Drathaar is a universal hunting dog, whose working qualities will not leave indifferent fans of hunting, and the original appearance of others. A characteristic feature of the appearance of drathaar is the hard coat, which gave the name of the breed. In a literal translation, "Drathhaart" translates as wire hair (hair).
- История происхождения 1. History of origin
- Описание породы дратхаар 2. Description of the breed drachhaar
- Характер 3. Character
- Дрессировка 4. Training
- Уход и здоровье 5. Care and health
- Болезни породы 6. Diseases of the breed
- Кормление 7. Feeding
- Содержание собаки 8. The contents of the dog
- Фото дратхаара 9. Photo of the drathaara
- Видео о дратхааре 10. Video about drathaar
- Где купить щенка 11. Where to buy a puppy
History of origin
In Germany, in the homeland of the draathaar, there were good hunting dogs, with which the Germans were very proud. But all these dogs, as a rule, were highly specialized. And then the dog handlers had an idea to get a universal hunting dog that would combine the best working qualities of the famous breeds. At the turn of the XIX-XX centuries. work began with the gene material. The basis of the breed was German:
- Griffons (German bristle-haired cops);
- short-haired cops;
Until the beginning of the twentieth century there was controversy about the exterior, origin and working qualities. And although the dra-haars appeared in exhibitions, but they differed greatly in the quality of the wool and the presence of a beard and mustache.
The standard was first formulated in 1890. Perfection of the breed continued, societies were created that called for the restoration of the ancestral breed of bristle-haired dogs. In 1924 a pedigree standard was adopted, and drachhaars were exported outside Germany.
During World War II it was difficult to monitor the purity of the breed and until 1965, the time of the final acceptance of the breed standard, it was allowed to infuse only once the blood of other hunting dogs.
Drathaars are popular not only in Germany, but also in Europe, America. Even in our country there is a kennel club "German drachhaar". It is located in St. Petersburg and unites connoisseurs of these rare dogs.
Description of the breed draathaar
German draathaar is a medium-sized dog. The height at the withers of males is 61-68 cm, and the bough is 57-64 cm. Weight is 27-32 kg, but it can reach up to 40 kg, as in dog breed standards the dog's weight is not specified. The standard describes the thoroughbred representatives as follows:
- Skull roundish, somewhat convex laterally, wedge-shaped. Superciliary arches and cheekbones are clearly pronounced. The transition from the broad forehead to the nose is noticeable, deep.
- The nose is wide, long with a small hump, with a prominent large lobe, painted in a dark color and open nostrils.
- Lips thick, tightly fitting to the teeth, dark pigmented, forming a slight crease in the corners, but without excessive sagging.
- Jaws strong, strong, with a scissor bite. Teeth white, triangular, full dentition.
- Eyes of medium size, not convex and not too recessed in the eye sockets. The look is tenacious, clever. The iris is colored in a dark color. Eyes are well covered with eyelids, tightly fitting to the eyeball and having dark pigmentation along the edge.
- Ears are medium in size, highly planted, free-hanging, triangular with rounded tips. In a calm state, they fall below the zygomatic arches.
- Neck of medium length, strong, somewhat arched, dry - without suspension.
- Back strong, covered with muscles, slightly falling to the tail. The loins are strong, the pelvis is wide, the withers are pronounced.
- Chest is oval, broad, with developed musculature, deep.
- The belly is slightly selected, forms an elegant line without a suspension.
- The tail is long, rather thick, for hunting purposes it stops.
- The limbs are strong, parallel, long enough with pronounced angulation angles. Paws oval, arched with tightly compressed fingers and strong pads.
Thanks to a well-developed musculature, long limbs and the absence of a noticeable fat layer, the dog moves easily and rectilinearly, jumps high. During the movement, there is strength and swiftness. The movements are sweeping, but smooth.
A wide chest and rounded ribs interfere with voluminous lungs, which increases the endurance of the dog in pursuit.
Color and wool cover
The wool is stiff, like a wire, snug against the body. Undercoat is dense and thick. Longer hair forms a distinct eyebrow, mustache and beard. The hair on the back of the paws, tail and abdomen is somewhat shorter. On the trunk and head, the length of the hair does not exceed 2-4 cm. Wool protects the dog well from injuries when overcoming thickets, bad weather and cold, but does not hide a strong and flexible body.
The color is mostly dark, the coffee color predominates. It can be a solid, diluted peg with a noticeable crab, with gray or gray-steel with coffee. There is a black color with gray hair, sometimes solid black.
Happy owners of drathaars note their extreme affection for the household, especially for the owner. These dogs are proprietors and odnolyuby, yearn for in solitude and aspire as much as possible to spend time with a man.
This universal dog is strong not only hunting, but also territorial instincts, so it will protect property and territory with zeal and courage. The dog distrusts outsiders and can display malice and wariness in their attitude.
Drathaar is a clever, intelligent dog capable of making independent decisions. These traits are very appreciated during hunting, but they can cause trouble when trained.
Excellent get along with children. Active mobile dog is ready to run all day and play along with the children. With early socialization well tolerates the presence of pets, but can show intolerance to members of his tribe and drive cats. But this is not so much an absurd character and aggressiveness, but a hunting instinct.
There is also a certain propensity to escape, but this property will be manifested if the dog does not occupy any interesting case for her. Running away from home, the dog is looking for new sensations and adventures.
Дратхаар does not impose the love, but closely watches the owner, expecting from it of tasks, encouragement and emotional support. In the conditions of a city apartment, the drachhaar misses and can jerk off - spoiling furniture, decor items, shoes. Completely the character of the dog is realized during hunting, although with professional training and education it can perform a variety of functions.
