Falen is a decorative lap dog with a long history that included the days of triumph and oblivion. Falen is one of the species of continental dwarf (terrier). The name of the breed is translated from French as moth. The hanging ears of the dog, covered with long adorning wool, caused the association with the wonderful light-winged creature.
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы фален 2. Description of Falen
- Характер и нрав 3. Character and temper
- Правила воспитания и дрессировки 4. Rules of education and training
- Уход и здоровье 5. Care and health
- Болезни породы 6. Diseases of the breed
- Основы кормления 7. Basics of feeding
- Фото фалена 8. Photo Falena
- Видео о фалене 9. Video about fallen
- Содержание собаки 10. Content dogs
The antiquity of the breed is judged by documentary evidence. According to them, the phalines are more than 800 years old. But since in those days there was no registration of the breed in the breed books, it is necessary to judge the age of the continental toy spaniels from books and paintings.
It was the ceremonial portraits of the nobility of France, Italy and Spain that helped establish the approximate age of the breed. The beginning of the “royal doggie” documented history dates back to the XI-XIII centuries.
Crowned persons had a love for "moths". The brilliant rise of the popularity of the breed continued until the beginning of the French Revolution. The people zealously destroyed not only kings and queens, but everything that surrounded them. Crumbs falen and papilen survived thanks to emigrants, hiding in time with their wealth and pets in America.
The popularity of fallen in the New World began to grow rapidly. Spontaneous improvement of the breed led to its division into two types:
- papillon - with erect ears;
- Phalena - with hanging ears.
The wars greatly influenced not only the livestock of the "bewedar" dogs, but also the purity of the breed. The growth of popularity of the fallen and papilions reaches its peak in the 90s of the last century.
Description of Falen
The appearance of modern falen is different from that depicted in the paintings of Italian and French masters of painting. Height at withers is up to 28 cm. There are two categories of falen by weight :
- dogs, regardless of gender up to 2.5 kg;
- Males 2.5-4.5 kg, females - 2.5-5 kg.
The minimum allowable weight is 1.5 kg. According to the standard, the ideal epanol, dwarf continental (falen) should look like this:
- The skull is rounded with a pronounced foot and a shallow furrow between the sockets.
- Muzzle pointed, shorter than the skull. The nose is narrow, ending in a round black lobe and a straight back. Invalid nose up.
- The eyes are large, widely spaced, rather low. The eyes are almond-shaped, dark iris and completely covered by the eyelids with pigmented black edges, which gives the look of the phalene expressiveness.
- The jaws are strong enough, the teeth are white, triangular, scissors bite. Dry lips completely cover the teeth. It is unacceptable to have incisors or tongue visible.
- The ears are large, triangular with rounded tips. They are set high, displaced to the occipital part of the skull, which makes it possible to note its roundness and high forehead. The ears of the Phalena hang loosely on the cartilages, the outer edge is framed by a long, adorning hair, somewhat wavy. The ears of the dog are very mobile.
- The neck is of medium length, conical, strong, without dewlap and wrinkles, somewhat curved.
- The case is strong, square, somewhat stretched. The back is straight, strong. The loin is wide, slightly sloping towards the tail.
- The chest is wide, deep, muscular. The ribs are bulging.
- Belly tucked up.
- The limbs of medium length are even, parallel, strong, muscular. Elongated paw with tightly closed fingers between which there is wool. The color of the claws depends on the color.
- The tail is long, set high, lies on its back and is covered with wavy hair up to 15 cm long.
Coat and possible colors
Felted hair is long and wavy. According to the standard curls and curls are not permissible. There is no undercoat, which allows the dog to flow freely and does not give extra volume. In structure, it differs from the Pekingese shirt and the German Spitz - somewhat resembles the structure of the woolly cavalier-king-charles-spaniel, not too soft with a silky sheen.
The length of the dog is different in different parts of the body. A shorter coat covers the muzzle, head, outer surface of the front limbs and the bottom of the rear. The body is covered with longer hair, forming a collar on the neck, which goes down to the chest.
