In the modern world, there is an increase in the popularity of decorative breeds of dogs — pets that play the role of companions and accompany owners everywhere. And this category includes the Brussels Griffon - a dog that was once a rat-catcher among the peasants, later lived in palace chambers, and today is a great favorite, loyal and inquisitive.
- История происхождения 1. History of origin
- Описание породы брюссельский гриффон 2. Description of the breed Brussels Griffon
- Нрав и особенности характера 3. Character and features of character
- Воспитание и обучение 4. Education and training
- Как ухаживать за питомцем 5. How to care for a pet
- Породные заболевания 6. Breed diseases
- Режим и рацион кормления 7. Mode and diet feeding
- Особенности содержания питомца 8. Features of the pet
- Фото брюссельского гриффона 9. Photos of the Brussels Griffon
- Видео о брюссельском гриффоне 10. Video about the Brussels Griffon
- Выбор и покупка щенка 11. Choosing and buying a puppy
History of origin
The Griffon is home to Belgium, this is where the breed originated, and its development and formation took place over several centuries. The ancestors of the "Brusselsians" are considered "stable griffons" - mobile and nimble doggies who lived in the stables and were engaged in catching rats. There is reliable information according to which these dogs existed in the 15th century.
As a separate species, the Brussels Griffon participated in a local exhibition in 1880, the same official recognition of the breed occurred almost a quarter of a century later. It is surprising that the fact that at home, in Belgium, the breed has practically disappeared, but it gained immense popularity in the United States, it was here that breeders actively engaged in improving and breeding Brusselsians and became the main suppliers of livestock.
Also they were interested in England, where selection work was carried out. As a result, the Brussels Griffons acquired modern characteristics, and today these perky dogs can be found in different countries.
Description of the breed Brussels Griffon
Griffon is a small, amusing dog with a lively mind, he carefully watches what is happening around him and thanks to his vigilance, it is unlikely that he will pass by him unnoticed.
Like other griffons, “Brussels” has a special nose and mustache shape, thanks to which the muzzle of doggies looks like a monkey. But these doggies, in spite of their decorativeness and original appearance, are by no means pampered creatures, in fact, they are hardy, energetic dogs, with strong bones.
Sexual dimorphism can be clearly seen - to distinguish between a dog and a bitch can be visually, although they are not particularly different in dimensions. The standard does not include strict restrictions on the height and body weight of dogs, but still there are preferred sizes. It is desirable that the growth ranged from 18 to 20 cm, and the weight ranged from 2.7 to 4.5 kg.
Purebred representatives, in accordance with standard data, are described as follows:
- The head is rounded, rather large, with a broad forehead and a sharp transition to the bridge of the nose and the muzzle. The length of the face does not exceed 1.5 cm, although in short-haired griffons it may look a little longer than it actually is.
- The teeth are not too large, form a dense row, normally the bite should be in the form of a small snack, giving the little dog a bit of a fighting look.
- The nose is compact, black, flat, has a clear separation groove, the nostrils are wide, well open. If you look at the side, the tip of the nose and the forehead are located on the same line, that is, the ear is depressed.
- The eyes are round, slightly protruding, widely spaced, with an expressive, rather intelligent look and lively glitter. The eyelids are "dry", fit well, hide the white of the eyes and the third eyelid. The iris is pigmented in a dark brown shade.
- Ears - in a natural form are raised at the base on the cartilage, the upper part is thin, hanging down, with a rounded tip. The standard allows for ears of both medium size and large when they hang down along the sides of the muzzle. If the owner wants, the ears can be stopped, but then the ears take a standing position.
- The body is square, it is desirable that the length of the back and height were the same size.
- The neck is strong, not too long and without gravity, harmonious.
- Withers moderately raised, shoulder girdle wide.
- The sternum is not very wide, dropped to the elbows. The keel and ribs are round, but not barrel-shaped.
