People have anorexia - eating disorder, associated with the desire of girls to lose weight by any means, even at the expense of health. Less often, it becomes the result of serious diseases that do not allow a person to consume the necessary amount of food. Animals do not care about their shape, which means that anorexia in dogs arises for other reasons. What should I know about the owners of a pet suffering from an eating disorder?
Causes of primary and secondary anorexia
There are three types of disorders - primary, secondary and pseudoanorexia, each of which has a number of characteristics:
- Primary anorexia, or otherwise nervous , arises from frequent stresses that disrupt the activity of the nervous system and alter the hormonal background. A similar type of pathology can also develop against a background of dropsy of the brain, inflammation of the brain caused by infection or suffered head trauma.
- Secondary anorexia - accompanied by severe symptoms, is the result of various diseases.
- Pseudoanorexia - in this case, the nervous system and the level of hormones are normal, but the dog is not able to take and chew food, although it is hungry. More often a similar condition is observed in animals, which are exhausted and exhausted by diseases. Appetite disappears in dogs due to toxic poisoning, taking certain medications. The decrepit animals eat less or at times refuse food.
Anorexia in dogs can occur for the following reasons:
- because of problem behavioral reactions - pets often try to manipulate the owner: they begin to eat only goodies, take food only from the hands of the host, refuse from one feed, in favor of another, etc .;
- on the background of psychological problems - dogs are acutely experiencing separation from their families, changing their place of residence, for some, loneliness is a real test;
- because of social problems - when dwelling in a flock, a weak animal may not get enough food; at overeating at a dog also there can be an aversion to nutrition, etc.
Eating disorder is a symptom of many diseases and conditions:
- viral infections - are more often diagnosed in non-vaccinated dogs;
- penetration of foreign bodies into the esophagus, stomach or intestines;
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- pathologies of the dentoalveolar system;
- purulent-inflammatory processes (with pyometra, abscess of paranal glands, suppuration of wounds, etc.);
- pain syndrome;
- diabetes mellitus and hypoglycemic coma;
- diseases of the urinary system;
- malignant or benign neoplasms;
- disorders in the work of the brain.
Virtually any critical condition - heavy blood loss, peritonitis, etc. can be accompanied by anorexia.
Symptoms of anorexia depend on the type of pathological condition. In the case of a primary disorder, the animal is troubled by a headache, nerve convulsions occur, the dog disrupts coordination, can not maintain equilibrium, there is a risk of epileptic seizures.
The dog feels sick, vomiting occurs. Often, cerebral edema develops, signs of pathological disturbances in the activity of the central nervous system appear. The condition can be complicated by hydrocephalus - a dropsy of the brain. The pet behaves nervously, capriciously.
During the secondary disorder, the animal experiences pain, signs of intoxication appear. Pet tries to hide from strangers, ignores commands, does not react to them and whimpers. Perhaps an increase in internal organs, which can be noticeable with the naked eye. In addition, the condition is accompanied by symptoms of the disease that caused this pathology.
If the dog develops pseudoanorexia, then the following symptoms may appear: inflammation, affecting the gums, toothache, paralysis of the masticatory muscles, which prevents the pupil from spreading the jaws.
Anorexia is a dangerous condition that threatens not only the health, but also the life of the animal, so most often it requires professional medical care.
Suspected of something wrong, the owner should first test the pet - it is an anorexia or pseudoanorexia. For this, the dog should be given food and look at her reaction. Will the dog show interest, is able to grab a piece and chew? Is the process accompanied by signs of a pain syndrome?
Then it is worth assessing the state of the dog's mouth. Often the animal drops food while eating, sits in front of a bowl, but does not eat, or just starts eating, turns and leaves. This behavior can be caused not by disorders, but by diseases of the oral cavity - gums, teeth, tumor formations, chewing muscle tissues, etc.
If serious symptoms occur, the dog needs to be shown to the veterinarian. First of all, the therapy consists of feeding the patient through the probe and conducting a diagnostic examination in order to identify the root cause of the disorder. Assigning chest X-ray, ultrasound examination of the peritoneum, collection of biological material - urine, blood, hormonal tests are conducted.
The first 3-4 days the dog is forcibly fed with pasta, consisting of high-calorie foods, and balls of meat. If there is vomiting and nausea, then the doctor resorts to the probe. The veterinarian can install the tube and show the owner how to use it to give the pet food, thus avoiding hospitalization.
Forced feeding is used until it is possible to relieve the patient of the underlying cause of anorexia. If therapy is carried out at home, the host is recommended to maintain a diagnostic diary in which all the changes in the condition are recorded.
If the pathological condition is caused by pyroplasmosis, then support therapy is carried out:
- Drip saline is injected with the addition of glucose, ascorbic acid;
- immunostimulating drugs are prescribed;
- dogs give means that stimulate the production of gastric juice and excite the center of the nervous system, which is responsible for feeling hungry.
Vets also resort to symptomatic treatment, but it is considered ineffective, as it does not eliminate the risks of unforeseen relapses.
Dogs who have suffered serious illnesses or surgery, prescribe courses of corticosteroids, anabolic steroids, stimulating the synthesis of hormones that are responsible for feeling hungry.
Nutrition and care
Nervous stresses are considered one of the important reasons provoking any diseases, except congenital. It is quite understandable is the reaction of the animal to a moral trauma in the form of refusal to eat, but it is required to stop this process.
The owner should provoke a pet to take food, it will allow to start the processes of producing the necessary hormones. And although the dog can not fully taste food, he will begin to feel hungry.
It is important to ensure a suitable environment: it must be familiar, friendly, calm. Do not invite strangers into the house, get annoyed if the initial attempts end in failure.
It is desirable to place the pet in a separate room / room, to air and humidify the air sufficiently, to provide a suitable temperature regime. It is better to start with special pastes or canned pates, which have an attractive aroma, taste quality and a gentle consistency.
It is necessary to provide the patient with useful fluids: tea (warm), in which you can add a little honey, milk, sweet water (in a glass to dissolve sugar). Also in this case, the ideal infant formula will be.
There are a number of recommendations that will help the owner to feed a pet suffering from an eating disorder:
- Food should be offered in small portions, but often - every 1-2 hours;
- you can smear the nose of the nose or tongue with a small amount of food, while observing whether the pet will attempt to lick the food to try it out;
- preference should be given to high-calorie and nutritious foods, but containing a small amount of fat - this is especially important if the pet is suffering from nausea;
- it is desirable to give food from the hand - any dog gratefully receives such attention, which should be used; you can scoop a little broth into your palm, dab your finger in food and offer a pet;
- the first food should be warm, have a soft consistency; you can add sauce, gravy.
When the appetite returns to the pet, it can immediately be converted to the usual diet.
Dogs are predators, which require animal food for their full-time life - a source of protein. Without it, serious disorders can occur in the body, including irreversible processes. Therefore, it is very important to identify signs of eating disorders in a timely manner and provide the pet with the necessary treatment and care.