Czechoslovak wolf dog, it is also called Czechoslovak volcano, Czech volchak or Wolfhound, is an amazing breed, obtained by crossing a dog and a wolf. Although all dogs have descended from wolves, but what is so fraught with such a kinship?
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы чехословацкая волчья собака 2. Description of breed Czechoslovak wolf dog
- Характер волчьей собаки 3. The nature of a wolf's dog
- Для каких целей используются псы этой породы? 4. For what purposes are dogs of this breed used?
- Особенности дрессировки 5. Features of training
- Содержание и уход 6. Maintenance and care
- Как кормить чешского волчака? 7. How to feed the Czech wolf?
- Фото чехословацкой волчьей собаки 8. Photo of the Czechoslovak wolf's dog
- Видео о чехословацкой волчьей собаке 9. Video about the Czechoslovak wolf dog
- Сколько стоит щенок влчака? 10. How much does a puppy cost?
- Питомники чехословацкой волчьей собаки 11. Catteries of the Czechoslovak wolf dog
Origin of the breed
This uneasy selection work was handled by the cynologist Karel Hartle in the nursery for dogs intended for border and military service. Initially, the experiment was unsuccessful, and the she-wolf did not manage to give good offspring. After the same, replacing the male, the scientists still managed to achieve an excellent result. The first dogs obtained in this way were trained, and they were used to patrol the border.
The whole world learned about this hybrid breed only after almost 20 years. In the seventies of the 20th century, several individuals of the wolf were imported to the UK, they were sent for guard duty in factories and enterprises. This was possible thanks to the engineer Hartle, who bothered to allow the removal of these dogs. If this did not happen, the development and growth of the breed's popularity would be impossible.
Description of breed Czechoslovak wolf dog
If the first two offspring showed good performance, then in the third revealed the external similarity of wolves with wolves. But still they differed from those and others. The standard of the breed, which is still preserved, was derived as far back as in the 70's and 80's.
It is a large, sinewy dog, outwardly resembling a wolf, with a rectangular, balanced trunk. She from birth has developed muscles and strong teeth. Thanks to the wolf instincts, the breed's representatives turned out to be universal dogs.
The constitution of hybrids is arranged in such a way that they can run for long distances:
- Muzzle has clean, clear lines, lobe pigmented in black, oval. The bridge of the nose is straight, the lips are dry, tightly fitting, with a black edging. The teeth are well developed, the fangs are long, sharp, with a straight or scissor bite.
- Eyes are medium in size, somewhat slanting, with a yellowish-amber iris. Ears are small, in the form of a triangle, standing.
- The tail is high, in a calm state it hangs when the dog is excited - forms a sickle and rises.
- The limbs are tall, muscular. Perhaps the emergence of lucrative fingers, which is undesirable - they must be removed.
Wool and colors
The Czechoslovak wolf dog is covered with a thick, straight woolly covering. And winter and summer wool is very different. In winter there is a copious, dense undercoat, and together with the coarse hair it forms an excellent protection against colds. The coat covers the entire body, and even the abdomen, hips, including, and from the inside, testes, the inner part of the ear shells and the paws between the fingers.
Color in wolfs is characteristic - varies from yellow-gray to gray-silver shade. It is mandatory to have a light-colored mask. Also, light hair is present on the neck and anterior area of the chest. In addition, the standard allowed for individuals with a dark gray color and a light mask.
Character of a wolf dog
The temperament of Czechoslovak wolfs is also unique, as it distinguishes them from dogs and wolves. Such a pet is not recommended to start newcomers who have no experience of communication with large dogs of service breeds. However, one should not think that the wolf has a wild and unbridled temper, he just needs a strong hand, and the master should become for him an authority that in the nature and makes the leader of the pack.
With the right approach, the owner will be pleased with the qualities that wolfhund has:
- The dog is very devoted. A flock for these hybrid dogs is a top priority, for the sake of it, it is without hesitation to sacrifice one's life.
- Courage is another characteristic quality. The dog has little interest in the dimensions and number of offenders of his family. He will rush to defense and will perform all his wolfish ferocity.
- Independence. The Czech volchak has a developed intellect, he is able to think, and even in extreme conditions remains cold-blooded. This allows him to decide on his own how to act. For example, if the child drowns, the dog will not wait until the owner gives him the command.
- Endurance. There are a number of recorded data that the dogs of this breed crossed 100 km without stopping for a respite, and their average speed was about 12 km / h.
- Volchak is a born guard. He can protect the house, its inhabitants and even things. If you offer the pet to guard the slippers, while the owner does not give a call, no one will approach them.
- Czech Wolfhounds are incredulous to strangers. Due to this quality the dog in any conditions remains incorruptible, no delicacy or kind attitude will help to arrange for a dog. Until the owner confirms that the people who come are his own, the wolf will watch them warily and wait for the "dirty trick."
- The dog is friendly. Czechoslovak wolfhound can be kept with other pets, including dogs. Cats can become wonderful friends of wolf. The only thing is that if you get big males, at certain moments they can show the dominant qualities.
- Such a pet is very insightful. It's enough for the dog to see the gestures and facial expressions of the owner to determine in which mood the person is, whether he is ready to communicate with his four-legged friend or is not the most successful moment.
- Another quality of wolf is sociability. Representatives of such a hybrid breed are not strangers to ordinary canine joys. They enjoy the caress and attention from their family members. However, the dog will not impose his company, if everyone is busy.
