There are many diseases of dogs that owners can not even suspect until the disease has developed and manifests itself as serious symptoms. Such diseases include most pathologies related to the organs of vision of the animal. What diseases of the eyes should dogs pay attention to in order to learn as soon as possible that the dog is not healthy? After all, early diagnosis allows you to promptly cure your pet before complications occur.
- Блефароспазм: симптомы и лечение 1. Blepharospasm: Symptoms and Treatment
- Пролапс третьего века: симптоматика и лечение 2. Third-Century Prolapse: Symptoms and Treatment
- Клинические проявления и терапия дерматитов века у собак 3. Clinical manifestations and therapy of dermatitis of the eyelid in dogs
- Симптоматика и лечение конъюнктивитов 4. Symptoms and treatment of conjunctivitis
- Эктропион и энтропион: симптомы и лечение 5. Ectropion and entropion: symptoms and treatment
- Как проявляется и лечится блефарит 6. How is blepharitis manifested and treated?
Blepharospasm: Symptoms and Treatment
If the pet starts to blink quickly and without stopping, then this is a sure sign of blepharospasm - an accelerated and unconscious contraction of the muscle tissue of the eyelids. In addition, there are also the following symptoms:
- the eye and the area swollen around it can swell;
- palpation causes pain;
- the pet exhibits photophobia, that is, it avoids looking at the light;
- from the eyes is released inflammatory fluid - exudate.
In itself, this pathological condition is not dangerous, but its manifestation should alert the owner, since blepharospasm is not an independent disease, but only a symptom of developing in the body inflammatory or infectious processes of the eyes, for example, inflammation of the trigeminal nerve.
There is no separate treatment for blepharospasm, since it disappears only after the elimination of the underlying cause, that is, the cure for the disease that caused this condition.
For anesthesia, special medications used in ophthalmology, for example, Ledocaine, are used. Without certain skills, such means can not be used! Most of them, because of the high content of toxins, are used only in this area and with an incorrect dosage can poison the pet.
Third-Century Prolapse: Symptoms and Treatment
This ailment has another name - "cherry eye", it is due to the fact that the eyeball really becomes like a ripe cherry berries. With this pathology, the third century of the dog leaves its habitual place and is in the corner of the eye. In most cases, only one eye is affected, but bilateral prolapse also occurs.
Modern medicine has not yet fully explained the causes of this condition, but most often the third eyelid departs from the place because of the weakness of tissues that hold it. There are breeds of dogs in which such a condition is congenital and all representatives have a tendency to manifest the "cherry eye". These include: bulldogs, English cocker spaniels , hounds.
Studies have shown that the disease can be hereditary. If the parents of the dog, or at least one of them, have a disposition to this pathology, then in the next generations it will also manifest itself. If you purchase a pet such a diagnosis is recorded in the card, then it is better to refuse the purchase.
The disease does not threaten the life of the animal, but there are several negative aspects:
- the appearance of the pet deteriorates;
- Dogs with this disease - not the best option for breeding;
- prolapse affects the activity of the lacrimal glands, which provokes frequent inflammatory processes of the conjunctiva ( conjunctivitis ) and the cornea of the eye ( keratitis ).
Certainly, this disease requires timely treatment and most often it consists in surgical intervention. This is due to the fact that once dropped, the eyelid will constantly leave its place.
The operation itself is not complicated, but it leads to a disruption of the lacrimal gland functions. The owner of the pet all his life will need to conduct supportive therapy - use eye drops or saline to moisten the mucous membranes of the eyeball.
Clinical manifestations and therapy of eyelid dermatitis in dogs
This ailment can not be called an eye disease, but pathology often develops into an eye disease. Among the main features can be noted the following:
- develops an inflammatory process on the skin of the eyelid, they blush;
- wetting areas appear;
- the appearance of pus;
- from the dog comes an unpleasant nauseating smell;
- eyes sour;
- Exudate (inflammatory fluid) is released from the eyes.
