Enteritis in dogs is a relatively new ailment, but has already gained a "bad name". At the end of the 20th century, when the first cases of enteritis in dogs were recorded, most of the animals died, as they lacked immunity. And today more people die from this disease than from chum . What kind of ailment is this and can you protect your beloved pet from him?
Who is at risk of enteritis?
Enteritis is a contagious disease in which inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract develops and the middle layer of the cardiac muscle, the myocardium, is affected.
Most often, the disease is diagnosed in individuals between the ages of two months to a year. According to statistics, 12% of the diseased pets die from this disease, among puppies this indicator grows to 30%. If the born bitch is not vaccinated, then the chance of survival in enteritis is only in 20% of puppies. In case of infection, sex, belonging to a particular breed and other indicators do not matter.
In modern medicine, special enteritis vaccines have been developed. In time, the vaccinated animal becomes extremely ill, but still infection is possible. In addition, the vaccinated dog tolerates the disease much easier and, in most cases, other than maintenance therapy, no other treatment is required.
Infection occurs from infected animals, as well as their excrement, secreted saliva and urine, in which pathogens can be up to a week and a half. The virus is resistant to chemical attack, high temperatures (up to 60 ° C) and acidic media. At room temperature, he may not die before six months.
Types of enteritis in dogs
There are two types of diseases - parvovirus and coronovirus.
The first type of virus, hitting the body, affects the intestine or heart tissue, but often there is a defeat of both. The virus begins to multiply intensively in intestinal cells, which leads to their destruction. Getting into the blood supply system, it negatively affects the walls of the vessels, changing their structure. The blood composition also undergoes significant changes, much earlier than the manifestation of the primary signs of the disease.
Mucous membranes of the digestive tract organs turn red, and then eroded. All these effects are irreversible and cause the strongest intoxication of the animal's body and its depletion.
Parvovirus rapidly develops in a growing body, as the division of cells positively affects its growth. That is why the risk of death in parvovirus is high in puppies.
Coronavirus, in contrast to parvovirus enteritis, does not affect crypt cells, so its symptoms are lighter and much less likely to result in the death of the animal. But in this case everything depends on timely medical assistance.
Coronavirus is transmitted only through the feces, but the risk of infection is still high, as dogs can touch the feces, as well as to the place where they are located and bring the virus into the house.
Symptomatic manifestations of enteritis
There are several forms of this disease - intestinal, cardiac and mixed enteritis. In each case, the development of the disease proceeds swiftly.
There are a number of common for all forms of features:
- vomit in the form of a white foam;
- vomiting repeated, with an interval of 30-40 minutes;
- the dog's appetite disappears ;
- the pet almost all the time lies, not paying attention to others;
- a slight improvement in the condition occurs only during the walking.
Another important symptom of enteritis in dogs is diarrhea . The dog can not restrain the urge to defecate, the stool becomes watery, the urge is frequent. From feces comes a putrid smell. In this case, feces can have any color - from yellowish to red. Reddening of feces is not associated with the ingress of blood into them, they acquire a similar color from the homologated red blood cells, which penetrated into the feces from damaged vascular walls. And this is a sign that it will not be possible to save the animal.
Intestinal enteritis can occur in dogs of any age. Getting into the body, the virus behaves aggressively, destroys the intestinal mucous membranes, which leads to tissue necrosis and secondary infection.
The intestinal form of the disease is accompanied by weakness, sluggishness of the pet, while the body temperature does not increase or there is a slight increase in it.
In some cases, the dog does not betray the presence of the disease, eats well and shows activity, but if it is stroked on the sides, it will remove the tail between the hind legs and arch the back, which signals pain.
Also, with intestinal enteritis due to severe painful symptoms, the pet can show concern, lying in one position it becomes difficult.
If a puppy born from an unvaccinated bitch is infected, then, in most cases, the disease develops instantaneously, and the animal dies within one to three days.
When cardiac enteritis is observed lethargy and drowsiness of the animal. A dog may not experience severe pain, but often there is rumbling in the abdomen. With the development of the disease symptoms of heart failure manifest themselves:
- imperceptible breath, or, on the contrary - loud, heavy;
- mucous membranes become pale or cyanotic;
- the pulse can hardly be felt;
- the limbs of the pet become colder.
With this ailment, most cases result in a fatal outcome due to acute heart failure.
Treatment of enteritis in dogs
The question arises: "How to treat enteritis in a dog?". Enteritis is a dangerous and insidious disease, so any delay is a sure death for your pet. The earlier the owner applies for medical care and complex therapy begins, the higher the chances of the dog to be cured.
One of the important rules is that when a dog shows signs of enteritis, it can not be fed. Fasting in this case is a huge help in the struggle of the affected organism with the disease, since the assimilation of food requires certain forces and considerable energy costs. But you need to drink a dog and as much as possible. For this, boiled water, cooled to room temperature, is perfect.
As for medical therapy, it consists of a whole complex of measures:
- reception of antimicrobial sulfanilamides;
- use of funds that prevent heart failure;
- antibiotic therapy;
- Novocain blockade;
- the introduction of droplets that prevent dehydration.
Once the pet's condition has stabilized, you can start giving a small amount of food, these can be the following foods:
- rice porridge, cooked exclusively on water;
- boiled low-fat fish, cleared of bones;
- meat and fish broth;
- dairy products - cottage cheese, kefir, sour cream 10%, varenets, ryazhenka.
In meal it is possible to add the crushed boiled egg.
It is forbidden to feed a dog with fatty sour cream, raw meat, fish. Do not give whole milk as a drink. All these products can provoke recurrent viral processes in the body.
The complex treatment of enteritis in dogs also includes the use of cleansing enemas and gastric lavage. Owners of pets should know that with the first, even the most minor, signs of this disease it is necessary to do an animal enema. Even if the fears turn out to be in vain, in the case of enteritis it is better to be safe. As a solution for enema, a solution of potassium permanganate (manganese) is suitable. The amount of fluid is calculated based on the weight of the dog.
The algorithm of this procedure is as follows:
- For a large pet, a conventional syringe is taken, for a small one you can use a large syringe without a needle.
- The end of the tool is smeared with petroleum jelly or fatty baby cream.
- Enter initially 100 ml, then repeat the injection.
- The faeces will leave the animal. Enter the solution until the stool changes the water.
This procedure will help to cleanse the body of toxins and prevent their absorption into the blood.
Often enteritis occurs without diarrhea and it is often difficult to identify it in the early stages. It is necessary to closely monitor the condition of the pet. If the puppy becomes sluggish, shows excessive anxiety, does not touch food and the longer time lays (a young person such behavior is unusual), it is worth to consult a specialist. And if everything else and vomiting with white foam joined, then this is a sure sign of enteritis. And if the pet is dear to the owners, do not wait for the worst, but it is necessary to deliver it to the veterinary clinic for treatment.