Incorrect content, poor living conditions and unbalanced nutrition are the main causes of illness. One of the most dangerous diseases is a plague in dogs. Without treatment, the animal dies, so it is important to know what are the first symptoms of the disease and the main methods of treatment. Disease in each dog can proceed individually: lightning fast, acute, typical, or go to a chronic stage. Everything depends on the reactivity of the dog's body.
- Причины возникновения болезни 1. Causes of the disease
- Способы заражения вирусом 2. Ways of infection with the virus
- Кто попадает в группу риска 3. Who is at risk?
- Симптомы чумки у собак 4. Symptoms of distemper in dogs
- Лечение чумки у собак 5. Treatment of dither in dogs
- Подробный рассказ о чумке на видео 6. A detailed story about the plague on the video
- Как уберечь любимца 7. How to save a pet
Causes of the disease
Kare's disease (better known as a cannabis in dogs) is caused by infection with a virus from a group of paramyxoviruses. The causative agent can enter the body through the mouth or breathing organs, while it penetrates into the blood and spreads throughout the body with blood flow. The virus can affect any organs and tissues, so the chances of survival are very low.
If the puppy is sick, his chances of survival are almost equal to zero, while in the adult, 50% are taken when the treatment is started on time. After the transferred illness the dog receives a stable immunity from this virus until the end of its days. Another 3 months after the disease the dog is able to infect other individuals. Therefore, it must be isolated from other pets.
Ways of infection with the virus
The main source of infection is a sick animal. It can be not only a domesticated dog, but also wild carnivorous animals, for example, foxes, wolves, mink, ferrets. An infected animal secretes the virus into the environment. This happens with excreta: feces, urine, salivary and tear fluid. Even dead cells contain a virus. Therefore, the dog can get infected not only by direct contact with the diseased animal. Danger is represented by:
- feeders, from which the sick dog ate or drank;
- litter on which the infected dog slept;
- places of detention - cages, booths, carrying bags ;
- even an indoor dog can catch a virus. The owner can be brought into his house with dirty shoes. In the yard the virus can get on the wheels of the car.
Therefore, one should not consider that the animal is safe if it does not walk along the street and does not communicate with other dogs.
Most often, infection occurs in the autumn-spring period and in winter. The virus feels fine at low temperatures, even severe winter frosts are not afraid of it. But the heat adversely affects the vital activity of the virus. At high ambient temperatures, the virus quickly dies. Therefore, in summer, infection is extremely rare.
An ill animal for the first few days is the carrier of the virus. By the first signs it is still impossible to understand that the dog fell ill with a plague. The latent period lasts about a week. Sometimes the disease dramatically progresses and after a couple of days there are symptoms of infection. There are cases when the disease occurs in a latent form for two or even 3 weeks.
During the incubation period, the animal looks quite healthy, but already carries a threat to the surrounding dogs. The virus is excreted from the body and during the latent period, and even after the cure.
Who is at risk?
Not one dog is insured against a plague. For the virus, the breed does not matter. Sick and courtyard and the most elite animals. The severity and duration of the disease depends on the physical health of the pet. Infected more often puppies, whose immunity is still very weak, to fight with a viral infection.
The abandoned homeless dogs are ill, the food of which is so incomplete that one can not talk about health. Weakened dogs can also catch the virus. If the animal was infected, but he managed to recover, then there is an immunity to the disease. If the puppies eat milk from a mother who previously had the disease, then they also have their immunity, which does not allow them to catch the virus.
Symptoms of Plague in dogs
Symptoms of canine distemper should be known to every dog breeder. Clinical manifestations of the disease can be different, but the plague can be diagnosed by the most common signs:
- The very first thing that the owner can pay attention to is the body temperature of the dog . It can reach 40 degrees. But the absence of temperature does not mean that the animal is healthy. Very often in small puppies the temperature does not rise, which in vain calms the owner.
- Sluggishness of the pet must always alert the owner. Infected animals look oppressed. They do not want to play, they look sluggish, they do not respond to the call of the host.
