Beagles are representatives of the oldest breed, which the hunters brought out for their needs. There was an event back in those days, then the aristocracy was just beginning to emerge. The early Middle Ages were not distinguished by an abundance of entertainment, so the leading position was occupied by hunting. Beagles accompanied to know at the hunting trips and took direct part in the process. Who are the pets of this breed for man in the modern world?
- Откуда появилась порода 1. Where did the breed come from?
- Описание породы бигль 2. Beagle breed description
- Характер биглей 3. Character of the Beagles
- Как кормить бигля 4. How to feed the beads
- Содержание и уход за биглем 5. Maintenance and care of the beagle
- Фото биглей 6. Photo of the beagles
- Видео о бигле 7. Video about beagle
- Выбор щенка бигля и его стоимость 8. Choosing a beagle puppy and its cost
Where did the breed come from?
The origin of the beagles is associated with England, although, of course, they were not the first to use dogs in hunting. The ancestors of hunting dogs, judging by the studies, got to the British Isles from the Ancient States - Rome and Greece thanks to the Celtic tribes. And crossing them with local dogs and became the basis for the future appearance of beagles.
With the emergence of statehood and the aristocratic stratum of the population, there was a need for pets not only with hunting qualities, but also noble external data. And the participation of ladies in hunting games made their own adjustments - dogs should be compact. At that moment, the active and purposeful development of breeds for hunting aristocrats began.
Crossing various breeds of dogs for hunting, breeders and received beagle breed, named so because of its small size. The first recorded record of them dates back to 1475.
Development of the breed continued in the 16-17 centuries, Bigley gradually ceased to be exclusively favorites of the nobility. At this time, they could be found in large farms and even among landowners of medium prosperity. This had a positive effect on the quality of the breed data of dogs, as hunting turned into spectacular entertainment and attracted more effective pets, inferior to hunting qualities, but with a more original appearance.
The owners were crossbreeding their dogs with dogs that live in the same locality as the beagles, so specialists distinguish several types of breed. The southerners turned out to be slower and heavier, while the northern ones are distinguished by a fiercer body and mobility.
In the second half of the 19th century, the extinction of the breed was traced, but its disappearance did not occur thanks to the admirers of beagles and classic hare hunting. The British tried, they not only preserved the breed, but also revived its former popularity.
Beagles became full participants in exhibitions, reviews, and at the end of the century the first official club of this breed was formed. The breed standard was approved after five years. In parallel, there was a revival of hunting with the participation of packs of these dogs.
Today Beagles all over the world are excellent companion dogs and only in England they continue to be used in their original quality. Given their excellent sense of smell, beagles are sometimes used for serious customs. For more than a hundred years the Bigles have been on the list of the most prestigious breeds.
Beagle breed description
The breed standard, adopted for the first time, was corrected several times, therefore in modern estimation of dogs the data of the document of 1987 are applied:
- Today Beagle is a dog with a strong constitution, but devoid of any rudeness. The growth at the withers varies between 33-40 cm.
- The head is long, powerful, has no wrinkles, wrinkles. On the skull there is a hill, visible to the naked eye. The nose of the nose is black, but animals are allowed and with a lighter nose, if the coat is light-colored.
- The bite of beagles is of the type 2 "scissors", the lips slightly hang. The eyes of dogs are very expressive, good-natured, it is easy for them to guess the mood of the pet. Iris can be a dark brown or nutty shade.
- Ears are long, hanging, velvety, rounded. The neck is equipped with a small suspension, its length allows the animal to move along the trail of extraction.
- The trunk of the beagle is compact with a very straight back and a fairly flexible loin. Forelegs straight, not narrowing to the bottom. Back strong, thighs with developed musculature, hocks strong.
- The tail is very mobile, without bends. The coat is short, thick, evenly covering the entire body of the animal.
The color of the coat in beagles does not differ in anything from the color of other hounds. By standard, the tip of the tail should be white. Color may include:
- simultaneously three shades - white, red and black, which can be arbitrarily placed. In the event that white predominates, the color is called "shiny", if the pet's back is black, then black;
- also there are white and red representatives of the breed, the second color can be red, chestnut, lemon. On the territory of England, such dogs with bicolor are valued above the rest;
- rarely you can find black and white beagles;
- and even less often white. This is the only one-color color that allows a standard.
