Fahlen - a decorative room dog with a long history, which included days of triumph and oblivion. Fahlen - one of the varieties of continental dwarf (toy) terriers. The name of the breed is translated from French, like a moth. Association with a beautiful light winged creation was caused by dangling dog ears, covered with long adorning hair.
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы фален 2. Description of the rock
- Характер и нрав 3. Character and nature
- Правила воспитания и дрессировки 4. Rules of education and training
- Уход и здоровье 5. Care and health
- Болезни породы 6. Diseases of the breed
- Основы кормления 7. Bases of feeding
- Фото фалена 8. Photos of the Fallen
- Видео о фалене 9. Video about the phalanx
- Содержание собаки 10. The contents of the dog
Origin of the breed
On the antiquity of the breed is judged by documentary evidence. According to them, phalenes number more than 800 years. But since in those days there was no registration of the breed in the breed books, it is necessary to judge the age of the continental toy spaniels from books and pictures.
It was the ceremonial portraits of the nobility of France, Italy and Spain that helped establish the approximate age of the breed. The beginning of the documented history of the "royal dog" refers to the XI-XIII centuries.
Love for the "moths" experienced crowned people. The brilliant rise in popularity of the breed continued until the beginning of the French Revolution. The people zealously destroyed not only kings and queens, but everything that surrounded them. The crumbs of the Fallen and Papillons survived thanks to emigrants, who fled in time with their riches and pets in America.
The popularity of the phalan in the New World began to grow rapidly. Spontaneous improvement of the breed led to its division into two types:
- papillons - with erect ears;
- phalenes - with hanging ears.
Wars greatly affected not only the number of "boudoir" dogs, but also the purity of the breed. The growing popularity of phalenes and papillions reaches its peak in the 90s of the last century.
Description of the breed
The appearance of modern falenov differs from that depicted in the paintings of Italian and French masters of painting. Height at withers is up to 28 cm. There are two categories of phalenes by weight :
- dogs, regardless of gender up to 2.5 kg;
- males 2,5-4,5 kg, bitches - 2,5-5 kg.
The minimum permissible weight of a phalena is 1.5 kg. According to the standard, the perfect eppaniol dwarf continental (falen) should look like this:
- The skull is rounded with a pronounced stop and a shallow furrow between the eye sockets.
- Muzzle pointed, shorter than the skull. The nose is narrow, ending with a round black lobe and a straight back. Inadvertently pulled nose.
- Eyes large, widely spaced, rather low situated. The eyes are almond shaped, dark iris and completely covered with eyelids with pigmented black edges, which gives the look of a phalena expressiveness.
- Jaws strong enough, teeth white, triangular, scissor bite. Dry lips completely cover the teeth. It is inadmissible that the incisors or the tongue should be visible.
- Ears are large, triangular with rounded tips. Planted high, displaced to the occipital part of the skull, which allows you to note its roundness and high forehead. Fahlen's ears hang freely on the cartilages, the outer edge is framed by a long, adorning coat, somewhat wavy. Dog ears are very mobile.
- Neck of medium length, conical, strong, without suspension and wrinkles, somewhat curved.
- The case is strong, square, somewhat stretched. The back is straight, sturdy. Loin broad, slightly sloping toward the tail.
- Chest is wide, deep, muscular. Ribs are convex.
- The abdomen is tightened.
- The limbs of medium length are even, parallel, strong, muscular. The paw is elongated with tightly closed fingers between which there is hair. The color of the claws depends on the color.
- The tail is long, high set, falls on the back and is covered with long wavy hair up to 15 cm.
Coat and possible colors
The wool of the phalan is long, wavy. According to the standard, curls and curls are not permissible. There is no undercoat, which allows the psovin to flow freely and does not add excess volume. In structure, it differs from a Pekingese shirt and a German Spitz - somewhat reminiscent of the woolen coat structure of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, not too soft with a silky sheen.
The length of the psovin is different on different parts of the body. The shorter coat covers the muzzle, head, outer surface of the forelimbs and the lower part of the hind legs. The body is covered with a longer coat that forms a collar on the neck, descending to the chest.
