The Czech Terrier is a successful result of amateur dog trainers. This is a fairly young breed that has gained a lot of positive qualities from its working relatives. Its representatives are suitable for hunting, are excellent companions, have extraordinary appearance and stable psyche.
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Качество и возможный цвет шерсти 2. Quality and possible wool color
- Особенности характера 3. Characteristics
- Воспитание и дрессура терьеров из Чехии 4. Education and training of terriers from the Czech Republic
- Уход 5. Care
- Породные заболевания 6. Breed diseases
- Кормление чешских терьеров 7. Feeding Czech Terriers
- Условия содержания 8. Conditions of detention
- Фото чешского терьера 9. Photos of the Czech Terrier
- Видео о чешском терьере 10. Video about Czech terrier
- Где купить щенка 11. Where to buy a puppy
Czech terriers were bred artificially; Frantisek Horak acted as a breeder. A Czech cynologist, a breeder of Scottish terrier breed dogs, noted the peculiarity of his wards - a wide sternum, which does not allow dogs to penetrate the holes of small animals.
This was the starting point for the breeding of a new breed - dogs with a calm character and a narrow chest. In the work were taken the best representatives of the following breeds: Scotch Terrier and Selichem Terrier, were also added blood dandy dinmont terriers.
Selection lasted for 10 years. And here, at last, at the exhibition, Horak presented the received individuals of the Bohemian Terrier breed - surprisingly efficient, hardy, good-natured, with suitable physical data. After 4 years in 1963, these dogs were officially recognized, the breed was named Czech Terrier, to emphasize the country of origin.
Later, the Scots got into the territory of America, but still did not receive wide distribution. An increase in livestock has a negative effect on pedigree characteristics, therefore, terriers are regularly infused with selihem blood.
Breed description Czech Terrier
Bohemian dog belongs to the hunting terrier. It has a rectangular format, developed muscle mass, short, stable limbs and small hanging ears. The ideal growth of males is 29 cm, the bough is 27 cm, a deviation of 2 cm is allowed - upwards and downwards. Weigh dogs from 5.9 to 10 kg.
Representatives of the breed move freely, run slowly but surely. According to the standard, representatives have the following appearance:
- The shape of the head is an elongated, blunt wedge, ideally the length should be 20 cm, with a width of 10 cm. The forehead is flat with a slight smooth transition to the bridge of the nose.
- The nape is palpable, the cheekbones are moderately pronounced. Groove there, but poorly marked. Males have a longer distance between ears than bitches.
- The bridge of the nose is undesirable; a narrowed muzzle. The transition from the forehead to the face is noticeable, but not sharp.
- The lips are thick, well-matched, pigmented by black.
- The jaws are strong, with strong, even teeth forming a scissor bite. The standard allows for the absence of two molars below.
- Nose is well developed, painted black, regardless of coat color.
- Deep-seated eyes , medium, with brown or dark brown iris, expression calm, friendly.
- The ears are small, triangular, well cover the ears.
- The neck is highly positioned, well muscled, strong, has a smooth bend.
- The body is rather elongated, elongated, well muscled, with a slightly pronounced withers, without dewlap. The croup is sloping, well developed. The lumbar region is long, wide, with roundness. The back in the pelvis is slightly higher than the withers.
- Thorax with good volume, deep, cylindrical. The ribs have a smooth bend, the line of the abdomen is selected, the groin area is well filled.
- The tail is set low, ideally 19 cm long, thick at the base, and tapering towards the tip. When the dog is calm, he goes down or has a slight bend at the end. During active movement it becomes saber-like and rises horizontally to the level of the back. If it is wrapped in a ring, then it is a vice.
- The limbs of the front and rear are parallel, short, with strong bones, moderate angulation of the joints and well-developed hocks. The shoulders and hips are well muscled, the elbows are a bit loose.
- Paws are arched, fingers tightly assembled, with strong claws and thick pads. Forepaws slightly larger than hind.
Quality and possible wool color
The coat of the Czech terrier consists of a long hairline, wavy, silky, with a natural shine. The undercoat is high density, soft. The dogs of this breed are sheared in a special way, leaving the elongated hair above the brow ridges and at the bottom of the body.
Fully coloring in dogs is formed by the 3rd year and older, acquiring the final saturation. The standard has identified 2 types of colors:
- gray - any shade - from coal to platinum, gray with black pigment;
- Coffee - brown tone with a sand-colored pigment.
Black hair can appear in the area of the head, beard, cheeks, auricles, limbs and tail. The presence of white, gray, brownish or yellow markings is allowed in the head, beard, cheeks, neck, sternum and near the anus. Czech terriers can have a white collar or tail. But a prerequisite - the predominance of the primary color.
Representatives of this breed are loving, loyal pets, with a soft, docile disposition, which distinguishes them from other terriers. Such a dog is devoid of aggression, he seeks to please the owner and has great patience. He is not as self-willed and independent as other dogs of hunting breeds, therefore he is an excellent companion.
You can start a Czech terrier in almost any family, it will find a common language with children, elderly people and even other animals. This small, cheerful and good-natured dog almost immediately becomes the universally recognized pet of the family.
Although the Czech Terrier is a representative of the hunting breed, it is still more often acting as a companion. He has the hunter's instincts, he is enduring and full of enthusiasm. In his work, he shows fearlessness and does not allow fear even for larger prey.
At home, however, it is a calm, relaxed dog that is easy to train and maintain. These pets make excellent guards, because they are excessively vigilant by nature, but since the terriers are not aggressive, the little dog will not attack first. However, due to his sensitivity, he will definitely warn you if any suspicious activity arises.
