Black Russian terrier - a dog of decent dimensions with a very serious, but very impressive, appearance. Such a pet attracts admiring glances, but to understand what is on his mind is extremely difficult, since his eyes are hidden behind a woolly covering. For what purposes were these large, beautiful animals brought out, and what is their role to date?
- История происхождения породы 1. History of the origin of the breed
- Описание породы черный терьер 2. Description of the breed black terrier
- Характер собаки Сталина 3. The nature of the dog Stalin
- Как воспитывать и обучать питомца? 4. How to bring up and train a pet?
- Как ухаживать за черным терьером? 5. How to care for a black terrier?
- Особенности кормления 6. Features of feeding
- Фото черного терьера 7. Photo of a black terrier
- Видео о черном терьере 8. Video about the black terrier
- Стоимость щенка черного терьера 9. The cost of a black terrier puppy
- Питомники черного терьера 10. Black Terrier Kennels
History of the origin of the breed
The appearance of the Russian black terrier is unique, although it features the features of other popular breeds - the Airedale, Schnauzers, Rottweilers, etc. And this is not just a similarity, as it is the blood of these breeds that flows in the veins of Stalin's dog.
In the 40s of the 20th century, one of the Soviet nurseries "Krasnaya Zvezda" received a task from the government - to bring out the service-sentry breed of dogs, which has a number of binding qualities. The dog had to have a high intellect, excellent physical data, decisive temper and high performance in any climatic conditions. Based on the requirements, the breeders received a black terrier - an athlete with a strong, muscular body, vigilant and enduring. The main task of these dogs was the protection of military, including secret, objects.
Today, the representatives of this breed greatly expanded their functions and gained popularity, even outside their homeland.
Description of breed black terrier
The black terrier is a tall, large dog with a strong bone and developed muscles. Their body is tightly skinned, which does not form folds and does not sag. This dog has a natural malice and distrust, can live in any climate and is well trained.
If we talk about the constitution, then it is strong and strong-rough. Friability and undeveloped muscles are flaws. The growth of the dog varies from 66 to 72 cm, the bitches do not lag far behind - from 64 to 70 cm. However, males are more powerful physique and massiveness.
The dog has a balanced temperament, it is mobile and has a well developed defensive reaction. If the dog is timid or too excitable, then this is considered a serious drawback. According to the standard, pets look like this:
- The head of the terriers is wide, but moderately, with a flattened forehead and pronounced, a transition from the forehead to the muzzle, but without sharpness. Thanks to the adorning hair, the muzzle has the format of a square. Ears are small in size, located high enough, hang on cartilages. Eyes are medium in size, oval with a dark iris.
- Jaws are powerful, with a full row of teeth forming a bite as a "scissors".
- The neck is powerful, the thorax is deep, the ribs are slightly convex. The withers are clearly pronounced, the back is wide, passes into a short, strong, slightly convex loin. The tail is thick, set high, it is stopped, leaving 3-4 vertebrae.
- Dogs have straight forelimbs parallel to each other. The hind legs are also straight, with muscular, well-developed hips, but are slightly wider than the forelegs. Paws collected in a strong lump, they are round.
The black terrier moves freely, smoothly, easily - with a short trot or gallop. In 1994, a separate standard was adopted by the Russian Federation for official dog breeding, according to which the restriction of the upper growth rate in dogs of this breed is canceled. After all, previously large, harmoniously built handsome terriers were not allowed to breed due to the fixation of their growth standard from Mexico City.
Coat and colors
The coat of black terriers is hard, plentiful, with a dense undercoat. The length of the covering hair is 5-10 cm, it is thick, has a "wave", the undercoat is much shorter. Dogs of this breed have a pronounced adornment hair, forming eyebrows, mustaches and beards. The neck and the withers are covered with a "mane".
There are two colors of the Russian black terrier - monochrome black and black with graying. In the latter case, there is a condition - the gray coat should cover not more than 1/3 of the entire body.
It will be interesting:
Character of the dog Stalin
The nature of the dogs of this breed is related to their destination - the service. They have protective and protective qualities in their blood. But if more often watchdogs show aggression and attack uninvited guests, then the Black Terrier has his own tactics. He is more partisan and used to defend, rather than attack. The dog will not sharply fly out to meet, it will watch cautiously, and when the intruder of the territory begins to approach, it will attack.
Black Terrier is designed to protect not only the territory, but also the person. It is quickly excited if there is a threat, but as soon as it disappears, the dog instantly calms down.
Since the very appearance of the breed, its representatives have established close contact with the owner and were infinitely loyal to him. They are too attached to a person, so it is not recommended to leave a black terrier for a long time alone. With long loneliness, the dog will become too attached to the territory, that even the master who enters it will be considered a threat.
But with normal relations and upbringing, "black" is the ideal watchman. He will vote only if there is an excuse for this. Possessing high intelligence and excellent reliability, he was accustomed to please his owner, calm and balanced. But sometimes the puppies of this breed are curious and their research activities can damage the property. In this case, it is worth considering that for the education of a black terrier requires a solid hand, the owner must outline the border - what can and can not. If this is not done, then the behavior of an adult, a large pet, can not be changed afterwards.
