English Bulldog is an interesting breed with its own characteristics. First of all, the interest is the story of the transformation of a fighting dog into a decorative dog. How did this happen, what changes did the breed undergo, and for whom the bulldog can approach as a pet?
- История происхождения собак данной породы 1. History of the origin of dogs of this breed
- Описание породы 2. Description of the breed
- Основные черты характера бульдога 3. The main features of the bulldog's character
- Как правильно ухаживать за породистым питомцем 4. How to properly care for a thoroughbred pet
- Фото английского бульдога 5. Photo of the English Bulldog
- Видео английского бульдога 6. Video of English Bulldog
- Сколько стоит щенок-бульдог 7. How much does a bulldog puppy cost?
History of the origin of dogs of this breed
Being a purely English breed, despite its harsh appearance, the bulldogs possess certain features of a true gentleman. However, the appearance of such qualities did not happen immediately.
Originally, bulldogs were used as animals for baiting. At that time bloody spectacles were very popular, and bullying bulls was one of them. Hence the name of the breed - bull (bull) and dog (dog).
When the breed first appeared, it is unknown, but it is established that the breed originates from the oldest breed, now not preserved - the Old English bulldog.
But there is an authentic information that by the beginning of the 17th century there was a selection of bull-dogs among other dogs called mastiffs. On the border of the 17th and 18th centuries it was possible to find a mention of this breed as a hunting dog. They, along with mastiffs, are recommended for hunting wild boars.
Scientists still can not pinpoint which breeds of dogs participated in the appearance of this breed, but most tend to believe that it was a British fighting dog, a mastiff and an alano - a dog-like dog.
Being dogs for fighting, bulldogs did not deserve respect, as a breed, as, indeed, their ancestors - Old English bulldogs. They were written about them as stupid animals with slow reproduction and early aging. Now it is impossible to verify whether these statements were true, but when the first breed standard appeared, they all unanimously declared that the bulldogs had undeservedly slandered.
Naturally, the ban on cruel entertainment in the form of baiting of animals, the law of which was issued in 1835, could not help but affect the future fate of the Bulldogs. True, the dog fights were not banned then, but the bulldogs did not possess the qualities required for them - speed, flexibility. Then lovers of dog fights began to look for an opportunity to bring out a new kind of fighting dogs. Bulldogs crossed with terriers, resulting in a new breed - bull terrier. At the same time, no one really cared about whether the English bulldog would remain intact or not.
The standard of the breed was the first pair of English bulldogs, consisting of dogs Rosa and Krib. It was their names that were the first in the breeding book of the Dog Club of England. In 1859, English bulldogs took part for the first time in an exhibition of breeds.
Due to the fact that other bulldogs began to appear, differing not only in size, but at the exhibitions they were treated as one class, there was some confusion. It was then that the idea arose to create a club of bulldogs and develop a single standard. And already in 1864 such an institution appeared, his motto was the phrase "Dead grip". Later, other clubs of fans of this breed began to be organized.
Today, the English bulldog is a dog breed officially recognized by the felinologists, having several different standards.
Appearance of the English bulldog, it should be noted, not ordinary. For someone, his face may seem funny, but this, at first glance, good-natured dog, there is a strong enough, outstanding jaw, with a number of open teeth. They can be seen even with a tightly compressed jaw.
Skin folds are an echo of those distant times when bulldogs came out into the ring. It was they who gave the dogs the necessary maneuverability and protected their eyes from the bloody streams that filled them.
According to the accepted standard for bulldogs following features are characteristic:
- Representatives of the breed are stocky, have broad shoulders and a compact physique . The chest cell is quite wide and deep.
- The head of the bulldogs has a high landing, a square shape with a flat forehead. Muzzle short, flattened, slightly curved upwards. The cheeks in the dog are round, elongated, they go beyond the eye line. Between the eyes lies a pronounced cavity.
- The nose of the bulldogs is large, like the nostrils themselves, has black pigmentation. A nose of a different color is considered a marriage.
- Lips have a decent thickness and width, are strongly lowered downwards. The ears have a high fit, they are small, in the shape of a rosette.
- The eyes are of low arrangement, round in shape and small in size, they do not extend beyond the contours of the cheeks, do not sink inward and do not protrude outward. The color of the iris is one - dark brown, close to black.
- Paws are strong, have developed musculature. And the front ones are more powerful than the rear ones, they have a slightly inverted position.
- According to the standard, the bulldog's tummy is pulled up and should not hang.
- The tail is set low, it is round, has no woolly fringe, thickened at the base and thinner at the end. His normal position is at the back, but not higher.
- The coat of the bulldogs is short, abundant and seemingly tough. However, when you touch, you can make sure that the wool is soft, silky.
