at least $ 3000-3200.
Pharaonic dog is an ideal option for experienced people leading an active lifestyle. Such a pet will become a best friend and an excellent companion in all joint activities.