If you need a universal dog, well trained, with excellent working qualities, then the Belgian Shepherd is the most ideal option. Being a shepherd for a long time, the "Belgian" has learned to be independent, collected and organized. And the high intellect and ability to think helped her to become an excellent service dog, and after - a wonderful companion.
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание породы бельгийская овчарка 2. Description of the breed Belgian Shepherd
- Характер 3. Character
- Воспитание и обучение 4. Education and training
- Уход 5. Care
- Заболевания 6. Diseases
- Кормление 7. Feeding
- Содержание собаки 8. The contents of the dog
- Фото бельгийской овчарки 9. Photos of the Belgian Shepherd
- Видео о бельгийской овчарке 10. Video about the Belgian Shepherd
- Где лучше купить щенка 11. Where is it better to buy a puppy
Origin of the breed
The first representative of the breed appeared as a result of the breeding work of the Belgian veterinarian, it happened in 1891. He set himself a rather ambitious goal - to create an excellent shepherd's breed, which would become a national treasure.
As a result, four varieties of Belgian sheep-dogs were withdrawn, which, with relatively similar characteristics, differed only in length, quality and color of the coat.
As for the names, everything is simple here - the names of the Belgian cities were taken as a basis. Tervurons were named after the native city of the first breeder of this type of "belgiek", malinois came from Mechelen or Malina.
Grünendahl - are named as the homonymous town in which they were withdrawn. And only lakenua - a small and unrecognized species, excelled. Their name is associated with the castle Laken, on the territory of which lived breeders of one of the breeds, which they used in breeding work. At the beginning of the 20th century, standards appeared for each species of the breed.
Description of breed Belgian Shepherd
Individuals of all species have the same composition and size, so you can focus on a general description. These animals have a proportional physique, a medium-sized body, powerful, but not devoid of elegance with well-developed, sculpted musculature.
The growth of males varies from 60 to 66 cm, females - in the range of 56-62 cm, the representatives of the breed weigh 25-30 kg. The standard offers the following characteristics of appearance:
- Raised head high, moderately elongated, dryish, clearly delineated. The length of the skull and muzzle is approximately the same. The skull is of medium width, with a flat forehead, on which there is a slightly pronounced furrow and a slightly developed occipital mound.
- Muzzle cuneiform, gradually narrowing, ending in black lobe. Lips are intensely pigmented in black, thin, tightly fitting.
- Jaws are strong, the dentition is full, without gaps (the absence of 2 premolars is allowed), consists of large, white teeth that create the correct bite by the type of "scissors". The standard allows for a direct bite.
- Cheekbones flattened, with dry muscles. Eyes are medium in size, slightly almond-shaped, slanting, with a rosy iris - the darker, the better. The dog looks straight, looking intelligent, studying.
- Ears triangular, rounded at the base, with pointed tips, planted high.
- The neck is long, straight, well muscled, broadens to the scapula, has no suspension.
- The hull can be called powerful, but without gravity. Back and waist straight, muscular, withers well pronounced. The croup has a slight inclination and developed musculature.
- The thorax is moderately wide, with good depth and volume. The stomach does not sag, moderately tightened.
- The tail is well set, thick at the base. When the dog is calm, the tail hangs down, when excited, rises, taking the shape of a curved curve, but not in the form of a hook and does not fall on its side.
- The limbs are strong, but without heavy skeleton, with strong and dry muscles, and the hind ones, and the front straight ones, are placed parallel to each other, with elongated shoulder blades and shoulders. Pasterns short, strong, paws rounded, like "cat's", with arched toes.
The Belgian shepherd moves actively, not constrained, often quietly trotting.
Color and wool cover
At home, 4 kinds of "belgies" are representatives of one breed, but in other states they either share, or recognize not all of them. As already noted, the shepherd distinguishes wool and its coloration:
- Grünendali have a double, thick coat, which has a dense texture and abundant undercoat. It is stiff, long. Silky, curly or glossy osteal hair is considered a blemish. More often there are grunendals with a monophonic black color, less often with white markings covering the area of the sternum and fingers.
- Lakenen - a kind of Belgian, unrecognized in some countries. Representatives of the breed are covered with coarse, rather tough hair, with a rusty hue and white patches. Lackenois do not have a black mask, like, for example, malinois, but the standard allows a darker coat on the muzzle and tail.
- Malinois - short-haired sheepdogs of a red hue with charcoal, a black mask covers the muzzle and the same edging is on the ears.
- Tervuren - the color of wool is the same as in malinois - it is red with "charcoal", but in length it is like a grunendal. White markings on the sternum and fingers are permissible.
Even considering the similarity of the dogs of the Belgian Shepherd breed, each species still has the following characteristics:
- grunendali - sensitive, unpretentious pets, can perform almost any job - from gay relay races to emergency, rescue operations;
- Tervuren - beautiful sentry dogs, very mature, never attack without reason; If there is a threat - they behave very confidently and fearlessly;
- malinois - with the strong instincts of the guard and bodyguard; very passionate, with a pronounced dominant character;
- lakenua - in comparison with the rest, the representatives of this species are distinguished by good-natured, obedient and hospitable temper.
Like all shepherd dogs, the "Belgians" are devoid of aggression, very energetic, balanced and active. The pet never loses vigilance, protecting and guarding as the owner, family members, and property. Dogs of this breed showed themselves well in the service guard and protective service.
Familiar people are met benevolently, outsiders - with restraint, without aggression and fussiness. Truncated individuals are disqualified, timidity and excessive excitability are attributed to shortcomings.
Sheepdogs from Belgium are well trained, with pleasure performing tasks, trying to please the owner. The dog finds a common language with all household members, including small children. But he does not like to communicate with the kids, although he will obey.