Dogs of Stalin, at any age, remain active and playful. They are infinitely fond of children and are always happy to spend time with them, playing and pampering. Despite the impressive size, the dog gently and gently refers to the small, which is due to their temperate and balanced temperament. Pet allows his little master almost everything, and even twitching for a mustache, will not cause discontent. Often the place for a night's sleep black terriers choose a doorway in the nursery or near the crib, sensitive protection of the child.
Terriers need physical exertion, and future owners should consider - walking with a four-legged friend will have a lot. The rest of the time, the dog does not mind resting with the family, and if the owners allow it, sit on the couch.
During walks, the owner of the "black woman" should always be there and preferably in crowded places to keep the dog on a leash. Although the terriers are not inclined to sudden aggression or flight, their formidable appearance can frighten not only children, but even adults.
How to bring up and train a pet?
Like all dogs of impressive size, black terriers need socialization and training. And professional cynologists recommend starting this process as early as possible, without waiting for a small lump to turn into a formidable giant. Early socialization will avoid possible difficulties in the future.
Given the inherent aggression, you need to teach the dog to respond more adequately to newly arrived people. For these purposes, the puppy must learn a number of basic commands. In the process, the owner will need tact and patience, the dog must learn how to execute the commands from the first time and, without being distracted, to external stimuli.
Signing up for the preparatory courses, with a black terrier, they can be chosen, since it is able to cope with various activities:
- sentry service;
- Russian ring;
- protective guard duty.
For the dog companion, you can limit yourself to the general course of dressing, and then visit the training "city dog". In addition, with specialized training, a black terrier is able to work with a trace. In this case, the pet will be an excellent helper during the hunt.
Puppies and adult representatives of the breed are very hardworking and can endure enormous physical exertion. And these qualities contribute to the fact that dogs of this breed have success in sports competitions.
The general training course makes the dog more intelligent and complaisant, however, the owners should not forget about their destination. If the dog shows leadership qualities, he is not too obedient and perceives the owner as the leader, it is necessary to apply for help from professionals as soon as possible - it is very difficult to adjust the behavior of an adult black terrier.
Good to know :
How to care for a black terrier?
The Russian black terrier is not so easy to care for, especially for its long, thick coat. The pet should be cleaned and combed every 3-4 days to facilitate the procedure, you can use a special conditioner. To exclude the risk of otitis media development, it is recommended to regularly cut out hairs from the auricles. The same must be done with wool, which grows on the pads of the paws, because here it is often tangled and stumbles into knuckles.
Representatives of this breed molt, but slightly, so combing also helps to save the pet from the dead hairs. The teeth and eyes of the dog need to be cleaned. Black terriers need regular bathing, and do it at least once a month. But more often the dog should not be washed, as this can cause dryness of the skin.
After the bath you need to wait until the pet's hair completely dry out and start combing. In addition, for black terriers requires grooming, performed professionally. It allows dogs to look beautiful and well-groomed. Walking with a Russian black terrier can be at any time of the year, regardless of weather conditions. They adore lying in snowdrifts, and in the summer they are drawn to freshen up in water.
If the dog is kept in the apartment, then it is necessary to take it out as often as possible to the street, make long walks, visit special areas and places where the dog can run without a leash.
Features of feeding
A puppy of a black terrier is fed up to six months 4 times a day, and then transferred to a 2-time feeding. As for other representatives of large breeds, it is important for puppies to get adequate nutrition during intensive growth. The diet of the dog should contain 50% of protein foods, 40% of carbohydrates and 10% of vegetable fats. The pet should regularly receive dairy products - daily in one feeding. In addition to meat, you can give the dog boiled offal, but only after 6 months.
The menu of an adult black terrier should include more protein, especially in warm climates. The meat portion together with the by-products should be 2/3 of the daily norm, the remaining 1/3 is the porridge and vegetables - raw or boiled. Kefir, curdled milk, cottage cheese, natural yogurt can be given to the dog throughout life.
There is one more variant of feeding dogs of this breed - ready dry rations . Since the terriers are not prone to allergies, it is quite easy for them to choose the right food. But it is important to choose a quality product suitable for large breeds.
Photo of a black terrier
Video about the black terrier
The cost of a black terrier puppy
Today, black terriers can be found throughout the country and in other countries, so it will not be difficult to find a puppy. Prices for dogs of this breed vary:
- 8000-10000 rubles - this cost should be alarmed, as it is a doggie without a pedigree, and no one will guarantee the purity of blood; and in addition, there is a risk of acquiring a sick animal - and this is either a long-term expensive treatment, or an early death of a baby.
- 10000-15000 rubles - this price category most often includes puppies, which are a tribal marriage. Similar to the doggies do not make out the documents, although they can also be purebred. But you can buy a half-breed, especially if you buy from a private person.
- 15000-18000 is the cost of a puppy with minor deviations from the standard. A dog can have a pedigree, but it will not be allowed for breeding and exhibitions. But there is already a guarantee that the dog will look like a real black terrier.
- 20000-25000 rubles - at this price you can buy a good puppy, suitable for breeding.
- from 30,000 rubles - the starting price of the puppies of the show class, handsome men with whom you can participate in exhibitions, they are obviously enviable grooms and brides, because besides their own successes, they have titled parents.
Russian black terrier - a huge beautiful dog with a difficult character. First of all, it is a working dog with developed instincts, it is in any conditions remains a formidable guard and a watchful guard. Therefore, the pet needs special training, strict education and a strong hand of the owner. Only in this case a four-legged friend can become a wonderful companion, guarding his family and participating in all affairs.