The Czech terrier - a successful result of the work of amateur film-lovers. This is a fairly young breed, which has gained a lot of positive qualities from its working relatives. Its representatives are suitable for hunting, are excellent companions, have an extraordinary appearance and a stable psyche.
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Качество и возможный цвет шерсти 2. Quality and possible coat color
- Особенности характера 3. Characteristics of the character
- Воспитание и дрессура терьеров из Чехии 4. Education and training of terriers from the Czech Republic
- Уход 5. Care
- Породные заболевания 6. Breed diseases
- Кормление чешских терьеров 7. Feeding Czech Terriers
- Условия содержания 8. Conditions of detention
- Фото чешского терьера 9. Photo of the Czech Terrier
- Видео о чешском терьере 10. Video about the Czech terrier
- Где купить щенка 11. Where to buy a puppy
Origin of the breed
The Czech terriers were artificially taken, as the breeder was made by František Gorak. A Czech cynologist, breeder of Scottish terrier breeds, noted the peculiarity of his wards - a wide sternum, which does not allow dogs to penetrate the burrows of small animals.
This was the starting point for the breeding of a new breed - dogs, possessing a calm character and a narrow chest. The best representatives of the following breeds were taken into the work: Scotch Terrier and Selichem Terrier, blood of dandy dinmont terriers was also added.
Selection lasted for 10 years. And Gorak, finally, at the exhibition presented the obtained specimens of the Bohemian Terrier breed - surprisingly hardworking, hardy, good-natured, with suitable physical data. Four years later in 1963 these dogs were officially recognized, the breed was called a Czech terrier to emphasize the country of origin.
Later the Scots got to the territory of America, but they still did not get wide distribution. The increase in the number of animals adversely affects the breed characteristics, so the terriers are regularly poured blood selichem.
Description of breed Czech terrier
Bohemian dog refers to hunting terriers. Has a rectangular shape, developed muscle mass, short, stable limbs and small drooping ears. The ideal growth of males is 29 cm, the bough is 27 cm, a deviation of 2 cm is allowed in the larger and smaller side. Dogs weigh from 5.9 to 10 kg.
Move representatives of the breed freely, run slowly, but confidently. According to the standard, representatives have the following appearance:
- The shape of the head is an elongated blunt wedge, ideally the length should be 20 cm, with a width of 10 cm. The forehead is flat with a slight smooth transition to the bridge of the nose.
- The nape of the nape is palpated, the cheekbones are moderately expressed. The groove is present but weakly marked. In males between the ears the distance is greater than that of the bitches.
- The bridge of the nose is straight, the jowl is undesirable. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is noticeable, but not abrupt.
- Lips are thick, well-chosen, pigmented in black.
- Jaws are strong with strong, even teeth forming a scissor bite. The standard allows the absence of two molars at the bottom.
- The nose is well developed, painted black, regardless of the color of the coat.
- Eyes of deep planting, medium, with a brown or dark brown iris, the expression is calm, benevolent.
- Ears are small, triangular, well cover the auricles.
- The neck is high, well muscled, strong, has a smooth bend.
- The body is rather elongated, elongated, well muscled, with a slightly pronounced withers, without suspension. The croup is beveled, perfectly developed. The lumbar region is long, wide, with roundness. The back in the pelvic region is slightly higher than the withers.
- A thorax with a good volume, deep, cylindrical. The ribs have a smooth bend, the belly line is matched, the groin area is well-filled.
- The tail is set low, ideally a length of 19 cm, thick in the base, and tapering towards the tip. When the dog is calm, it goes down or has a slight bend at the end. During active movement it becomes saber-like and rises horizontally to the level of the back. If he wraps himself in a ring, then it is a vice.
- Extremities of the anterior and posterior are parallel, short, with strong bones, moderate angulation and well developed hocks. Shoulders and hips are well muscled, elbows slightly loosely.
- Paws are arched, fingers tightly assembled, with strong claws and thick pads. The front paws are slightly larger than the hind legs.
Quality and possible coat color
The fur of the Czech terrier consists of a long coarse hair, wavy, silky, with a natural sheen. Undercoat of high density, soft. Dogs of this breed are sheared in a special way, leave the elongated hair above the brow and at the bottom of the trunk.
Full coloring in dogs is formed by the 3rd year and older, acquiring the final saturation. The standard identified 2 types of colors:
- gray - any shade - from coal to platinum, gray with a pigment of black color;
- Coffee - a brown tone with a pigment of a sandy hue.
Wool of black color can appear in the area of the head, beard, cheeks, ears, limbs and tail. The presence of white, gray, brownish or yellow marks is allowed in the head, beard, cheek, neck, sternum and near the anus. Czech terriers can have a collar or tail end of white color. But the prerequisite is the predominance of the primary color.
Characteristics of character
Representatives of this breed are loving, devoted pets, with a soft, complaisant temperament that distinguishes them from other terriers. Such a dog is devoid of aggression, it seeks to please the master and has great patience. He is not so self-willed and independent as other dogs of hunting breeds, that's why he is an excellent companion.
You can get a Czech terrier into almost any family, it will find a common language with children, the elderly and even other animals. This little, cheerful and good-natured dog almost immediately becomes a universally recognized favorite of the family.
Although the Czech terrier - a representative of the hunting breed, still often acts as a companion. He has the instincts of a hunter, he is enduring and full of enthusiasm. The work shows fearlessness and does not allow fear even before larger prey.
In a domestic setting, it is a calm, relaxed dog, which is easy to train and maintain. Of these pets are excellent watchmen, because they are too vigilant by nature, but as the terriers are not aggressive, attack the first dog will not. However, due to sensitivity, he will certainly warn if there is any suspicious activity.
