If you ask the owners of these dogs to characterize their pets, most will answer that they are the smartest dogs in the world. And they will not be far from the truth, since the Border Collies really absorbed all the best qualities of a pet. Studies have struck - the intelligence of the border collie is at the level of a child of 3 years! Dogs are active, smart and extremely attractive, no wonder now the interest in this breed has increased significantly.
- Как появилась порода 1. How did the breed appear?
- Описание породы бордер-колли 2. Description of the breed Border Collie
- Характер представителей породы 3. Nature of the breed
- Как воспитывать и дрессировать бордер-колли 4. How to train and train a border collie
- Как ухаживать за бордер-колли 5. How to care for a border collie
- Фото бордер-колли 6. Border Collie Photos
- Видео о бордер-колли 7. Videos about Border Collie
- Стоимость щенков 8. The cost of puppies
How the breed appeared
At present, the origin of these dogs has not been clarified, but according to the most widespread version they first appeared on the border of two states - England and Scotland, which became the reason for the name of the breed. Most scientists believe that their ancestors were working Vikings dogs, which at that time often invaded Scotland. Norman dogs, descending from the ships, ran away, fell on the slopes of the mountains, where they became pets of local farmers. Here, the process of their crossing with shepherd dogs - sheep dogs - took place.
The first mention of the breed dates back to 1570. During the entire development and formation of the breed, the dogs were replaced not by one name - from the working collie to the farmer Englishman.
The place of residence of English farmers was not quite cozy - a mountainous area with many cliffs and cliffs, so for grazing livestock people needed experienced helpers. The shepherds required intelligence and ingenuity to drive the herds along the most winding paths and narrow roads. Before entrusting the herd, the dogs passed a real obstacle course along the most difficult routes. The one who was the first to overcome difficulties turned not only into the herd guard, but also to the main producer of the offspring, passing the best qualities by inheritance.
Processes for the standardization of the rock began to be carried out only in 1915. Then it was possible to learn that the origin of dogs goes back to the depths of centuries, and that such dogs existed in the 5th-6th centuries BC. Why the breed was unknown for a long time is not entirely clear, but scientists believe that the owners of clever and efficient dogs did not want to share their "valuable cadres".
Developing their qualities, dogs expanded the field of activity, performing, in addition to security, also other functions. From them, excellent guide dogs for blind people, rescuers, security guards have turned out. Being a working breed, border collies did not participate in contests and exhibitions for a long time. But in 1976 the breed received the official recognition of the English club of dog lovers and admission to competitions.
Efficient and intelligent dogs were noticed in other countries, and today the animals of this breed are easy to meet in different parts of the world.
Description of breed border-collie
The average height of thoroughbred dogs is 54 cm at the withers, body weight - 21 kg. Survive a border collie to 16, which for dogs of this size is not so little. They have a fairly elegant proportional constitution.
The main features of thoroughbred dogs are:
- The head of the border collie is elongated. The color of the lobe of the nose depends on the suit of the dog and can be black, gray or brown.
- Eyes small, oval, iridescent in color, but in marble collies, it can be light.
- The ears are small, widely spaced, triangular and in a standing state.
- Scissors bite , small teeth, snow-white. Lips with black pigmentation, have a close fit to the jaw.
- The neck is medium in length, equipped with developed musculature.
- Paws of a border collie with long slender hips, parallel to each other.
- Torso muscular, slightly elongated. The sternum is wide, the ribs are convex, barrel-shaped.
- The tail of the collie is chic - it has the shape of a saber and is covered with a thick, long coat. In a calm state, it hangs, while it twists and turns, reaching the hock joint.
The dog moves very easily and gracefully. When she runs fast, it becomes invisible, at which point her paws come off the ground. There is a feeling that it is stealing at the highest speed.
There are two varieties of the breed - long-haired border-collies and short-haired. The upper coat is dense, harsh, but the lower one - the undercoat is soft and silky. Representatives of the breed with a long coat have a pronounced rich mane and tail, similar to a fox.
