Bichon frize

Bichon Frize is a variety of lapdogs from France, which have gained popularity around the world. It is partly due to the attractive appearance of dogs, resembling a soft toy. But you can not discount their amazing character and ability to be excellent companions. Considering the fashion for beautiful representatives of small breeds, it is not surprising that when choosing, the future owners prefer these cute creatures.


Breed origin

The breed did not happen yesterday, its history goes back several centuries. Experts believe that the direct ancestors of the Bichon are Tenerife Bichonas - dogs, common in the Renaissance. Then they were successfully used to catch rats, including in ship holds. If you look deeper, you may find that these curly little dogs come from aquatic spaniels. Bichon frize

In the 15th century, the Bichons became known as the favorites of the aristocrats of Italy and Spain, and in the 16th century they became welcome pets in the homes of French nobility. The French dubbed these charming dogs "barbishonami" - small poodles, and later the name was reduced to "Bichon" - lapdog. "Frieze" is translated as "curly", which emphasizes the quality of their fur.

From those times to the present day, the breed has experienced both ups and downs, was on the verge of extinction. However, in the 20th century, it began to actively gain popularity, and today Bichons can be found in all corners of the world.

Bichon Frize breed description

The dogs of this breed are cute, curly, airy creatures of a very compact size: the height of dogs at the withers does not exceed 30 cm, the Bichons weigh from 3 to 6 kg.

The size of the individuals is determined by the sex - the dogs are slightly larger, although there are also females weighing 5-6 kg. At the exhibition, the weight and height do not matter - small and large individuals will have equal chances for success, the main thing is that the dog fits into the standard, is harmoniously complex, possesses a chic fur coat.

The Bichon Standard is described as follows:

  1. Usually Bichons are clipped in such a way that their head looks like a three-dimensional ball, but this is a visual impression, in fact it is medium in size. The forehead is flat, with a smooth transition to the smooth nose.
  2. The orbits are well defined, cheekbones muscled, but this is almost imperceptible. Lips fit tightly, have a black edging, the top is on the bottom.
  3. The dentition is dense, even, with a scissor bite, the grip is rather weak. Direct bite attributed to the shortcomings, and the dog will not receive particularly high marks at exhibitions.
  4. The nose is large and round with wide open nostrils. Eyes oval, no bulge, with a lively, cheerful look. The shade is mostly dark, almost black. Eyelids tight, covering the protein and the third eyelid.
  5. Auricles hang down the sides, of medium length, rather high, there is an ornament in the form of a long coat of hair. The cartilage is elastic, when the dog is alert, the ears are slightly raised.
  6. Rectangular torso format, with a strong, rounded, flexible neck, extending to the shoulders. The withers are almost invisible, the back is wide, with a slight bulge in the area of ​​the croup.
  7. The chest is wide, of decent depth, with a rounded keel. The stomach is moderately tucked up, does not hang down and does not prevent the animal from moving.
  8. The limbs are firm, with strong bones and well-developed muscles. Front and rear are parallel, elbows pressed against the sternum. In the hind limbs, the joints of the joints create a soft, proportional angle.
  9. Round-shaped hands, the presence of dewclaws is not welcome, they are removed from puppies.
  10. The tail is covered with a copious, long coat. Put at the level of the spinal column, carries his dog on his back.

Wool and colors

Particular attention is paid to the texture of wool - it should consist of a soft, thick undercoat and a rough, curly upper layer. Together they create a thick fur coat, resembling velvet fabric, if it is pressed, it will immediately straighten.

After water procedures and combing, it lags behind the skin, it becomes inflated, bulky. Hard or silky coat, tight to the skin, are considered serious defects, as well as the absence of the undercoat. Bichon Frize on the bridge

There is only one color Bichon Frize - solid white. Puppies can have spots of a beige shade, but with age they disappear. Sometimes in the offspring babies appear with wool of a different color - beige, cream, etc., but such dogs are excluded from breeding and do not participate in exhibitions. But this does not prevent them from being wonderful pets.


Bichon Frize puppies are adorable, playful, friendly and active. Adult dogs are not devoid of enthusiasm, but still behave more seriously and appeasably.

French lapdogs are very smart, which allows them to quickly learn and adapt to new conditions. They adore their master, they like to go on walks with him, but they don’t like to travel long distances. Due to its compact size, the dog can also run and play at home, getting the necessary load.

These charming little dogs are companionable pets, so they do not tolerate long loneliness. Having saddened, the Bichon can begin to whine for a long time and protractedly, to do small dirty tricks, for example, to pat the master's slippers, to pull the cover from the sofa or to break the pillow, releasing its contents.

It is possible to breed a puppy of this breed to families with children, elderly couples, single people. Other animals will not interfere - curly dog ​​gets on with almost all pets. But Bichons are not deprived of a sense of independence: naughty, the kid will make an innocent look, even if he is caught hot. To cause a doggie guilt is unlikely to succeed.

Education and training

Bichon Frize - smart and smart, so they are easy to educate and train. However, lapdogs can be very masterful, often distracted by extraneous noises, so they need a course of obedience. But specialized training is not for them, yet, these curly babes are exclusively companions, not working dogs. Bichon Frize with a toy

In a loud, powerful voice, these little ones can express various emotions - joy, delight, anxiety, they will also bark, protecting the owner or notifying him of the approach of strangers. Therefore, it is recommended to bring up the dog so that he is more restrained and not noisy, if for no good reason.

When learning it is necessary to adhere to the following rules:

  • caution and consistency are important;
  • the dog becomes infected with the mood of its owner, and if a person shows interest during the classes, sincerely rejoices at the successes, then such an attitude will surely be passed on to the curly friend;
  • First of all, the baby must learn the 3 main teams on which all the rest of the training is built: “Place!”, “Come to me!” and “No!”;
  • any aggression and cruelty to the baby will be able to negate all the successes achieved, such treatment can seriously offend the dog and discourage her from learning to learn.