The Czech terrier can be taken to a family with children, their softness and friendliness makes the doggies and junior family members an excellent company. Dogs of this breed are hunters, which means they need socialization. If the dog from an early age is led to walk, acquaintance with fellow men, raise and educate in the environment of other domestic animals, the pet will calmly treat animals, not treating them as prey. But still, rodents should beware of such a neighborhood.
Education and training of terriers from the Czech Republic
Dogs of this breed are meant to bring people joy, such a pet agrees to everything, so that its owner is satisfied. Therefore, difficulties in education and training usually do not arise. However, the owner must have patience and restraint, respectful attitude towards his four-footed friend. Puppies of this breed are quite active and do not always catch what the owner requires of them.
You can not treat a pet rudely, disdainfully, use force or a harsh tone. In this case, the dog will protest, refuses to carry out the commands. Some, more capricious individuals can even bite, outraged by an unfair attitude. In addition, such a situation can cause a dog a psychological trauma, which will negatively affect the psyche of the animal.
Breeders and owners of Czech terriers claim that solving behavioral problems in dogs of this breed is not too difficult, and in most cases they are the result of a lack of physical activity or lack of attention. It is impossible to pamper too much a dog, the punishment for training must be present. Aggressive, dominant behavior must be stopped.
Long regular walks and early socialization - that's what is the basis in the formation of the character of the animal. It is necessary to vaccinate the pet as soon as possible so that he can get acquainted with the surrounding world.
From the first day, a kid can learn new knowledge - get acquainted with the place, learn his nickname and learn to respond. It is easy for him to learn the basic skills that will be useful in later life.
The owner should know the basics of nursing, so that his dog was healthy and cheerful. To do this, you must periodically perform a number of manipulations:
- Regular combing of wool . It is important from the very first days to teach the baby to such an event. Then in the future with an adult dog there will be no problems. The skirt and beard are combed with a comb with long teeth, for the rest of the coat can use a massage brush. For a cropped pet, a brush is enough.
- Haircut . Czech terriers can be trimmed from 3 months: the puppies are trimmed with a skirt and beard, pruned by the tail, head, chest, back. You can do it yourself, or you can ask the professionals for help, but you cut the doggies of this breed once every 7-8 weeks.
- Bathing a pet . Wash the "Czechs" once a month, but as necessary and more often. Use special detergents to soften the coat. On the eve of the exhibition, a pet should not be bathed, as his fur coat will become excessive and difficult to fit.
- Care of teeth . Teeth are the weak point of this breed, therefore it is recommended to visit the veterinarian regularly for examinations. Experts advise 2-3 times a week to brush the dog's teeth and give bones or special dentologic goodies to prevent the formation of plaque and stone.
- Paddock . Such a pet is not for the lazy, as walking with him should be strictly two times a day and for a long time. In addition, it is not enough just to walk, it must be active pastime, with games, jogs, exercises.
The Czech terriers have a remarkable, strong health. Since the breed exists relatively recently, no specific genetic diseases have been identified.
But from Scottish terriers, they still passed one hereditary disease - "scotti kramp", accompanied by muscle cramps that develop during intense stresses or overexciting the dog.
To avoid pathology, it is necessary to protect the pet from stressful situations. In addition, the Czechs diagnosed this disease is rarely enough.
Feeding Czech Terriers
A representative of this breed can be fed both natural food and ready-made rations. The production feed should be quality, balanced and suitable for active dogs, small in size with a long coat.
Natural food is considered more suitable for this breed, but this type of feeding will require more time and effort from the owner - cooking will have to be done daily. It is important to make the menu in such a way that the dog will get enough meat, vegetables and other useful products. Twice a week the dog is given milk products, eggs - chicken or quail, sea boiled fish.
The list of forbidden food is quite wide, you can not give the dog sweets, smoked products, salted, pickled food, dishes with spices and seasonings, baked goods. Do not feed this simpatyagu tasty from your table, because such food can significantly undermine the health of the pet.
Feed your pet after the paddock, because otherwise, there are high risks of developing a curvature of the intestines. On the recommendation of a veterinarian, when feeding a pet with natural food, vitamins and minerals are introduced that support all organs and systems in a healthy state.
Conditions of detention
These small, clever dogs are great for keeping in an apartment or a country house. They are quite clean, unpretentious and can behave very disciplined. The Czech terrier is an excellent companion for walking, jogging, hiking, any active activity will bring a pet pleasure.
At home it should be provided with a separate place, bowls and toys. It is necessary to immediately designate the framework for which the pet should not go out.
Photo of the Czech Terrier
Video about the Czech terrier
Where to buy a puppy
The acquisition of a Czech terrier puppy can be a very troublesome business, due to their rarity. If you need a purebred pet, then you should not risk buying a kid from the hands of casual sellers. Chances are good that it will be a pretty mongrel or half-breed, having a Czech terrier among relatives.
On the territory of Russia there are very few nurseries engaged in breeding this breed, therefore it will be necessary either to reserve the puppy in advance and to wait for it to grow up or to contact foreign nurseries. Before acquiring it is desirable to familiarize yourself with the standard requirements, learn the features of appearance and temperament.
The breed is relatively inexpensive, and you can buy a kid with a pedigree for 10,000-20,000 rubles, but you'll have to look for it. The cost depends on how much his titled parents have, and to what extent the kid meets the standard.
The Czech terrier is a funny short-legged dog that has a lot of good qualities. He is cheerful, fearless, active and benevolent. If a family needs such a four-footed friend, then one can safely acquire a puppy of this breed.