Representatives of the labrador breed are excellent company dogs that can accompany the owners everywhere, to babysit children from the same table. They are not fastidious in eating and can use the same as the owners. But is it so good for the pets themselves? An animal of this size and exterior needs proper nutrition, saturated with important elements - vitamins , minerals, and the balance of all components must also be observed. The question remains open: "How to feed a Labrador?"
- Особенности кормления лабрадоров по возрасту 1. Peculiarities of feeding Labradors by age
- Что нужно исключить из рациона лабрадора 2. What should be excluded from the Labrador diet?
- Какая пища лучше, сырая или вареная 3. Which food is better, raw or boiled
- Мясо в рационе лабрадора 4. Meat in the diet of a Labrador retriever
- Разрешенные для лабрадора продукты 5. Lab-approved products
- Овощи и фрукты в рационе лабрадора 6. Vegetables and fruits in the diet of a Labrador
Features of feeding labrador by age
If the purchased puppy is accustomed to dry food, and the owners do not want to change anything, the task is much simplified. There are certain brands of feeds, it remains only to learn the usual for the puppy brand and get the necessary recommendations.
Before making a diet, you need to understand how many times a day to feed the Labrador. Recommendations speak of a two-time feeding. If the owner chooses to feed the Labrador with natural products, then it is worth to listen to the advice of knowledgeable and experienced people. And in this case the breeder will help out, which will provide the most detailed information about the peculiarities of feeding puppies of this breed. Puppies get stress from separation from relatives, as well as changing the situation, do not aggravate the situation even by stomach upset.
For normal health maintenance, the dog needs a dosed amount of protein, lipid and carbohydrate substances, mineral components, and water. The need for animals varies, it varies according to age, its physiological characteristics, season, climate.
Puppies and dogs bearing offspring need more food, the main component in which is the building material - protein.
In addition, one should not allow an excess of useful substances, since surpluses do not always leave the body, deposited in organs and subcutaneous layers.
What you need to exclude from Labrador's diet
That the pet was healthy and cheerful, it is necessary to avoid during feeding the following:
- hot food, as well as cold;
- in the dog's menu there should be no smoked products, sharp, fatty, sweet and salty dishes;
- it is not worth replacing the feed with bones, because they have low digestibility, in addition, they can provoke constipation , perforation (through damage) of the intestinal walls, curvature of the intestines; tubular bones are the most dangerous;
- under the ban are also the following products - pasta, legumes, potatoes, baking from wheat flour;
- Labradors, as in principle and other breeds of dogs, it is not necessary to know what sausages are - sausages and sausages adversely affect the liver of the dog, which can lead to the death of the animal;
- Do not treat the puppy with sweets, since sweets disrupt the digestive processes, destroy the tooth enamel, disrupt the function of the lacrimal glands;
- negative for the state of the stomach and pancreas affects the use of fatty meat - pork and lamb;
- Labrador's food should not be spicy, nor should it add sauces to it.
Owners should take care that the food at the dog is always fresh. The remains of food should not be in the bowl for a long time, they must be cleaned in the refrigerator or thrown away.
It is worth giving preference to such ways of cooking foods, during which the maximum of useful substances is stored.
Which food is better, raw or boiled
The question of how to feed a Labrador - raw or cooked foods - is highly ambiguous. On the one hand, food products in raw form contain more useful elements, but still a greater preference is given to boiled food.
Correct heat treatment allows to destroy pathogens, which are often found in foods, as well as eggs of worms. Vegetable fiber in the process of cooking becomes softer and better absorbed by the digestive system of the animal. If you use gentle methods, such as steaming, you can save the most vitamins.
Meat can be given raw, but pre-freeze it.
In some cases, veterinarians recommend the use of raw foods, but it is only under certain circumstances and following the advice of specialists.
Meat in the diet of a Labrador
A dog is a predatory animal by nature, and the labrador still has a decent size, which requires a lot of food for energy. Therefore, meat in the diet of representatives of this breed should be in the first place.
In the menu of the pet-Labrador you can include beef, horse meat, chicken, turkey meat, rabbit, various offal. If we talk about raw meat, then the safest is horse meat, as it is very rarely affected by brucellosis.
Feeding the dog does not require the most expensive meat, for the animal is much more useful wiry pieces - brisket, flank and other.
If the pet prefers raw meat, you can satisfy his taste, but you must first hold it in the freezer for a few days, before serving, you can give it with boiling water. The main thing is to have meat without fat. You can alternate, a couple of days to give meat in its raw form, and two or three days in a boiled. Giving a dog needs a product cut into pieces.
As for by-products, they are recommended to be given a long heat treatment.
Separately, it should be said about the scar (stomach), which contains in large quantities digestible protein, useful for the digestive system of the dog. It is recommended to give the pet in raw form and without preliminary cleaning.
Most experts do not advise to include bones in the diet of Labradors, you can supplement the menu of the dog with soft cartilage, but only as an additional treat.
Among the allowed products are the following:
A fish. As a useful food containing a large amount of animal protein, phosphorus and iodine, fish must be present in the Labrador diet. Because of the bony nature, it is necessary to abandon river fish in favor of low-fat sea. Pollock, hake, cod and others will suit perfectly. A dog can be offered a product only after heat treatment and without bones.
Groats. The carbohydrates entering into the cereals will give the meat products more nutritional value. Dogs are recommended to give buckwheat, rice, oatmeal. But the pearl barley, mango and millet are best excluded from the menu of the animal. In cereal, you can add rusks from gray and rye flour, as well as vegetable oil - sunflower, olive, linseed.
Dairy. A Labrador puppy can be fed with home-made calcined curd, adding calcium chloride to the boiling milk. Milk is good for puppies, but for adult pets it can weaken. Sour-milk products are good at any age Labrador - kefir, bifivit, yogurt, yogurt - have a positive effect on the digestive tract. Cheese is also recommended to give a pet, it can be rubbed into already cooked meals.
Eggs. They will not be superfluous in feeding the dog. Raw yolks can be added to dairy food and cereals. From the raw protein, there will be no use, since the animal's organism does not absorb it. Hard boiled eggs are finely chopped, and raw used for omelet. If there is enough meat for the dog, then it will be enough for two eggs in seven days.
Vegetables and fruits in the diet of Labrador
Among vegetables and fruits, a raw dog is recommended to give carrots, zucchini, pumpkin, beets. It is most convenient before serving to finely chop or grate, can be seasoned with vegetable oil or sour cream.
Main dishes can be enriched with finely chopped fresh herbs - dill, celery, parsley, lettuce, onions and garlic.
Pumpkin porridge - an excellent dish for the pet, in addition, the pumpkin has a preventive against helminths.
If a dog loves fruit - it's excellent, they can be given in small amounts in any form. The only exception is grapes, it is forbidden to give to dogs, since it can cause fermentation in the intestine.
Salt the dog needs in very small quantities, so the food can not be salted at all, or add it quite a bit.
As for drinking, his animal needs a lot, especially if the dog's food consists of dry food. It is necessary to provide the pet with constant fresh drinking water. If it meets sanitary standards, then you can give it raw.
Labrador - a dog that is well-groomed, has rounded sides and this is not an indicator of fatness. The pet should be active and eat well.