Almost from the first time, the Bichons understand what the host expects from them, but they do not always immediately execute commands. Perhaps the dog wants to show its independence, or checks the owner - how firm and confident he is.

Like other representatives of decorative rocks, Bichon can be accustomed to a home toilet - diaper or tray. This will allow not to drive a snow-white baby outside, when the weather does not allow or there is no free time. Representatives of this breed like to walk, but do not need intensive loads.

Care and health

If you look at the photo of Bichon Frize, it is easy to imagine that caring for your baby will be difficult. And, above all, his fur deserves special attention - so that it looks like a gentle, airy, white marshmallow, the owner will have to try:

  • the dog should be combed daily;
  • bathe the baby every 4 months, if necessary, you can do it more often;
  • the procedure requires special detergents suitable for curly wool;
  • Bichons are cut - this can be done both for hygienic purposes - once a month, cut the wool on frequently contaminated sites, and for the sake of a beautiful appearance;
  • Wool in the groin and on the face should be regularly cleaned, because here it can turn yellow - treatment can be done with a solution of boric acid, but strictly observe the proportion so as not to harm the little dog;
  • A pet who regularly participates in exhibitions is not recommended to wear a collar, as it spoils the fur, erases it.

If the dog short cut, it will greatly facilitate the care of the four-legged friend. Bichons are also regularly mowed claws, a couple of times a week they brush their teeth and wash their eyes with boiled water or an antiseptic. It is impossible to use for this purpose vegetable decoctions or tea brewing - these fluids can stain the hair around the eyes.

It is advisable to teach the dog to care activities from puppyhood, then the procedure will take place without any problems, calmly and fruitfully. The procedure of vaccination, deworming and treatment of external parasites is obligatory.


Among the hereditary diseases that are transmitted to offspring from parents, the following can be noted:

  • epilepsy;
  • dysplasia;
  • atlantoaxial instability (pathological condition of the spine).

Often, in pursuit of profit, breeders do not say that their puppies are sick, so it’s worth buying a pet only from vendors who value their reputation. Bichon Frize on the road

In addition, there are a number of diseases that develop, if the dog does not provide quality care and a full diet:

  • urolithiasis disease;
  • diabetes;
  • obesity;
  • hypotrichosis (loss of coat);
  • dermatological diseases;
  • allergy;
  • pathology of organs of vision - cataract, corneal dystrophy, volvulus eyelids

Bichons can not jump from a height, as there is a risk of fracture of the limbs or dislocation of the patella. Also, they should not be allowed to play with larger and stronger dogs that could inadvertently harm the baby.


The owner can choose a suitable dry food or give preference to the natural feeding of the pet. In the second case, you must consider the following features:

  • In the diet of the dog must be present raw meat, it is pre-scalded with boiling water;
  • vegetables give the doggie both boiled and raw;
  • fish are included in the menu 2-3 times a week, but the lapdogs are forbidden to give the river; boil it and remove the bones;
  • useful food for lapdogs is boiled buckwheat or oatmeal groats;
  • if the dog eats natural products, it needs additional sources of vitamins - the veterinarian may prescribe a suitable vitamin and mineral complex, it is also recommended to add a little bone meal in food;
  • food before serving should be cut into small pieces;
  • milk is given only to puppies, to an adult dog it is enough to eat yogurt, kefir or cottage cheese once every 5-7 days;
  • Do not feed your pet hot or very cold food.

Smoked, salted, pickled foods, foods containing various spices, legumes, pearl barley, pastries and pastries should be excluded from the pet's diet.

When choosing a dry feed should focus on the brand of super premium class. It is best if the diet is intended for representatives of this particular breed.

Dog content

Bichon Frize - decorative dog, designed to stay in a house or apartment. The baby will need a traditional set of accessories:

  • bowl - it is desirable that it was on a stand or attached to the surface;
  • bedding - it can be a mattress, a basket or a house, as long as the place is cozy;
  • collar and leash - neat accessories that minimally damage the fur;
  • the snow-white sweetheart should immediately provide an accessory keyring;
  • tray - it should be larger than the cat;
  • puppies are rather inquisitive and often injured, so it is worth buying a small cage for an apartment where you can leave the baby during your absence;
  • carrying;
  • toys

French lapdogs love to walk, but it is advisable to bring them away from the prickly bushes and burdock, so that they do not have to torment the little dog and spoil its fluffy fur, removing plants and garbage.

Photo Bichon Frize two bichon frizeBichon Frize in the gardenBichon Frize in flowersBichon Frize beautiful photoBichon Frize rolls aroundthe most beautiful Bichon Frieze

Bichon Frize Video

Buying a puppy

Bichon Frize is a common breed, so there will be no problems with acquiring a puppy. It is advisable to contact the breeder with an excellent reputation, especially if you need a puppy for the subsequent show career.

The best nurseries are the following:

  • White Star, Moscow http://belayazvezda.com/index.php/contacts/;
  • Color barberry, Moscow https://cvbarbaris.ru/;
  • Frizzled Life, Kiev http://bichon.kiev.ua/.

It is possible to buy a pet without pedigree for 10,000-15,000 rubles, the offspring with documents cost from 15,000 to 50,000 rubles, depending on the class. Often put up for sale mestizo - a mixture of Bichon with other small dogs. Often puppies turn out very nice, and their price can reach 7000-8000 rubles.

Bichon Frize - surprisingly beautiful, positive dogs, loving and loyal. Once they were engaged in catching rodents, so the spirit of independence and stubbornness in them is still there. It is necessary not only to love your pet, but also to respect his feelings.

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