The back of the fore and hind limbs have beautifying feathering. The presence of long hair between the toes of the paws is allowed, if it makes it longer and does not weigh down the appearance of the limb.
The predominant coat color is white. The spots may have a different color, but on the body and the paws white color is predominant. The head has two color spots around the ears and eyes, separated by a narrow or wide strip of white. Previously, preference was given to monochrome individuals. Then dogs came into fashion with spots of different colors, except blue.
Character and temper
When improving the appearance of dogs, attention was not paid to his character, therefore it is not possible to clearly describe the nature of the breed. Each falen is an individual. However, some character traits are more common.
Unlike other "ladies" dogs, the moth is quite active. He loves to soak up the lap of the owners, but he is also ready to take a walk, play and explore the territory. Compared with papillon, falen has a more stable psyche, and it is more calm.
Dogs are tied with all their hearts and forever to their owner, but also warmly apply to all family members. To outsiders falen applies wary or detached. They get along well with children, but prefer a more adult society, as babies can hurt or even injure a tender creature.
With other pets falen tries to take the lead. Can react aggressively to other dogs, which is expressed by loud barking and threatening poses. Often get involved in fights with much larger dogs, which can lead to serious injuries or the death of the moth.
Hunting instincts Falen manifests, pursuing small animals. He gets along peacefully with cats, if he grew up in their company, but sometimes he gets tired of wanting to play.
Among the most active dogs, Falen is second only to the dwarf Pinscher. He needs active games, training, to "let off steam." With insufficient attention and low physical activity, the baby is trying to find an interesting activity at home. High mental abilities allow him to "get off dry", which he actively uses, having found out the "weakness" of the owner.
Negative traits of falenov is the tendency to unmotivated barking. The sonorous loud voice of the baby bothers others. Upbringing can temper some “talkativeness,” but it cannot be completely eliminated.
The danger is the so-called "little dog syndrome". These doggies tend to overestimate their strength and capabilities, behave aggressively, attack large dogs and people. Recklessness can lead to serious consequences, therefore, the fallings require education from an early age.
Rules of education and training
A large amount of memory and a sharp mind make the training of falen accessible to an inexperienced owner. But you should take into account the natural wisdom and the mind of the animal. The trainer also needs patience to incline the dog to voluntary cooperation.
According to his intellectual abilities, the dog takes the second place among dogs of decorative breeds and the eighth among all dogs. Therefore, during training, he needs new tasks, support of interest, otherwise a little intellectual may get bored.
The reward system helps falen to master not only the necessary prohibiting commands, but also various tricks. With respect to these crumbs, there should be a complete taboo on any kind of violence - whether it be shouting or physical punishment. A faithful and extremely attached to his master dog will do his best to please him.
Raising small fallen should be taken from the first days of their life. You need to start to accustom to the nickname, then respect the place of departure needs.
Baby should know where his bed. Decorative dogs with pleasure settle down in a bed of the owner. Psychologists say that such behavior is not dictated by the need to warm up or be closer to the "idol." So the moth declares his leadership, and if it is allowed to him, then it will be more difficult to become the master of the situation.
Only knowledge of canine psychology, patience and love for an animal will help to grow from a tiny restless obedient and educated dog.
Care and health
Flowing feline hair requires careful daily care. It must be carefully combed, without causing the dog unpleasant or painful sensations. Wool moths do not smell, and the pet should be no more than 1 time in 1-1,5 weeks, so as not to overdry the skin and not spoil the wool.
For swimming use a special shampoo for long-haired dogs. So that the wool is not “confused” and looks healthy, shiny and well-groomed, they apply nourishing balm and moisturizing conditioner. They are applied to clean, dried wool and after a while thoroughly rinsed.
Comb the long hair of the phalena with a special massage brush or comb with metal rounded teeth, so as not to injure the pet's skin. Facilitates the application of air conditioning.
Particular attention should be paid to the areas behind the ears, on the tummy, armpits, around the tail. Here, due to friction, mats are most often formed. During the molting period, the pet will have to be combed twice a day, using a puhoderka with medium-length teeth for the procedure.
