Antibiotics are medications that harm the body, but at the same time they save life. They are prescribed when the body can not overcome the infection by itself. And, of course, we are talking not only about people, but also the brothers of our smaller ones. Dogs are also ill and can not always cope with the disease without medications. What antibiotics are needed for dogs, and in what cases can not they be managed?
- Когда и как применять антибиотики 1. When and how to apply antibiotics
- Какие антибиотики применяются для лечения собак 2. What antibiotics are used to treat dogs
- В каких случаях применяют те или иные антибиотики 3. In what cases are used those or other antibiotics
When and how to apply antibiotics
First of all, dog owners need to understand that using antibiotics without the recommendation of a veterinarian is very dangerous, because you need to know what caused the infection and choose a drug from the appropriate group. Correctly calculated dosing and duration of treatment are no less important for the recovery of the pet.
What should a landlord who does not have medical education know about antibiotics for dogs? Only general information about such drugs and their application. It is necessary to consider all the subtleties of the use of drugs for this purpose:
- If an animal has a viral origin, then antibiotics are used only in case of complications or their threat.
- Dosage is calculated based on the weight of the pet, and in no case can it be changed independently, otherwise it can be harmful to health. An incorrect dosage can lead to an intoxication of the pet, or the remedy may not act against the infection.
- Even if the dog is much better, stopping the course of antibiotics is not recommended. How many days it is prescribed to drink medicine, so much and need to take.
- With an independent selection of funds can be mistaken, because there are many antibiotics that act on various pathogens of infection. An incorrectly selected medication will not help the pet and will take precious time, which can lead to significant complications.
- Overdose of the drug, in most cases, manifests as vomiting and diarrhea, but sometimes more serious side effects are possible, for example, the pet can become deaf.
In the modern world, they stopped paying attention to the fact that antibiotics should be prescribed only in extreme cases. Many owners at the slightest manifestations of the disease, not having special reasons, apply them. This is facilitated by the fact that everyone can get antibiotics, both for humans and animals.
This attitude towards medicines leads to resistance of pathogens in relation to antibacterial agents. This phenomenon occurs if you reduce the dose of the drug or stop taking the medication before the end of the course. That is why it is necessary to strictly adhere to the recommendations of the attending physician, as regards not only animals, but also people.
What antibiotics are used to treat dogs?
Very often owners are interested, and whether dogs can be given antibiotics, intended for people. But in fact, there are no special canine antibiotics. What is sold in the vetaptek is the same means, but with a lower dosage.
In the treatment of dogs, the following groups of antibiotic drugs can be used:
- Antibiotics related to the penicillin series, including semisynthetic origin - Ampicillin, Flemoxin Solutab, Amoxicillin, Amoxiclav, etc.
- Cephalosporins - there are four generations of drugs and, the more modern the generation, the more effective the preparation against the gram-negative flora. Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli are particularly resistant to antibiotics.
- Macrolides - Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Macropen, Azithromycin, Spiramycin, etc. In most cases, they are used for respiratory and lung inflammation.
- Carbapenems - Meropenem, Meronem, Doripenem, Imipin, etc. They are highly effective against staphylococci .
- Tetracyclines are natural: Tetracycline, Terramycin, Biomycin, and Semisynthetic: Metacyclin, Doxycycline, Klinomycin. They are used for tick-borne borreliosis and cystitis in dogs.
- Aminoglycosides - Tobramycin, Gentamicin, Kanamycin, Amikacin. Effective against Gram-negative pathogens, they are highly toxic, therefore they are used only according to indications.
- Levomycetins - are used for intestinal disorders.
- Fluoroquinolones - Ofloxacin, Pefloxacin, Ciprofloxacin, Levoflox, Levofloxacin. They are used for the treatment of cystitis, gastrointestinal infections, severe forms of pneumonia.
- Antibiotics fungicidal action - Nystatin, Levorin, Amfoterecin B, are used only against the elimination of pathogenic fungi.
There are another group of antibiotics - anti-tuberculosis drugs (Streptomycin, Isoniazid, Rifampicin, Ftivazide). This group is designed to treat people, but is extremely dangerous for animals. After they are taken, the dog may not survive.
Antibiotics used for pets have a different effect on the pathogens of infections - bacteriostatic, in which they slow down and stop the growth of bacteria, or bactericidal, killing them.
In severe infectious diseases, especially those caused by gram-negative pathogens, it is recommended to start antibiotic therapy with drugs that have a bacteriostatic effect. This will help to avoid an infectious-toxic shock, which is caused by a large intake of toxic substances released by dead bacteria into the bloodstream.
Infectious agents quickly develop resistance to such drugs, so you should not abuse them.
If you can not immediately identify the cause of the infection, then prescribe antibiotic drugs, which have a fairly wide range of applications, as they are effective against various pathogens.
Also there are antibiotics of general action, they can penetrate into the tissues of various organs and systems, or agents acting only in the intestine.
In what cases are used those or other antibiotics
There are many canine ailments requiring the use of antibiotics and it is worth considering in more detail when and what is used to cure pets.
Most often semisynthetic antibiotics penicillin series and cephalosporins are prescribed. The funds of the remaining groups are used in therapy much less often, usually at low efficacy of the former.
- When purulent wounds or skin diseases are prescribed ointments with antibacterial action. If it is a puppy or a large lesion, antibiotics are injected into the treatment. Since in this case practically any microorganisms can penetrate the body, they use a wide spectrum of action (Ceftriaxone, Cefotoxime), which have an effect on both gram-positive and gram-negative flora.
- With complicated pneumonia, a penicillin course is often prescribed - Amoxicillin, Cefazoline, or fluoroquinolones - Ofloxacin, Tiprovet.
- For the control of otitis, drops are prescribed, with antibiotics included in the composition, intended for the treatment of domestic animals - Otibiovin, Ovedin, Surolan. If the disease is severe, additional antibiotics are used in tablets or injections, for example, Sinulox or Noroclav, which includes amoxicillin and clavulanic acid. You can replace them with tools such as Amoxicillin, Amoxiclav.
- Cystitis in pets is quite difficult and requires the use of antibiotics. In this case, the drug with urological action from the group of cephalosporins of the IV generation - Kabaktan - proved to be well established. With this disease, antibiotics-fluoroquinolones can be used, but they will only have a bacteriostatic effect.
- Fluoroquinolones and cephalosporins of III and IV generations are prescribed for mastitis or postpartum endometritis in females, inflammatory processes in paranal glands. It is more effective in this case to place the drug injectively.
- Often dogs suffer from eye diseases - purulent conjunctivitis , blepharitis, keratitis , keratoconjunctivitis. From these ailments, special drops for dogs Ziprovet, Cyphran, Cyblon, containing an antibiotic are good.
- One of the most common terrible canine ailments - a plague , treated with antibiotics is useless, since it has a viral origin.
If the pet is prescribed tablets, then they are given in whole or in a crushed form. It is not recommended to mix them with food, so the effectiveness of the drug is reduced.
What kind of antibiotic, and in what case to take, can only be decided by a veterinarian. Self-administration and treatment with antibiotics of a domestic pet is fraught with disastrous consequences, up to a lethal outcome.