Colors of border collie
Wool color can be very diverse, but there is one condition - white wool should not dominate. The most common are dogs:
- black color;
Nature of the breed
The character of a border collie is not as simple as it might seem at first glance. No, they are not dirty and not aggressive, but due to their extraordinary intellectual abilities they are smart cunning. This, of course, somewhat complicates the process of education . After all, the dog literally "scans" the owner, looking for weaknesses, and uses them to not do what she does not want to do. If you do not react to provocations and show firmness, then similar habits eventually pass, the dog quickly realizes that the focus failed.
In addition to such cunning, there are no complaints about these pets. They are very curious, so they will follow the owner on their heels. In doing so, they gently hold on to the side without causing irritation. If a person comes home in a bad mood, the dog, feeling the mood, will not be imposed. In the rules of the collie, wait until he is called to communicate. So these dogs can not be called "sticky" in any way.
At home, they prefer to conduct a measured observation of all household members. Here the centuries-old shepherd's experience is affecting the flock. Sometimes a dog may attempt to build younger family members or other animals, but without any aggression.
At the border of the border collie - an example for imitation. The pet does not impose his communication with other animals, has no propensity to fight. He will spend the most time on the game and running, because this breed needs daily long walks. Otherwise, the dog can start to frolic at home, which does not always end safely.
Read more: rules of dog walking in the city .
How to train and train a border collie
Do not think that a smart dog does not need education and training. It is necessary that cohabitation is comfortable for both the pet and the person.
When training a border collie, the following problems may arise: the dog may pretend to be a stupid animal who does not understand what is required of it. This happens when the pet suddenly decides that it is boring to perform the same, or even tired of working. The pet starts yawning, scratching, making an absent look, and especially sophisticated individuals can even feign illness - limp, lie down on the ground. In addition, curiosity can generate a pet escape. Such behavior should be immediately suppressed, otherwise it can turn into a bad habit.
To avoid this, it is better to train a dog of this breed in a game form. To understand what kind of method it is, it's better to attend professional classes. The instructor will explain how to make sure that the dog does not get bored during the training.
But to bring up a pet follows from the very first days of his appearance in the house. Curiosity of the border collie puppy will manifest itself in the form of spoilage of personal belongings of family members, so it is important to explain clearly that this can not be done, and as an alternative to offer the baby special toys. To save on them should not be - fun should be varied in forms and materials, so as not to bore a small pet.
As a punishment for the fault, it is better to use a strict look and voice, in extreme cases - a slap with folded paper. This is enough to make the dog understand what to do is not worth it.
How to care for a border collie
Buying a thoroughbred puppy, it should be borne in mind that they are not intended for living on the street. They are pets for an apartment or a house. In the rest they are unpretentious.
Long-haired collies need daily care for the hair - they need to be combed with a special brush . Otherwise, the dog will have an unpresentable appearance. This is especially important if a show-class pet is visiting exhibitions, competitions.
When feeding with natural products, the pet's diet needs to be supplemented additionally with useful additives - calcium, fish oil, probiotics, olive oil, linseed oil. They will support the vitality of the pet.
Obligatory procedures are vaccination , treatment from external and internal parasites. These are standard activities that are necessary for any dog, regardless of the presence or absence of the breed.
Border Collie Photos
Border Collie video
Cost of puppies
Given the appearance of representatives of this breed, or rather their weak similarity with thoroughbred fellow tribesmen, experts recommend purchasing puppies exclusively in nurseries. Since without the knowledge of the breed there is a risk to acquire at best a pet with defects, at worst - a cross, or even an ordinary mongrel. Of course, mongrels can be better pets than many dogs with regalia and titles, but such happiness can be purchased absolutely free of charge.
There are few nurseries in Russia, so it's not always possible to buy a puppy in your city. It is worth noting that the price of a border collie is not entirely democratic. This four-footed friend can not afford each.
Buy from a private broker-collie puppy sellers for 20000-25000 rubles. In the kennel puppy, without the possibility of breeding and participation in exhibitions, will cost a minimum of 45,000 rubles. A pet, suitable for breeding, costs about 60,000-7,000 rubles. A representative of the breed with excellent data - the future champion and a worthy candidate for obtaining offspring, costs not less than 95000-100000 rubles.
Naturally, love and devotion of these cleverest creatures can not be bought, but they can be earned with kindness and good attitude. Border Collie - an excellent dog, designed for both the family and a lonely owner who needs a loyal friend.