When mentioning the Dalmatian breed, immediately on the mind come shots from the cartoon about these amazing dogs. Writers managed to convey the quality of pets - mind, loyalty and good nature. And their appearance deserves special attention. Spotted fur coat does not leave dogs a chance to be unnoticed.
- Происхождение и развитие породы 1. Origin and development of the breed
- Описание породы далматин 2. Description of the Dalmatian breed
- Нрав далматинцев 3. The Native of the Dalmatians
- Особенности воспитания и обучения 4. Features of Education and Training
- Уход за далматинцем 5. Care for the Dalmatian
- Фото далматинцев 6. Photo of the Dalmatians
- Видео о далматинце 7. Video about the Dalmatian
- Сколько стоит щенок далматинца 8. How much does a Dalmatian puppy cost?
Origin and development of the breed
Dalmatians are representatives of the oldest breed, and archaeological finds confirm this. On the territory of Austria in the ashes of sacrificial fires, dating back to 2-3 millennium BC, were found the remains of dogs, the skull of which is similar to the skulls of modern hounds. But the Dalmatians are the closest to the structure.
Specialists managed to find out that the ancient "ash" ("ash" - animals, whose remains are found in the ashes of fires), the dogs had a similar appearance with hounds - the size of the trunk, complexion, small hanging ears.
There are many versions from where the Dalmatians come from. According to the most common of them, the appearance and formation of the rock occurred on the Balkan Peninsula. The name "Dalmatian" has a geographical character and comes from the name of the historical region of Croatia - Dalmatia. A confirmation of this theory is another fact, the coat of arms of Yugoslav princes was adorned with images of representatives of this breed.
In the archives documents of 1737 are stored, in which it is mentioned that in fact on the territory of the peninsula people were engaged in breeding large dogs of such rare color - white with black spots. Their main use at that time was hunting.
However, not all so simple. The scientists-felinologists put forward other versions about the origin of the breed, supported by sufficiently strong evidence.
One Dalmatians are from India, since white locust dogs are often mentioned in the epic of the local people. If you ask how they got to European lands, this process is associated with nomadic gypsies who in the 14th century founded settlements in Eastern Europe and the Balkan Peninsula. Also there is a possibility that the dogs from India were taken out by Roman legionaries.
But the role of the homeland of the Dalmatians aspires and Ancient Egypt, because here were found multiple images of dogs on them similar. In favor of the latest theories, the fact that the Dalmatians are well tolerated by the hot climate, which these countries differ, also says.
But not only the question with the country of origin is of interest to researchers. Until now, it has not been possible to determine exactly which breeds are the ancestors of these spotted dogs. Specialists have several guesses, believing that the Dalmatians could be descendants of the Istrian pointer, Celtic or Dalmatian marriages, or derived from marble danes.
Thanks to the sailors who took pets on the flights, and circus troupes, the Dalmatians became known in other countries. In Europe, the breed was appreciated, because its representatives were distinguished by their endurance and speed. Since the 18th century, dogs have been used for coach trips. The dogs guarded the horse-drawn carriage from the attacks of the wild beast and robbers.
The good nature of the dogs allowed them to be used as companions, and courage made dogs an excellent defender. Puppies Dalmatians were very popular among aristocrats.
At the exhibition, the Dalmatians first came in 1860. Then in England, experts considered two representatives of the breed, who were brought from Dalmatia. In 1890 appeared the first breed standard, developed in the first English club of this breed. International recognition of the Dalmatians occurred in the 20s of the 21st century.
Back in the 18th century, the British perfected the breed, adding the blood of the now extinct English breeds - the white terrier and the black pointer.
Every dog owner should know the rules of dog walking .
Description of the breed Dalmatian
Dalmatian - a large, harmoniously built up dog, strong, with developed musculature. The animal is very hardy and fast.
The appearance of the hounds is elegant enough:
- They have a well-chosen stomach , long muscular limbs , a neck of decent length.
- The muzzle is elongated, tapering to the nose, the ears have a high fit, hang down and adhere to the sides of the muzzle.
- The tail is of medium size, in a calm state it hangs, in other cases it rises to the hock joint. According to the standard, its twisting or vertical standing is not allowed.
- The weight of the males varies from 27 to 32 kg, the bitches vary from 24 to 29 kg. The growth of males at the withers is 56-61 cm, the branch - from 54 to 59 cm.
Colors of the Dromatinians
There are two types of Dalmatian coloring. But in both cases we are talking about round spots with clear boundaries, located on a white background:
- Black-spotted Dalmatians. In addition to black pigmentation of spots, they are distinguished by black nose and dark brown eyes. There are representatives with blue or different eyes, but such puppies are rejected and not allowed to breed and participate in exhibitions everywhere, except the United States.
