Briard is a peasant shepherd breed from France. These dogs are not only big toilers, but also the smartest, boldest creatures that in the modern world have become perfect companions of man. Possessing large sizes and appearance of decorative rocks, they attract the attention of dog breeders all over the world.
- Откуда к нам пришла порода 1. Where did the breed come from?
- Описание породы собак бриар 2. Description of the dog breed Briard
- Характер собак породы бриар 3. The nature of dogs of breed Briard
- Особенности ухода и содержания 4. Features of care and maintenance
- Как кормить бриара 5. How to feed Briard
- Фото бриара 6. Photo of the Briard
- Видео о бриаре 7. Video about Briard
- За сколько можно приобрести щенка-бриара 8. How much can I buy a Briarda puppy?
Where did the breed come from?
The origins of the breed date back to the 12th century, when a dog with a funny appearance, a thick woolly covering and excellent qualities of a shepherd was described. This can relate to both ancestors and the briards themselves. There is an opinion that modern dogs of this breed originated from a Persian dog. The nearest relatives of the Briards are the dogs of the shepherd breed of beaeron , although in addition to their destination and size, there are few that bind them.
The breed from the very beginning of the adventure was actively used for corral studs, mainly sheep. Nowhere was it discovered that the breed was artificially removed, so researchers suggest that the Briards used to live in the wild. This confirms their organizational ability, the ability to collect animals in the herd, since life in a pack presupposes this kind of behavior.
Even at the end of the 19th century the breed did not have a standard, but when it was installed, the dogs became permanent participants of international exhibitions. At the same time, representatives of this breed got into the Russian Empire for the purpose of further breeding. But for some reason breeding work with briards has not gained popularity.
Dogs of this breed were actively used during the war for service at the front. Here their excellent sense of smell and obedience came in handy. They were engaged in search activity, discovering the soldiers who were injured, as well as giving cartridges during the shelling.
Today, a briar is not a shepherd, but an intelligent and good-natured member of the family. A pet of this breed was Napoleon, Henry Lafayette.
Description of the dog breed Briard
Pedigree representatives are quite large. The growth of dogs varies from 58 to 69 cm Earlier the ears were cut , then they were in a standing position and had a triangular shape. Today, many European countries have banned this procedure, and the ears of dogs freely hang down along the head. They are thick, completely covered with a woolly covering.
Like other service breeds, the weight of briards is not limited by the standard, in males it varies from 30 to 45 kg, in females from 25 to 30 kg.
The coat of the briards is chic, the top layer is hard, rough. The wool covers the dog's trunk, forming soft curls. In places, the wool lengthens, for example, in the shoulder area its length reaches 15 cm. The undercoat is short, compacted throughout the body. The muzzle of dogs is also abundantly covered with hair, their eyebrows like "cover" the eyes. But the standard does not allow excessive overgrowth, completely hiding the eyes.
The color of briards can be different:
- include variations of these colors.
The deeper and more saturated the color, the better. If the dog is two-colored, then a smooth transition from one tone to another is required, with symmetry being respected. Not allowed by the standard spotted dogs, as well as with pure white wool. Only individual white hairs or a small white spot in the sternum are allowed.
The eyes of the briards are widely spaced, black or dark brown. A dumb question is always read in the eyes.
The muzzle is neat, with a black square lobe and large nostrils.
The lips have a tight fit, pigmented in black. Bite by the type of "scissors".
Many owners are marked by a soft, catlike gait of their pets. Indeed, the movements of the briards are light, sliding. But at the same time they are very mobile, they can change the trajectory at any moment, turn around or stop running.
The nature of dogs of the breed briard
Dogs are inquisitive, friendly, very loyal. Their decorative appearance is deceptive, they need physical work and emotional loads. Otherwise, the dog becomes lethargic, apathetic.
If Briard lives in an apartment, then he needs long active walking. This is a great companion, but not for lying together at the TV. The pet will be happy to accompany the owner on a run, while riding a bicycle, he will even be happy to swim nearby. Without physical training, the animal can become embittered.
Briards can not fully exist without human communication, and separation is very difficult for dogs. They are so well socialized that it is difficult to embarrass them by walking around new, even crowded places. They are happy to get acquainted with the guests and are always happy to participate in new games and games.
On the breeze, the briard is itself an interest and a concern. Pets always follow the company so that no one lags behind and is not lost. This is the behavior of many shepherds. Dogs belonging to this breed are excellent travelers who easily tolerate movement on any transport and at the same time behave roughly.