The color can be different, under the condition of homogeneous, pure colors, the following combinations are allowed by the standard:
- all shades of red, red;
- pure white;
- white with the presence of spots of acceptable color.
Black and brown colors are inadmissible.
The peculiarity of the structure of the body of bulldogs is the lack of proportionality. Bulldogs have a small pelvis and a fairly large head. Inadequate pelvic size complicates delivery, so the bulldog's female can only breed with the participation of veterinarians and most often by caesarean section.
Of course, such a structure could not but affect the health of the dog. They have a tendency to many diseases, most of which are hereditary. Most of the bulldogs suffer from the cardiovascular system and the musculoskeletal system.
Pedigree pets have average sizes - males at the withers reach 40 cm in height, the weight fluctuates around 25 kg. The females are slightly lower and smaller.
English bulldogs can not be attributed to long-livers, because on average they live about 10 years. But, despite all the nuances, there are a lot of people in the world who prefer this particular breed.
The main character traits of the Bulldog
The long way of turning a purely fighting dog into a companion pet has affected the character of the bulldog. Today these are restrained, calm dogs, characterized by good behavior and excessive devotion to their family.
But the latter quality definitely imposes some duties on the owners. Bulldogs just need attention, so they are not suitable for overworked people who do not have time to communicate with the pet.
It should be borne in mind that, despite its phlegmatic nature, this breed tends to dominate. Puppy is necessary at once, at occurrence in the house, to explain, who here the main and periodically to remind about it. As a rule, an adult pet remembers this perfectly.
Bulldogs are so attached to the family that they become its equal members. That's why a family change can cause an irreparable injury to a bulldog. Possessing surprisingly developed intelligence, pets of this breed can understand from the half-word what they want.
It is important that a bulldog can become a friend not only for humans, but also for other pets. In addition, he can show exceptional patience when dealing with children or the elderly. But it should be borne in mind that bulldogs can not exercise for days, playing with the child. For these purposes it is better to start a more mobile and tireless pet.
In terms of socialization it is very important to start raising a dog as early as possible. Nevertheless, non-castrated males may in some cases exhibit excessive aggression.
It seems to many that the slow reaction of pets is an expression of laziness or stupidity. But this is fundamentally wrong. English bulldogs prefer to think about everything before carrying out the team.
Thinkers and phlegmatic, bulldogs are excellent companions for travel. They can go on transport for a long time and it does not bother them at all.
How to properly care for a thoroughbred pet
First of all, you need to take care of the condition of the dog's coat. Since the age of 9 months, the bulldogs begin to shed their full weight, so to speed up this process, it is necessary to comb the hair with a special brush, thereby removing the necrotic hairs, dust and other contaminants. In addition, this procedure is the prevention of skin diseases , as well as a massage that contributes to better blood flow to the skin, thereby contributing to the acceleration of the metabolic process. Do this a couple of times a week.
If the pet is calm to this procedure, then you can clean it with a vacuum cleaner. At least, many representatives of this breed are accustomed to such cleaning.
In hot weather, the skin of the dog can be slightly moistened with cool water, without using any detergents. Especially the pet will be grateful if this is done after the walk. Bulldogs are prone to freezing, so you need to take care that the wet pet is not in the draft.
In the autumn-winter period, bathing an English bulldog is not recommended. In warm weather, you can do this once every two to three months. Bulldogs are contraindicated in hot water, maximum thermometer should show 36 ° C.
Do not use shampoos designed for people, only special detergents. After bathing the pet should be thoroughly wiped and dried. Walks with damp fur can turn into a bulldog for a disease.
In winter, you can wipe the bulldog with snow (only making sure of its purity), it is useful for the condition of the skin. English bulldogs have a positive attitude to swimming in water and in the summer you can replace home washing with such a pleasant procedure. Naturally, this should be done away from people and avoiding places designated for watering cattle.
It should be taken into account that bulldogs are not swimmers, since their front part of the body is much heavier than the rear.
Read also about feeding an English bulldog .
Photo of the English bulldog
English Bulldog Video
How much does a bulldog puppy cost?
Before buying a bulldog, it is worth asking about the nature of his nature and the rules of caring for him, as well as learn the price of a puppy. As in any breed, there are criteria that determine the cost of offspring.
A puppy without documents will cost around 2500-5000 rubles. Naturally in this case, there is no guarantee of the cleanliness of the breed. Registration of the relevant documents, grafting and other expenses significantly increase their price.
The price of an English bulldog is 23,000-35,000 rubles. Puppy for exhibitions, received from titled parents-champions, will cost much more, its price starts from 40,000 and ends at about 70,000 rubles. Prices in the capital are slightly higher than the average in Russia. For what price, and for what purposes to buy a puppy, the owner decides, based on his preferences, ambitions and capabilities.