- The back is straight, goes into a convex lower back and strong, wide croup, with a sloping area around the hips, and the line of the abdomen is well tucked up, but without dryness.
- The limbs are straight, set wide apart, parallel to each other, with the elbows pressed to the rib cage and the lower joints. The brush is compact, fingers are tightly compressed, pads and claws are pigmented with dark color.
- The tail is set high, sturdy at the base, rises high enough when moving, the tip goes to the back, but without bending and does not touch the body.
According to generally accepted rules, individuals with both natural tail and ears, and with cropped ones are allowed to see. But today there is a tendency to reject such procedures, therefore, at international exhibitions, stopping can be perceived negatively.
Wool coat and colors
The Brussels Griffon has a hard coat with a slight wave. Color red, allowed the presence of a small amount of black hair in his mustache and beard.
Personality and Character Features
Of course, each individual is individual, but still the representatives of one breed have a set of common qualities and characteristics. Most of the “Brusselsians” are shy dogs that are not too trusting of strangers, and in the family they choose only one owner to whom they are utterly loyal.
Such a pet is a companion to the bone marrow, it does not endure long loneliness. Left alone, the dog becomes very noisy - in every way it shows anxiety, whines, barks, worries.
Griffons need stability, they are hard to get used to new conditions. When moving the dog can be very stressed, therefore, if the family often changes their place of residence, it is better to consider representatives of more mobile breeds as a pet.
By type of temperament, the Brussels Griffon is a sanguine person; he adores being in the center of attention, frolicking, playing. His curiosity does not allow the dog to pass by something new, be it a bag or a box, he will definitely stick his short nose in them.
You should not see that this is a small dog, he has a strong character with a tendency to dominate. He will certainly try to command, and this applies to both people and other pets.
In the past, Brusselsians played the role of hunters and guards, and some of their qualities remained at the genetic level. For example, a dog may aggressively treat strangers who want to get too close to the owner.
It is not recommended to take a griffon puppy to a family where there are small children. This is due to the fact that such a pet will not tolerate excessive compulsion, careless attitude, it is very sensitive to screams. If the child hurts the dog, albeit through carelessness, it may snap and even bite.
Pet loves to be in the center of attention, and if the owner is overly keen on his four-legged friend, he, without realizing it, nurtures negative traits in him. Dog becomes too demanding and selfish. Therefore, if a young family planning future children wants to have a dog, it is worth choosing a puppy of a different breed.
Brussels gets along well with their relatives, loyal to the cats. But rodents will always be regarded as excellent prey. If a family wants to start a pair of griffons at once, then it is desirable that these be heterosexual individuals, since two males will necessarily compete in trying to take a leading position.
It is not recommended to plant such a dog if the house already has a dog of serious guard or fighting breed - Caucasian Shepherd, Alabai, Mastino, etc. In this case, on the part of larger relatives, aggression is possible.
Territoriality is strongly developed among the Brussels Griffons, so they quickly become accustomed, when alone, give voice at any rustle, notifying the whole neighborhood about it. Such behavior is desirable to correct at puppy age, in order to further avoid serious problems.
Education and training
Training a puppy of a given breed is very interesting and exciting, the kid seeks to learn as much knowledge as possible in a short time. But growing up, the pet begins to “feel” the owner, figuring out what to do and what not. It is important in such situations to show firmness and prove to the pet their leadership position.
It is not recommended to scold a pet during training - he sensitively catches a change of mood, starts to get anxious, ceases to listen. This doggie requires respectful attitude, because he knows his worth.
Griffon does not cost anything in a week to fully master the basic program, which includes such mandatory commands as “come to me!”, “Place!”, “Lie down!”, Etc. It is important that the dog fulfill them on demand, without hesitation and without evading the task.
If the dog does a great job, then after each command there should be a promotion. When training does not give results, it is worth reviewing the methods used and choosing a more effective approach.