Training drathaara requires patience, knowledge of the characteristics of nature and natural inclinations. Willed qualities and independence of the dog can negate all the efforts of an inexperienced cynologist. The nervous system of the dog is designed in such a way that it allows it to instantly switch to different activities, so tasks in training should be interesting, diverse and not take much time.
The dog enjoys performing exercises involving his wit, mind, good physical data and propensity to search. Despite the fact that the cynologists talk about the good receptivity of drathaars to training, the whole process can take up to ½ year and must be carried out in stages.
When training a puppy of a hunting dog, it is necessary to establish a trusting relationship between the "pupil" and the "teacher". First of all the puppy is taught to be fearless - not to be afraid of loud sounds, water, dark thick thickets. Puppy can not be beat, shout at him or punish.
Rudeness can lead not only to stubbornness and reluctance to carry out commands, but also to aggression and fear. Nataska drathaara is a long process, requiring perseverance, patience and knowledge. After all, the hunting instinct does not include some requirements that are important for a good universal hunting dog and they need to be vaccinated.
Care and health
Drathaar is unpretentious in the care. Its dense hard coat does not require grooming, frequent washing, bleaching. But it has a dense undercoat that falls out in warm weather and becomes thicker in the cold. To rid the dog of dead hair, it must be regularly combed, especially during moulting and when kept at home.
The dog very strongly seasonally moults, and daily combing will relieve the owners of the flecks of wool in the apartment. They comb out with a special brush with metal teeth - other species simply can not cope with the "wire" hair of drathaar. Some owners prefer to cut the dog with a machine to save themselves during the moult from caring for grooming.
Healthy teeth are an important condition for a hunting dog, therefore it is necessary to carefully care for them - to clean, remove plaque, to inspect and treat sick and damaged teeth in time.
Dense vegetation on the muzzle of the dog can get dirty and care for the beard and mustache of drathaar is required. Many owners wash them after each feeding, and some - shorten the coat so as not to climb into a bowl, but such measures spoil the distinctive appearance of the dog.
Hanging ears of drathaar also require inspection and care. You need to look after the dog's eyes, too, since they are predisposed to eye diseases. Active, fast-moving dog, overcoming thick bush, can be injured or "hooked" with ticks. The skin of the pet should be checked after walking. Inspect not only the coat, but also the skin, so that there are no scratches, wounds, spines on it.
Inspect the paw pads, shorten the nails, especially if the dog does not hunt and runs on soft ground. It is necessary to adhere to the schedule of vaccination, to carry out deworming every ½ year. With such care, the dog will live in good health until the age of 14-16.
Diseases of the breed
The species is characterized by diseases that affect active dogs with high loads on the articulation of the extremities:
- joint dysplasia;
- dislocations and subluxations of the joints.
But apart from this, the drathaara is encountered:
- eye diseases;
- infectious diseases of the ears;
- dermatitis and dermatosis;
- malignant skin lesions;
In addition to the listed pathologies, in general, health drachhaara excellent, strong. But this does not mean that the dog can not become infected with parasitic diseases or carnivorous diseases. Therefore, dra-haar should be periodically inspected for prevention and planned vaccinations.
There is an opinion that hunting dogs need only be fed with natural food with a predominance of proteins. But today there are a number of special ready-made fodders that relieve the owner of the need to compose a diet that are classified as premium, super-premium or holistic.
When feeding natural food in the diet should be 30-40% of animal proteins. Both whole meat and offal. In the diet of young dogs and puppies must include cartilage, veins - products containing building material for the joints.
Kasha and vegetables should be 60-70%. Overfeed dra'hahaara not, because a loose dog is a bad hunter, prone to severe systemic diseases. With natural feeding, additional vitamin and mineral supplements are added.
First of all, draathaar is a hunting dog, active, mobile, temperamental, so it is more suitable for keeping in a country house, on a farm where there is enough space to run, sprinkle and satisfy the hunting instinct.
Thanks to the dense undercoat, the dog tolerates cold and bad weather. However, when kept in an enclosure, the animal should have a warm and dry "house" with a couch so that it can hide and rest.
Drathaara can be kept in urban conditions if the animal is provided with sufficient time to walk in the air and the necessary physical activity. If the dog bored or did not spend energy during games and training, then he would rush around the apartment and spoil things.
Some dog owners complain of a strong smell, which comes from the drachara wool, abundant moulting and sloppiness during meals. Therefore, in the conditions of an apartment, only dedicated devotees of this breed or avid hunters who often travel with a pet to nature are ready to tolerate drathaara.
Photo of drathaara
Video about drathaar
Where to buy a puppy
The popularity of drathaar is gradually gaining momentum in our country, so hunters and breeders who decided to breed this breed are interested in where to buy puppies.
Still, the advantage is given to nurseries in the native land of Drathaar. Here the puppies undergo very strict selection and assessment of their working qualities. The cost of the "foreign" puppy is 400-2500 euros. The price affects the sex, and become test results.
There are nurseries in Ukraine and Russia. In Russia the cost of puppies varies from 5000 to 25000 rubles. In Ukraine, it starts from 8000 hryvnia. In Moscow puppies drathaara can be purchased in kennels:
Дратхаар is a dog for active, courageous and persistent. Do not start it for lying on the couch and demonstrations in front of friends. This faithful, gullible creature will be able to become attached with the whole heart to the family and will not stand the change of owners and a long separation from them. Therefore, before buying a puppy, one should think about how to provide him with the necessary care, to give love and emotional comfort.