- Black and brown Dalmatians. The spots are dark brown in color, the nose is the same and the eyes are light brown, nutty, yellowish in color.
The coat is short, stiff, shiny in dogs. It is desirable to have pigmentation on the tail. There are obligatory proportions of proportions: the length of the muzzle and the skull should be 1: 1, and the length of the body to the height of the individual - 10/9.
The Dalmatians' character
Like true aristocrats, Dalmatians have pride and dignity, but this in no way prevents them from being very kind and sensitive pets.
Dogs are characterized by activity, strength and can run through impressive distances. They do not have watchful qualities and do not have the habit of attacking first. However, if the family is in danger, the dog will be able to protect people and property.
Representatives of this breed are playful enough and can play with children with pleasure. And usually the children first get out of the way, and the pet feels, as if nothing had happened. But dogs do not allow younger family members to go beyond what is permissible.
The Dalmatian does not just love, he adores and adores his master. When a pet is planted, one should take into account their propensity for leadership, so keeping several males at the same time is problematic. The females are more tolerant towards themselves.
In addition, thoroughbred dogs do not tolerate abuse and violence. Cultivated in such conditions, animals can be evil or vice versa, fearful. They can be sufficiently vindictive, therefore, harboring insult, they are capable of plaguing. To cause depression or a desire to naskodit from Dalmatians can and loneliness.
The dogs of this breed are fully trained, the owner only needs perseverance and consistency. With proper education , the dog will be cheerful and sociable. Like most hounds, these dogs are not aggressive and very loyal to outsiders. Courage and determination allows them to stand up for the protection of the weak.
The Dalmatian is a great dog for the family, only he will feel comfortable where there is a warm and friendly atmosphere. If the family constantly break out quarrels, then the mood of the pet will be depressed and nervous. Dogs of this breed have a very expressive face with rich facial expressions, and they can also smile.
Features of Education and Training
Like other large dogs, the Dalmatian must learn the basic commands that make the animal obedient and ensure its adequate behavior in public places. At 4 months, the dog should respond to the nickname, learn the skill of walking on a leash, to approach when it is called by the owner.
From the age of 5 months it has been recommended to take a general training course and UGS (a managed dog in the city). The Dalmatian is intelligent, therefore, the thought will start to ripen in his head, but does he need training? He will never perform tasks without thinking, mechanically. It is important to be interested in the pet, to give it an incentive to develop.
Inadequate motivation and rudeness during dressing can lead to anger of the dog. And an uncontrolled animal of this size is very dangerous.
Care for the Dalmatian
The dog has a short coat that does not need special care. With the standard approach, it is enough to comb out the pet once a week and more often during moulting . But if you want to have no wool in the house at all, you should do this every day.
Dalmatians differ cleanliness, so do not have the habit of climbing into mud, puddles or lying around in sewage. This allows you to bathe them very rarely - no more than twice a year.
It is important to regularly cut off the claws ' pups, as they grow, they can interfere with the animal during movement, and for puppies they threaten deformation of the paws, not allowing them to shrink.
The ears in the dogs are hidden, so it is recommended that they be regularly inspected and, if necessary, removed accumulated dirt and sulfur with a cotton swab soaked in an antiseptic solution or plain water.
With natural feeding, the pet needs cleaning teeth. The procedure is carried out a couple of times a week, the plaque is removed with a brush with a special tool. If the dog eats dry rations, the plaque is removed during the gnawing of the pellets of the feed.
Dalmatians are prone to diseases of the urinary system, namely, the formation of calculi in the kidneys and bladder. Therefore, you should monitor the nutrition of the pet, in its menu should not be present products containing a large number of proteins. When selecting food, it is better to give preference to a diet with a reduced protein content. Read more than feed the Dalmatian .
Dalmatian is a dog that is intended for living with a person and no matter where, in a private house or apartment. And it's not just a scanty coat, but also the desire of the animal to be as close to the family as possible and to participate in all events.
For active people the dog of this breed is a real find! A pet can accompany a bicycle for a long time, be near during a run, participate in all active games. And in the summer he is able to swim in the pond!
Photo of the Dalmatians
Video about Dalmatians
Also recommend: the breed Jack Russell Terrier .
How much does a Dalmatian puppy cost?
This breed is affordable at a price. A puppy can be purchased as a family pet for 5000-8000 rubles. A representative of the breed class will cost 9000-15000 rubles. A elite puppy costs about 15,000-20,000 rubles.
Dalmatian - not a beautiful toy and not just a spectacular animal. It requires attention, needs training and a good attitude. This breed is for active and purposeful!