Border Terrier - the smallest among hunters, but the size does not affect its performance. Pesik is a representative of the English breed and to this day, although less intensively, is involved in hunting for normal animals. It is an indefatigable, hardy little dog that can be a companion, but very active and restless. What should the future owner know, who decided to start a similar four-legged friend?
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы бордер терьер 2. Description of breed border terrier
- Характер и нрав бордер-терьеров 3. Character and character of border terriers
- Воспитание и обучение 4. Education and training
- Как ухаживать за собакой 5. How to care for a dog
- Породные заболевания 6. Breed diseases
- Особенности кормления бордер-терьеров 7. Peculiarities of boarder-terrier feeding
- Содержание маленького песика 8. The contents of the little dog
- Фото бордер терьера 9. Photo of the Border Terrier
- Видео о бордер терьере 10. Video about the border terrier
- Покупка щенка 11. Buying a puppy
Origin of the breed
The breed originated on the border between two countries - Scotland and England, in Cheviot-Hills. This area consists of a chain of hills that are included in the Northumberland National Park. The Anglo-Scottish border is called Border Country, hence the breed was named.
As for the first mentioning of border terriers, it was found in the publication "Dogs of the British Isles", released in the 70s of the 19th century. Also these dogs are depicted in the picture, where the moments of aristocrat hunting with dog packs are captured.
In 1920, the breed was recognized by the English Kennel Club, at the same time a club of lovers of these small, tireless dogs appeared. At home, border terriers are popular and successfully participate in hunting. In other countries, they are not so common, and often act as favorites of the family, rather than working dogs.
Description of breed border terrier
The first time you see a dog of this breed, you can be surprised, but is this dog really a hunter? After all, he has a small size and quite a pretty, decorative appearance. But such appearance is deceptive: the dog is very hardy, active, mobile.
Otherwise, he could not keep up with the hounds, horses. After a long movement, he would not have the strength to dig, dive into the manhole and in the struggle to seize prey.
The growth of these miniature dogs does not exceed 34 cm at the withers, this applies to individuals of both sexes, males weigh 5.9-7 kg, females - 5.2-6.4 kg. The standard gives the following description to the border terrier:
- Head - small, flat, with a broad, sloping forehead and a smooth transition to the bridge of the nose. It resembles the head of an otter.
- Muzzle - shorter than the forehead line, there is an ornament in the form of a neat little beard, the nose is straight, wide. Also the muzzle has tightened eye sockets and cheeks, black, moderately thick lips that cover the lower jaw, but do not hang.
- Teeth - are supplied by a dense series, fangs and incisors differ in special capacity. Bite by the type of "scissors" or "mites".
- The nose is proportional, black is preferred. The lobe of dark brown coloration is allowed, but only if it is in harmony with the color and does not introduce a general disharmony.
- Eyes - widely distributed, almond-shaped, without convexity. Iris dark brown shade, preference is given to almost black tones. Look attentive, interested, alert, with a lively shine. Eyebrows are mobile, which provides a more expressive facial expression.
- Ears - small in size, in the form of triangles, hang down on cartilages, adhere to the sides of the head.
- Torso - strong, with a harmonious addition. The neck is proportional, moderately elongated, covered with dry muscles, there is a small, smooth bend, the withers and the hillock are clearly visible.
- The back is broad, turning into a muscular loin and croup. The sternum is not wide, of medium depth, with ribs well elongated towards the tail.
- The line of the abdomen is almost a straight line, moderately taut.
- Extremities are elongated, with even paws and elbows parallel to the body. Posterior - straight, with strong, but not large articular joints, rounded brushes, collected in a ball and pads covered with dense, thick skin. Terrier moves freely.
- Tail - high enough, medium-sized, thick and strong, tapering towards the end. It rushes at the level of the back or slightly higher. The presence of bends and twisting by the type of "bagel" is not allowed.
Coat and possible colors
In purebred individuals, the coat can be red, blue with tan, light brown with graying. The ostevoy hair is dense, hard, the muzzle has a mustache and beard, the undercoat is not very thick.
The standard is quite strict - for a defect, even a slight deviation from similar signs is accepted.
Character and character of border terriers
Dogs of this breed are cheerful, active, cheerful. They have high intelligence and very closely monitor the mood of the owner. Out of them come out the wonderful favorites of the family, they get on well with the children. Together they produce a very positive, but noisy company, they can play for hours.
Borders differ in friendliness and sociability, and they are too brave and fearless. The dog reacts very sharply to the emerging threat and is always ready to stand up for the protection of his family, and he will not pay attention to the number and size of the offenders.
Such a pet is always happy to accompany the owner anywhere - he will go for a jog, walk, playground and gladly respond to the invitation to play.
Border terriers have the appearance of decorative dogs, but, unlike them, they have a stable psyche. In any situation the pet will not become hysterical, will be collected and ready to act on the circumstances.
Owners should remember that it is a working dog with pronounced hunting instincts. So, keeping such a pet with other pets can be very problematic.
Even a well-bred dog can one day break and chase after another four-legged companion, even if they live together from childhood. But with a similar boarders quite successfully coexist.
The owner needs to more than closely watch his active friend during his walks. A dog can suddenly jerk after a bird, cat or rodent, so it is not recommended to release it from the leash.
Borders are terriers, but more often than not they have a tendency to pugnaciousness, which often they are sinned. Although there are some scandalous people among them, this is an exception. Having met a colleague, the pet will react quite loyally.
In Europe, many representatives of this breed have found a somewhat different vocation than hunting. These positive dogs are taken to hospices, hospitals, nursing homes, so that they communicate with the guests. Cheerful and active doggies positively influence the mood of people, improve their mental state.