- If you examine the areas of the body that do not have hair, you can see a rash, which indicates the presence of a viral infection in the body.
- As the disease develops, vomiting and diarrhea occur . The dog's body is dehydrated, which brings additional torment.
- Feeling his nose, you can notice that he became dry and very hot.
- If the dog begins to abandon the feed, it can also serve as a confirmation of the disease. Refusal of food can be complete or partial.
- The skin begins to crack. Inspected the pads of the paws and nose, you can find a rough, cracked skin.
- The dog begins to look for a dark, secluded place for himself. She does not want to be in the bright sun.
- From the eyes, the purulent contents start to appear.
- The dog starts rhinitis , accompanied by purulent discharge from the nasal sinuses.
- The pet quickly begins to lose weight, lose weight.
- The disease is rapidly progressing. Already on the third week there are cramps in the animal. More often than not, the dog begins to pull behind itself the hindered legs.
- Reflexes of the animal are weakened.
- Develop seizures, something reminiscent of epileptic.
The virus negatively affects all organs and systems, but most often its target is the lungs. In this case, the symptoms will be slightly different. Here's what you should pay attention to:
- Hard breath. The dog can see how difficult it is for her to breathe.
- Looking in the mouth, you can see the inflamed tonsils.
- Occurring periodically sharp cough .
- From the nasal passages there is purulent mucus.
- Increase in body temperature.
If the disease is localized in the intestine, then the animal refuses food completely. Having examined the pharynx and tongue, one can see a white coating. Feces of the dog are liquid with fetid sharp smell, the color of discharge is often yellowish. Diarrhea weakens the dog, it periodically begins to lose consciousness. Occasionally, small spots can be seen on the teeth.
An easy degree of the disease is diagnosed if the virus is localized in the skin. Body temperature is increased slightly, the only symptom is the appearance of blisters on the areas free from wool.
Another type of disease is the defeat of the nervous system. The dog becomes overly aggressive, does not refuse to eat. Measuring the temperature, you can understand that the animal is hurting something. The temperature is quite high. Periodically, the animal has convulsive seizures, similar to an attack of epilepsy. The dog moves very little, while moving it is noticeable as it limps. Can hinder their hind legs.
The disease can develop in an acute form, and the dog's body is greatly depleted. Problems with the digestive tract begin. Diarrhea followed by constipation . The eyes of the animal look unattractive. In the corners there are crusts. The dog's fur becomes dull, traces of molting are visible. Usually the acute form of the disease ends in a lethal outcome, even if treatment has been started.
Treatment of ducks in dogs
There is no special drug from the canine distemper virus. Everything that the veterinarian appoints is aimed at maintaining the internal strength of the dog, strengthening immunity and the ability to fight the virus on its own.
To eliminate paresis and reduce the excitement of the pet, special solutions of medications are introduced. Treatment should be entrusted to an experienced veterinarian. Appointments can be as follows: reduce muscle tone is capable of Midokalm, from paresis effective Prozerin. The purpose of Phenobarbital helps to cope with overexcitation in the animal. If seizures similar to epileptic have begun, then they use Finnipsin.
Complex therapy consists in the use of drugs that support the vital activity of the body: Calcium gluconate, Ascorbic acid in solution, Glucose. The method of administration and dosage is prescribed by a specialist, taking into account the weight of the sick animal.
At home, the plague is also not treated!
A detailed story about the plague on the video
How to save a pet
Most importantly, according to veterinarians, it is necessary to vaccinate dogs from chum. The vaccination is given to puppies, whose age exceeds 3 months, then vaccination is carried out annually.
Healthy and strong dogs are much easier to tolerate the disease, so the pet should be monitored constantly. Full nutrition , vitamin supplements help to strengthen immunity and protect the dog from infection.
Keep the pet clean. If the dog lives in a room, after a walk, she should wash her paws. The mat on which the pet sleeps must also be kept clean. Bowls for food and water for each dog should be individual. They are washed after each meal.
Do not let the dog wander the street on its own. She will find unsuitable acquaintances in the form of feral and sick relatives who are most often carriers of serious diseases (plague, rabies ).