The hind part of the fore and hind limbs has embellishments. It is allowed to have long hair between the toes' fingers, if this makes it longer and does not heavier the appearance of the limb.
The predominant color of the coat is white. The spots may have different colors, but on the body and legs the white color is predominant. The head has two colored spots around the ears and eyes, separated by a narrow or wide strip of white. Previously, preference was given to monochromatic individuals. Then the dogs with spots of different colors, except blue, entered the fashion.
Character and nature
While improving the appearance of the dogs, attention was not paid to its character, so it is not possible to clearly describe the nature of the breed. Every fall is an individuality. However, some character traits are more common.
Unlike other "ladies" dogs, the moth is quite active. He likes to luxuriate on the knees of the hosts, but he is also ready to walk, play and explore the territory. Compared with the papillon, phalena has a more stable psyche, and he is more calm.
Dogs are attached with all their heart and forever to their master, but they also warmly treat all family members. To outsiders, the phalene is wary or detached. Excellent get along with children, but they prefer a society of more adults, since babies can cause pain or even injury to a delicate creature.
With other domestic animals, the phalan tries to take the lead. Can react aggressively to other dogs, which is expressed by loud barking and threatening poses. They often engage in fights with much larger dogs, which can lead to serious injuries or the death of a moth.
Hunting instincts are phalanic, pursuing small animals. With cats, they get along peacefully if they grew up in their company, but sometimes they get bored, wanting to play.
Among the most active dogs, the phalene is second only to the dwarf pinscher. He needs active games, training to "let off steam." With insufficient attention and low physical activity, the kid tries to find an interesting occupation at home. High mental abilities allow him to "go dry from the water", which he actively uses, finding out the "slabinka" of the owner.
The negative traits of the phalenic character are the propensity for unmotivated barking. The loud loud voice of the baby disturbs others. Parenting can somewhat moderate "talkativeness", but it will not be completely eliminated.
The danger is represented by the so-called "small dog syndrome". These doggies tend to overestimate their strength and capabilities, to behave aggressively, to attack large dogs and people. Recklessness can lead to serious consequences, so phalenes require education from an early age.
Rules of education and training
A large amount of memory and a sharp mind make the phalena's training available to the inexperienced owner. But it is necessary to take into account the natural count and mind of the animal. The coach also needs patience to persuade the dog to volunteer cooperation.
On intellectual possibilities the dog takes the second place among dogs of decorative breeds and the eighth - among all. Therefore, during training, he needs new tasks, support of interest, otherwise a small intellectual can get bored.
The incentive system helps to master the phalanx not only the necessary prohibiting commands, but also various tricks. In relation to these crumbs there must be a complete taboo on any kind of violence - be it a shout or physical punishment. A devoted dog, extremely attached to his master, will do his best to please him.
Education of small falenov should be done from the first days of their lives. It is necessary to begin learning to nickname, then to observe the place of departure of needs.
The kid should know where his bed is. Decorative dogs are happily located in the host's bed. Psychologists say that this behavior is not dictated by the need to warm up or be closer to the "idol". So the moth declares its leadership, and if this is allowed to him, then it will be more difficult to become the master of the situation.
Only knowledge of canine psychology, patience and love for the animal will help to grow out of a tiny neposeda obedient and educated dog.
Care and health
The flowing wool of phalenes requires careful daily care. It must be carefully combed, not giving the dog unpleasant or painful sensations. The wool of moths does not smell, and you should not bathe your pet more than once in 1-1,5 weeks, so as not to overdry the skin and not to spoil the coat.
For bathing use a special shampoo for long-haired dogs. To ensure that the wool is not "tangled" and looked healthy, shiny and well-groomed, use nourishing balm and moisturizing conditioner. They are applied to clean dried wool and after a time carefully rinsed.
Comb the long wool phalen special massage brush or comb with metal rounded teeth, so as not to injure the skin of the pet. The application of the air conditioner will facilitate the procedure.
Particular attention should be paid to the areas behind the ears, on the tummy, under the armpits, around the tail. Here, because of friction, most often, coils are formed. During the moulting period, the pet should be combed twice a day using a medium-length puffeter for the procedure.
