Small, persistent, brave, this is what Jack Russell Terriers say about their compact pets. These stunted hounds can give odds to their larger brethren and even exhaust hyperactive dogs while playing. Cheerful and charming, jack races require a special approach. What awaits the future owners of these positives?
- Как произошла порода 1. How did the breed
- Описание породы джек-рассел-терьер 2. Description of the Jack Russell Terrier breed
- Каким характером обладают породистые питомцы 3. What character have pedigreed pets
- Особенности представителей породы 4. Features of the breed
- Правила ухода и содержания 5. Rules of care and maintenance
- Особенности кормления 6. Features of feeding
- Фото джек-рассел-терьеров 7. Photos of Jack Russell Terriers
- Видео о джек-рассел-терьере 8. Video about Jack Russell Terrier
- Цена джек-рассел-терьера 9. Price Jack Russell Terrier
How did the breed
Breed breed exclusively for one purpose - hunting. A priest, Jack Russell, who dealt with this issue, did not particularly care about the appearance of dogs, only working qualities were important. This man has devoted his whole life to the selection of an ideal breed, capable of tracking down and grasping the brisk animals living in the burrows. Dogs were supposed to be more cunning than wild beasts, ruthless towards them and very hardy.
He bought the first dog, from which the breeding had gone, on the market square from an ordinary peasant. Bitch outwardly looked like a fox and had excellent hunting data.
Russell led a harsh rejection of offspring, eliminating all non-compliant puppies. This tough method soon gave good results: we learned about the excellent dogs of the priest in neighboring districts. Then the hunters preferred dogs with white wool and brown markings, of acceptable height, hard coat, agile and active.
The main gene pool of the breed was old-type fox terriers , to which was added the blood of English terriers, Welsh Korg, Bulldogs, and even a few representatives of breeds intended for fighting.
But for a long time the breed was virtually unknown outside of England; real popularity for Jack Russell Terriers did not come until the 20th century, when several dogs were introduced into Australia. Local dog breeders like these funny, brave dogs.
Here work was carried out to improve the breed. Jack Russell was brought together with a local terrier, which improved the external qualities of dogs. However, it took a long time before the breed received official recognition. Standards were established only by the beginning of the 21st century.
For film fans - Jack Russell Terrier from the movie “Mask”. Called the dog - Milo.
Find out: which dog is best suited for an apartment .
Description of the Jack Russell Terrier breed
According to the approved standards, the Jack Russell Terrier characterization is as follows:
- Jack Russe male breeds vary in the range of 27-30 cm, females - 25-27 cm. If the dog is more tall, then it is rejected.
- The tail of the breed is cropped in such a way that its remaining part is held vertically.
- The body of such terriers is oblong.
- The skull is flat, slightly narrowed to the eyes and mouth.
- The chest is proportional, deep.
- The volume in the area of the ribs ranges from 40 to 43 cm.
- The lumbar belt is short, slightly tense.
The main color of the dogs is white with spots on this background:
- black color;
- or brown shades.
They have a round shape and should not exceed 30% of the total area of coat.
There are two types of wool - short or slightly elongated, forming a beard and eyebrows. It is possible to determine the type of coat for puppies only from two months. At an earlier age, even an experienced breeder can not always recognize what kind of coat a puppy will grow, since in one litter there may be both babies.
What character have pedigreed pets
Remembering the dog - the hero of the comedy “Mask” with Jim Carey in the title role, it seems a positive, mischievous dog, but what is the dog really like?
For a very long time, the breed was bred only for hunting, and all attention was paid to the qualities necessary for this work. But when the popularity of hunting declined, the positive nature of the Russells allowed them to keep at home, for protection and for the company.
Representatives of this breed came to the territory of Russia at the end of the 20th century. And in 2003, the first National Jack Russell Terrier Club was organized. Currently, these puppies are quite expensive and are not overly popular. Although many people have a desire to have a funny dog at home, especially after watching their favorite comedy.
In favor of the pet, it can be said that it takes up little space, but a decent area is required for its toys. Dogs are cheerful, love to jump and have a habit of waking up the owner in the morning.
The dog does not choose its owner-leader and gets along quite well with everyone. But one of the owners may well become the Jack Russell pet. This breed is not intended for people with a phlegmatic temperament, as dogs are very restless. Also, its representatives are not suitable for older dog lovers.
Games, communication, running around and vanity - this is where the pet will feel like a “fish in water”. And in a relaxed atmosphere, he quickly gets bored and will entertain himself. The dog with pleasure accompanies his master on morning runs, hikes, field trips.
Thanks to a lively and positive character, Jack Russell becomes the best friend of children, and he calmly plays with other people's children. But it is not recommended to start a pet if you have kids up to 3 years old, or you need to train the dog well. Pet will not tolerate if it will pull the tail, or hug strongly. No, he will not show aggression, but can snap, frightening the baby. In addition, the irrepressible energy of the dog will bring down the entire regime of a small child, since the animal can wake him up for games and socializing. If there are children in the family, then Russell will always spin around them, ready for new entertainment.