Modest pesiki are not different, they always want to be in the center of attention, show their talents and get admiring glances and approval. It is advisable to get these kind of milks for noisy, friendly families, with children and older people. The dog will not be scared by any hype and din, in fact, he will happily participate in the general commotion.
Border terrier - not a homebody, he will not rest on the couch for days. At any opportunity the dog will be happy to go for a walk. If you send a child and a dog to go for a walk, for example, to the local territory, then the happiness of both will not be the limit.
The pet is not inclined to impose, but loves to be next to the owner. It's very hard for a dog like this to be alone, and it's not suitable for keeping on a circuit. Without regular communication and attention from family members, a dog can not only be bored, but also become malicious.
If the owner wants to make a similar four-legged friend, but does not have a lot of free time to deal with it, experts advise to immediately take two dogs into the house or provide the pet with free access to the yard so that the dog can walk as his heart desires.
It is important to start to engage in socialization of the puppy, it can be taken to crowded places, introduced to guests and other dogs. In this case, the dog will adequately treat children, animals, strangers. A good guard from the border terrier is unlikely to work. He is not very alert and suspicious, the dog is more friendly and curious about strangers.
Representatives of this breed are quite loud animals. But their barking is more often welcoming or joyful than aggressive or warning.
Education and training
Borders are not deprived of intelligence, but they grow older more slowly than dogs of most breeds. In addition, like other terriers, they are not without natural stubbornness. When learning it is worth considering, such a dog is very sensitive and does not tolerate rough treatment.
He sensitively grasps changes in intonations and reacts sharply to touch. Delicate stroking, approving words can calm and cheer the pet. Border terriers react very strongly to extraneous noise. Since puppyhood, it is recommended to accustom it to various sounds.
The loud barking necessary for these dogs during their work, in ordinary life, can be a problem. This nuance should be paid special attention and taught him to bark only on command.
Educate and train a puppy of this breed can be from the first days of his appearance in the house. Do not think that this kid is not able to absorb knowledge, on the contrary, the earlier you deal with it, the more sustainable results can be achieved.
To make the process more successful, conduct classes preferably in a game form. This inquisitive and quick-witted dog will necessarily be included in the action. It is not recommended to overload the pet, short-term game-training for the first time will be quite enough.
Borders are quite easily given a basic program, in addition, they are excellent hunters and sportsmen, in both cases having success.
How to care for a dog
Pets of this breed are rather unpretentious. Their hard fur is subjected to regular trimming - manually plucked out dead hairs, giving the opportunity to grow a new coat. Of course, even without this procedure they pour out, but then one can not avoid falling out of the coat in the house.
In addition, every 2-3 days, you should comb the pet with a suitable brush. But the cutting of a border terrier will not do good. After it, the structure of the wool is broken, so that it will recover, it will take a rather long period.
Every day, examine the eyes and ears of the dog. It is advisable to do this immediately after walking or hunting. Dogs adore to be worn in the grass and thickets, which greatly increases the risks of picking a mite or other parasite. If there is a need, the eyes of the dog can be cleaned with a swab of cotton wool soaked in boiled water, and the ears with a cotton swab with baby oil.
To the teeth of the animal were snow-white, they should be cleaned 3-4 times a week with a special brush with paste, and in order to treat the pet with soft cartilage. Claws these dogs are sheared once in 4-5 weeks.
With good care, nutrition and providing the necessary load, the pet will be able to maintain health and live up to 14-15 years.
Border terriers - a breed that was formed with little or no human intervention, which provided its representatives with strong health. Their wool is able to protect against low temperatures, so the dog is not prone to colds.
Dogs are not often injured, but even if this happens, the lesions on the skin will heal in a short time. And thanks to good immunity, their body successfully suppresses infectious pathogens.
However, these "strong" can also have diseases:
- cataract in young animals;
- atrophy of the retina in a progressive form;
- epilepsy in puppies or spike syndrome;
- ataxia in the newborn offspring;
- odnoyaytsevost in males;
- allergic manifestations.
It is recommended to vaccinate the pet in a timely manner, by preliminary making de-worming.
Features of boarder-terrier feeding
Terriers are almost omnivorous, moreover, they are real gluttons. Therefore, the owner should carefully monitor what and in what quantities his pet eats. It is recommended to feed the dog 3-4 times a day, but in small portions. This eliminates the stretching of the stomach and prevents the active dog from gaining excess weight.
Up to 12 weeks, it is recommended to feed natural food and only then to introduce dry rations, previously wet the granules with water or milk.
In the case of such able-bodied and energetic dogs, it is very difficult to monitor the energy value of products when it comes to natural feeding. Therefore, experienced dog breeders and breeders prefer to feed their wards only with ready-made diets or choose a mixed type of food.
Contents of the little dog
Such a pet can perfectly live both in an apartment and in a country house. But in the latter case, it is easier to provide the necessary physical exertion, letting go for walks in the yard. If the dog lives in an apartment, then he will have to walk with him more often and longer, so that he can fully squander the accumulated "boiling" energy in it.
It is necessary to provide the dog with a separate place for rest, away from heaters and drafts. Conveniently the dog will rest on a mattress, a sunbed, many owners equip their pets with special houses.
Border Terrier Photo
Video about Border Terrier
Buying a puppy
If you need a cheerful, active companion or helper for hunting, then you can safely choose a border terrier. In Russia, the breed is not very common, but still there is a Club of breeders, specialized nurseries and experienced breeders. Most likely, for the favorite it is necessary to go to other city, but if the family has decided, that such pupil to be, it hardly can stop.
It is worth a puppy with a pedigree and good data on average 35000-45000 rubles, the price of a future star of exhibitions can be higher, depending on the purpose of the acquisition.
Border Terrier - a dog with amazing qualities, inexhaustible energy and absolute unpretentiousness. And if this is the "positive" in the house is not enough, it makes sense to look for him.