Special care and require hanging ears fallen. In the sink going to sulfur, grease, water can get. Ears are carefully cleaned with an ear stick moistened with water or a special lotion.
Care requires teeth and eyes of a dog. To maintain hygiene, they use a haircut in the genital area and anus, remove the hair between the fingers and trim the claws. If the dog's hair looks messy, then hold a grooming, trimming the bottom, hair on the breast and ears.
Some owners want to give their pet a new look. An experienced specialist in the salon can help to achieve perfection, who will make the haircut original, neat and will emphasize the natural advantages of the exterior of the dog.
Too zealous is not worth it, especially in the cold season, because due to the lack of a warm undercoat, falenchiki freeze even in the presence of long hair.
Toy Spaniels are long-lived among decorative dogs. The average life expectancy is 12-14 years, and with good care a dog can live to 16-17 years. They are less susceptible to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, less likely to suffer from allergies, have high immunity. But phalenes can also suffer from genetically determined diseases:
- progressive retinal atrophy;
Often, moth owners complain of increased tearing. You can not ignore the symptom, as it can be caused by an allergic reaction to food or hay fever, torsion of the eyelids or irritation from a foreign body.
Also, dwarf rocks are susceptible to diseases of the musculoskeletal system. The most common pathology is dislocation of the patella. In addition, an airy, thin skeleton of a dog may experience traumatic effects, leading to fractures and cracks.
Phalena suffer from ear pathologies, deafness, reverse sneezing, diabetes. Attention to the health of a pet, timely vaccination, regular veterinary inspection and compliance with recommendations on nutrition, maintenance, care by 80-90% will reduce the risk of developing severe pathologies.
A significant role in maintaining health and ensuring the longevity of the pet plays a balanced diet. With natural feeding in the diet falenchikov should include:
- meat and fish (1/3 diet);
- dairy products, eggs (1/3);
- fruits and vegetables (1/3).
To replenish the energy falen need carbohydrates in the form of oatmeal and rice porridge. When developing a feeding ration you should consult with the breeder. He will tell you the best brand of finished feed or a balance of natural products.
The falen should have an individual comfortable bed, sheltered from drafts and providing a quiet comfortable rest. Falen is more calm in character than Papillon, but this does not mean that he likes to play less. He needs toys, "tweeters", balls and special toys from the veins to strengthen the jaws and satisfy the desire to "bite."
Despite the fact that Falen is an ornate doggie, he needs dosed exercise - not only walks, but also training and games. If the dog walks freely in the fenced area, then care should be taken to secure the fence.
These babies deftly escape through the slightest damage in the fence. It is better to walk, using a loop, as a dog inclined to conflicts and carried away by the chase may die as a result of a collision or an attack of a large dog.
Daily walks can be canceled due to bad weather and low temperatures. In other cases, the walk is a pledge of high immunity and good mood of the dog. Where to buy a puppy
It is preferable to buy a falen puppy in the kennel. Here the professionals care about the physical and mental health of puppies, selecting the best. The price of a puppy from the nursery can reach 60000 rubles. Exhibition copies and descendants of exhibition winners can cost from 80,000 to 100,000 rubles.
You can buy a dog for 25,000 rubles from private breeders and “with hands”, but cheapness does not guarantee a good condition of the dog and compliance with the pedigree characteristics.
You can buy a moth puppy in Moscow in nurseries:
- "From Silver Bor" - http://www.serebbor.ru/contacts.html;
- “Night Moth” - http://sobakino.com/pitomniki/item/3421/;
- "From Hope" - http://www.antares-club.ru/contact.html;
- "Seven-color" –- http://www.falen.ru/.
In Kiev, puppies can be purchased in the kennel FCI / UKU LUNA FARFALLA - http://dog.pet2me.com/ru/club/id/5240/.
Falen is a wonderful companion who will bring happiness to a family with children, brighten up the loneliness of older people, will become a sunbeam to anyone who wishes to make this beautiful, fragile and graceful animal with a kind and faithful heart.