Belgian Shepherds are not slackers! You can not let a pet get bored, but it's also not worth it to run around aimlessly to play with a toy. Such a pet can be instructed to carry a bag from the store, guard the stroller at the entrance, a bicycle, and the dog with all responsibility will approach this work. Going to walk the company, the owner can be sure - no one comrade will break from the improvised "herd" with such a "shepherd".
Education and training
By purchasing a puppy of this breed, a person lets in his house a real clot of energy. Kids are active and very inquisitive. While he does not grow up a bit, leaving a pet alone is not worth it. And with any pampering, it should be distracted with toys. Gradually, he will understand, than it is possible to amuse, and than is not present.
The dog is oriented to his family, but a bad breed can be a threat to outsiders. Sensing the wrong, he can begin to act - in fact, when grazing cattle, he expected it. But today the shepherd requires another - obedience and restraint, it is important that the dog protects the owner only after hearing the appropriate command.
The Belgian Shepherd needs constant communication with people, if this does not happen, she can become stubborn or willful. When teaching, you can not use physical influence, rudeness, cries, since the "Belgians" are very sensitive. The maximum that is allowed, jerks for the leash. They also react to the atmosphere prevailing in the family, the mood of the host. If the owner ignores the pet, the dog will suffer from such neglect.
Dogs of this breed have very good memory, they quickly learn basic skills, and the owner will be able to avoid monotonous repetitions of the same. However, it is necessary to go beyond the main program. If the dog is not working, the owner should find a job for her. For example, "Belgians" are successful in almost all sports.
To the dog was cheerful and maintained its physical form, it requires a daily 2-3-hour load. Socialization should be early, it should be dealt with after vaccination of the pet. A puppy should visit the city, communicate with strangers, animals, learn to behave in crowded places and transport.
If the dog does not learn the rules of good tone, he can bark cars, bite passers-by or, conversely, cowardly hide. At the initial stage of education, you can put an overly active pet in the muzzle.
Belgian sheepdogs require a simple, uncomplicated care, which includes regular examination of the auricles, eyes, mouth. The ears are cleaned of contamination, the eyes are washed with chamomile broth, if necessary, the teeth are cleaned a couple of times a week.
Dogs that are not engaged in active activities need to periodically cut their claws. But how to care for the hair, depends on the species of the breed:
- Grünendali and tervenure have long, thick wool, which must be combed every 2-3 days. And during the moult, this procedure must be performed daily, especially if the pet lives in the apartment. Long-haired dogs change their fur coat 1 time per year, bitches - 2. Representatives of this breed do not cut, it is enough to remove sprouting between the fingers.
- Malinois - even less troublesome, their short wool should be treated with a special brush or glove 2-3 times a month. When molting - 2-3 times a week.
- Lakenen - like most wire-haired dogs, they need regular trimming - the removal of dead hairs. And in a haircut they do not need, since the hair grows very slowly.
With good care and proper nutrition, sheep dogs live on average 12.5 years, there is a registered long-liver in this breed - 18 years 3 months.
"Belgiek" is considered a fairly healthy, strong breed, but they are not immune from the development of the following diseases:
- turn of intestines;
- dysplasia of large formulations;
- oncological diseases.
In addition, without proper load, sheep dogs often develop obesity. And if the owner does not monitor the ration of the pet, then the person may suffer from food allergies.
Most Belgian sheepdogs are fed with natural food. In this case, the pet needs additional sources of vitamins and trace elements. Puppies are given food 5 times a day. Gradually, approximately half-yearly, is transferred to an adult 2-time feeding regimen.
The owner should make a balanced diet, consisting, first of all, of meat and offal. Additional products are cereals, vegetables, greens, fish, eggs, kefir, yogurt, fruit. Porridge is recommended to cook on water or broths, mix with meat, vegetables, season with vegetable oil.
You can not give the Belgian Shepherd the following:
- flour and confectionery;
- fat meat;
- dishes with spicy spices and seasonings;
- salted, smoked products.
If the owner does not have the opportunity to cook food for the pet, then you can transfer it to industrial diets. Only this should be a high-quality premium or super-premium product. Regardless of the type of feeding, the dog should be provided with 24-hour access to clean, potable water.
You can start a similar four-legged friend for both apartment and street maintenance. "Belgians" unpretentious, persistently tolerate both high and low temperatures. Suitable for living in the cage, but it should be noted that it is impossible to plant such a dog on the chain.
Belgian Shepherd is not for the lazy - you will have to walk with your pet regularly and for a long time, it does not matter whether he is a street dog or a house dog.
Photo of the Belgian Shepherd
Video about the Belgian Shepherd
Where it is better to buy a puppy
Buy a high-quality puppy, with excellent data, a steady psyche and a pedigree is hardly possible with casual sellers or in the bird market. In this case, you will have to look for a well-stocked cattery or an experienced breeder who cares about his reputation.
A puppy of the pet class, not suitable for exhibitions and breeding, but otherwise a healthy, fun baby costs about 30,000-35,000 rubles. Pet, admitted to knitting, but not holding out to the champion titles, costs from 35,000 rubles, and for the handsome show-class, who is expected to have an excellent exhibition career, you will have to pay 60,000 rubles and more.
In Moscow there is only one kennel "From Solnik" http://solnik.ru/new/index.php, engaged in breeding this breed.
Belgian Shepherd Dog - a fairly rare breed in Russia, why interest in it grows. But before buying a puppy, it is worth knowing in advance about all its forms, features and nuances, and only then go for a pet. This is not a sofa dog and will require time, attention and serious training.
The Belgian Shepherd is not a decorative pet, she needs a solid hand and obligatory training. If the plans of the future owner do not include regular classes with a four-footed friend, then it is worth looking at less demanding representatives.