Special care is required and hanging ears flap. In the sink is collected sulfur, fat, water can get. Ears are carefully cleaned with an ear stick, moistened with water or a special lotion.
Care requires teeth and dog eyes. To maintain hygiene, use a haircut in the genital and anus areas, remove the hair between the fingers and trim the claws. If the dog's hair looks sloppy, then grooming, leveling the bottom, hair on the breast and ears.
Some owners want to give their pet a new look. Help to achieve excellence can an experienced specialist in the cabin, which will make the haircut original, neat and emphasize the natural dignity of the dog's exterior.
Too zealous should not be, especially in the cold season, because because of the lack of warm undercoat, the phalenxes freeze even in the presence of long wool.
Diseases of the breed
Toy-spaniels are long-lived among ornamental dogs. The average life expectancy is 12-14 years, and with good care the dog can live up to 16-17 years. They are less prone to gastrointestinal diseases, less likely to suffer from allergies, have high immunity. But phalenes can also suffer from genetically determined diseases:
- progressive retinal atrophy;
Often owners of moths complain of increased tear. Ignore the symptom is impossible, because it can be caused by an allergic reaction to food or hay fever, eyelid twitching or irritation from a foreign body.
Also, dwarf species are susceptible to diseases of the musculoskeletal system. The most frequent pathology is a dislocation of the kneecap. In addition, the airy, thin skeleton of the dog can experience traumatic effects, leading to fractures and cracks.
Phalenia suffer from ear pathologies, deafness, back sneezing, diabetes. Attention to the health of the pet, timely vaccination, regular examination and adherence to recommendations for nutrition, maintenance, care for 80-90% will reduce the risk of severe pathology.
Basics of Feeding
A balanced diet plays a significant role in maintaining the health and ensuring longevity of the pet. With natural feeding in the diet, the phalenx should include:
- meat and fish (1/3 of the diet);
- sour-milk products, eggs (1/3);
- fruits and vegetables (1/3).
To replenish energy, falene needs carbohydrates in the form of oatmeal and rice porridge. When developing a feeding ration, the breeder should be consulted. He will tell you the best brand of ready-made food or balance of natural products.
Photo of the Fallen
Video about the fan
The phalena should have an individual comfortable stove, sheltered from drafts and providing a quiet comfortable rest. Fahlen is more calm in character than a papillion, but that does not mean that he likes to play less. He needs toys, "pishchalki", balls and special toys from the veins to strengthen the jaws and satisfy the desire to "chew".
Despite the fact that the fan is a decorative dog, he needs a dosed physical load - not only walks, but also training, games. If the dog walks in the fenced area freely, then you should take care of a secure fence.
These kids deftly slip through the slightest damage in the fence. It's better to walk around using a loophole, since a dog that is prone to conflict and is carried away by the pursuit can die as a result of a collision or attack by a large dog.
Daily walks can be canceled due to bad weather and low temperatures. In other cases, a walk is a pledge of high immunity and a good mood of dogs. Where to buy a puppy
To buy a puppy of a falen is preferable in the nursery. Here professionals take care of the physical and mental health of the puppies, selecting the best. The price of a puppy from a nursery can reach 60,000 rubles. Exhibition copies and descendants of the winners of exhibitions can cost from 80,000 to 100,000 rubles.
Private breeders and "with hands" can buy a dog for 25,000 rubles, but cheapness does not guarantee a good dog's condition and compliance with breed characteristics.
Buy a puppy-moth in Moscow can be in the nurseries:
- "From the Silver Bora" - http://www.serebbor.ru/contacts.html;
- "Night Moth" - http://sobakino.com/pitomniki/item/3421/;
- "From Hope" - http://www.antares-club.ru/contact.html;
- "Semitsvetik" - http://www.falen.ru/.
In Kiev, puppies can be purchased at the FCI / UKU kennel LUNA FARFALLA - http://dog.pet2me.com/en/club/id/5240/.
Fahlen is a wonderful companion who will bring happiness to the family with children, brighten up the loneliness of the elderly, will become a ray of sunshine to anyone who wishes to have this beautiful, delicate and graceful animal with a kind and devoted heart.