Dogs by nature have excellent health, however, they often suffer from eye diseases. Among the common eye diseases, blepharitis can be noted - not the most dangerous ailment, but requiring compulsory literate treatment. What causes blepharitis in dogs, and how can you get rid of the pet from the inflammatory process?
What is Blepharitis
In fact, the disease is a pathological process, localized around the edges of the eyelids. The causes of blepharitis can be very different, associated with chemical, thermal exposure or eye trauma.
Also, a parasitic mite that causes demodicosis or scabies can provoke pathology. In addition, inflammation in this area can be the result of avitaminosis, a transferred microbial or viral disease.
Types of disease
Classification includes several types of disease:
- Simple blepharitis. This form is also called "scaly" blepharitis. From other types it differs marked hyperemia, which is associated with an increased amount of blood. The edges of the inflamed eyelid are thickened, covered with grayish-whitish scales. Most often this type of disease accompanies inflammation of the conjunctiva.
- Ulcerative blepharitis. Eyelids in the dog swell, become covered with festering crusts. Under them is an ulcerated, bleeding surface. The disease affects the hair follicles of the eyelashes, after which they fall out. The tissues in the lesion site are scarred, which subsequently causes the eyelashes to grow incorrectly, a similar pathology can cause an eyelid turn or twist.
- Meybomian blepharitis. Disease caused by dysfunction of meibomian glands, which begin to produce too much secret. Excess fluid penetrates into the conjunctival cavity, provoking an inflammatory process. With this form of blepharitis, the edges of the eyelids strongly thicken. If the agent of the purulent infection is localized in the meibomian gland, then there is a risk of purulent blepharitis.
- Furunculosis blepharitis. In people, pathology is called barley, and it occurs not only in humans. The causes of the disease may be different, but in any case, the inflammation is localized along the edge of the eyelids where the eyelashes grow in the animal. There is a profuse suppuration, which can also spread to the hair and sebaceous papillae of the eyelashes.
Regardless of the type of blepharitis, the pathology is characterized by pronounced symptomatology. Inflammation can occur both on one and at once on both eyelids.
The most common signs include the following:
- strong puffiness - the eyelid increases in size, swells, may hang over the eye; can completely cover the eye, the dog can not open it;
- the tissue becomes thicker, dense, painful;
- loss of cilia;
- a strong itch - the pet tries to get rid of it, scratches the eyes, damaging the affected areas, and as a result - the infection gets into the wound, an abundant purulent discharge follows from the eyes;
- there is often a turning of the century - cilia can get inside, rub against the corneal layer and conjunctiva of the eye, damaging the surface, this leads to the development of keratoconjunctivitis.
If the disease is not treated in a timely manner, eventually the cornea begins to become ulcerated. In this case, chances are high that the animal will completely lose sight.
Sometimes with blepharitis the dog can often blink, or, conversely, do not open the eye with a sick eyelid. With the strongest swelling, another situation is likely, when the swollen tissue does not allow the eye to close. This phenomenon leads to the drying of the cornea and the patient feels a strong discomfort. With complication of blepharitis, the dog can develop conjunctivitis, keratitis.
Treatment of blepharitis in dogs
The main method of treating the disease in dogs is the use of drugs intended for topical application. It is used as a therapy for all types of blepharitis.
The scheme includes the following activities:
- Crusts and scales covering the edges of the eyelids are gently swabbed and removed. For the procedure, you will need cotton discs, saline solution, vaseline oil or a solution of furacilin. Remove the soaked tissue with a sterile material.
- To eliminate the inflammatory process, the ointment - hydrocortisone or Dexamethasone - is applied to the affected eyelid.
- If pathology is provoked by pathogens, use antibiotic-containing drugs, for example, tetracycline ointment.
- When blepharitis is caused by infection with parasites, the use of the Metronidazole gel is prescribed.
It is worth considering that often the inflammation of the century is not an independent disease, but only a secondary manifestation of the underlying disease.
Prognosis of recovery
The most common way to get rid of a pet from blepharitis can be using antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs. If the ailment is associated with a congenital anomalous structure of the eyelid, simple surgical intervention is performed that solves this problem. When the inflammation is caused by an allergy, it is necessary to exclude the contact of the pet with the allergen for recovery.
Blepharitis is a disease that affects the tender skin of the eyelid's age. It is not contagious and with a competent approach it is quickly cured. From the owner it is required to take the pet to the vet in time, and then to treat it, according to the prescribed scheme.