It is called a Congo-terrier, a nyam-nyam-terrier, a shrubby dog and not only. It is a compact animal, capable of becoming an excellent companion. In addition, Basenji is the dream of many owners, since it has one unique feature - it does not bark. What is known about this interesting breed, so rare in our country?
- Происхождение породы 1. Origin of the breed
- Описание собак породы басенджи 2. Description of dogs of the Basenji breed
- Характер собак басенджи 3. The nature of the dogs Basenji
- Особенности дрессуры 4. Features of the training
- Как ухаживать за басенджи 5. How to care for basenji
- Особенности кормления 6. Features of feeding
- Выбор щенка басенджи 7. Choosing a Basenji puppy
- Достоинства и недостатки породы 8. Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
- Видео о басенджи 9. Video about the Basenji
- Сколько стоит щенок басенджи 10. How much does the puppy of a basenji
Origin of the breed
The Basenji breed has existed for thousands of years, and it originated in the countries of South Africa. In the early 20th century, it gained popularity in North America and European countries. And until now, representatives of this breed can be found in the royal houses of Europe.
On the Russian territory the dog got into the end of the 20th century. And the same hour charmed dog lovers by the fact that instead of traditional barking dogs produce a special rumbling and then only when worried or annoyed. This factor makes it possible to get dogs even to people who are negatively related to dog barking.
Another amazing feature of the Basenji is that the breed originated and developed independently, and the person has never participated in its selection.
See all breeds of dogs with names and photos .
Description of dogs of the Basenji breed
Forming in nature, the dog found a smooth muscle for free movement and excellent coordination. The wool is rather short, dense, with a pronounced luster. It is snug against the body. Six colors are recognized:
- black combined with white;
- brown with white;
- red with white;
- tiger (red wool with black stripes).
White hair in Basenji - on the limbs, in the chest and tail.
There are two species of breed - a flat dog and a forest.
Plain Besenji . In the first case, the representatives of the breed are larger, the growth at the withers is 40 cm, the wool is brown and white. Plain dogs have a white "collar", which slightly grasps the chest and looks similar to "panties".
Forest besseng . Forest thoroughbreds received an unusual name - "Pygmy dog" for their small growth (below 40 cm at the withers). They are distinguished by a darker color of the eyes and wool.
All the Basenji have their own characteristic features:
- Representatives of the breed have high legs, a small head size, ears are in a standing position and slightly inclined forward.
- The neck of the dogs is tall, strong, the chest is of medium width, the tail is twisted into a ring.
- Spout in dogs narrowed with a black lobe. The eyes have an almond shape and a dark iris. The look is very intelligent, understanding.
- The setting of the front legs of the Basenji is slightly turned inside. The animal moves quickly, making wide steps, while its back remains straight.
In general, the dog looks elegant, with a certain amount of aristocratism. Among the external features can be noted the presence of wrinkles on the forehead, which are strongly pronounced in puppyhood.
The nature of the dogs Basenji
Dogs are distinguished by their vigor and mobility. Nature ordered that all individuals of this breed, by their nature, are magnificent hunters. Owners should take this into account, since in the race for prey the dog can be so carried away that he will not hear commands. To the dog was healthy, it should move very much and intensively.
Pets are very attached to all family members, and not just to the one who feeds them. They perfectly co-exist with other representatives of this breed.
Taking a basenji dog into a family, a person acquires a faithful, intelligent friend, distinguished by fearlessness, and an excellent guard. Thanks to a playful and good-natured disposition, this breed is recommended for families with children. But nevertheless, the dog has a character, and she probably will not want to be a toy. Therefore, it is not recommended to leave the pet and the child for a long time alone.
Basenji are sharp minded and well suited to learning. But because of their curiosity and nudity can get into unpleasant situations, so they require a firm hand.
Being formed in natural conditions, the breed's representatives acquired such quality as independence. Hence their disobedience and exactingness in constant employment. Leaving them for a long time without attention, you can expect a variety of "surprises". The dog will not sit, and will find what to do.
There is a danger of losing a pet, so it is not recommended to lower it from a leash in unfamiliar terrain. After seeing the "booty", Basenji will pursue her, not reacting to extraneous stimuli.
Despite the fact that dogs are not watchdogs, they have a unique flair, and will give a signal when other people appear - standing in a rack and issuing a characteristic rumbling.
