Eating natural food still causes difficulties for dog breeders. If there are practically no questions with ready-made rations, perhaps, what brand is better, then what products can be for dogs, and how to feed a dog is impossible, many owners of four-legged friends for certain do not know. But this list is quite long and includes not only harmful, but also dangerous food for the animal.
- Какие овощи вредны для собак 1. What kind of vegetables are harmful to dogs?
- Сладкое под запретом 2. Sweet banned
- Трубчатые кости 3. The tubular bones
- Колбасные изделия и копчености 4. Sausages and smoked meats
- Рыба 5. Fish
- Дрожжевое тесто 6. Yeast Dough
- Мясо свинины 7. Pork meat
- Сырые яйца 8. Raw eggs
What vegetables are bad for dogs?
Vegetables should be an average of 20-25% of the pet's diet. Experts recommend not to be limited to boiled products, but to give them raw. But are all vegetables suitable for feeding dogs? Potatoes and broccoli are on the list of especially forbidden foods.
In the first case, raw potatoes contain solanine - a dangerous, toxic substance. Therefore, to treat them to the animal is not worth it, and you also need to make sure that the pet does not get to the vegetables or cleaning itself. In the same boiled potatoes a lot of slowly digestible carbohydrates, which are deposited in the layer of fat, and potato starch leads to a set of extra pounds and increases the hypoglycemic index.
With a sedentary pet lifestyle, such food will lead to a pet's obesity. In addition, the potato is not very well perceived and poorly digested by the dog's gastrointestinal tract, can cause diarrhea.
Broccoli is another vegetable that is useful for the human body, but contains isocyanate, which is poison for the pet. A large amount of eaten broccoli can lead to the death of a dog. It can be given to a pet as part of another food, but the amount of this ingredient should be minimal (4-5%). In this case, the vegetable will only benefit the animal, as it contains an extensive group of vitamins and beta-carotene.
Important: what cereals can be given to the dog .
As practice shows, sweets are loved not only by people, but also by our four-legged friends. And this is the fault of the owners of the dogs, who use confectionery as a treat and encouragement to the pet, and allow guests to pamper the dog of the owners of the house.
In some cases, the dog shows all his acting talents to get a treat, but in a simple way - begging. An animal can look into the eyes enviously, perform various tricks, whine, and do it until the desired is received. And sometimes it just takes a treat from the table without asking. All of the above refers to defects in education.
In general, sweet is harmful for many reasons. It is poorly digested by the dog's gastrointestinal tract, spoils the teeth, is the cause of excess weight and can provoke the development of diabetes.
A special relationship in a dog body with chocolate. Theobromine, which adds bitterness to the treat, is a plant alkaloid contained in cocoa beans. In humans, a small dose of this substance acts like caffeine - has a stimulating effect on the heart and blood flow. But such an action is dangerous for the animal, as it makes the heart beat hard and shrink faster, and this leads to arrhythmia, tachycardia.
A diuretic effect of a substance can cause a disturbance of water and electrolyte balance. For a small dog to seriously poison itself, it is quite enough to eat 3-4 pieces of chocolate (the calculation is 7 g per 1 kg of animal weight). So you need to think about the consequences for the pet before giving a tasty piece of chocolate.
Read more about sweets for dogs here .
Another dangerous product that can be fatal. Everyone knows the love of pets for this type of food, but not every bone is suitable for feeding dogs. The tubular bone can cause the most damage, since, breaking, it is divided into sharp fragments that can injure the mouth, esophagus walls, stomach and intestines, and even pierce them through. In addition, they are often stuck in the airways, leading to suffocation of the animal.
First of all, the ban extends to the tubular bones of the bird, since in addition to all the above, the bone can get stuck in the teeth, and their undigested fragments accumulate in the stomach.
It is allowed to treat your pet with large beef bones that do not have sharp edges, preferably with meat and cartilage tissue. It is better to give a raw product and take it away after a while so that the dog cannot completely chew.
