- Большой швейцарский зенненхунд 1. Great Swiss Mountain Dog
- Происхождение породы 2. The origin of the breed
- Описание породы большой швейцарский зенненхунд 3. Description of the large Swiss Mountain Dog breed
- Характер гроссов 4. The nature of gross
- Дрессировка 5. Training
- Уход и здоровье 6. Care and health
- Заболевания 7. Diseases
- Кормление 8. Feeding
- Содержание 9. Content
- Фото большого швейцарского зенненхунда 10. Photos of the Great Swiss Mountain Dog
- Видео о большом швейцарском зенненхунде 11. Video of the Great Swiss Mountain Dog
- Покупка щенка 12. Buying a puppy
Great Swiss Mountain Dog
Any of the Mountain Dogs, once on the street, will surely attract the attention of others, especially a large Swiss, or shortly gross. This is the largest representative, colorful, powerful, with a beautiful color and a proud posture. The whole type of dog says that there is a serious animal in front of you, and indeed this dog is not for a sofa. If the pet is a large Swiss Mountain Dog, what is important to know the owner?
Even historians have not fully figured out where these beautiful dogs came from, but it is believed that among their ancestors there were early mastiffs, Phoenician dogs and ancient butcher dogs. As for the large Swiss Mountain Dogs, then, as a separate breed, they began to develop intensively only in the early 20th century, when at one of the exhibitions Judge Albert Khayyam looked at the two participants and saw in their appearance the similarity with ancient dogs.
Since the species was rather small, selection work proceeded slowly, the litters consisted of both long-haired and short-haired puppies. Therefore, those and others were attributed to Bernese Mountain Dogs. When, as a result of the crossing of the Bernz and the big Swiss, the offspring turned out only with short hair, after a while it was possible to achieve a clean breed.
These dogs have experienced both ups and a decline in popularity, and today, in order to acquire a puppy, it will be necessary to make efforts and considerable means.
Great Swiss Mountain Dog breed description
The largest mountain Swiss shepherd has a large size. This is a tall, harmoniously built dog with strong bones. The impressive dimensions do not make the animal awkward, the gross is a very dexterous, agile and hardy dog. Male from female can be distinguished visually, the growth of males varies between 65-72 cm, female dogs - 60-68 cm.
According to the standard, the breed is described as follows:
- Large head , broad, but not heavy, wedge-shaped, occipital region not pronounced. The forehead is wider than the muzzle, wide, there is a groove, smoothly passing into the nose.
- Jaws are strong, with tight lips and strong teeth. The bite is correct, according to the “scissors” type. The standard allows for the absence of first and second painters.
- Nose is large, stands for the jaw line, pigmented with black color. The eyes are small, round shape. Looks wary, carefully. The color of the iris is brown.
- Ears in the shape of a triangle, thick, adjacent to the head. When the dog is working or concentrating, they rise and turn forward.
- The body has a rectangular format, but without elongation, proportional. The neck is strong, of medium length, goes into a poorly standing withers.
- The back is straight, with developed muscles, the rib cage descends to the elbows, oval, with a non-convex keel bone. The croup is in line with the shoulders, smoothly moving into the hips. The stomach is tucked up, but without dryness. The skin is well wrapped around the body, does not form folds.
- The limbs are strong, with good, lean muscles, especially on the thighs, strong hocks, the front ones are wider than the rear ones. The brushes are large, round shape.
- The tail is thick, its natural length is preserved, the dog carries it low, at the level of the spine or higher, but does not wrap itself in a ring.
Wool coat and colors
The coat is of medium or short length, the undercoat is thick and abundant, preferably black, but it may be gray. All puppies, including the big Swiss, have a bright color - a symmetric tricolor.
The main tone is black, there are marks: the tips of the limbs and tail are white, the same spots are on the neck and chin, the mark in the form of the letter T on the muzzle, the separating groove is white. As well as spots of saturated red or reddish-brown hue on the superciliary arches, cheekbones, cheeks, inside of the ears, in the shoulders, upper part of the tail from the inside, on the extremities.