Features of the training
Basenji can understand teams almost from the first time, but approval and encouragement are very important for them. The best place for walking a dog is an open large area away from transport. Here the restless and energetic animal will run until it spills out excess energy.
First of all, the owners must teach the pet to respond to the nickname, at the first call to resort to the owner. It has already been noted that dogs are curious, and the spirit of the "breadwinner", established by a century-long history, is by no means extinguished, so they can pick up unfamiliar objects and food from the ground. It is important to wean them from this harmful and dangerous habit.
In the process of training, it is strictly forbidden to raise the voice of a dog and use force. Punishment for the Basenji will be a serious view of the master and a lack of praise. Dogs like climbing up all the heights and settling there for the night. In the house it is fraught with falling asleep in the master's bed, therefore already from puppyhood it is necessary to stop this.
How to care for basenji
Care for the breed Basenji does not require special procedures. Wool needs to be combed regularly, but you can wash only if necessary, because the dog is afraid of water.
Representatives of the African breed are not too frost-hardy, therefore it is better to buy special clothes for winter walks. Allocations in the corners of the eyes are cleaned with a cotton swab, the auricle is cleaned with cotton buds. Claws 1-2 times a month undercut with a special nail file.
Like other dogs, Basenji requires regular intake of anthelmintic drugs, timely vaccination , treatment from skin parasites, you can use a collar against fleas and ticks.
Among diseases to which a tendency in dogs of this breed is noted, it is possible to note diseases of the kidneys, digestive organs, hernia formations. These pets can be kept in apartment conditions, but with the necessary attention and care.
Features of feeding
Basenji requires special food. At the heart of the diet is raw meat of low-fat species. Bones are allowed to give, but not more than once every 7 days. Among the allowed products, which are given by the Basenji in small quantities, it can be noted:
- buckwheat and rice without salt.
Dogs of this breed can be transferred to dry professional forages. It is forbidden to overfeed a pet, since pedigree representatives have a tendency to obesity.
- what kind of cereals to give basenji ;
- how many times a day to feed a Basenji puppy ;
- than you can not feed the Basenji .
Choosing a Basenji puppy
If there is a desire to start a dog Basenji, it is recommended to purchase an animal in the nursery. Of course, you can save money by buying a pet on the market or from private sellers, but there are certain risks - the dog may not be purebred or sick. If the appearance of a new member is awaited by the children, it makes sense to come to see the whole family and decide the issue with the choice together.
Choose from 2 month old Basenji puppies, because at this age their unusual temperament is already evident. It is better to inspect all available litters.
If sellers offer to purchase monthly babies, then this fact should alert. Professional breeders do not give puppies before a month and a half.
Among the main signs of the dog's health is the correct closing of the dentition (bite), ears, nose and eyes without discharge, clean, pink mouth.
The puppy should be active, not too thin or fat. Clumsiness in Basenji is a sign of ill health. The lobe of the neat spout should be exactly black, and the eyes dark with glitter.
If there is a dog breeding experience, then you can purchase an adult pet. But you will have to make efforts to subordinate it. Future owners without experience, it is better to choose a puppy with the most calm and accommodating nature.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
Before starting a pet of this breed, it is important to weigh the existing shortcomings and dignities. The positive qualities include the following:
- have the ability to learn;
- very clean;
- do not have a smell;
- get along with children;
- very positive and active;
- Do not bark.
But, as in every breed, there is a "fly in the ointment". Basenji are quite demanding in food, need constant attention, there is a risk that the dog will run away. They are rather capricious, and thanks to natural cunning they are able to manipulate the owners.
Video about Basenji
How much does the puppy of a basenji
The price of puppies depends on a number of factors. As a rule, first of all, the animal's class is taken into account:
- The starting price of the show-class puppy is 30000 rubles. These are the future stars of rings and champions of exhibitions. They are supplied with a pedigree, they can be producers of offspring.
- A representative of the breed class costs from 25,000 rubles. It can not take part in exhibitions, as it has minor defects in the exterior, which are not visible to the dog's eye. Suitable for the production of offspring.
- Puppy, which refers to the pet-class, will cost a minimum of 15,000 rubles. They have more pronounced deviations, so they are not suitable for exhibitions and breeding. But, like the rest of the puppies, they are healthy, they have all the required documents.
Whichever puppy is purchased, he will definitely become a favorite of the family and will reciprocate his masters.