Learn more about bones for dogs: http://dogipedia.ru/mozhno-li-davat-sobake-kosti-kurinye-svinye-govyazhi-i-td/
Sausages and smoked meats
No pet will refuse a piece of sausage or deli meat, but it is better not to give him a similar meal. Cooked smoked products contain two components harmful to the dog - salt and pepper. But modern unscrupulous manufacturers are not limited to this, adding not only soy, but also flavor enhancers, dyes, flavors and so on. Naturally, all these components are not suitable for animals. Of course, the dog will survive after a treat, but daily consumption of such products will thoroughly undermine the health of the pet.
And smoked meat products adversely affect the state of the liver and pancreas of the animal. Particularly at risk are pets suffering from diabetes, having excess weight, liver and kidney diseases. Also in this group include puppies up to 5 months.
If a dog is not of the Japanese Akita-Inu breed, whose representatives need to be present in the diet of fish, then this product may not be given to the dog, as it can be not only harmful, but also dangerous. Often, dogs are crushed with fish bone, sharp fins, which can get stuck in the throat, esophagus tube, damaging tissue. Also, dogs often get stuck fish bones in the gums and between the teeth, the dog will not tell about his problem and will suffer.
Fish bone can cause the development of the inflammatory process, which can worsen the pet's condition. Raw fish can be a breeding ground for parasitic microorganisms and helminths, which, when eating the product, will surely strike the animal. Most parasites live in the body of freshwater fish, so it is better to completely remove from the diet.
Experts allow to treat the dog with the flesh of fresh salmon, but not all owners can afford to feed the dog with such expensive fish. Also in the composition of raw fish was discovered a special enzyme substance - thiaminase, which destroys vitamins from group B. A lot of it is found in river and sea bream, roach, crucian carp, sprat, pike, sardines, capelin, herring.
Another dangerous component for a dog's body is trimethylamine oxide, it binds the iron supplied with food, thereby preventing the mineral from digesting, which leads to the development of anemia. It is contained, in particular, in some species of fish - tuna, mintai, cod, saury, haddock, pollock, blue whiting.
It will be useful:
The four-legged friends like bread, buns, and pies on yeast dough just as much as their owners. But baking, especially fresh, is very harmful to the intestinal tract of the animal. Yeast, penetrating into the intestines, begin to ferment, emitting gases, which is accompanied by pain. In extreme cases, the condition can cause intoxication, and even rupture of intestinal or gastric tissues.
In addition, baking may contain sugar, which is also among the prohibited foods for dogs. If you really want to treat your pet with bread, then let it be a dried piece of black bread or rye crackers.
This type of meat is the worst option for a dog. Parasitic worms are often found in pork, and the dog can also become infected with infectious bulbar paralysis. In the latter case, it is considered that since people do not get sick with such a disease, then it is not necessary to check the meat for the presence of pathogens. Among other things, still pork is too fat.
Given the prevalence of pork, it is difficult to completely eliminate it from the diet of the animal, and experts do not insist on this. But a few rules should be followed:
- buy the product only in verified places, where it must pass a veterinary check;
- Give the dog low-fat parts of pork - cutting, spatula, chop.
Everyone knows that dogs are needed in the diet of offal. It is the pork heart that contains less fat than the calf. This is an excellent option for feeding, containing beneficial protein and vitamin, mineral substances. Also, the pet will not give up pork cartilage, caltyk, ears and other delicacies that do not have excess fat.
This product is dangerous for several reasons. First, it contains the enzyme substance avidin, which inhibits the absorption of B vitamins and degrades the digestibility of biotin, which negatively affects the appearance of wool and skin. Raw eggs can also be infected with salmonella.
Of course, a serious deterioration in the condition of the dog can occur when eating 5 or more eggs during the week. Experts advise not to get carried away, but it is better to give your pet every 3-4 days a raw quail egg with a shell, before grinding it. Diversify the diet can be boiled boiled chicken eggs, scrambled eggs. But again, no more than 2-3 times a week.
Dogs, although they live side by side with humans and often adopt many habits, still have a different body from the human. This must be taken into account, since, while treating a pet with beer, candy or a piece of sausage, the owner automatically shortens the pet's not long age.