It is important that the markings contrast with the rest of the coat color. It is unacceptable that the spots above the sockets and the T-shaped white zone merge.
Naturally, all dogs are different and the character is influenced by various factors, for example, the line of breeding, culling, individual characteristics, etc. But if we speak about large Swiss Mountain Dogs who have been educated and have been trained, they have a stable psyche and behave predictably.
These dogs are calm, they have no inclination for a sudden change of mood. Grosses are very attached to the owner and family members, they like to spend time with the family. You can suffer from the lovingness of such a large pet, as the gross is capable of jumping onto the chest with joy. Such behavior must be stopped in puppy age.
It is not recommended to leave the dog alone for long, longing for the owner and boredom can negatively affect the behavior and character of the animal. Experienced breeders pay special attention to the correction of the behavior of their pets, and dogs are friendly and friendly to outsiders. But without early socialization, their strong protective instinct may manifest itself, some of the gross become overly vicious, while others become cowardly.
Of the large Mountain Dogs are excellent watchmen - vigilant and sensitive. Most often, ill-wishers need to hear their loud, rolling barking, so that they would abandon the thought of invading another's territory. But this behavior has a negative side - the grosses can bark at any sounds - by passing people, passing vehicles, etc.
Such a pet reacts aggressively only when there is a real threat, its balance and composure allow, before acting, to assess the situation.
A pet that has been trained and socialized will get along well with children. He is very careful in communication, will not snap if the child accidentally hurt him. The owners confirm that the Dogs are crazy about children and love to be close to them. But when dealing with babies, a large animal can drop a crumb, so do not leave them alone.
For breeders, it is important that such large dogs treat their fellows as tolerantly as possible. Sennenhundy able to get along with another dog, but can perfectly do without such a company. Males tend to dominate, which often manifests itself in the form of aggression against other males. But such behavior suggests insufficient or improper upbringing and the absence of the necessary socialization.
Swiss mountain shepherd dogs are highly trained, as they have high intelligence and love to please the owner. They are able to perform monotonous, monotonous tasks, for example, to transport cargo. There is nothing surprising in this - once in the Alps, these dogs were successfully used as a force for the dogs.
However, the success of dressing depends largely on the owner - he must have a firm hand and control the actions of the pet. But this will not be a problem if the person has experience and knows how to show the dog that he is the leader. The owner without experience may have problems - the dog will try to dominate.
During training, you can not shout, show brute force, the owner must be confident, collected and focused. The dog should receive clear commands, and after doing - deserved praise.
Having missed the moment of upbringing, the owner may not notice how the pet became the leader. In this case, he will not respect the master, to obey and perform tasks. Therefore, if difficulties arise, you should seek professional help.
Care and health
These beauties need routine grooming procedures:
- Combing wool - Grosses have a short coat with a soft undercoat that sheds twice a year. At usual times, it is sufficient to brush the wool with a stiff brush once a week, during the linking process, the exercise should be done every 2-3 days, paying special attention to the chest and neck, where the hair falls out more abundantly.
- Auricles and eyes - they are recommended to be checked daily if they are contaminated, cleaned with a cotton pad soaked in a weak tea brew, chamomile decoction or boiled water. If suppuration is found, it is recommended to consult a veterinarian for advice.
- Claws and paws - usually active working dogs usually do not need to have a haircut for claws, but pets are cut as necessary. Paw pads should be regularly inspected for damage. The dog's paws are washed or rubbed with a damp cloth after each walking, it is important to remove the dirt that accumulates between the fingers.
- Treatment for fleas and ticks - the more often the dog is on the street, the more often it needs to inspect not the subject of ticks. Stabbed parasites should not be pulled out on their own, in this case the help of a specialist is required. It should be once every 2-3 months to wash the pet with a special shampoo with insecticidal action and apply a preparation for fleas and ticks along the spine, which is produced in the form of drops - according to the instructions.