Jack Russell has a very sharp mind, so even a non-professional can be engaged in their training. They love any vigorous activity, be it a game or a training, with pleasure they become participants of competitions in overcoming an obstacle course.
Pedigree dogs require increased attention and frequent communication, otherwise they can suffer from various kinds of neuroses against the background of anguish. In this case, their behavior is compared with the behavior of hyperactive children. The dog can start games at night, while stealing the things of the master and sophisticatedly spoiling them. Having a small size, with a lack of attention, one dog can ruin an entire nook, eat shoes, and not alone.
This shustyak has a developed sense of ownership, he is jealous of his things - a place, toys, a bowl. But this feature extends to the owner, the pet will not allow him to show affection for other animals.
Given the nature, choose a nickname for the Jack Russell Terrier .
Features of the breed
Jack Russell's tongue does not turn to call silent dogs. They are very ringing, and can produce a variety of sounds - from screaming to a bark of bouncy. They can bark at another dog, actively respond to the doorbell (for many owners it seems that the pet always thinks that they are coming to him only), plaintively begging for a treat, and so on. So before you start a pet in an apartment, you should evaluate the attitude of your neighbors to such a “new tenant”.
Another disadvantage is that apartment-type russels with stiff, short hair shed all year round. Wool sticks to things, they are bad to remove. To reduce the amount of wool, you should hold your pet regular trimming .
According to the behavior of the Russell are mere children, they play all their lives, and so actively that no toy can withstand such an onslaught. Rubber balls are torn to shreds, plastic crumbles, foam rubber pulls out and is tormented. All this leads to the fact that the particles can be swallowed by the dog and cause problems with the digestive system. To avoid this, you should purchase super-strong toys, which are made for representatives of large and giant breeds.
In order to physically exhaust a pet, some owners grab a slingshot while walking, and shoot balls with them. Running a decent distance, the dog receives the necessary load and is very pleased.
Terms of care and maintenance
Most procedures are standard - several times a week combing the coat with a special brush, washing the dog, caring for the auricles , oral cavity, teeth and claws . A brush or a comb with a bristle of medium hardness is best for combing wool .
It is necessary to bathe a pet often - once a week and a half. At the same time should use high-quality detergents for dogs. Ordinary shampoos can cause dry skin and dermatitis. When bathing, it is advisable to insert cotton wool tampons into the pet's ears to prevent the penetration of moisture into the ears. Water, falling into the ear cavity, often becomes the cause of the inflammatory process, as the ears are the weak point of the brushes. Paws wash after each walk.
If we talk about feeding with natural products, then the pet should include the following products:
- low-fat meats (given raw);
- sea lean fish (it should be boiled beforehand, removing large bones);
- eggs (given a couple of times a week, hard boiled);
- porridges (boiled on water, it is better to give preference to buckwheat, oat groats);
- vegetables (boiled).
Jack Rassells have an excellent appetite, so it is important not to overfeed a pet. Excess weight gives the load on the heart and vascular system. With natural nutrition, the dog needs additional sources of vitamins. What complex is more suitable, the veterinarian can say.
A puppy that just got into the family, it is better to feed the first time with the same food that the previous owners gave him. Later, you can, if desired, change the food. But many owners refuse this idea, because breeders have more experience in the issue of proper nutrition of representatives of this particular breed.
Read more : how to feed the Jack Russell Terrier .
Jack Russell Terrier Photos
Jack Russell Terrier Video
Jack Russell Terrier Price
The breed is not cheap, so the initial price for a puppy from a professional breeder and with the presence of documents is 40000-45000 rubles. The cost of offspring from titled parents can reach 75000-80000 rubles. If the puppy's pedigree is not thick with championship titles, then it can be purchased for 30000-35000 rubles.
Representatives of the breed who do not have a pedigree, are much cheaper - from 12,500 to 20,000 rubles. If there is an offer to sell Jack Russell for 5000-7000 rubles, then most likely, it is a question of animals with a "culling", requiring treatment or having incurable congenital defects.
There are cases when the owners do not maintain the mad temperament and activity of the pet, then the dogs end up in shelters or return to the breeders. From the shelter of an adult dog you can take for free, or for a nominal fee. Breeders grown individuals are about 12,500-31500 rubles. But in this case, you will need to work with a professional trainer, as the former owners are unlikely to give proper attention to the pet.
Jack Russell Terrier is a dog for positive and active. From the pet it turns out excellent companion for children, accompanying on any journey, always ready for games and fun.
Jack Russell Terrier Kennels
- St. Petersburg: http://www.gorodsobak.com/pitomnik-95.html
- Kiev: http://omri-relizan.com