For what purposes are dogs of this breed used?
As already noted, the breed was withdrawn for military service, however, its capabilities allow the use of wolf in search and rescue operations. In addition, the dogs performed well in defensive-guard activities, and a mixture of canine and wolf instincts makes them successful hunters and pathfinders.
Another type of work - protection and protection of livestock, dogs are faithful to the pack and extremely fearless. And their endurance and excellent health allows wolves to be driving dogs, so they are used in their homeland. Although they are slower than husky, Siberian husky or malamute, they can run for a very long time without slowing down the tempo.
Today, wolves often set up home guards and defenders of people as guards. Their socialization is quite high, which makes them comfortable companions and family dogs.
Features of training
Vlacak is a very emotional dog, so patience and perseverance will be required to educate and train the owner. If you do not show firmness and allow the dog to shirk during training , then he will establish his own rules and stick to them, bypassing the wishes of the master. The nature of dogs is not easy, but they are not re-educated, but sent to a good cause. The owner needs to keep himself in hand, not to show aggression, physical violence and heightened tone will not give a positive result, but only harm. If the owner starts to panic, then the dog will feel it and just become anxious.
For excellent interaction, it is important to establish contact with the pet, it is also not bad to treat the pet with treats, but not simply, but for good work. In addition, the dog responds positively to voice encouragement.
It is recommended to pass a course of obedience with the pet. If a pet is needed as a hunting dog, then it is advisable to go with him "coursing". Vlchak will enjoy the running around for hares in a race with his own kind. At home, the vigilance is carefully monitored for the cleanliness of the breed, the dogs are regularly tested and rigidly selected.
Maintenance and care
Czechoslovak wolfhound can be kept in the street, as it perfectly tolerates any temperature. This is not a chain dog, although some owners prefer this kind of content.
Most dogs provide a spacious enclosure and freely released on the local area. But in this case it is necessary to take care of a strong high fence, which the dog can not overcome. The Vlchaks are very clever and cunning, they can easily open doors that do not have a heavy, complex lock, or dismantle barricades of wood. Naturally, in this case they escape.
A pet needs a booth and, arranging it, you need to consider the decent size of the dog. It is desirable to close the entrance with a dense material, which will serve as protection against wind and precipitation. However, it should not be surprising that, even with a comfortable warm booth, the dog will often sleep in the snow, even in severe frosts and snowstorms.
Puppies can be sent to an aviary from 3-4 months or earlier, after vaccination in the warm season. Representatives of this breed do well in the apartment, where they themselves find a secluded place and get tired there. Here it is necessary to equip a place for your pet.
Purchasing a puppy Czechoslovak wolf dog, the owners must take into account their activity and curiosity. And they explore the world, mainly with the help of teeth. Leaving the house, you can protect the property and the pet from injury, leaving it in a special cage. Of course, we are not talking about long periods.
In whatever conditions the dog is kept, he, in any case, needs regular grooming . Important early socialization and therefore should be a pet from an early age to take to crowded places. This will allow him to get used to the noise, a lot of people and get acquainted with their reactions.
The dog does not need frequent washing , since its coat does not allow dirt and various particles to adhere. It is an excellent protection against humidity and overheating. The pet does not need special clothes. Approximately from one and a half years it is recommended to wear a harness on the dog, as it more evenly distributes the load, if compared with the collar.
Vulchaks are prone to seasonal molting , and this process occurs twice a year so intensively that the dog remains practically without undercoat. To speed up the replacement of wool, you can wash the dog, and then dry the coat with a compressor. Old wool is blown with warm air, which reduces the likelihood of the formation of coats and skin irritation.
Special attention should be paid to the teeth of the volchaka, especially if the dog participates in exhibitions or carries a service. They need professional cleaning, which is carried out in a veterinary clinic. Usually, the claws of dogs are stitched naturally, however, dogs kept in apartment conditions may need to be shortened with special forceps.
How to feed Czech wolf?
The dog owner of this breed has two options - to feed the pet with natural food or industrial food. In the first situation, the owner should know that the wolf should eat more meat ingredients than other food. The diet includes kefir, cottage cheese, boiled by-products, raw chicken eggs. Low-fat sea fish can be given at any age, but it is especially useful for puppies, pregnant and lactating females, during moulting and in winter, especially if the dog is kept in street conditions.
As for industrial feed, you should choose a premium and super premium product that is suitable for an active medium-sized dog. Digestive processes in different dogs take place individually, but fatty foods are especially harmful for wolves. In addition, many owners of these dogs claim that dogs are difficult to tolerate the replacement of natural food with dry diets. Deciding on a similar step, the owner should gradually enter dry food while observing the condition of the pet.
Read more: what to feed the dog .
Photo of the Czechoslovak wolf dog
Video about the Czech wolf dog
How much does a puppy cost?
Despite the rarity of the breed and the uniqueness of origin, it can not be called very expensive. A puppy with a pedigree from titled parents can be bought for 40000-50000 rubles, but this is recommended only in nurseries with a good reputation.
Czechoslovak wolf dog - a hybrid of a dog and a wolf, and this already speaks about the seriousness of such a pet. It's not a decorative dog, and it's not worth it to buy it purely out of curiosity. Volchak is better to start people who can work with large service dogs. But even in this case, the owners of hybrid dogs are confronted with certain habits and characteristics that they got from wild ancestors.
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