The Swiss Shepherd dogs by nature have good health and endurance, they have good immunity, increased resistance to stress and adaptability. But the selection did make its own adjustments, awarding representatives of the breed with hereditary diseases:
- dysplasia of the elbow and hip joint;
- entropion - twisting eyelids;
- retinal atrophy;
- allergic reactions;
- oncological diseases.
This does not mean that every dog will necessarily be sick. Most of the gross do not suffer from such ailments and live without disease for up to 11-12 years.
Owners should consider that a full-fledged diet for dogs of such large breeds is the basis for a healthy, fulfilling life. With improper feeding, the pet may show problems with bones and joints, especially often observed in adolescent puppies - they often develop irreversible processes in the articular and bone tissues.
Puppies are given food up to 6 times a day, gradually reducing the number of feedings to 2. Dogs, in fact, are predators, the main food of which is meat and a source of animal protein and useful elements. It should be given raw, cut into pieces and scalded with boiling water.
But this does not mean that the pet's diet should consist only of it. It is also important for dogs to give the following products:
- offal - kidneys, heart, lungs, etc., they are well boiled beforehand;
- cereals - porridge is boiled in various broths or water, vegetables are added, pieces of meat, greens, you can season the dish with vegetable oil;
- vegetables - they are given both raw and cooked;
- fruits and berries - many dogs love them, and everyone has different preferences, but it is not recommended for dogs to give grapes;
- cheese - pieces of low-fat product will be an excellent incentive delicacy;
- fermented milk products - a couple of times a week you can treat your dog with yogurt, kefir or yogurt without additives.
You can not give your pet food from your table, sweets, pastries, chocolate, tubular bones. When fed naturally, the dog needs additional sources of vitamins and minerals. For this purpose it is recommended to add bone meal to food. It is also worth consulting with a veterinarian who will recommend a suitable vitamin complex.
If the owner prefers the feeding of production rations, then it should be a quality food, suitable for dogs of large breeds. In this case, the animal does not need additional additives.
Ideal for living such a large dog is a country house with a spacious house territory. It is desirable that the dog moved freely in the yard and had a spacious booth. An open-air cage can be equipped, but only for short-term use, and even more so this dog is not suitable for keeping on a chain.
The dog can live in the apartment, but it is important for future owners to immediately take into account the nuances:
- should dissuade barking for any reason;
- It will take a long time to train a street toilet - like other representatives of large breeds, the grosses mature for a long time, and the dog can make puddles at home until the age of 6 months (the size of the puddles, alas, will not be for children).
The family, who decided to take a large Swiss Mountain Dog puppy to the apartment, will have to be patient and tell the child from the first day what to do and what is forbidden.
Photo of a large Swiss Mountain Dog
Video about great Swiss Mountain Dog
Buying a puppy
Unfortunately, in Russia, this breed remains rare, and if Kennels of Bernese Mountain Dogs are quite common, there are not many breeders of the “Swiss”. In Moscow, there is only one kennel "Kingdom of Mountain Dogs" http://www.z-hund.ru/cntnt/rus/menyu_2_eng/kontakty_.html, which is breeding this breed.
Acquiring a puppy requires a serious approach, as there is a risk of acquiring a dog with genetic abnormalities or an unstable psyche. You need to contact only experienced breeders or nurseries who specialize in breeding no more than 3 breeds.
A pet-class puppy costs an average of 25,000 rubles, a brid-class baby - 30000-45000 rubles. If you need a pet for exhibitions, then you should buy a puppy with excellent data - show class. In this case, you have to pay 50,000 rubles, but this is not the limit.
Today it is not so often to be found on the street of a large Swiss Mountain Dog. The rarity and showiness of representatives of this breed should not be the main reasons for acquiring a puppy. Such a pet will require a lot of time, patience and finances, so it is important to weigh its capabilities.