Thin tubular bones, especially those that have undergone thermal treatment, should be excluded from the dog's diet. In addition, that such a "delicacy" has no nutritional value, when they are gnawed, they form sharp fragments, which get stuck in the mouth or intestines of the animal. Especially dangerous are chicken, rabbit and fish bones. Sharp edges can not only injure the mucous membrane, but also lead to perforation of the digestive system. What should I do if a bone gets stuck?
- Симптомы патологического состояния 1. Symptoms of a pathological condition
- Оказание помощи в домашних условиях 2. Assistance at home
- Ветеринарная помощь в лечении собаки 3. Veterinary assistance in the treatment of dogs
Symptoms of a pathological condition
Symptoms that accompany the swallowing of bone fragments depend on the part of the digestive tract in which the object is stuck. Depending on the location of bone fragments, the following symptoms are observed:
1. in the oral cavity
- the swallowing function is impaired;
- salivation increases;
- there are signs of vomiting ;
- there is no appetite ;
- The dog rubs his muzzle with his paws or rubs his cheeks against the surface.
2. in the larynx
- lack of appetite;
- Larynx edematous, tissues hyperemic (red);
- there are problems with breathing;
- with severe damage, bleeding may occur;
- the body temperature rises.
3. In the esophagus
- foamy vomiting with food particles;
- the animal convulsively stretches its neck;
- complete or partial obstruction of the esophagus;
- inflammation of the tissues and the risk of developing necrosis;
- perforation of the esophagus;
- violation of the swallowing function.
4. in the stomach or small intestine
- refusal of food;
- strong thirst;
- impossibility of defecation;
- increased symptoms and worsening of the condition;
- with perforation of internal organs - bloating.
If you suspect that a pet has eaten a bone, and it is stuck in one of the digestive system, you should observe its behavior. It is necessary to carefully examine the stool masses. If there are traces of blood in the feces, and the animal suffers from an act of defecation, then it is necessary to immediately show the dog to a specialist. You also need to do if the dog has become apathetic or irritable. Particular attention should be paid to how the dog breathes. If she has signs of asphyxia ( cough , shortness of breath, tongue turns blue), then you can not postpone visiting the vet clinic.
In the case when there are no noticeable abnormalities in the state of the animal, you can try to extract large fragments of bones yourself.
In order not to give the dog anything to read, than you can not feed the dog .
Assistance at home
Independently to try to extract a bone it is possible only when it has got stuck in a teeth or a mouth cavity of a dog. To do this, the animal is fixed, with the help of the mouth dilator open the jaw. If the bone is in the zone of visibility, then it is extracted with tweezers or a medical coronetzang.
After the bone is removed, it is necessary to irrigate the oral cavity of the animal with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. With a pronounced chill caused by spastic processes, you can inject a No-shpa preparation to relieve spasm of smooth muscles and facilitate the movement of bone fragments along the digestive tract.
To reduce pain and relax the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract, the animal can be injected with Papaverin or Apomorphine.
If symptoms of intestinal obstruction do the dog an enema, give antiemetic or laxative drugs is strictly prohibited.
Small fragments of bones can be removed from food. The dog is given rice with bread. Rice envelops the intestines and reduces the risk of injury to the mucosa, and the bread prevents the traumatizing effect of the bone. Passing through the intestines, the food coma will take with it fragments of bones. A few days of such nutrition, and the bones come out with calves.
Veterinary specialists offer another method of getting rid of stiffened bones in the esophagus - the method of Haimlich , which consists in displacing and pushing out the stuck bone. The animal stands on four legs, the owner grasps the dog with his hands across the stomach. Fist clenched right hand is located so that the thumb touches the sternum. The left hand is covered with a fist of the right, forming a "lock". Sharply several times push on the diaphragm of the animal. Movement must go from bottom to top.
As a rule, 4-5 such movements push the bone higher, which allows it to be extracted. In a small dog, such a method of extraction of bones should be carried out with less effort, so the pressure is only the fist of the right hand. The animal needs to be kept upside down, pressing down the spine to its chest.
To remove thin bone fragments by this method is unlikely. It should be used with caution, the method of Haimlich, as it is difficult to correctly calculate the applied effort without preparation, and animals react differently to such help. This technique can only be used when you are fully convinced that the dog is choked with a piece of bone, otherwise the animal can be injured.
When the bones are stuck in the deep sections - the stomach, the intestines, do not experiment with home remedies. Perforation of the intestine threatens peritonitis, and prolonged irritation of the walls of the stomach with sharp fragments of bones - necrosis and sepsis. A very dangerous consequence of intestinal perforation is fecal peritonitis. The result of such pathologies is the death of the pet. Therefore, it is better to contact the veterinarian as soon as the host suspected that the foreign object was stuck in the dog's digestive system.
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Veterinary assistance in the treatment of dogs
In the veterinary clinic, the doctor seeks to determine the location of the bone. For this, radiography with and without contrast medium is used. Sometimes a dog is given an ultrasound, in which the movement of the intestines is reversed in the natural mode of the peristalsis. After the location of the fragment is established, the degree of damage caused to it, the veterinarian develops a treatment strategy.
If the bone is not mechanically managed, the veterinarian prescribes surgical or endoscopic removal of the stuck object.
Usually, bones get stuck in the gatekeeper or small intestine. Then through the incision in the tissues of the organ an object is extracted. The situation is more complicated if the bone has to be removed with a part of the intestine. Resection is more difficult to affect the condition of dogs and requires a long recovery period.
In the event that the bone is removed from the esophagus, during the whole period of healing the animal can not be eaten so that the regeneration process goes faster. Subsequently, the dog will have to undergo a long postoperative recovery and follow a strict diet . With a successful operation, the pet already on the next day will ask for a drink and go on the mend.
To avoid injuring the animal with bone fragments, it is necessary to closely monitor what the dog is eating. Such simple preventive measures will avoid the risk of severe damage to the digestive system of the animal by sharp bone fragments or the threat of jamming.