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Dysplasia in dogs: symptoms, treatment, diagnosis

Dysplasia in dogs is a pathological change in the tissues of the joints, which can be detected in any dog, but statistic indicates that more often from this affliction suffer the representatives of large and giant breeds. Although the disease is not inherent in nature, experts are convinced that hereditary factors play an important role in its development. How does dysplasia manifest and what therapeutic methods does modern vet medicine offer?

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The causes of dysplasia in dogs

Dysplasia in dogs

This disease is quite serious, as it is accompanied by the defeat and further destruction of the elbow and hip joint. With the progression of pathological processes, the dog can not even walk. Among the common causes of the disease can be noted the following:

  • heredity - in cases of dysplasia of parents, offspring are born, which will also suffer from this disease, therefore, individuals who do not have such a disease are selected for breeding;
  • wrong, meager food - dysplasia can quickly develop against a background of a deficit or an overabundance in the body of animal calcium;
  • overweight is one of the reasons that speeds up pathological processes;
  • insufficient (low mobility) or excessive (hyperactivity) physical activity - this factor is especially dangerous for puppies of giant dogs and large breeds;
  • injury to the limbs - a dislocation or fracture may lead to the appearance of the disease, but it does not happen so often, a rare type of knee dysplasia may occur.

According to the classification, there are several degrees of illness:

  • I (A) - there are no abnormalities in the joint tissues;
  • II (B) and III (C) - there are cases of dislocations;
  • IV (D) - medium degree of disease and V (E) - severe degree - pathology leads to structural changes in the joints, a destructive process in the tissues.

The disease can affect two types of joints, hence the types of dysplasia of the hip and elbow joints.

Be sure to read about arthrosis in dogs .

Symptoms of dysplasia in dogs

Causes of dysplasia in dogs

Often, the diagnosis of "dysplasia" is put to young dogs from one year to one and a half. This is due to intensive growth and weight gain, which in turn exerts tremendous strain on the joints. Initially, the pet begins to limp and it can happen to two years. Clinical symptoms depend on the type of lesion and its degree:

  • Pathology of elbow joints . In this case, the animal begins to limp on the forelimbs, most often the affection affects both joints. The pet feels pain when bending paws, does not give a paw at the command, whines, if you touch the paws. It is possible to form in the area of ​​lesion of the seals. With a strong pain syndrome, the puppy cautiously, slowly descends the steps or refuses to move, so it causes him great pain. There can be a stratification of the articular tissue, then a new fragment may appear on the joint. With a significant lesion, the joints can become flat, which leads to their friction against each other. And sometimes the pathology leads to the fact that the joint, losing its attachment, starts to hang out.
  • Pathology of the hip joint . The ailment can be asymptomatic for a long time. In severe forms of illness, pups begin to wobble when walking, it is difficult for them to climb stairs or they refuse to do so. Since lameness manifests with significant changes in the joints, it is desirable for the owners to pay attention to earlier signs of the disease. You can begin to worry, if the puppy has often lay, placing his hind legs in different directions. In addition, the disease leads to rapid fatigue of the animal during long walks, and also movement is observed "rabbit run", that is, when the dog, running, tries to push off with both hind limbs simultaneously.

In some cases, the diagnosis of dysplasia occurs at an earlier age - 4-5 months, when the animal's hind legs are not sufficiently strong. In this case, emergency therapy is required, not waiting for a one-year-old age. Otherwise, the risks of developing another serious pathology - osteoarthritis - are high.

Read also: treatment of mycoplasmosis in dogs .

Diagnosis of the disease

The detection of pathological changes in the conditions of the veterinary clinic is carried out using an x-ray apparatus. One year old and one and a half year old dogs are examined by a specialist, he feels a sick limb. Special tests are also used, for example, Ortolani.

Video about dysplasia in dogs

Treatment of dysplasia in dogs

Unfortunately, in modern veterinary medicine there are no ways to completely rid the dog of this pathology. But timely comprehensive treatment can slow down its development and improve the quality of life of a sick animal.

If a pet is diagnosed with dysplasia, it will be necessary to exert maximum efforts so that it lasts longer without pain and difficulty. It is necessary to use a variety of drugs, including with analgesic effect. To remove the pain syndrome, veterinarians often appoint Quadrisol-5, eliminate the inflammatory process - Phenylbutazone, and to stop the processes of destruction - Stride. Eliminate or reduce lameness helps the drug Rimadyl, but to take his animal must for life. Specialists often prescribe the means of homeopathy, for example, Traumeel.

See how to give the medicine to the dog correctly .

Also, therapy includes taking vitamin and mineral complexes , adjusting diet and physical activity. However, it should be borne in mind that traditional therapy is not able to cure ailment, it only eliminates symptoms.

Treatment of dysplasia in dogs

With complications and neglected pathological processes, veterinarians decide to use surgical techniques. However, this does not happen often, as there is no guarantee of a positive result, and doctors do not reassure the owners. The type of operation is determined after a complete diagnosis, it can be the following activities:

  • Myometomy of the crural muscle. It is not a complicated surgical intervention, during which there is a dissection of the comb muscle located in the hip joint. This reduces the soreness caused by mobility and pressure on the affected joint. Such manipulation is prescribed only to young animals in order to stabilize their condition.
  • Resection of the femoral head. This operation is also called resection arthroplasty. It involves the removal of the head of the hip bone, and the limb is secured by a special ligament. After such intervention, the motor function is retained only in small animals, whose weight does not exceed 15 kg. Therefore, its conduct in representatives of large and giant breeds will not give the expected result.
  • Method of triple pelvic osteotomy. It is considered a complex operation, which can not be done by every specialist. When it is carried out, a bone is cut with a hollow, then it is unfolded in such a way that it densely touches the hip joint. An additional plate is used to secure the bone. This method is used to treat only young animals.
  • Method of intervertebral osteotomy. The technique is to remove the wedge-shaped part of the neck. As a result, its end is denser entering the joint recess, fixation is carried out by means of a plate.
  • Endoprosthetics (replacement) of the joint. The operation is carried out in clinics with special equipment, tools and prostheses. The operation is to completely remove the diseased joint and replace it with a new one. This surgical intervention gives good results and in most cases the dog begins to live fully.

A pet suffering from joint dysplasia should definitely take drugs or nutritional supplements that include chondroitin and glucosamine. They also recommend giving puppies for disease prevention, especially for representatives of large breeds. Naturally, this is not a full treatment, but only a deterrent, allowing to reduce the negative impact of pathology.

In nutrition it is recommended to provide the pet with products with high nutritional value and to exercise strict control of body weight. It is worth considering the existing norms of the weight of puppies, according to breed and age.

For pets who are addicted to the disease or have already been diagnosed, physical activity should be limited. Long jogs, active games with jumps can lead to an intensive development of pathology and deterioration of the condition. But it is not worthwhile to completely exclude activity, it is important to have a measure in everything.

Up to six months, dogs are not recommended intensive loads, but the animal can swim as much as necessary. With age, an increase in the activity of the pet is required, but it needs to be done carefully and preferably after the advice of the veterinarian.

The disease requires special care for the pet, and it depends only on the owner how good and lasting the dog's life will be without pain and suffering.

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