In such states, it is quite logical that in time pathogenic microorganisms also spread to the conjunctiva. Most often, this ailment is diagnosed in pets with long hair and hanging ears.
As a treatment, antibiotic drugs with a wide spectrum of action are used. Wool from the affected areas must be sheared, a special ointment with an antiseptic effect is applied to the skin. In the eyes it is necessary to instill preparations of antimicrobial action, before that they should be washed with physiological solution, necessarily sterile.
In order to exclude the combing of patients with eyelids, a medical collar is used.
Symptomatics and treatment of conjunctivitis
Inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye is the most common eye disease, both in humans and in animals, which in most cases is infectious. In addition, the causes of the disease can be:
- an allergic reaction ;
- inflammatory process in the lacrimal ducts or their clogging (in this case, the conjunctiva remains without the necessary moisture);
- getting into the eye of a foreign object;
- substances-irritants, penetrated into the region of the conjunctival cavity;
- irritation resulting from the turn of the eyelid (eyelashes damage the eye tissue);
The clinical picture is as follows:
- the mucous eyes become pink or red;
- the tissues of the eyes and eyelids can swell;
- from the eyes there are secretions - it can be a transparent tear fluid, watery exudate or purulent clots;
- in the inner corner of the eye may appear part of the third century - the owners of the dog, who do not have experience, it may seem that the eye rolled out.
A pet may have strabismus or a constant blinking. The last sign can be painful, the dog in this case will be restless, often rub eyes and plaintively whine.
Quite often, conjunctivitis accompanies the same symptom as in keratitis - the opacity of the cornea of the eye.
If we talk about the treatment of the disease, it depends on the cause of inflammation of the conjunctiva. Most often, therapy includes the use of antibacterial drugs - drops, ointments and other forms of medicines. Among the external medicines the most popular is tetracycline ointment.
But before prescribing treatment, the veterinarian should conduct a thorough diagnosis, examine the tests, and only after receiving the results decide the issue with therapy.
Ectropion and entropion: symptoms and treatment
If to speak in simple language, then it is a question of turning and turning a century in dogs. These pathologies can be called truly canine ailments, as in other animals they are diagnosed extremely rarely.
Diseases are hereditary, and especially to them are representatives of the following breeds - Staffordshire Terriers, Basset Hounds , Sharpei , Great Danes, Ridgebacks, Dachshunds, Chows , Newfoundlands, some kinds of spaniels, St. Bernards.
When considering these ailments (twisting and turning), they can be combined, as they often have parallel development. Of course, the twist of the eyelids leads to more serious consequences, but their eversion leaves the eyeball without any protection from pathogenic pathogens.
In addition to the pathological changes in the appearance of the eyes, these diseases are accompanied by the release of fluid, constant blinking, when pressed, the animal feels pain.
With ectropion, the conjunctiva is deprived of moisture and dry out, which can lead to the development of keratitis and other serious disorders.
Sometimes the turning of the eyelids leads to the growth of eyelashes in the eye tissue and this ailment is already considered an independent disease.
Treatment of inversion and inversion of the eyelids is most often performed surgically, and it can be performed only in adults whose growth has ceased. Conservative therapy takes place, but only if the pathology is in the initial stage of development.
To eliminate symptoms and the cause of the disease, antibacterial agents, antiseptics, hormone therapy and other medications are used.
Read also: How dogs see the world
How is blepharitis manifested and treated?
This disease is an inflammation of the eyelids, both cutaneous and subcutaneous layers. To the causes of the disease can be attributed to infection, hereditary predisposition, the effect of allergens, eye trauma.
Symptoms of blepharitis are obvious - eyelids swell, redden, purulent formations may appear, which are then covered with scabs.
The disease requires emergency treatment, as it is often combined with other pathological conditions of the eyes. Therapy depends on the cause of inflammation - sometimes antibiotics, anti-germ preparations, anti-allergic drugs are prescribed.
Any eye diseases in dogs should be diagnosed at early stages of development and be treated promptly, in order to avoid serious and severe complications.