Diet, that is, a certain diet, is required not only by man, but also by friends of our four-footed. After all, nutrition depends on the dog's health, its appearance and well-being. There are many rations designed to get rid of excess weight, normalize the condition, improve some indicators of the animal. The main thing - the right diet for the dog and the observance of a number of rules when switching to a new diet.
Veterinary Diet for Dogs
It should be noted that diet food is not intended for all dogs, but only for those who have certain health problems. And the diet appoints only a veterinarian for a number of indications, and he also exercises control over its results, and if necessary adjusts. In most situations, regular testing, weighing, inspections and other diagnostic manipulations are required that can be performed at home and without certain knowledge can not be achieved.
There are many diseases that require changes in nutrition. Among the most common in dogs, the following can be noted:
- Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, ulcers, intestinal diseases, etc.).
- Diseases of the liver, gall bladder.
- Allergic reactions to food, etc.
If there is a tendency to the aforementioned ailments or a body weight slightly exceeding the norm, the doctor can prescribe a preventive veterinary diet that improves the animal's well-being and prevents the development of pathological conditions. It helps increase the immune system, which protects the dog from disease, and will make its life long and active.
Diet for dogs with diseases
A universal dietary diet that can solve all problems in one fell swoop, no. Even the available diets by numbers (table 3, 4, 5, etc.) are subject to adjustment for a particular patient and his needs. Therefore, not knowing all the subtleties, you should not independently assign your pet a "right" diet.
It is worth considering the available veterinary rations and their purpose, which are developed by specialists and meet all the requirements:
- Proper nutrition with excess weight and castration (read about the castration of dogs ). The most important rule in this case is a reduction in the amount of food on average by 20%. And most often this is enough to solve the problem, since a slow metabolism needs to reduce the body's calories. If the obesity is significant, it is possible to transfer the pet to a diet containing a low amount of protein. However, this is done very carefully, since the dog is a predator and needs a source of animal protein - meat, and a deficiency of proteins can cause irreparable harm to the animal's body.
- Hypoallergenic diet food . It includes a sample of various products that may have caused allergies, but only one in 2-3 days, and the results of their assimilation are recorded. Having identified food that gives an allergic reaction, it is excluded from the further menu of the dog. If a pet exhibits an allergic reaction to the mass of foods, it is problematic to feed the dog with natural food. In this case, it is possible to transfer the pet for feeding by special dry rations for allergy sufferers, or to pass a special laboratory analysis-sample, which includes 24 points. The latter will make it possible to find out exactly what a dog can eat and what does not.
- Diet with gastritis . With this common disease it is important to give the dog food in small portions, for this you will have to increase the number of feedings. And the intervals between them should be equal. If the dog was fed on dry food, then it is advisable to transfer it to the canned food of the same brand. In this case, stress with a change in diet will be minimal. But from dry granules it is better to refuse. With natural feeding during the exacerbation period, you can give the dog a rice broth, low-fat meat broth, low-fat cottage cheese. Then in the diet can include and boiled rice with beef. It should exclude all foods high in fat and food, which can harm even a healthy pet.
- Dietary nutrition in liver diseases . This therapeutic diet implies the saturation of the dog's body with components that help restore liver cells. In the first day, it is recommended that the dog starve, consuming a lot of liquid. At this time, you can offer herbal herbal tea, if the dog refuses such a drink, you can limit yourself to water. To get out of starvation was comfortable, it is worth initially giving the dog a low-fat broth from sea fish or beef. The next 2-4 days imply the feeding of the animal with porridges - from oatmeal, oatmeal, rice, mango. You can add a little boiled beef from beef or poultry. Fractional food is welcome - 5-6-tirazovoe. Gradually, the menu becomes more diverse, including dairy products, vegetables, and the like. With some changes in the body, a veterinarian can prescribe a special therapeutic dry diet.
As can be seen, every disease requires a special approach, therefore it is not recommended to experiment independently with the diet of the diseased animal.
Read also: pancreatitis in dogs - symptoms and treatment .
Protein diet for dogs
Protein is an important component necessary for the renewal of tissue cells in the dog's body, enhancing lactation, the synthesis of hormonal elements, strengthening of immune forces and other processes.
Given the carnivorousness of dogs, they need to regularly receive animal protein. But not all owners pay attention to this nuance, making up the diet of the dog. Feeding cheap feeds with a low content of meat component, transfer of the dog to a vegetarian menu for any reasons, etc. leads to a deficit of this important component, and, accordingly, to health problems.
According to veterinary data, the puppy should receive 9 g of protein per kilogram of weight, the adult animal - 4.5. And at least 1/3 of this substance must be of animal origin. To fill the body with missing substances, the doctor reviews the existing diet and subject it to correction. On average, the dog should receive 70% of meat and meat by-products, the rest falls to other components - vegetables and cereals.
When feeding with production feeds, a veterinarian can recommend a special feed with a low fat content and a balanced amount of plant and animal proteins.
How to put a dog on a diet
When the animal is in a critical condition, the disease worsens, then the transition from normal nutrition to dietary and even fasting, proceeds quickly. Simply the animal stops receiving food and that's all. Stress? Yes! But the disease will not wait until the dog is used to not eating what she consumed daily.
If it is a diet for weight loss, then you should not be so categorical. Reduction of the portion can be done gradually. If you want to transfer to another feed, then a standard 7-day system is used, when a new dish is included in the usual diet, step by step displacing the habitual diet.
The appointment of any dietary nutrition requires a preliminary diagnostic examination. In addition, the expert should give a number of useful recommendations that need to be followed so that the dog gets rid of health problems. In some cases, a diet prescribed to a pet has to be adhered to throughout life.