The Czech Terrier can be taken in a family with children, their softness and friendliness makes the doggies and younger family members an excellent company. Dogs of this breed are hunters, which means they need socialization. If the dog from an early age to walk, to acquaint with his brothers, to raise and educate other pets in the environment, then the pet will calmly relate to animals, not considering them as prey. But still rodents should beware of such a neighborhood.
Education and training of terriers from the Czech Republic
Dogs of this breed are intended to bring people joy, such a pet agrees to everything so that its owner is pleased. Therefore, difficulties in education and training usually does not arise. However, the owner must be patient and restrained, respectful to his four-legged friend. Puppies of this breed are quite active and do not always catch what the owner requires from them.
You can not treat your pet rude, dismissive, use force or a sharp tone. In this case, the dog will protest, refuse to execute commands. Some, more willful individuals may even bite, outraged by an unfair attitude. In addition, this situation can cause a psychological trauma to the dog, which will negatively affect the psyche of the animal.
Breeders and owners of Czech terriers argue that solving behavioral problems in dogs of this breed is not too difficult, and in most cases they are the result of lack of exercise or attention deficit. It is impossible to indulge too little dog, the punishment during the training must necessarily be present. Aggressive, dominant behavior should be stopped.
Long regular walking and early socialization - this is what is the basis in shaping the nature of the animal. It should be vaccinated as soon as possible pet, so that he could get acquainted with the outside world.
A kid practically from the first day can master new knowledge - get acquainted with a place, learn his nickname and learn to respond. It is easy for him to learn the basic skills that are sure to come in handy later in life.
The owner should know the basics of care so that his dog is healthy and cheerful. To do this, it is necessary to periodically perform a number of routine manipulations:
- Regular combing wool . It is important from the very first days to teach your child to such an event. Then in the future with an adult dog will not have problems. A skirt and a beard are combed out with a comb with long teeth; a massage brush can be used for the rest of the coat. For a shorn pet, brushing is sufficient.
- Haircut Czech terriers can be trimmed from 3 months: puppies trim the skirt and beard, trim the hair of the tail, head, chest, back. You can do it yourself or seek help from professionals, but the doggie of this breed is trimmed every 7-8 weeks.
- Bathing pet . “Czechs” are washed once a month, and more often if necessary. It is recommended to use special detergents, softening the coat. On the eve of the exhibition you shouldn’t bathe your pet, as its fur will acquire an excessive amount and it will be difficult to pack.
- Teeth care . The teeth are the weak point of this breed, therefore it is recommended to regularly visit the veterinarian for examinations. Experts advise 2-3 times a week to clean the dog's teeth and give bones or special dentological delicacies to prevent the formation of plaque and stone.
- Walking Such a pet is not for the lazy, because it is necessary to walk with him strictly twice a day and for a long time. In addition, it is not enough just to walk, it should be an active pastime, with games, jogging, exercise.
Czech terriers have wonderful, good health. Since the breed exists relatively recently, no specific genetic diseases have been identified.
But from the Scottish terriers, they still passed one hereditary disease - “Scottie Crump”, accompanied by muscle cramps, which develop during intense exertion or during excessive overexcitation of the dog.
To pathology was not manifested, you should protect your pet from stressful situations. In addition, the Czechs this disease is rarely diagnosed.
Feeding Czech Terriers
A representative of this breed can be fed with both natural food and ready-made dry rations. Production feed must be of high quality, balanced and suitable for active dogs, small in size with a long coat.
Natural food is considered more suitable for representatives of this breed, but this type of feeding will require more time and effort from the owner - they will have to cook every day. It is important to make the menu in such a way that the dog gets enough meat, vegetables and other useful products. Twice a week the dog is given fermented milk products, eggs - chicken or quail, sea boiled fish.
The list of banned food is quite wide, you can not give the dog sweets, smoked meats, salty, pickled food, dishes with spices and seasonings, pastries. You should not feed this handsome with sweets from your table, since such food can significantly undermine the health of the pet.
Feed the pet should be after walking, because otherwise, there are high risks of blooming intestines. On the recommendation of the veterinarian, when feeding a pet with natural food, vitamins and minerals are introduced that support all organs and systems in a healthy state.
Conditions of detention
These small, intelligent dogs are great for keeping in an apartment or a country house. They are pretty neat, unpretentious and can behave very disciplined. The Czech Terrier is an excellent companion for walking, jogging, hiking, any active activity will bring a pet pleasure.
At home it should be provided with a separate place, bowls and toys. It is necessary to immediately identify the framework for which the pet should not go.
Photo Czech Terrier
Video about czech terrier
Where to buy a puppy
Acquiring a Czech Terrier puppy can be quite troublesome, due to their rarity. If you need a purebred pet, then you should not risk and buy the baby from the hands of random sellers. Chances are that this will be a cute mongrel or half-breed, having a Czech terrier among relatives.
There are very few nurseries in Russia breeding this breed, so you will have to either reserve a puppy in advance and expect it to grow up, or go to foreign nurseries. Prior to the acquisition, it is desirable to familiarize yourself with the standard requirements, to know the features of the appearance and temperament.
Breed is relatively inexpensive, and you can buy a baby with a pedigree for 10,000-20,000 rubles, but you will have to look for it. The cost depends on how he has titled parents, and to what extent the baby conforms to the standard.
The Czech Terrier is a funny short-legged dog with a mass of good qualities. He is cheerful, fearless, active and benevolent. If the family needs such a four-legged friend, then you can safely acquire a puppy of this breed.