Briards in blood protection qualities, despite gaiety, dogs do not cease to monitor the movement of household members and other members of the company. If the dog is fearful or shows aggression without a visible cause, then for such defects it is disqualified.
Do not forget that these dogs belong to service dogs, so you do not need to educate your pet in children's hands. They perfectly communicate with children, but the briar requires an authoritative master who can earn the respect of the pet. This is important, since the growing dog will try to show leadership qualities, trying to climb higher on the hierarchical ladder. This can not be allowed.
Briards are highly intelligent and inquisitive dogs that are easy to learn. But only in the event that you do not use rough treatment and physical punishment. The pet does not obey blindly and unconditionally, he first thinks about how to do what he wants.
If the dog has been trained , then she calmly remains alone, for example, at the door of a pharmacy or a store. Most briards have a balanced mind, but there are representatives of the breed that are too temperamental, they need to undergo special training courses on aging. There are also briards phlegmatic, but it's so rare.
If you need a pet to participate in competitions, the briard is an ideal option. With lightning-fast reaction, agility, flexibility and endurance, he is able to undergo any type of training. He can undergo a dog test and be a champion in many regulatory requirements, including towing. In addition, the Briards often receive champion titles for external beauty.
Features of care and content
Wool from Briards is their pride and, naturally, that it looks beautiful and well-groomed, it takes some effort from the owners. But here you can note and a definite plus - the representatives of this breed does not have seasonal molting , which means that there will be no wool in the house.
Grooming briai requires regular. They should be combed daily, and this procedure can take up to 2 hours. Only in this case the wool will not get tangled, it will become smooth and shiny, it will keep clean for a long time. If the dog is not a participant of exhibitions, then it is possible to shorten the wool cover somewhat. This will simplify the care of the appearance of the pet. Attend a professional groomer with your pet at least once every 2-2.5 months.
Bathing is required regular - 1 time in 4-5 weeks or more often if the dog is contaminated. But this applies to apartment dogs, it's enough to wash aviary briards several times a year. Another feature of briards is that the sheep smell comes from the wool when wet.
Important is the care of the ear shells of dogs, eyes and paws. It is necessary to inspect these parts and clean from dirt and dust. This is a great way to prevent the development of an infectious disease in an animal.
But the most important is mandatory long walks in the fresh air. They need to be done twice a day, and they should last 1.5-2 hours. It is important to borrow briar training, moving games, jogging.
How to feed briar
Taking in the house of a large dog, it is worth considering that eats such a four-legged friend a lot. Therefore, this aspect requires special attention. Like most breeds, briards can be fed with natural food or ready-made diets. Only for them does not fit a mixed diet, since it can undermine the health of a pet.
Briard needs a balanced diet. The basis of the diet is meat. Additional ingredients - vegetables (carrots, pumpkin, zucchini), herbs, cereals (millet, buckwheat, oatmeal, oatmeal). It is not recommended to give the pet potatoes, it is also advisable to remove rice, bread and other pastries from the menu, all confectionery.
The amount of food depends on the weight of the dog and its activity. Briards are characterized by excellent digestion, so there is almost no stomach upset. It should be borne in mind that in the hot periods the dogs move less, so it is desirable to reduce the amount of protein food consumed, enriching the diet with vitamin E, yeast. In addition, you can give a small amount of peanut butter.
If the owner decided to feed the dog with production feeds, then it should be a premium quality product, super premium or holistic class. Also, you should choose it for large dogs with long hair.
If the pet does not receive enough vitamins and trace elements , this immediately affects the condition of the coat. If the diet has changed for the better, but the appearance of the pet has worsened or remained at the same level, you should consult a veterinarian.
Read more about feeding briar .
Photo of Briard
Video about Briard
For how much you can get a puppy-briard
Briar breed is not very common in Russia, but nevertheless in large cities there are nurseries engaged in their breeding. To buy a puppy as an ordinary pet is possible for 15000-20000 rubles. Pet for further breeding will cost a bit more - 25000-30000 rubles. Puppy show class, without any flaws, which is the benchmark of the breed, costs about 45,000 rubles.
Briard is a wonderful dog for active and restless. He, as they say, will follow the master and into the fire, and into the water, and he does not agree to trail behind, but he will surely run proudly alongside. Smart, energetic, faithful - the best qualities for a companion dog.