The nature of the beagles
The main qualities of beagles are cheerfulness, good nature and activity. They excellently feel themselves among the children's campaign, "with all the paws" they are in favor of any loose games. Enjoying the game, they are able to allow "small" comrades to do with them a variety of manipulations.
They are good at interacting with other dogs and people, since Bigles are deprived of dominant tendencies. This is the result of the content in the packs. And among family members often choose their child as their master. Therefore, representatives of this breed can be purchased for children.
They also get along well with other pets, but it's worth remembering that beagles have strong hunting instincts. Therefore, smaller animals - rabbits, rodents, cats will be treated as prey. Yes, beagle can live together with cats, but that will periodically have to play the role of game and run away.
Representatives of this breed are very smart and smart, but their mind is more sophisticated. They do not like dressing and shun everything in every way. Many owners will agree with this definition of dogs - "charming impudent", and their actions are aimed at using for their own purposes the weaknesses of the owner. Running the beagle once in his bed, the owners will always have to share a sleeping place with him. They are difficult to get used to the place, because everywhere they actively move around and fall asleep, "where the night finds."
In addition to activity, they are also distinguished by excessive curiosity, so leaving them alone, you can find a lot of surprises on arrival. Like most hunting dogs, beagles have a habit of jerking for an anticipated prey during the paddock. At this time they do not see or hear what is happening around. This quality makes most owners take dogs off leash.
In addition, they are incredible gluttons, and the saturation center at them practically does not work. The result of this is yet another bad habit - at home - inspecting the trash can, on the street - the container. It should be with all the forces to avoid such impulses of the pet from the very first day.
How to Feed the Beads
Acquiring a thoroughbred representative of the beagles, it must be remembered that the beagle is a hound, which needs to move a lot. Multi-kilometer daily runs are a guarantee not only of the well-being of the dog, but also of the order in the house. Therefore, one should evaluate their own strengths and the possibilities of providing such active walks.
Without the necessary physical exertion the dog is fattening, and she has health problems. In addition, overweight contributes to the passion of pets for begging and even stealing food. This can also include a permanent hunger beagle, which causes the owners to feed the dog more than the norm. If the pet often runs, but at the same time gaining weight, then you should reduce its daily portion.
In the diet of a hound, the porridge should not be more than 25% of the total food. The basis of the menu is meat products and by-products. It is obligatory to give vegetables, but they make up only 10% of the daily rate.
Fish can be given, but only sea in boiled form and not more than a couple of times a week. If a pet from puppyhood is accustomed to receiving dairy products, then it is possible to continue to give them to an adult dog.
Another common type of feeding is a ready-made diet. A good option for beagles, as you can more accurately dose the portion, and the balance of useful components is maximally calculated.
Read more: what to feed the beagle .
Maintenance and care of the beagle
Care for the coat of beagles is quite standard: periodically you need to bathe your pet, comb out the dead wool with a hard brush.
The pet does not need frequent bathing , since detergents can remove the natural fat layer, exposing the skin to pathogenic microorganisms. For the beagle it is enough to take a bath once every 3-4 months. Naturally, if the dog is soiled, it is absolutely necessary to buy it.
Long ears require regular cleaning with special solutions. Eyes are a weak point of the breed, they must be washed daily with drugs with antimicrobial effect. As soon as the secretions from the eyes are detected, they must be treated immediately.
Photo of the beagles
Video about beagle
Choosing a beagle puppy and its cost
It is much cheaper to choose a beagle pet simply as a favorite of the family, without assuming exhibition events and continuing breeding. In this case, it's enough to come by the ad or visit the nursery and get the most fondled baby. The task becomes more complicated if a beagle is acquired for hunting or for subsequent participation in exhibitions.
It is important to get reliable information and feedback about the breeder of the breed, to get acquainted not only with the puppy, but also with his parents. Dogs for exhibitions and participation in breeding should fully comply with standard parameters, this should also be verified.
Experts warn that puppies of beagles get adult color by the 3rd month, so the spots and color divorces, more often on the head, ears and back, before that age, can disappear.
If we talk about the price of the beagle puppies, the average price tag is 20,000. In private individuals, a dog that does not have a pedigree can be bought for 7,000-10,000 rubles.
A representative of the show-class breed will cost at least 30,000 rubles. Puppies of the middle category cost from 10,000 to 30,000 rubles. Naturally, the price affects the popularity of the breeder, the regalia of the pet's parents and other factors.
Beagle is an excellent option for active, fun-loving people with great patience and a good sense of humor.