For joint work to be effective, it is important that the pet feels the support and love of the owner, he will definitely show reciprocal feelings, trying to please the owner. In such a case, you can teach the dog the most incredible and fun tricks.
The dog is very active, even after intensive exercises, you can offer him a game or a run. In fact, this baby doesn’t need additional work, he can waste energy while running and playing in the house.
How to care for a pet
The hard, thick coat of a dog does not require too troublesome care. Like other hard-haired breeds, they need regular trimming - plucking of dead wool, which is carried out every 3-4 months with the pet salon. In addition, the owner can master this procedure and perform it at home on their own.
Experts also advise that the pet hygienic haircut, cutting off the excess hair from the ears, in the groin area, on the paws and between the fingers.
Bathing a pet is often not recommended, it is washed only as needed. Use detergents suitable for this type of wool. After walking, be sure to wipe the paws with a damp cloth.
Ears and eyes should be inspected regularly and, if necessary, rinsed with a special agent or a moistened cotton pad, removing dirt and preventing the development of infections.
The Brussels Griffons are prone to gum disease, so you should brush your teeth with a toothpaste and brush purchased at the pet store every week. To brush your teeth you need to teach your pet from puppyhood, then he will perceive this procedure calmly and without too much aggression.
The dog’s nails must be cut, as if this is not done, there will be a violation of the position of the fingers, and the dog will limp.
Griffons are charismatic and charming, and at the same time they have a fairly strong immunity. They are quite resistant to colds and viral diseases. However, these pets can also become ill, and more often than the others, they are diagnosed with the following pathological conditions:
- complicated childbirth;
- eye diseases - deformation of eyelashes, loss of eyes from orbit, development of cataracts;
- deformational changes in the respiratory tract - individuals are often found with an upturned nose or narrowed nostrils.
When purchasing a puppy, the future owner is recommended to make sure that the baby does not inherit inherited pathologies. Usually their presence is detected by 3 months of age.
Mode and diet feeding
Griffons have an excellent appetite, but canine experts advise to feed such a pet ready dry rations, whose composition is well balanced. It should be a high quality product suitable for active miniature rocks.
You can not overfeed pet, during training, snacks should be used as little as possible. On the bearded muzzle can accumulate pieces of food, so after feeding you should wipe it with a damp cloth.
As soon as the dog has eaten, the bowl should be removed immediately, since the “insatiable” pet can constantly poke into it, showing everyone with a view that he is incredibly “hungry,” in addition, provoking a real feeling of hunger.
Pet Content Features
Dogs of this breed are suitable for both housing maintenance and living in a private house, in both cases the pet will feel comfortable.
You should walk with a griffon twice a day, the minimum duration of walking is 20 minutes. This is quite enough for the dog to do all its “business” and get the necessary load. It is important that the walking is active, the dog needs to run, jump, frolic.
For frosty and wet weather, the pet should have special clothes - winter insulated and waterproof for the off-season. It will protect the pet from hypothermia and pollution.
It is advisable to provide your pet with toys that will brighten up his loneliness and save furniture and shoes.
Photos of the Brussels Griffon
Video about the Brussels Griffon
Choosing and buying a puppy
Unfortunately, the Brussels Griffons are a rare breed, so finding a suitable nursery can be difficult. Yes, there are private breeders, but among them it is worth considering only those who are serious about breeding and follow all the rules.
When choosing, it is desirable to look not only at the baby, but also to assess the exterior of the parents. It is important to look at the pedigrees to learn about the existing diseases. Diligent breeders have nothing to hide, and they are sympathetic to such requests.
The cost of puppies, depending on the class, varies from 15,000 to 40,000 rubles. The offspring may have a lower price without a pedigree or with certain deviations.
The Brussels Griffon is a peculiar doggie of modest dimensions with a special character. Not everyone is suitable for such a pet, so it is advisable to find out all the details about the breed before the baby crosses the threshold of the house.